Viscount Melville

(Redirected from Baron Dunira)

Viscount Melville, of Melville in the County of Edinburgh, is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.

Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville
The Dundas Vault in old Lasswade Kirkyard, containing the first five Viscounts Melville

OriginsEdit

The title was created on 24 December 1802 for the notable lawyer and politician Henry Dundas. He was created Baron Dunira, of Dunira in the County of Perth, at the same time, also in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.[1] Dundas, who was the fourth son of Robert Dundas, of Arniston, the elder, declined an earldom in 1809.

He was succeeded by his son, the second Viscount, who was also a noted politician. He assumed for himself the additional surname of Saunders, which was that of his father-in-law. His son, the third Viscount, was a General in the British Army. The latter was succeeded by his younger brother, the fourth Viscount, who in his turn was succeeded by his nephew, the fifth Viscount, the eldest son of Reverend the Honourable Charles Dundas, Rector of Epworth, Lincolnshire, fourth son of the second Viscount. The fifth Viscount was succeeded by his younger brother, the sixth Viscount, a minor diplomat. The titles descended from father to son until the death of the sixth Viscount's grandson, the eighth Viscount, in 1971. The latter was succeeded by his nephew, the ninth Viscount, the eldest son of the Honourable Robert Maldred St John Melville Dundas, second son of the seventh Viscount. As of 2014 the titles are held by the ninth Viscount's eldest son, the tenth Viscount, who succeeded in 2011.

The family seat is Melville Castle between Dalkeith and Lasswade.[2] The first five viscounts (including Henry Dundas) are buried in a simple vault (gated but unlocked) in Old Lasswade Kirkyard. The 6th Viscount Melville, Charles Saunders Dundas, lies opposite his wife, Mary Hamilton Dundas, in the small north cemetery in Lasswade, adjacent to the old kirkyard. Their son, the 7th Viscount merely appears as a footnote on the monument.

Viscounts Melville (1802)Edit

 
Melville Monument in St. Andrew Square, Edinburgh, erected in memory of Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Meville in 1821

The heir apparent is the present holder's son Hon. Max David Henry Dundas (b. 2018)[4]

Coat of arms of Viscount Melville
Crest
A lion's head affronteé Gules struggling through an oak bush all Proper.
Escutcheon
Argent a lion rampant Gules within a bordure Azure charged with three boars' heads couped Or two in chief and one in base.
Supporters
Dexter a leopard reguardant, sinister a stag, both Proper.[5]
Motto
Essayez (top); Quod Potui Perfecti (bottom)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "No. 15542". The London Gazette. 21 December 1802. p. 1345.
  2. ^ Historic Environment Scotland. "Melville Castle (GDL00282)". Retrieved 12 April 2019.
  3. ^ Davies, Gareth A. "From novice oarsman to passionate adventurer, Viscount Melville charts family route as modern day pioneer". Daily Telegraph.
  4. ^ "Redirecting to Google Groups".
  5. ^ Burke's Peerage. 1878.

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit