Prince George, Duke of Kent
Prince George, Duke of Kent, KG, KT, GCMG, GCVO (George Edward Alexander Edmund; 20 December 1902 – 25 August 1942) was a member of the British royal family, the fourth son of King George V and Queen Mary. He was the younger brother of Edward VIII and George VI. He served in the Royal Navy in the 1920s and then briefly as a civil servant. He became Duke of Kent in 1934. In the late 1930s he served as an RAF officer, initially as a staff officer at RAF Training Command and then, from July 1941, as a staff officer in the Welfare Section of the RAF Inspector General's Staff. He was killed in a military air-crash on 25 August 1942.
|Duke of Kent|
|Born||20 December 1902|
Sandringham, Norfolk, England
|Died||25 August 1942 (aged 39)|
Morven, Caithness, Scotland
|Burial||29 August 1942|
Princess Marina of Greece and Denmark (m. 1934)
|Mother||Mary of Teck|
|Years of service||1916–42|
Both before and during his marriage, Prince George allegedly had a string of affairs, from socialites to Hollywood celebrities.
Prince George was born on 20 December 1902 at York Cottage on the Sandringham Estate in Norfolk, England. His father was the Prince of Wales (later King George V), the only surviving son of King Edward VII and Queen Alexandra. His mother was the Princess of Wales (later Queen Mary), the only daughter and eldest child of the Duke and Duchess of Teck. At the time of his birth, he was fifth in the line of succession to the throne, behind his father and three older brothers Edward, Albert and Henry.
Education and careerEdit
Prince George received his early education from a tutor and then followed his elder brother, Prince Henry (later the Duke of Gloucester), to St Peter's Court, a preparatory school at Broadstairs, Kent. At the age of 13, like his brothers, the Prince of Wales (later King Edward VIII) and Prince Albert (later King George VI), before him, he went to naval college, first at Osborne and, later, at Dartmouth. He was promoted to sub-lieutenant on 15 February 1924, and was promoted to lieutenant on 15 February 1926. He remained on active service in the Royal Navy until March 1929, serving on HMS Iron Duke and later HMS Nelson.
After leaving the navy, he briefly held posts at the Foreign Office and later the Home Office, becoming the first member of the royal family to work as a civil servant. He continued to receive promotions after leaving active service: to commander on 15 February 1934 and to captain on 1 January 1937.
From January to April 1931, Prince George and his elder brother the Prince of Wales travelled 18,000 miles on a tour of South America. Their outward voyage was on the ocean liner Oropesa. In Buenos Aires they opened a British Empire Exhibition. They continued from Río de la Plata to Rio de Janeiro on the liner Alcantara and returned from Brazil to Europe on the liner Arlanza, landing at Lisbon. The princes returned via Paris and an Imperial Airways flight from Paris–Le Bourget Airport that landed specially in Windsor Great Park.
On 23 June 1936, George was appointed a personal aide-de-camp to his eldest brother, the new King Edward VIII. Following the abdication of Edward VIII, he was appointed a personal naval aide-de-camp to his elder brother, now George VI. On 12 March 1937, he was commissioned as a Colonel in the British Army and in the equivalent rank of group captain in the Royal Air Force (RAF). He was also appointed as the Colonel-in-Chief of the Royal Fusiliers from the same date.
In October 1938 George was appointed governor-general of Australia in succession to Lord Gowrie with effect from November 1939. On 11 September 1939 it was announced that, owing to the outbreak of the Second World War, the appointment was postponed.
On 8 June 1939, George was promoted to the ranks of rear admiral (RA) in the Royal Navy (RN), major general (MG) in the British Army and air vice-marshal (AVM) in the Royal Air Force (RAF). At the start of the Second World War, George returned to active military service with the rank of Rear Admiral, briefly serving in the Intelligence Division of the Admiralty.
Marriage and issueEdit
On 12 October 1934, in anticipation of his forthcoming marriage to his second cousin, Princess Marina of Greece and Denmark, he was created Duke of Kent, Earl of St Andrews, and Baron Downpatrick. The couple married on 29 November 1934 at Westminster Abbey. They had three children:
- Prince Edward, Duke of Kent (born 9 October 1935), married Katharine Worsley in 1961; had issue:
- George Windsor, Earl of St Andrews (born 26 June 1962), married Sylvana Tomaselli in 1988; had issue:
- Lady Helen Windsor (born 28 April 1964), married Timothy Taylor in 1992; had issue:
- Columbus George Donald Taylor (born 6 August 1994)
- Cassius Edward Taylor (born 26 December 1996)
- Eloise Olivia Katherine Taylor (born 2 March 2003)
- Estella Olga Elizabeth Taylor (born 21 December 2004)
- Lord Nicholas Windsor (born 25 July 1970), married Paola Doimi de Lupis de Frankopan in 2006; had issue:
- Albert Louis Philip Edward Windsor (born 22 September 2007)
- Leopold Ernest Augustus Guelph Windsor (born 8 September 2009)
- Louis Arthur Nicholas Felix Windsor (born 27 May 2014)
- Princess Alexandra of Kent (born 25 December 1936), married Angus Ogilvy in 1963; had issue:
- James Ogilvy (born 29 February 1964), married Julia Rawlinson in 1988; had issue:
- Flora Alexandra Ogilvy (born 15 December 1994)
- Alexander Charles Ogilvy (born 12 November 1996)
- Marina Victoria Alexandra Ogilvy (born 31 July 1966), married Paul Mowatt from 1990 to 1997; had issue:
- Zenouska May Mowatt (born 26 May 1990)
- Christian Alexander Mowatt (born 4 June 1993)
- James Ogilvy (born 29 February 1964), married Julia Rawlinson in 1988; had issue:
- Prince Michael of Kent (born 4 July 1942), married Baroness Marie Christine von Reibnitz in 1978; had issue:
The Duke of Kent is rumoured to have been addicted to drugs, especially morphine and cocaine, a rumour that reputedly originated with his friendship with Kiki Preston, whom he first met in the mid-1920s. Reportedly, Prince George shared Kiki in a ménage à trois with Argentinian Jorge Ferrara. Other alleged sexual liaisons were with the art historian and Soviet spy Anthony Blunt, Indira Raje, Maharani of Cooch Behar, and José Uriburu, son of the Argentinian ambassador to the Court of St James's, José Uriburu Tezanos.
In his attempt to rescue his cocaine-addicted brother from the influence of Kiki, Edward, Prince of Wales, attempted for a while to persuade both George and Kiki to break off their contact, to no avail. Eventually, Edward forced George to stop seeing Kiki and also forced Kiki to leave England, while she was visiting George there in the summer of 1929. For years afterwards, Edward feared that George might relapse to drugs if he maintained his contact with Kiki. Indeed, in 1932, Prince George ran into Kiki unexpectedly at Cannes and had to be removed almost by force.
It has been alleged for years that American publishing executive Michael Temple Canfield (1926–1969) was the illegitimate son of the Duke of Kent and Kiki Preston. According to various sources, both Kent's brother, the Duke of Windsor, and Laura, Duchess of Marlborough, Canfield's second wife, shared this belief. Canfield was the adopted son of Cass Canfield, American publisher of Harper and Row. In 1953, Canfield married Caroline Lee Bouvier the younger sister of Jacqueline Bouvier who married U.S. Senator and future U.S. president John F. Kennedy the same year. Canfield and Bouvier divorced in 1958, and the marriage was annulled by the Roman Catholic Church in November 1962.
As a young man the Duke came to the opinion that the future lay in aviation. It became his passion, and in 1929, the Duke earned his pilot's licence. He was the first of the royal family to cross the Atlantic Ocean by air. Before his flying days, he entered the Royal Navy, and was trained in intelligence work while stationed at Rosyth.
In March 1937, he was granted a commission in the Royal Air Force as a group captain. He was also made the Honorary Air Commodore of No. 500 (County of Kent) Squadron Auxiliary Air Force in August 1938. He was promoted to air vice-marshal in June 1939, along with promotions to flag and general officer rank in the other two services.
In 1939 he returned to active service as a rear admiral in the Royal Navy, but in April 1940, transferred to the Royal Air Force. He temporarily relinquished his rank as an air officer to assume the post of staff officer at RAF Training Command in the rank of group captain, so that he would not be senior to more experienced officers. On 28 July 1941, he assumed the rank of air commodore in the Welfare Section of the RAF Inspector General's Staff. In this role, he went on official visits to RAF bases to help boost wartime morale.
Prince George was initiated into freemasonry on 12 April 1928 in Navy Lodge No 2612. He subsequently served as master of Navy Lodge in 1931, and was also a member of Prince of Wales's Lodge No 259, and Royal Alpha Lodge No 16, of which he served as master in 1940. He was appointed senior grand warden of the United Grand Lodge of England in 1933, and served as provincial grand master of Wiltshire from 1934, until he was elected grand master of the United Grand Lodge of England in 1939; a position he held until his death in 1942 
On 25 August 1942, George and 14 others took off in a RAF Short Sunderland flying boat W4026 from Invergordon, Ross and Cromarty, to fly to Iceland on non-operational duties. The aircraft crashed on Eagle's Rock, a hillside near Dunbeath, Caithness, Scotland. All but one were killed, including George, who was 39 years old.
Lynn Picknett and Clive Prince have written about the crash in their book Double Standards, which however has been criticised for its "implausible inaccuracy". They alleged that Kent had a briefcase full of 100-krona notes, worthless in Iceland, handcuffed to his wrist, leading to speculation the flight was a military mission to Sweden, the only place where krona notes were of value.
His death in RAF service marked the first time in more than 450 years that a member of the royal family died on active service. The prince's body was transferred initially to St. George's Chapel, Windsor, and he was buried in the Royal Burial Ground, Frogmore, directly behind Queen Victoria's mausoleum. His elder son, six-year-old Prince Edward, succeeded him as Duke of Kent. Princess Marina, his wife, had given birth to their third child, Prince Michael, only seven weeks before Prince George's death.
One RAF crew member survived the crash: Flight Sergeant Andrew Jack, the Sunderland's rear gunner. Flight Sergeant Jack's niece has claimed that Jack told his brother that the Duke had been at the controls of the plane; that Jack had dragged him from the pilot's seat after the crash; and that there was an additional person on board the plane whose identity has never been revealed.
In popular cultureEdit
The Duke's early life is dramatised in Stephen Poliakoff's television serial The Lost Prince (2003), a biography of the life of the Duke's younger brother John. In the film, the teenage Prince 'Georgie' is portrayed as sensitive, intelligent, artistic and almost uniquely sympathetic to his brother's plight. He is shown as detesting his time at the Royal Naval College and as having a difficult relationship with his austere father.
Much of George's later life was outlined in the documentary film The Queen's Lost Uncle. He is a recurring character in the revival of Upstairs, Downstairs (2010), played by Blake Ritson. He is portrayed as a caring brother, terrified of the mistakes that his family is making; later, he is portrayed as an appeaser of the German regime, but also as a supportive friend of Hallam Holland.
George and his eldest brother the Prince of Wales, later King Edward VIII, are shown in Stephen Poliakoff's BBC television serial Dancing on the Edge (2013), in which they are portrayed as supporters of jazz and encouragers of Louis Lester's Jazz Band. A sexual attraction to Louis on George's part is also insinuated.
Titles, styles, honours and armsEdit
Titles and stylesEdit
- 1902–1910: His Royal Highness Prince George of Wales
- 1910–1934: His Royal Highness The Prince George
- 1934–1942: His Royal Highness The Duke of Kent
- in Scotland from 1935: His Grace The Lord High Commissioner
- KG: Knight of the Garter, 1923
- KT: Knight of the Thistle, 1935
- GCMG: Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George, 1934
- GCVO: Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order, 1924
- Royal Victorian Chain, 1936
- 1932: Royal Bencher of the Honourable Society of Lincoln's Inn
Around the time of his elder brother Prince Henry's twenty-first birthday, Prince George was granted the use of the Royal Arms, differenced by a label argent of three points, each bearing an anchor azure.
|Ancestors of Prince George, Duke of Kent|
- "Duke of Kent once called sailor prince". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. 26 August 1945. Retrieved 23 March 2013.
- "Yvonne's Royalty: Royal Christenings". users.uniserve.com.
- Unlike many previous royal baptisms, George was christened using local water, rather than water from the River Jordan.
- "No. 33004". The London Gazette. 23 December 1924. p. 9333.
- "No. 33133". The London Gazette. 16 February 1926. p. 1160.
- "No. 34024". The London Gazette. 16 February 1934. p. 1074.
- "No. 34356". The London Gazette. 1 January 1937. p. 10.
- Erskine, Barry, "Oropesa (II)", Pacific Steam Navigation Company, retrieved 15 December 2013
- Nicol, Stuart (2001). MacQueen's Legacy; Ships of the Royal Mail Line. Two. Brimscombe Port and Charleston, SC: Tempus Publishing. p. 130. ISBN 0-7524-2119-0.
- Nicol, Stuart (2001). MacQueen's Legacy; A History of the Royal Mail Line. One. Brimscombe Port and Charleston, SC: Tempus Publishing. p. 158. ISBN 0-7524-2118-2.
- "Arrival at Windsor by Air", The Straits Times, National Library, Singapore, 30 April 1931, retrieved 18 December 2013
- "Princes Home", The Advertiser and Register, National Library of Australia, 1 May 1931, retrieved 18 December 2013
- "No. 34365". The London Gazette (Supplement). 19 June 1936. p. 4012.
- "No. 34365". The London Gazette (Supplement). 29 January 1937. p. 687.
- "No. 34379". The London Gazette. 12 March 1937. p. 1646.
- "No. 34379". The London Gazette. 12 March 1937. p. 1642.
- "The Duke of Kent: Appointment in Australia", The Times (26 October 1938): 14.
- "Marina, a tragic but well-loved Princess". The Sydney Morning Herald. London. 28 August 1968. Retrieved 24 July 2013.
- "Duke of Kent and Australia", The Times (12 September 1939): 6.
- "No. 34633". The London Gazette (Supplement). 6 June 1939. p. 3851.
- "Yvonne's Royalty: Peerage Titles". mypage.uniserve.ca.
- "No. 34094". The London Gazette. 9 October 1934. p. 6365.
- "King and Queen". The Calgary Daily Herald. 29 November 1934. Retrieved 23 March 2013.
- Lynn Kear and John Rossman Kay Francis: A Passionate Life and Career, Jefferson: NC: McFarland & Company, 2006, p. 28
- Farrant, Leda (1994). Diana, Lady Delamere and the Lord Erroll Murder, p. 77. Publishers Distribution Services.
- McLeod, Kirsty. Battle Royal: Edward VIII & George VI, Brother Against Brother, p. 122. Constable
- Nicholson, Stuart (1999). Reminiscing in Tempo: A Portrait of Duke Ellinson, p. 146. Northeastern University Press.
- Cite error: The named reference
Pantonwas invoked but never defined (see the help page).
- Bazán, Osvaldo (2004). Historia de la homosexualidad en la Argentina: de la conquista de América al siglo XXI. (in Spanish), p. 180. Marea Editorial.
- Ziegler, Philip (2001). King Edward VIII, p. 200. Sutton
- Williams, Susan A. (2004). The People's King: The True Story of the Abdication, p. 31. New York: Palgrave Macmillan
- Kiste, John van Der (1991). George V's Children, p. 71. A. Sutton.
- Higham, Charles (1988). Wallis: Secret Lives of the Duchess of Windsor, p. 392. Sidgwick & Jackson
- Horsler, Val (2006). All For Love: Seven Centuries of Illicit Liaison, p. 183. National Archives
- Lindsay, Loelia (1961). Grace and Favour: The Memoirs of Loelia, Duchess of Westminster. Reynal
- Bradford, Sarah (2000). America's Queen: The Life of Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis, p. 84. Viking
- "The Prince's Cousin", Reading Eagle, September 10, 1967
- "Roman Catholics: The Law's Delay". New York Cit: Time-Life. 28 February 1964. Retrieved 4 September 2009.
- Macwhirter, Robin, 'The Tragedy at Eagle's Rock', Scotsman, 24 August 1985
- "No. 34379". The London Gazette. 12 March 1937. p. 1646.
- Hunt 1972, p. 314.
- "No. 35342". The London Gazette. 16 August 1938. p. 5294.
- "No. 34844". The London Gazette. 7 May 1940. p. 2722.
- "No. 35292". The London Gazette. 30 September 1941. p. 5659.
- "Royal family; aircraft engineer; 1942". Flight Archive. Retrieved 23 March 2013.
- "English Royal Freemasons" (PDF). The Library & Museum of Freemasonry. Retrieved 21 January 2019.
- "Duke of Kent Dies in an R.A.F. Crash on way to Iceland" (PDF). The New York Times. 26 August 1942. Retrieved 11 September 2012.
Rubinstein, William D. (2008). "7: The Mysteries of Rudolf Hess". Shadow Pasts: History's Mysteries. Harlow, England: Pearson/Longman. p. 147. ISBN 9780582505971. Retrieved 18 February 2017.
... probably the strangest book ever written on the Hess affair is Double Standards... The thesis of Double Standards is that Rudolf Hess ... died in the plane crash in northern Scotland in August 1942 which also killed the Duke of Kent ... Hess was being transported to neutral Sweden (not Iceland, given in the official story as the plane's destination) to be handed over to the Germans as the first step in a settlement of the war between Britain and Germany. ... Double Standards seems breathtaking in its implausible inaccuracy.
- Double Standards p.424
- "Aviation - Newbattle at war". newbattleatwar.wordpress.com.
- Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident Short Sunderland III W4026 Dunbeath, Scotland". aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 22 June 2017.
- "Secret of Duke's plane death." BBC News, Wales, 23 December 2003. Retrieved 26 September 2017
- "The Queen's Lost Uncle". Channel 4. Retrieved 18 May 2015.
- "Upstairs life of a royal rogue". Daily Express. 26 February 2012. Retrieved 23 March 2013.
- Furness, Hannah (1 February 2013). "New BBC drama to show the scandalous stories of the playboy princes". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 23 March 2013.
- As a grandchild of a British monarch in the male line, he was styled His Royal Highness Prince George of Wales".
- Hugh Murphy & Derek J. Oddy (2010) The Mirror of the Seas; A Centenary History of the Society for Nautical Research London, Society for Nautical Research, p.191. ISBN 978-0-902387-01-0
- Hunt, Leslie (1972). Twenty-one Squadrons: History of the Royal Auxiliary Air Force, 1925–57. London: Garnstone Press. ISBN 0-85511-110-0.(New edition in 1992 by Crécy Publishing, ISBN 0-947554-26-2.)
- Millar, Peter. "The Other Prince". The Sunday Times (26 January 2003).
- Warwick, Christopher. George and Marina, Duke and Duchess of Kent. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1988. ISBN 0-297-79453-1.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Prince George, Duke of Kent.|
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by the Duke of Kent
- Portraits of Prince George from the National Portrait Gallery
- Newspaper clippings about Prince George, Duke of Kent in the 20th Century Press Archives of the ZBW
Prince George, Duke of Kent
Cadet branch of the House of WettinBorn: 20 December 1902 Died: 25 August 1942
The Duke of Connaught and Strathearn
| Grand Master of the United Grand Lodge of England
The Earl of Harewood
|Peerage of the United Kingdom|
|New title|| Duke of Kent