HMS Thrush (1889)

HMS Thrush was a Redbreast-class[1] composite gunboat,[2] the third ship of the name to serve in the Royal Navy.

HMS Thrush.jpg
HMS Thrush, First Class gunboat by W. Fred Mitchell
History
Royal Navy EnsignUnited Kingdom
Name: HMS Thrush
Builder: Scotts, Greenock
Cost: £39,000[1]
Yard number: 262[1]
Launched: 22 June 1889
Fate:
  • Coastguard 1906
  • Cable ship 1915
  • Salvage vessel 1916
  • Wrecked on 11 April 1917
General characteristics [1]
Class and type: Redbreast-class first-class gunvessel
Displacement: 805 tons
Length: 165 ft 0 in (50.3 m) pp
Beam: 31 ft 0 in (9.4 m)
Draught: 11 ft 0 in (3.35 m) min, 13 ft 9 in (4.19 m) max
Installed power: 1,200 ihp (890 kW)
Propulsion:
  • Triple expansion steam engine
  • 2 × boilers
  • Single screw
Sail plan: Barquentine-rigged
Speed: 13 kn (24 km/h)
Range: 2,500 nmi (4,600 km) at 10 kn (19 km/h)[1]
Complement: 76
Armament:
  • 6 × 4-inch/25-pounder QF guns
  • 2 × 3-pounder QF guns
  • 2 × machine guns

DesignEdit

The Redbreast-class were designed by Sir William Henry White, the Royal Navy Director of Naval Construction in 1888.[1]

ConstructionEdit

Thrush was launched on 22 June 1889 at Greenock.[3] Her triple-expansion reciprocating steam engine was built by the Greenock Foundry, and developed 1,200 indicated horsepower (890 kW), sufficient to propel her at 13 kn (24 km/h) through her single screw.

CareerEdit

Her first station was the North America and West Indies Station based in Halifax where, in 1891, she was commanded by Prince George, later to become King George V of the United Kingdom.[2] In 1896 Thrush, along with Sparrow, played a part in the 40 minute Anglo-Zanzibar War.[4] She was also on active service during the Second Boer War, which lasted between October 1899 and June 1902 where she was commanded by Lieutenant Warren Hastings D'Oyly.[5] In early 1902 she helped a British force in Nigeria re-open trade routes on the Lower Niger, closed by piracy of some locals.[6] Lieutenant Hector Lloyd Watts-Jones was appointed in command on 5 July 1902.[7]

From 1906 Thrush worked for HM Coastguard before becoming a cable ship in 1915.[3] She then became a salvage ship in 1916 before being wrecked off Glenarm in Northern Ireland on 11 April 1917.[3]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f Winfield (2004), pp.299-300
  2. ^ a b Canadian Military Heritage site[permanent dead link]
  3. ^ a b c Entry in Clydebuilt database
  4. ^ Patience 1994, p. 7.
  5. ^ "Anglo-Boer War site". Archived from the original on 8 January 2009. Retrieved 17 September 2008.
  6. ^ "No. 27473". The London Gazette. 12 September 1902. p. 5879.
  7. ^ "Naval & Military intelligence". The Times (36814). London. 8 July 1902. p. 11.

BibliographyEdit