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Gloria Vanderbilt

Gloria Laura Vanderbilt (February 20, 1924 – June 17, 2019) was an American artist, author, actress, fashion designer, heiress, and socialite. She was a member of the Vanderbilt family of New York and the mother of CNN television anchor Anderson Cooper.

Gloria Vanderbilt
Gloria Vanderbilt 1959.JPG
Vanderbilt in 1959
Born
Gloria Laura Vanderbilt

(1924-02-20)February 20, 1924
DiedJune 17, 2019(2019-06-17) (aged 95)
New York City, U.S.
Resting placeVanderbilt Cemetery, Staten Island, New York
Occupation
  • Artist
  • actress
  • fashion designer
  • socialite
Spouse(s)
Children4, including Anderson Cooper
Parent(s)Reginald Claypoole Vanderbilt
Gloria Morgan
FamilyVanderbilt

During the 1930s, she was the subject of a high-profile child custody trial in which her mother, Gloria Morgan Vanderbilt, and her paternal aunt, Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney, each sought custody of her and control over her trust fund. Called the "trial of the century" by the press, the court proceedings were the subject of wide and sensational press coverage due to the wealth and prominence of the involved parties, and the scandalous evidence presented to support Whitney's claim that Gloria Morgan Vanderbilt was an unfit parent.[1]

As an adult in the 1970s, Vanderbilt launched a line of fashions, perfumes, and household goods bearing her name. She was particularly noted as an early developer of designer blue jeans.

Early lifeEdit

Vanderbilt was born on February 20, 1924, in Manhattan, New York City, the only child of railroad heir Reginald Claypoole Vanderbilt (1880–1925)[2][3] and his second wife, Gloria Morgan (1904–1965).[4][5] When Vanderbilt was born, her father was heard to exclaim in delight, "It is fantastic how Vanderbilt she looks! See the corners of her eyes, how they turn up?"[6] She was baptized in the Episcopal church by Bishop Herbert Shipman as Gloria Laura Vanderbilt. After her father's death, she was confirmed and raised in the Catholic Church, to which her mother belonged.[7] From her father's first marriage to Cathleen Neilson, she had a half-sister, Cathleen Vanderbilt (1904–1944).[8]

When Vanderbilt was 18 months old, she and her half-sister became heiresses to a half share each in a $5 million trust fund, equivalent to $71 million in 2018 value, upon their father's death from cirrhosis.[9] The rights to control Vanderbilt's share while she was a minor belonged to her mother, who traveled to and from Paris for years, taking her daughter with her. They were accompanied by a beloved nanny—Emma Sullivan Kieslich,[10] whom young Gloria had named "Dodo"—who would play a tumultuous part in the child's life,[11] and her mother's identical twin sister, Thelma, who was the mistress of the Prince of Wales (later Edward VIII) during this time.[12] As a result of her spending habits, her mother's use of finances was scrutinized by the child's paternal aunt, Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney. A sculptor and philanthropist, Whitney wanted custody of her niece, which resulted in a custody trial.[13][14] The trial was so scandalous that at times the judge would make everyone leave the room so as to listen to what young Vanderbilt had to say without anyone influencing her. Some people heard weeping and wailing inside the court room. Testimony was heard depicting Vanderbilt's mother as an unfit parent, including an allegation from a maid of a lesbian affair with a member of the British royal family.[15] Vanderbilt's mother lost the battle and Vanderbilt became the ward of her aunt Gertrude.[12]

 
Vanderbilt at age eight with her mother

Litigation continued, however. Vanderbilt's mother was forced to live on a drastically reduced portion of her daughter's trust, which was worth more than $4 million at the end of 1937,[16] equivalent to $70 million in 2018 value. Visitation was also closely watched to ensure that Vanderbilt's mother did not exert any undue influence upon her daughter with her supposedly "raucous" lifestyle. Vanderbilt was raised amidst luxury at her aunt Gertrude's mansion in Old Westbury, Long Island, surrounded by cousins her age who lived in houses circling the vast estate, and in New York City.[17]

The story of the trial was told in the 1980 Barbara Goldsmith book Little Gloria... Happy at Last and a 1982 NBC miniseries based on it,[15] which was nominated for six Emmy Awards and a Golden Globe Award.[18] Actress Jennifer Dundas played Gloria.[19]

Vanderbilt attended the Greenvale School on Long Island; Miss Porter's School in Farmington, Connecticut; and then the Wheeler School[20][21] in Providence, Rhode Island, as well as the Art Students League in New York City, developing the artistic talent for which she would become increasingly known during her career. When Vanderbilt came of age and took control of her trust fund, she cut her mother off entirely,[22] though they later reconciled.[23] Her mother died in Los Angeles in 1965.[23]

Professional careerEdit

Theater artsEdit

From 1954 to 1963, Vanderbilt applied herself to acting. She studied acting at the Neighborhood Playhouse with teacher Sanford Meisner and debuted in 1954 in The Swan, staged at Pocono Playhouse in Mountainhome, Pennsylvania. In 1955 she appeared on Broadway as Elsie in a revival of William Saroyan's The Time of Your Life.[24] Vanderbilt also appeared in a number of live and filmed television dramas including Playhouse 90, Studio One in Hollywood, and The Dick Powell Show. She also made an appearance in a two part episode of The Love Boat in 1981.[25] Other TV programs on which she appeared include Person to Person with Edward R. Murrow, The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson, The Oprah Winfrey Show, Live! with Kelly and Michael, and CBS News Sunday Morning.[24]

FashionEdit

Vanderbilt began her career as a fashion model when she was 15 years old, appearing in Harper's Bazaar.[26]

During the 1970s, Vanderbilt ventured into the fashion business itself, first with Glentex, licensing her name and a collection of her paintings for a line of scarves.[27] In 1976, Indian designer Mohan Murjani's Murjani Corporation proposed launching a line of designer jeans carrying Vanderbilt's signature embroidered on the back pocket, as well as her swan logo. Her jeans were more tightly fitted than other jeans of that time and were an immediate success with customers.[24]

In 1978, Vanderbilt sold the rights to her name to the Murjani Group[28] and re-launched her own company, GV Ltd, which she had founded in 1976.[24] With her company, she launched dresses, blouses, sheets, shoes, leather goods, liqueurs, and accessories.[24] In the period from 1982 to 2002, L'Oreal launched eight fragrances under the brand name Gloria Vanderbilt.[29] Jones Apparel Group acquired the rights to Gloria Vanderbilt jeans in 2002.[30][31]

Fraud trialEdit

In the 1980s, Vanderbilt accused her former partners in GV Ltd. and her lawyer of fraud. After a lengthy trial (during which time the lawyer died), Vanderbilt won and was awarded nearly $1.7 million, but the money was never recovered, though she was also awarded $300,000 by the New York City Bar Association. Vanderbilt also owed millions in back taxes, since the lawyer had never paid the IRS, and she was forced to sell her Southampton, New York and New York City, New York homes.[24][32]

ArtEdit

Vanderbilt studied art at the Art Students League of New York.[24] She became known for her artwork with one-woman exhibitions held of her oil paintings, watercolors, and pastels. This artwork was adapted and licensed, starting about 1968, by Hallmark Cards and by Bloomcraft (a textile manufacturer), and Vanderbilt began designing specifically for linen, pottery, and glassware.[33]

In 2001, Vanderbilt returned to art and opened her first art exhibition, "Dream Boxes," at the Southern Vermont Arts Center in Manchester; it was a critical success.[24] She launched another exhibition of 35 paintings at the Arts Center in 2007.[34] Two years later, Vanderbilt returned to the Arts Center as a panelist at its Annual Fall Show Exhibition, signing copies of her latest novel, Obsession: An Erotic Tale.[34]

WritingsEdit

Vanderbilt wrote two books on art and home decor, four volumes of memoirs and three novels, and was a regular contributor to The New York Times, Vanity Fair, and Elle.[35] In November 2010, Vanderbilt was the subject of a new book chronicling her life, titled The World of Gloria Vanderbilt,[36] written by Wendy Goodman, New York magazine's design editor. The book, published by Abrams Books, featured many previously unreleased photographs.[37]

In April 2016, HarperCollins Publishers released a new book, coauthored by Vanderbilt and her son Anderson Cooper, titled The Rainbow Comes and Goes: A Mother and Son On Life, Love, and Loss. The book was described by its publisher as: "A touching and intimate correspondence between Anderson Cooper and his mother, Gloria Vanderbilt, offering timeless wisdom and a revealing glimpse into their lives".[38]

The Nothing Left Unsaid documentaryEdit

On April 9, 2016, HBO premiered Nothing Left Unsaid: Gloria Vanderbilt & Anderson Cooper, a two-hour documentary, produced and directed by Liz Garbus, which features a series of conversations between the mother and son, covering the mother's storied life and family history in the public eye.[39]

Personal lifeEdit

Vanderbilt was married four times, divorced three times, and gave birth to four sons in all. She also had several other significant relationships.[17]

In 1941, aged 17, Vanderbilt went to Hollywood, where she became the second wife of Pat DiCicco, an agent for actors and an alleged mobster.[40] They divorced in 1945 and had no children together.[41] She later alleged that DiCicco was an abusive husband who called her "Fatsy Roo" and beat her. "He would take my head and bang it against the wall," Vanderbilt said, "I had black eyes."[42]

In April 1945, within weeks of divorcing DiCicco, Vanderbilt married conductor Leopold Stokowski, who had three daughters by his previous marriages to Olga Samaroff, an American concert pianist, and Evangeline Love Brewster Johnson, a Johnson & Johnson heiress. She was his third and last wife.[43] This marriage ended in divorce in October 1955 and produced two sons: Leopold Stanislaus "Stan" Stokowski (born August 22, 1950) and Christopher Stokowski (born January 31, 1952).[24]

Vanderbilt's third husband was the director Sidney Lumet. She was the second of his four wives. They were married on August 28, 1956. and divorced in August 1963. They had no children together.[24]

Vanderbilt's fourth marriage was to author Wyatt Emory Cooper, on December 24, 1963. The marriage, which lasted 15 years, ended with his death in 1978 while undergoing open-heart surgery. They had two sons: Carter Vanderbilt Cooper (January 27, 1965 – July 22, 1988), who died by suicide or as the victim of medication that precipitated a psychotic episode at age 23 by jumping from the family's 14th-floor apartment,[32][44][45] and Anderson Hays Cooper (born June 3, 1967), a CNN news anchor.[24]

Vanderbilt maintained a romantic relationship with photographer and filmmaker Gordon Parks for many years until his death in 2006.[46] Other notable lovers included Marlon Brando, Frank Sinatra,[24] Howard Hughes and Roald Dahl.[47][48]

Vanderbilt was very close friends with fashion designer Diane von Fürstenberg. While appearing as a guest on her son Anderson Cooper's television talk show, Anderson on September 19, 2011, Vanderbilt referred to comedian and actress Kathy Griffin as her "fantasy daughter".[49]

Truman Capote was speculated to have modeled the character of Holly Golightly in Breakfast at Tiffany's on Vanderbilt, but others say it was based on her friend Carol Grace.[50][51] When Vanderbilt celebrated her 90th birthday on February 20, 2014, her collections of many drawings, paintings and collectibles were placed on display in the 1stdibs Gallery at New York Design Center in New York City.[52]

Religious beliefsEdit

Vanderbilt was baptized into the Episcopal Church as an infant, but was raised a Roman Catholic and as a child was particularly fascinated with St. Theresa. Although religious in her youth, she was not a practicing Catholic in her later years.[53]

Death and burialEdit

Vanderbilt died at her home in Manhattan on June 17, 2019, aged 95 of stomach cancer. [24] She is buried next to her son Carter and last husband Wyatt in the Cooper plot in the Vanderbilt Cemetery on Staten Island, New York.[citation needed]

WorksEdit

Art and home decorEdit

  • Vanderbilt, Gloria (1970). Gloria Vanderbilt Book of Collage. New York City: Galahad Books. OCLC 1143871.
  • Vanderbilt, Gloria; Roderick, Phyllis Hingston (1977). Gloria Vanderbilt Designs for Your Home. New York: Simon & Schuster. ISBN 978-0-671-22637-4.

MemoirsEdit

NovelsEdit

ReferencesEdit

CitationsEdit

  1. ^ Brockell, Gillian (June 17, 2019). "'Poor little rich girl': Gloria Vanderbilt was caught between a neglectful mother and an oppressive aunt". Washington Post.
  2. ^ Vanderbilt, Gloria (1996). A Mother's Story (1st ed.). New York: Alfred A. Knopf. p. 5. ISBN 978-0-679-45052-8.
  3. ^ "Vanderbilt Dead After Hemorrhage Last Night". Evening Independent. September 4, 1925. Retrieved August 6, 2013 – via Google News.
  4. ^ Vanderbilt, Gloria (1996). A Mother's Story (1st ed.). New York: Alfred A. Knopf. p. 7. ISBN 978-0-679-45052-8.
  5. ^ "Reginald C. Vanderbilt and Gloria Morgan to Wed Tomorrow". Providence News. March 5, 1923. Retrieved August 6, 2013 – via Google News.
  6. ^ Vanderbilt II, Arthur T., "Fortune's Children: The Fall of the House of Vanderbilt". Morrow: 1989, 340.
  7. ^ Vanderbilt, Gloria Morgan; Wayne, Palma (1936). Without Prejudice. New York: E. P. Dutton. p. 118. Reggie was anxious to have his child baptized a Protestant. [His elder daughter] Cathleen had been christened in the Catholic faith; he wanted this baby christened in his own, and I consented. This ceremony was performed by Bishop Herbert Shipman in our large, formal, seldom-used drawing room. ... She was named Gloria after myself and Laura after my mother. ... James Deering was the baby's godfather and Gertrude Whitney was made her godmother ....
  8. ^ "Reginald Vanderbilt Dies Suddenly Today". The Meriden Daily Journal. September 4, 1925. Retrieved August 6, 2013 – via Google News.
  9. ^ Vanderbilt, Gloria. A Mother's Story (1st ed.). New York: Alfred A. Knopf. p. 5. ISBN 978-0-679-45052-8.
  10. ^ Vanderbilt II, Arthur T., 346.
  11. ^ "Mrs. Vanderbilt's Paris Life Exposed". Lewiston Daily Sun. October 2, 1934. Retrieved August 13, 2010 – via Google News.
  12. ^ a b Goldsmith, Barbara, ed. (1981). Little Gloria...Happy at Last. New York: Dell. ISBN 978-0-440-15120-3. Retrieved August 13, 2010 – via Google Books.
  13. ^ Vanderbilt, Gloria. "The Scarlet Sting of Scandal". It Seemed Important at the Time: A Romance Memoir. New York: Simon & Schuster. p. 9. ISBN 0-7432-6480-0.
  14. ^ "Gloria Vanderbilt Is Ward of Court". Lewiston Daily Sun. November 21, 1934. Retrieved August 13, 2010 – via Google News.
  15. ^ a b Ilnytzky, Ula (June 17, 2019). "Gloria Vanderbilt, heiress, jeans queen, dies at 95". San Francisco Chronicle. Associated Press. Archived from the original on June 17, 2019.
  16. ^ "Life on the American Newsfront: 1938 Comes to Thousands in Times Square and ... to Gloria Vanderbilt at the Ritz". Life. 4 (3): 16–17. January 17, 1938. Retrieved November 24, 2011 – via Google Books.
  17. ^ a b "Gloria Vanderbilt dead at age 95: 'What an extraordinary woman,' son Anderson Cooper says". USA TODAY. Retrieved June 21, 2019.
  18. ^ "Gloria Vanderbilt dead at age 95: 'What an extraordinary woman,' son Anderson Cooper says". USA TODAY. Retrieved June 19, 2019.
  19. ^ O'Connor, John J. (October 22, 1982). "Tv Weekend; 'Little Gloria' and a New Nbc Series". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved June 21, 2019.
  20. ^ Maroni, Gloria (May 26, 1985). "Social Side Vanderbilt at home at Wheeler, her happy place". Providence Journal – via ProQuest.
  21. ^ "Vanderbilt Chooses Work Instead of Being Idle Rich". Times Daily. October 1, 1979 – via Google News.
  22. ^ Vanderbilt, Gloria. "Wedded Bliss...". It Seemed Important at the Time: A Romance Memoir. New York: Simon & Schuster. ISBN 0-7432-6480-0.
  23. ^ a b "Gloria Morgan Vanderbilt, Socialite, Dies of Cancer". Meredien Journal. February 15, 1965. Retrieved June 18, 2019.
  24. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Chris Koseluk (June 17, 2019). "Gloria Vanderbilt, Heiress With a Knack for Reinvention, Dies at 95". The Hollywood Reporter.
  25. ^ Szabo, Julia (February 25, 2001). "Inside Epiphany; All Hams On Deck". The New York Times. Retrieved June 18, 2019.
  26. ^ Bekiempis, Victoria; agencies (June 17, 2019). "Gloria Vanderbilt, New York artist, model, heiress and socialite, dies at 95". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved June 19, 2019.
  27. ^ Harper, Marques (June 17, 2019). "How Gloria Vanderbilt used her authenticity and 'great taste' to build her denim line". Los Angeles Times. Los Angeles: Los Angeles Times Communications LLC (Nant Capital). Retrieved June 18, 2019.
  28. ^ "Murjani Group—Powering International Lifestyle Brands". Murjani Group.
  29. ^ "Gloria Vanderbilt Fragrances". Fragrantica.
  30. ^ Houston Chronicle Staff (March 19, 2002). "Jones to buy Gloria Vanderbilt Apparel". Houston Chronicle. Houston: Hearst Communications. Retrieved June 18, 2019.
  31. ^ Reuters (March 20, 2002). "COMPANY NEWS; JOHNS APPAREL TO ACQUIRE GLORIA VANDERBILT". The New York Times. New York City: The New York Times Company. Retrieved June 18, 2019.
  32. ^ a b Horwell, Veronica (June 17, 2019). "Gloria Vanderbilt obituary". The Guardian. Kings Place, London: Guardian Media Group. Retrieved June 18, 2019.
  33. ^ "PHOTOS: The Reinventions Of Gloria Vanderbilt". HuffPost. November 9, 2010. Retrieved June 18, 2019.
  34. ^ a b Petski, Denise (June 17, 2019). "Gloria Vanderbilt Dies: Actress, Fashion Designer, Mother Of CNN's Anderson Cooper Was 95". Deadline Hollywood. United States: Penske Media Corporation. Retrieved June 18, 2019.
  35. ^ "Gloria Vanderbilt (Author of It Seemed Important at the Time)". Goodreads.com. January 3, 2013. Retrieved March 7, 2013.
  36. ^ Goodman, Wendy (2010). The World of Gloria Vanderbilt. Cooper, Anderson (forward). New York: Abrams. ISBN 978-0810995925.
  37. ^ Srivastava, Anushika (June 18, 2019). "Fashion Icon Of 70s, Gloria Vanderbilt Dies At The Age Of 95". SheThePeople TV. Retrieved June 21, 2019.
  38. ^ The Rainbow Comes and Goes. HarperCollins US.
  39. ^ "Nothing Left Unsaid: Gloria Vanderbilt and Anderson Cooper l HBO Documentary Films l HBO". HBO.
  40. ^ Vanderbilt, Gloria (2004). "The Great Thing". It Seemed Important at the Time: A Romance Memoir. New York: Simon & Schuster. p. 31. ISBN 0-7432-6480-0.
  41. ^ Vanderbilt, Gloria. "Happy Birthday". It Seemed Important at the Time: A Romance Memoir. New York: Simon & Schuster. p. 36. ISBN 0-7432-6480-0.
  42. ^ Higginbotham, Adam (November 23, 2004). "Last of the Big Spenders". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved August 6, 2013.
  43. ^ "Leopold Stokowski Biography—A Brief Biography of the Eventful Career of Leopold Stokowski". stokowski.org. Retrieved April 23, 2017.
  44. ^ "Mrs. Vanderbilt's Son Plunges to his Death". New York Times. July 23, 1988. Retrieved August 1, 2014.
  45. ^ James, Susan Donaldson (September 21, 2011). "Anderson Cooper on Brother's Suicide: Grief Never Ends". ABC News. Retrieved August 1, 2014.
  46. ^ VanMeter, Jonathan (July 16, 2000). "Gloria Vanderbilt + Gordon Parks". How Race Is Lived in America. The New York Times. Archived from the original on June 11, 2011. Retrieved April 2, 2010.
  47. ^ O'Malley, Katie; Hall, Harriet (June 18, 2019). "GLORIA VANDERBILT DEATH: FASHION DESIGNER, ACTOR AND MOTHER OF ANDERSON COOPER DIES, AGED 95". The Independent. London: Independent Print Limited. Retrieved June 18, 2019.
  48. ^ Sager, Jessica (June 17, 2019). "Gloria Vanderbilt, model, fashion designer and mother to Anderson Cooper, dead at 95". Fox News. New York City: Fox Corporation. Retrieved June 18, 2019.
  49. ^ Sarah Anne Hughes (September 20, 2011). "Anderson Cooper talks to mom Gloria Vanderbilt about brother's suicide (Video)". Washington Post.
  50. ^ "Big City Book Club: 'Breakfast at Tiffany's'." November 29, 2011. Web. ProQuest. June 17, 2019.
  51. ^ "Holly Golightly inspiration", nytimes.com, August 2, 1992; accessed August 17, 2015.
  52. ^ "Gloria Vanderbilt Exhibit: The Left Hand Is The Dreamer". Downtown Magazine NYC.
  53. ^ David Foxley. "Psychoanalyzing Gloria Vanderbilt". Vanity Fair.
  54. ^ Harris, Paul (April 11, 2009). "Socialite, 85, Shocks New York with Sex Novel". The Observer. London. Retrieved August 6, 2013.

SourcesEdit

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