Elle is a worldwide lifestyle magazine of French origin that focuses on fashion, beauty, health, and entertainment. It was founded in 1945 by Pierre Lazareff and his wife Hélène Gordon. The title, in French, means "she" or "her."
Demi Lovato on the cover of Elle Canada
|Frequency||Weekly (France only)|
Fortnightly (China only)
|Circulation||366,894 (France)|
|Publisher||Kevin O'Malley (also SenioChief Revenue Officer)|
|First issue||November 21, 1945 (France)|
|Company||Hachette Filipacchi Media, Hearst Communications (US and UK versions)|
|Language||Bulgarian, Chinese, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Norwegian, Polish,Brazilian Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Thai, Turkish, Vietnamese|
Elle was founded in France in 1945. In the 1960s, it was considered to "not so much reflect fashion as decree it," with 800,000 loyal readers and a then famous slogan: "Si elle lit, elle lit Elle (If she reads, she reads Elle)". Hachette magazines, which included Elle, were purchased by Daniel Filipacchi and Jean-Luc Lagardère.
Hachette began pushing Elle outside of Europe in 1985, beginning with the United States. As of 1991, the magazine's sales were in decline in the U.S. The Chinese version of the magazine was published in 1988. It was the first four-color fashion magazine offered in China, with Patricia Wang as its first editor. It was to be used as an information and educational tool for the opening of the Chinese textile market.
Elle.com was launched in 2007. In 2011, The Hearst Corporation reached a deal to purchase Elle Magazine from Lagardére. The deal meant Hearst then had the right to publish Elle in 15 countries, including the United Kingdom, Italy, Spain, Russia and Ukraine. Lagardére, which struggled in the international market in the 2000s, retained the rights to the French edition and would collect royalties from the international editions.
Elle printed special collectors’ covers for their September 2016 issue, and one of them featured Hari Nef, which was the first time an openly transgender woman had been on the cover of a major commercial British magazine.
Elle's editors have included Jean-Dominique Bauby, who became known for writing a book after suffering almost total paralysis and Robbie Myers. In September 2017, it was announced that Roberta Myers was stepping down from the role of editor-in-chief, position she held since 2000, stating through a memo to the staff that "I want to spend the next seasons as available to my children as I can be, and so I take my leave of Elle now". A day later of the announcement, it was reported that Nina Garcia, creative director of Marie Claire was appointed as the new editor-in-chief effective September 18.
Elle is the world's largest fashion magazine, with 43 international editions in over 60 countries. Technologically speaking, the Elle brand is a global network encompassing over 33 websites. Subscriptions account for 73 percent of readers. There are 33 Elle websites globally, which collectively attract over 25 million unique visitors and 370 million page views per month. The magazine reaches over 69 million readers. The vast majority (82 percent) of Elle's audience are women between the ages of 18 and 49. Its readers have a median age of 34.7 years. Forty percent of the readers are single, and the median household income is $69,973. "Our readers are young enough to think about life as an adventure and old enough to have the means to live it", said Roberta Myers, editor in chief.
The first international edition of Elle was launched in Japan in 1969. Then, its U.S. and UK editions were launched in 1985. Next year, the magazine was first published in Spain. In 1987, Elle began to be published in Hong Kong and Italy. In 1988, the magazine was launched in six countries, namely Germany, Brazil, China, Sweden, Greece and Portugal. Next year it was first published in the Netherlands and Quebec. In 1990, the magazine was started in Australia and Taiwan. In 1994 arrived in Argentina. Its Russian edition, published monthly, was launched in 1996.
Elle is owned by the Lagardère Group of France. It is published in the U.S. and the UK by Hearst Magazines, in Canada by TVA Group, in Brazil by Grupo Editora Abril, in Mexico by Grupo Expansión, in Argentina by Grupo Clarín, in Singapore by Mediacorp, in Serbia/Croatia by Adria Media, in Turkey by Doğan Burda Magazine, in Germany by Hubert Burda Media, and in Romania by Ringier. In China, the publisher is Shanghai Translation Publishing House. and in India its owned and published by Ogaan Publications Pvt. Ltd As an international magazine, Elle has its headquarters in Paris as well as licensed publishers in New York City, London, Toronto, Mexico City, South Africa, Istanbul, São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Brussels, Tokyo, Warsaw, Belgrade, Oslo, Helsinki, Bucharest, Athens, Delhi, Madrid, Milan, Munich, Jakarta, Kiev, Kuala Lumpur, and other cities.
In December 2013, Elle hired Randy Minor as design director.
In November 2016, ELLE Canada promoted Vanessa Craft to Editor in Chief, making her the first black woman at the helm of an ELLE magazine globally.
- Alexandra Steigrad (19 December 2013). "Elle Magazine Names Design Director". WWD. Archived from the original on 21 December 2013. Retrieved 19 December 2013.
- "Elle International Network". Elle. Retrieved 4 September 2015.
- "Top 10 Fashion Mazgines in the World". Blog. Rich Top 10 Lists. Archived from the original on 20 April 2014. Retrieved 20 April 2014.
- « Pierre et Hélène Lazareff, couple hors normes ! » Sophie Delassein, Jean-Pierre Thiollet, France-Soir, 12 May 2009, http://www.francesoir.fr/loisirs/litterature/"pierre-et-helene-lazareff-couple-hors-normes-"-sophie-delassein-38180.html.
- "Magazines: Si Elle Lit, Elle Lit Elle". Time. 22 May 1964. Archived from the original on 23 October 2013. Retrieved 27 October 2010.
- Fabrikant, Geraldine. "Hachette Is Paying For Its Hubris". Retrieved 2018-07-16.
- "ELLE magazine heading for China's fashion-hungry". UPI. Retrieved 2018-07-13.
- Yang Feng; Katherine Frith (Fall 2008). "The Growth of International Women's Magazines in China and the Role of Transnational Advertising" (PDF). AEJMC Magazine. Archived (PDF) from the original on 29 November 2014. Retrieved 14 November 2014.
- "Fipp's top magazine innovations for 2011". Campaign. 22 March 2011. Retrieved 14 August 2015.
- "Hearst Leaps to New Level With Deal for Lagardere Magazine Portfolio". Retrieved 2018-07-13.
- Pfanner, Jeremy W. Peters and Eric. "Hearst to Buy 100 Magazines From Lagardère". DealBook. Retrieved 2018-07-16.
- Sarah Hughes. "Meet Hari Nef: actor, model – and Elle's first transgender cover girl in UK | Society". The Guardian. Retrieved 2016-08-05.
- "Denis Boyles on EuroPress". National Review Online. 10 October 2013. Archived from the original on 17 October 2013.
- "Robbie Myers leaves Elle after 17 years as editor-in-chief". Page Six. 2017-09-11. Retrieved 2018-07-13.
- "Robbie Myers to Exit Elle Magazine". The Business of Fashion. 2017-09-11. Retrieved 2017-09-12.
- "Nina Garcia Appointed Editor-in-Chief at Elle". The Business of Fashion. 2017-09-12. Retrieved 2017-09-12.
- "Elle overview". Hachette Filipacchi. Archived from the original on 28 October 2007. Retrieved 11 November 2007.
- Media News - TV Ratings - Television Programming Media Week.
- "Elle reader demographics". Hachette Filipacchi. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 11 November 2007.
- Branding - Corporate Branding - Internet Brand Marketing Brand Week.
- Mariko Morimoto; Susan Chang (2009). "Western and Asian Models in Japanese Fashion Magazine Ads". Journal of International Consumer Marketing. 21 (3). doi:10.1080/08961530802202701. Retrieved 9 May 2015.
- Helena Hafstrand (1995). "Consumer Magazines in Transition". The Journal of Media Economics. 8 (1). Retrieved 14 December 2014.
- Ping Shaw (1999). "Internationalization of the women's magazine industry in Taiwan context, process and influence". Asian Journal of Communication. 9 (2). Retrieved 17 March 2016.
- Di Hand; Steve Middleditch (10 July 2014). Design for Media: A Handbook for Students and Professionals in Journalism, PR, and Advertising. Routledge. p. 8. ISBN 978-1-317-86402-8. Retrieved 2 August 2015.
- Jukka Pietiläinen (2008). "Media Use in Putin's Russia". Journal of Communist Studies and Transition Politics. 24 (3). doi:10.1080/13523270802267906. Retrieved 29 November 2014.
- Doğan Burda Magazine