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Princess Alexandra, The Honourable Lady Ogilvy

Princess Alexandra
The Hon. Lady Ogilvy (more)
HRH The Princess Alexandra 04 25 10.png
Princess Alexandra in 2010
Born (1936-12-25) 25 December 1936 (age 81)
3 Belgrave Square, London
Spouse Sir Angus Ogilvy (m. 1963; d. 2004)
Issue
Full name
Alexandra Helen Elizabeth Olga Christabel[note 1]
House Windsor
Father Prince George, Duke of Kent
Mother Princess Marina of Greece and Denmark

Princess Alexandra, The Honourable Lady Ogilvy, KG, GCVO, CD[1] (Alexandra Helen Elizabeth Olga Christabel; born 25 December 1936) is a member of the British royal family.

Alexandra was born during the reign of King George VI to his brother and sister-in-law, Prince George, Duke of Kent, and Princess Marina of Greece and Denmark. She is a first cousin of the current British monarch, Queen Elizabeth II, and since her mother was a first cousin of the queen’s husband, Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, she is also his first cousin once removed.

Alexandra is the widow of businessman Sir Angus Ogilvy, to whom she was married from 1963 to 2004. As of 18 June 2018, she is 52nd in the line of succession to the British throne; at the time of her birth in 1936, she was sixth.

Contents

Early lifeEdit

Princess Alexandra was born on 25 December 1936 at 3 Belgrave Square, London.[2][3] Her parents were Prince George, Duke of Kent, the fourth son of King George V and Queen Mary, and Princess Marina of Greece and Denmark, a daughter of Prince Nicholas of Greece and Denmark and Grand Duchess Elena Vladimirovna of Russia. She was named after her paternal great-grandmother, Queen Alexandra; her grandmother, Grand Duchess Elena Vladimirovna of Russia; and both of her maternal aunts, Countess Elizabeth of Törring-Jettenbach and Princess Olga of Yugoslavia. She received the name Christabel because she was born on Christmas Day, like her aunt by marriage, Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester. Her birth was the last to have the tradition of having the Home Secretary present to verify the birth of potential heirs to the throne.[4] Secretary Sir John Simon was present and was the last to do this.

As a male-line granddaughter of the British monarch, she was styled as a British princess with the prefix Her Royal Highness. At the time of her birth, she was sixth in the line of succession to the British throne, behind her cousins Elizabeth and Margaret, her uncle the Duke of Gloucester, her father the Duke of Kent, and her elder brother Prince Edward. She was born two weeks after the abdication of her uncle King Edward VIII.

The Princess was baptised in the Private Chapel of Buckingham Palace, on 9 February 1937, and her godparents were: King George VI and Queen Elizabeth (her paternal uncle and aunt); the Queen of Norway (her grand-aunt); Princess Nicholas of Greece and Denmark (her maternal grandmother); Princess Olga of Yugoslavia (her maternal aunt); the Princess Beatrice (her paternal great-grand-aunt); the Earl of Athlone (her paternal grand-uncle); and Count Karl Theodor of Toerring-Jettenbach (her maternal uncle by marriage). Of her godparents, only the King and Queen and Lord Athlone were present.[5]

Princess Alexandra spent most of her childhood at her family's country house, Coppins, in Buckinghamshire. She lived with her grandmother, Queen Mary, the widow of George V, during World War II at Badminton.[3] Her father was killed in an aeroplane crash near Caithness, Scotland on 25 August 1942 while serving in the Royal Air Force. Princess Alexandra has the distinction of being the first British princess to have attended a boarding school, Heathfield School near Ascot.[3][6] She then studied in Paris.[7] She was also trained at Great Ormond Street Hospital.

 
Princess Alexandra of Kent on a visit to the Netherlands in June 1961

She was a bridesmaid at the 1946 wedding of Captain Lord Brabourne and The Hon. Patricia Mountbatten.[8] The following year, she served as bridesmaid at the wedding of her cousins, the then-Princess Elizabeth and The Duke of Edinburgh, on 20 November 1947. The Queen is Princess Alexandra's paternal first cousin; the Duke of Edinburgh is Princess Alexandra's maternal first cousin once removed.

She was also a bridesmaid at the 1962 wedding of Prince Juan Carlos of Spain and her second cousin, Princess Sophia of Greece and Denmark.

Marriage and personal lifeEdit

On 24 April 1963, she married the Hon. Angus James Bruce Ogilvy (1928–2004), the second son of the 12th Earl of Airlie and Lady Alexandra Coke, at Westminster Abbey.[6][9] Ogilvy presented Alexandra with an engagement ring made of a cabochon sapphire set in gold and surrounded by diamonds on both sides.[10] The wedding ceremony was attended by the royal family[11] and was broadcast worldwide on television, watched by an estimated 200 million people.[9]

The bride wore a wedding gown of Valenciennes lace, with matching veil and train, designed by John Cavanagh with the City of London diamond fringe tiara.[12] She made her way with her brother, the Duke of Kent, from Kensington Palace to the church.[11] The bridesmaids included Princess Anne and Archduchess Elisabeth of Austria, and the best man was Peregrine Fairfax.[11] The Archbishop of Canterbury Michael Ramsey conducted the service.[11] Angus Ogilvy declined the Queen's offer to be created an earl upon marriage,[9] so their children carry no titles.

Angus Ogilvy was knighted in 1988 (when Princess Alexandra assumed the style of The Hon. Lady Ogilvy), later being sworn of the Privy Council in 1997. Princess Alexandra and Sir Angus had two children, James and Marina, and four grandchildren:

  • James Robert Bruce Ogilvy (born 29 February 1964 in Thatched House Lodge, Richmond Park, Surrey), married and has issue:[13]
    • Flora Alexandra Ogilvy (born 15 December 1994 in Edinburgh, Scotland)
    • Alexander Charles Ogilvy (born 12 November 1996 in Edinburgh, Scotland)
  • Marina Victoria Alexandra Ogilvy (born 31 July 1966 in Thatched House Lodge, Richmond Park, Surrey), married on 2 February 1990 at Richmond Park, Surrey, and divorced on 15 October 1997 Paul Julian Mowatt (Hendon, 28 November 1962), a photographer, and has issue:
    • Zenouska May Mowatt (born 26 May 1990 in London)
    • Christian Alexander Mowatt (born 4 June 1993 in London)

ActivitiesEdit

 
Princess Alexandra on her tour of Australia in 1959

Since the late 1950s, Princess Alexandra carried out an extensive programme of engagements in support of the Queen, both in the United Kingdom and overseas. Taking part in roughly 120 engagements each year, Princess Alexandra was one of the most active members of the royal family.[3] She made 110 engagements in 2012. However, in late June 2013 she cancelled her engagements due to arthritis.[14] As of 2017, she is still listed on the official website of the British Monarchy as a working member of the Royal Family, attending numerous ceremonial and charitable engagements.[15]

In 1959, she carried out an extensive tour of Australia, and attended the Queensland Centenary Celebrations.[9] The Alexandra Waltz was composed for this visit by radio legend, Russ Tyson, and television musical director, Clyde Collins. It was sung for the princess by teen-aged Gay Kahler, who later changed her name to Gay Kayler.[16] In 1961 Princess Alexandra visited Hong Kong and made a visit to So Uk Estate, a public housing complex.[17] Princess Alexandra returned to Australia in 1967 for a private holiday, but also carried out engagements in Canberra and Melbourne.[18] The Princess Alexandra Hospital in Brisbane is named in her honour.

 
During her visit to Hong Kong in 1961, Princess Alexandra greets Cantonese opera performers Yam Kim-fai and Bak Sheut-sin after their performance of The Romance of the White Snake

Princess Alexandra represented the Queen when Nigeria gained its independence from the United Kingdom[9] on 1 October 1960, and opened the first Parliament on 3 October. Later overseas tours included visits to Canada, Italy, Oman, Hungary, Norway, Japan, Thailand, Gibraltar and the Falkland Islands.[9] Princess Alexandra launched the New Zealand Leander-class frigate HMNZS Waikato at Harland and Wolff, Belfast, Northern Ireland in 1965.[19] Princess Alexandra opened the Victoria to Brixton section of London Underground's Victoria line on 23 July 1971.[20]

Princess Alexandra served as Chancellor of Lancaster University from its foundation in 1964 until she relinquished the post in 2004[21] (when she also accepted an honorary degree in Music). She is also an honorary fellow of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow,[22] Faculty of Anæsthetists of the Royal College of Surgeons of England,[23] the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists,[24] and the Royal College of Physicians. She is also the President of Alexandra Rose Day, which was founded in honour of her great-grandmother, Queen Alexandra.[25] She was also patron of The Royal School, Hampstead.[26] The Princess was president of WWF-UK until 2011.[27]

Until it was abolished in 2013, Princess Alexandra received £225,000 per year from the Civil List to cover the cost of official expenses,[28] although as with the other members of the royal family (except the Duke of Edinburgh) the Queen repaid this amount to the Treasury. Alexandra lives at Thatched House Lodge in Richmond, London, a Crown property purchased on a 150-year lease from the Crown Estate Commissioners by Sir Angus Ogilvy after their wedding in 1963. It was reported in the London Evening Standard on 11 January 2006[citation needed] that, as a widow living alone, Princess Alexandra felt that the seven-bedroom house was too full of memories and that she wanted to sell her lease. However, to date she continues to live there. She also has use of a grace-and-favour apartment at St James's Palace in London.[29]

The Princess is the patron of the Blackie Foundation Trust, a charity dedicated to the promotion of research and education in homoeopathy. She is also a patron of the English National Opera;[30] the London Philharmonic Choir;[31] the Florence Nightingale Foundation;[32] the not-for-profit housing association Anchor;[33] the charity Independent Age;[34] St Christopher's Hospice in Sydenham, England;[35] Core, a National charity in London dedicated to funding research into digestive diseases and which also publishes information leaflets on the most common diseases of the gut and liver;[36] the Nature in Art Trust[37] and London Academy of Music and Dramatic Art (LAMDA),[38][39] the oldest drama school in the English-speaking world. She has been the patron of the Royal Alexandra Children's Hospital in Brighton since 1954.[40] She is also the Royal Patron of Children and Families Across Borders (CFAB),[41] a charity dedicated to reuniting children who have been separated from their families. She is patron of the Royal Central School of Speech & Drama in London, which received its royal style in 2012 during the Queen's Diamond Jubilee.[42] In her role as president of Sightsavers UK, the Princess visited Washington D.C. in October 2016 to attend the Neglected Tropical Diseases NGDO Network conference partnership reception.[43] In November 2016, one month ahead of her 80th birthday, the Queen held a reception at Buckingham Palace in honour of the work of Princess Alexandra's charities.[44]

Titles, styles, honours and armsEdit

Titles and stylesEdit

  • 25 December 1936 – 24 April 1963: Her Royal Highness Princess Alexandra of Kent
  • 24 April 1963 – 31 December 1988:[45] Her Royal Highness Princess Alexandra, The Honourable Mrs Angus Ogilvy
  • 31 December 1988 – present: Her Royal Highness Princess Alexandra, The Honourable Lady Ogilvy

HonoursEdit

Orders
Decorations
Medals
Foreign
List of places named after her
  • The Alexandra Hospital in Redditch Worcestershire is named after the Princess which she opened on 2 April 1987.
  • The Princess Alexandra Hospital (formerly South Brisbane Hospital) was named by and in honour of the visit by the Princess to Queensland in 1959.

AppointmentsEdit

Academic
Honorary academic degrees

Honorary military appointmentsEdit

  Canada
  United Kingdom
  Hong Kong

ArmsEdit

IssueEdit

Name Birth Marriage Issue
James Ogilvy 29 February 1964 30 July 1988 Julia Rawlinson Flora Ogilvy
Alexander Ogilvy
Marina Ogilvy 31 July 1966 2 February 1990
Divorced 4 December 1997
Paul Mowatt Zenouska Mowatt
Christian Mowatt

AncestryEdit

Since Princess Alexandra's mother was a first cousin of Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, she is a second cousin to Charles, Prince of Wales and his siblings, in addition to being their first cousin once removed because her father was the Queen's uncle.

NotesEdit

  1. ^ As a titled member of the Royal Family, she does not normally use a surname. When needed, her premarital surname was Windsor.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Knights of the Orders of Chivalry". Debrett's. Archived from the original on 17 December 2011. Retrieved 5 March 2012. Although HRH The Princess Royal and HRH Princess Alexandra, the Hon Lady Ogilvy, are both female they are actually included with the Royal Knights Companions and they bear the post-nominal letters KG (not LG). 
  2. ^ "No. 34354". The London Gazette. 28 December 1936. p. 8413. 
  3. ^ a b c d Panton 2011, p. 37.
  4. ^ "Royal baby: Traditions and customs surrounding Prince William and Catherine's new baby princess". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 3 May 2015. Retrieved 11 September 2015. 
  5. ^ "Yvonne's Royalty Home Page – Royal Christenings". users.uniserve.com. Retrieved 22 May 2012. 
  6. ^ a b Mishael, Herbert (24 April 1963). "Princess Alexandra to wed Ancestral foe". The Age. London. Retrieved 17 July 2013. 
  7. ^ "Mayfair glamour girl not Margaret, but Alex". Pittsburgh Post Gazette. London. AP. 19 January 1956. Retrieved 17 July 2013. 
  8. ^ "Royals At Wedding". Getty Images. 
  9. ^ a b c d e f Panton 2011, p. 38.
  10. ^ Chang, Mahalia (27 November 2017). "A Very Thorough History Of British Royal Engagement Rings". Harper's Bazaar Australia. Retrieved 15 May 2018. 
  11. ^ a b c d "Royal Spring Wedding". British Pathe News. 1963. Retrieved 24 March 2018. 
  12. ^ "Princess Alexandra of Kent's gown". The Royal Order of Sartorial Splendor. 27 April 2011. Retrieved 24 March 2018. 
  13. ^ "Royal baby for leap year day". BBC. 29 February 1964. Retrieved 8 March 2008. The Ogilvy baby was one of several royal babies due within months of each other. The 9lb 6oz boy will be unique among them in having no title. Master Ogilvy is currently 13th in line to the throne but will soon be displaced to 16th 
  14. ^ "Princess Alexandra steps down from public duties". Royal Central. 30 June 2013. Retrieved 24 March 2018. 
  15. ^ "Princess Alexandra". Official website of the Royal Family. Retrieved 20 June 2017. 
  16. ^ Gay song for a princess, Woman's Day, 7 January 1963
  17. ^ Acheson, Mark (29 June 2017). "Watch: Hong Kong's Royal visit in 1961". Portsmouth News. Retrieved 24 March 2018. 
  18. ^ "Princess Alexandra's Visit (1967)". British Pathé. YouTube. 13 April 2014. Retrieved 24 March 2018. 
  19. ^ "HMNZS Waikato (Leander-class Frigate)". National Museum of the Royal New Zealand Navy. Retrieved 24 March 2018. 
  20. ^ Green, Oliver (1988). The London Underground - An Illustrated History. Ian Allan. p. 59. ISBN 0-7110-1720-4. 
  21. ^ "Chancellor's Installation". Lancaster University. Retrieved 25 March 2018. 
  22. ^ "HRH Princess Alexandra (b.1936), GCVO, in Evening Dress". Art UK. 1960. Retrieved 24 March 2018. The painting is on display in the Alexandra Room in the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow (Princess Alexandra became an Honorary Fellow in 1960). 
  23. ^ "Faculty of Anæsthetists of the Royal College of Surgeons of England". Wiley Online Library. July 1967. Retrieved 24 March 2018. 
  24. ^ "Honorary Fellows". Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists. Retrieved 25 March 2018. 
  25. ^ "History". Alexandra Rose Charity. Retrieved 25 March 2018. Our Patron is her great granddaughter, HRH Princess Alexandra. 
  26. ^ Carrier, Dan (5 July 2007). "Royal premiere for school's first song". Camden New Journal. Retrieved 25 March 2018. 
  27. ^ "New President for WWF-UK". London: WWF. 9 September 2011. Retrieved 25 March 2018. 
  28. ^ Kelso, Paul (6 March 2000). "The royal family and the public purse". The Guardian. Retrieved 25 March 2018. 
  29. ^ "The Royal Residences". Official website of the British Monarchy. Archived from the original on 15 October 2014. 
  30. ^ "ENO board". English National Opera. Retrieved 25 March 2018. 
  31. ^ "News". LPC. Retrieved 22 May 2012. 
  32. ^ "Princess Alexandra Attends Service to Commemorate the Life of Florence Nightingale". Westminster Abbey. May 2011. Retrieved 25 March 2018. 
  33. ^ "HRH Princess Alexandra visits Augusta Court care home". Anchor. 29 September 2016. Retrieved 25 March 2018. 
  34. ^ "Our people". Independent Age. Retrieved 25 March 2018. 
  35. ^ "HRH Princess Alexandra makes annual visit to St Christopher's Hospice". St Christopher's. 12 January 2018. Retrieved 25 March 2018. 
  36. ^ "Core - The Digestive Disorders Foundation (Annual Report and Financial Statements)" (PDF). Core. 31 December 2016. Retrieved 25 March 2018. 
  37. ^ "Nature in Art – Trust". Nature in Art Trust. Retrieved 23 March 2010. 
  38. ^ "LAMDA Trustees". London Academy of Music and Dramatic Art. Retrieved 25 March 2018. 
  39. ^ "Opening of LAMDA". Níall McLaughlin Architects. June 2017. Retrieved 25 March 2018. 
  40. ^ Collis 2010, p. 288.
  41. ^ "Who we are". CFAB. Retrieved 25 March 2018. HRH Princess Alexandra has been CFAB’s Royal Patron since 2000. She was preceded by her sister-in-law HRH The Duchess of Kent, ... 
  42. ^ "Royal Central School of Speech and Drama - University of London (Financial Statements)" (PDF). Royal Central School of Speech and Drama. 31 July 2014. Retrieved 25 March 2018. 
  43. ^ "Princess Alexandra visits Washington for NTDs conference". Sightsavers. October 2016. Retrieved 25 May 2018. 
  44. ^ "Reception to celebrate Princess Alexandra's patronages". Official website of the Royal Family. 29 November 2016. Retrieved 25 March 2018. 
  45. ^ "Orders of Chivalry". St George's Chapel. Archived from the original on 20 August 2008. 
  46. ^ Photographs at The Court Jeweller Screencap from the Telegraph's video livestream of the banquet
  47. ^ Photographs at The Court Jeweller Screencap from the Telegraph's video livestream of the banquet
  48. ^ "No. 42230". The London Gazette. 27 December 1960. p. 8869. 
  49. ^ The Royal Family and the Armed Forces
  50. ^ The Canadian Forces Decoration
  51. ^ "Wedding of Juan Carlos of Spain and Sophia of Greece" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 6 March 2014. 
  52. ^ "Powder Horn" (PDF). The QOR of C. December 2010. Retrieved 17 July 2013. 
  53. ^ "The Colonel-in-Chief". The Rifleman Online. Retrieved 17 July 2013. 
  54. ^ "No. 47235". The London Gazette (Supplement). 11 June 1977. p. 7119. 
  55. ^ "Colonel-in-Chief". The Canadian Scottish Regiment. Retrieved 17 July 2013. 
  56. ^ "No. 40656". The London Gazette. 16 December 1955. p. 7071. 
  57. ^ The History of the Light Infantry
  58. ^ The History of the Light Infantry
  59. ^ "No. 47234". The London Gazette (Supplement). 11 June 1977. p. 7079. 
  60. ^ "No. 56777". The London Gazette (Supplement). 10 December 2002. p. 14986. 
  61. ^ "No. 46542". The London Gazette (Supplement). 15 April 1975. p. 4820. 
  62. ^ "No. 52834". The London Gazette (Supplement). 14 February 1992. p. 2582. 
  63. ^ Appointment of New Royal Colonels
  64. ^ "No. 44159". The London Gazette (Supplement). 1 November 1966. p. 11803. 
  65. ^ "No. 55974". The London Gazette (Supplement). 19 September 2000. p. 10420. 
  66. ^ Obituary

BibliographyEdit

  • Collis, Rose (2010). The New Encyclopaedia of Brighton. (based on the original by Tim Carder) (1st ed.). Brighton: Brighton & Hove Libraries. ISBN 978-0-9564664-0-2. 
  • Panton, Kenneth J. (2011). Historical Dictionary of the British Monarchy. Scarecrow Press, Inc. ISBN 0-8108-5779-0. 

External linksEdit

Princess Alexandra, The Honourable Lady Ogilvy
Born: 25 December 1936
Lines of succession
Preceded by
Lady Gabriella Windsor
Line of succession to the British throne
daughter of George, son of George V
Succeeded by
James Ogilvy
Order of precedence in England and Wales and in Northern Ireland
Preceded by
Princess Michael of Kent
Ladies
HRH Princess Alexandra, The Hon Lady Ogilvy
Succeeded by
Theresa May
Order of precedence in Scotland
Preceded by
Princess Michael of Kent
Ladies
HRH Princess Alexandra, The Hon Lady Ogilvy
Succeeded by
Local precedence
Academic offices
New title Chancellor of the University of Lancaster
1964–2004
Succeeded by
Sir Chris Bonington