King's Own Royal Border Regiment
The King's Own Royal Border Regiment was an infantry regiment of the British Army in existence from 1959 until 2006, and was part of the King's Division. It was formed at Barnard Castle on 1 October 1959 through the amalgamation of the King's Own Royal Regiment (Lancaster) and the Border Regiment. The only official abbreviation of the name was King's Own Border [sic]. (Unofficially, the acronyms KOB, KORB and KORBR were also used.)
|King's Own Royal Border Regiment|
Badge of the King's Own Royal Border Regiment
|Part of||King's Division|
|Garrison/HQ||Regimental Headquarters, Carlisle Castle|
|Motto(s)||Tried and Valiant, for Duty not Display|
|March||De ye ken John Peel|
|Anniversaries||28 October Arroyo Day Commemorates an action in Spain when the 34th Foot captured the Drums of their French opposite numbers.|
|Tactical Recognition Flash|
From Border Regiment
The regiment's earliest forebears were the 4th, or Kings Own Regiment of Foot, formed 13 July 1680 as the 2nd Tangier Regiment, also known as 'Charles Earl of Plymouth's Regiment of Foot for Tangiers', being the fourth regiment of foot in seniority in the British Army.
The 1 October 1959 amalgamated regiment preserved traditions of the previous three regiments (4th, 34th and 55th). Every 28 October, the regiment would celebrate "Arroyo Day" by parading the French drums and French drum major's mace captured during the Peninsular War in 1811. They had been taken intact in the Battle of Arroyo dos Molinos from the French 34e Régiment de Ligne on 28 October 1811.
In 2004, as part of the restructuring of the infantry, it was announced that the King's Own Royal Border Regiment would amalgamate with the King's Regiment and the Queen's Lancashire Regiment to form the new Duke of Lancaster's Regiment (King's Lancashire and Border). The Regiment's final act was to serve in Iraq between 2005 and 2006. The new regiment was formed on 1 July 2006, with the Kings Own Royal Border Regiment forming the 3rd Battalion.
Upon the regiment's creation the territorial battalions of both predecessor regiments were transferred, without a change in name. These were:
- 5th Battalion, King's Own Royal Regiment, at Lancaster
- 4th (Cumberland and Westmorland) Battalion, The Border Regiment, at Kendal
In 1967, when the TAVR was formed, both of the battalions lost a company to the Lancastrian Volunteers, and also retained the rest of the battalion within the regiment. However, this didn't last very long, as in 1969, the battalions were reduced to cadre– the KORR battalion formed a new company of 1st Battalion, Lancastrian Volunteers; whilst the Border Regiment battalion formed a company of the Northumbrian Volunteers, in 1971.
4th (Volunteer) BattalionEdit
In 1975, control of the territorial units was passed back to the affiliated regiments, and so the regiment formed 4th (Volunteer) Battalion, from companies of the Lancastrian Volunteers and Northumbrian Volunteers.
- HQ Company, at Lancaster
- A Company, at Carlisle, with platoon at Workington, from A Company, 1st Battalion, Lancastrian Volunteers
- B Company, at Lancaster, with platoon at Barrow-in-Furness, from E Company, 1st Battalion, Lancastrian Volunteers
- C Company, at Kendal, from B Company, Northumbrian Volunteers
1984 saw the establishment of E (Home Service Force) Company, with a platoon stationed with each company, however this was disbanded along with the rest of the HSF in 1992. At the same time, the battalion was reduced down to a HQ Company, and 3 rifle companies and retained this structure until amalgamation in 1999.
- HQ Company, at Lancaster
- A Company, at Carlisle, with platoon at Workington
- C Company, at Barrow-in-Furness
- D Company, at Workington
The battalion amalgamated with the 4th (Volunteer) Battalion, Queen's Lancashire Regiment, in 1999, to form the Lancastrian and Cumbrian Volunteers; HQ and C Companies amalgamated to form A (Tobruk) (King's Own Royal Border Regiment) Company, and A and D Companies amalgamated to form C (Sicily) (King's Own Royal Border Regiment) Company, of the new regiment. The Lancastrian and Cumbrian Volunteers later amalgamated with the two King's Companies of the King's and Cheshire Regiment, to form 4th Battalion, Duke of Lancaster's Regiment, with the KORBR lineage being maintained by C Company.
Regimental Colonels have been:
- 1959–1961: Maj-Gen. Valentine Blomfield, CB, DSO (from Border Regiment)
- 1961–1971: Lt-Gen. Richard Neville Anderson, CB, CBE, DSO
- 1971–1981: Gen. Sir William Norman Roy Scotter, KCB, OBE, MC
- 1981–1988: Maj-Gen. David Edwin Miller, CB, CBE, MC
- 1988–2004: Maj-Gen. Robert John Hodges, CB, OBE
- 2004–2006: Col. Michael Trevor Griffiths (to The Duke of Lancaster's Regiment (King's, Lancashire and Border))
- 2006: Regiment amalgamated with The King's Regiment and The Queen's Lancashire Regiment to form The Duke of Lancaster's Regiment (King's, Lancashire and Border)
- "17th century". King's Own Royal Regiment Museum. Retrieved 20 May 2014.
- Beckett, p. 29
- "Duke of Lancaster's Regiment: Regimental History" (PDF). Ministry of Defence. p. 6. Retrieved 20 May 2014.
- "Duke of Lancaster's Regiment: Regimental History" (PDF). Ministry of Defence. pp. 21–22. Retrieved 20 May 2014.
- "King's Own Royal Border Regiment". Cumbria Museum if Military Life. Retrieved 20 May 2014.
- "Duke of Lancaster's Regiment". Archived from the original on 21 November 2008. Retrieved 26 April 2014.
- "The King's Own Royal Border Regiment". regiment.org. Archived from the original on 23 February 2007. Retrieved 18 October 2016.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
- "Border Regiment". British Army Units 1945 On. Retrieved 24 August 2020.
- "The King's Own Royal Border Regiment – lineage". Archived from the original on 8 October 2007. Retrieved 24 August 2020.
- "4th Battalion, The King's Own Royal Border Regiment". Archived from the original on 16 August 2007. Retrieved 24 August 2020.
- "Cumbria's Museum of Military Life". Retrieved 19 July 2015.
- King's Own Royal Border Regiment at regiments.org
- Get in Get Out and Get Away - Memoirs of a National Serviceman who served with the KORBR in the Cameroons
- John Peel by The Kings Own Royal Border Regiment Band
- Donnelly, P. "The King's Own Royal Regiment (Lancaster)". Retrieved 7 November 2007.
- "Cumbria's Museum of Military Life".