Osbert Peake, 1st Viscount Ingleby
Osbert Peake, 1st Viscount Ingleby, PC (30 December 1897 – 11 October 1966) was a British Conservative Party politician. He served as Minister of National Insurance and then as Minister of Pensions and National Insurance from 1951 to 1955.
The Viscount Ingleby
|Minister of Pensions and National Insurance|
Minister of National Insurance (1951–1953)
31 October 1951 – 20 December 1955
|Prime Minister||Winston Churchill|
|Preceded by||Edith Summerskill|
|Succeeded by||John Boyd-Carpenter|
|Financial Secretary to the Treasury|
|Preceded by||Ralph Assheton|
|Succeeded by||Glenvil Hall|
|Born||30 December 1897|
|Died||11 October 1966 (aged 68)|
Osmotherley, North Yorkshire, England
|Alma mater||Christ Church, Oxford|
Peake was educated at Eton before training at the Royal Military College, Sandhurst. He served with the Coldstream Guards during the First World War, before joining the Sherwood Rangers Yeomanry. He entered Christ Church, Oxford in 1919 and graduated in history in 1921. In 1923 he was called to the bar at the Inner Temple.
Marriage & childrenEdit
On 19 June 1922 Peake married Lady Joan Rachel de Vere Capell (born 28 February 1899, died 1979), younger daughter of George Capell, 7th Earl of Essex and Adele Capell, Countess of Essex. They had five children:
- Iris Irene Adele Peake, MVO (born 25 July 1923), a lady-in-waiting to Princess Margaret from 1952 to 1963, married Captain Oliver Payan Dawnay, CVO in 1963.
- Sonia Mary Peake (born 12 December 1924, died 30 July 2009), married David Hay, 12th Marquess of Tweeddale, mother of twin sons Edward Hay, 13th Marquess of Tweeddale and David Hay, 14th Marquess of Tweeddale.
- Martin Raymond Peake, 2nd (and last) Viscount Ingleby (born 31 May 1926, died 14 October 2008)
- Imogen Clarissa Peake (born 18 January 1934, died 29 October 1937)
- Mary Rose Peake (born 23 April 1940), married Everard John Robert March Phillipps de Lisle.
After unsuccessfully contesting Dewsbury in 1922, Peake entered Parliament as Member of Parliament (MP) for Leeds North in 1929. In April 1939, he was appointed as Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for the Home Department and in October 1944 he became Financial Secretary to the Treasury. Whilst in opposition, he became a leading spokesman for the Beveridge social reform proposals, and on the Conservatives return to power in 1951 he became Minister of National Insurance (Minister of Pensions and National Insurance from September 1953 and a member of the Cabinet from October 1954). In December 1955, shortly after Anthony Eden succeeded Winston Churchill as Prime Minister in April, Peake resigned from the government.
Peake became a Privy Counsellor in 1943 and was raised to the peerage on 17 January 1956 as Viscount Ingleby, of Snilesworth in the North Riding of the County of York. On his death in 1966, he was succeeded in the viscountcy by his only son, Martin.
- The Peerage, entry for Lady Joan Capell
- The Peerage, entry for 1st Viscount Ingleby
- The Peerage, entry for Iris Peake
- geni.com Entry for Captain Oliver Dawnay
- The Peerage, entry for Sonia Peake
- "No. 40687". The London Gazette. 17 January 1956. p. 363.
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Osbert Peake
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
Sir Gervase Beckett, Bt.
| Member of Parliament for Leeds North
1929 – 1955
| Member of Parliament for Leeds North East
1955 – 1956
| Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for the Home Department
The Earl of Munster
| Financial Secretary to the Treasury
| Minister of Social Insurance
|New office|| Minister of Pensions and National Insurance
|Peerage of the United Kingdom|
|New creation|| Viscount Ingleby