Osbert Peake, 1st Viscount Ingleby

Osbert Peake, 1st Viscount Ingleby, PC (30 December 1897 – 11 October 1966) was a British Conservative Party politician. He served as Minister of National Insurance and then as Minister of Pensions and National Insurance from 1951 to 1955.

The Viscount Ingleby

Minister of Pensions and National Insurance
Minister of National Insurance (1951–1953)
In office
31 October 1951 – 20 December 1955
Prime MinisterWinston Churchill
Anthony Eden
Preceded byEdith Summerskill
Succeeded byJohn Boyd-Carpenter
Financial Secretary to the Treasury
In office
Preceded byRalph Assheton
Succeeded byGlenvil Hall
Personal details
Born(1897-12-30)30 December 1897
Died11 October 1966(1966-10-11) (aged 68)
Osmotherley, North Yorkshire, England
Political partyConservative
Alma materChrist Church, Oxford

Early lifeEdit

Peake was educated at Eton before training at the Royal Military College, Sandhurst. He served with the Coldstream Guards during the First World War, before joining the Sherwood Rangers Yeomanry. He entered Christ Church, Oxford in 1919 and graduated in history in 1921. In 1923 he was called to the bar at the Inner Temple.

Marriage & childrenEdit

On 19 June 1922 Peake married Lady Joan Rachel de Vere Capell (born 28 February 1899, died 1979),[1] younger daughter of George Capell, 7th Earl of Essex and Adele Capell, Countess of Essex. They had five children:[2]

Political careerEdit

After unsuccessfully contesting Dewsbury in 1922, Peake entered Parliament as Member of Parliament (MP) for Leeds North in 1929. In April 1939, he was appointed as Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for the Home Department and in October 1944 he became Financial Secretary to the Treasury. Whilst in opposition, he became a leading spokesman for the Beveridge social reform proposals, and on the Conservatives return to power in 1951 he became Minister of National Insurance (Minister of Pensions and National Insurance from September 1953 and a member of the Cabinet from October 1954). In December 1955, shortly after Anthony Eden succeeded Winston Churchill as Prime Minister in April, Peake resigned from the government.


Peake became a Privy Counsellor in 1943 and was raised to the peerage on 17 January 1956 as Viscount Ingleby, of Snilesworth in the North Riding of the County of York.[6] On his death in 1966, he was succeeded in the viscountcy by his only son, Martin.


Coat of arms of Osbert Peake, 1st Viscount Ingleby
Coronet of a viscount
A Heart Gules between two Wings displayed Erminois
Sable three Crosses patée Argent within an Orle of eight Fleur-de-lys and a Bordure Or
On either side a Blackfaced Swaledale Ram proper holding in the mouth a Rose Argent barbed seeded slipped and leaved also proper
Quae Supra Quaerenda (What is on high is worth seeking) [7]


  1. ^ The Peerage, entry for Lady Joan Capell
  2. ^ The Peerage, entry for 1st Viscount Ingleby
  3. ^ The Peerage, entry for Iris Peake
  4. ^ geni.com Entry for Captain Oliver Dawnay
  5. ^ The Peerage, entry for Sonia Peake
  6. ^ "No. 40687". The London Gazette. 17 January 1956. p. 363.
  7. ^ http://www.cracroftspeerage.co.uk/online/content/ingleby1956.htm


External linksEdit

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Sir Gervase Beckett, Bt.
Member of Parliament for Leeds North
Constituency abolished
Preceded by
Alice Bacon
Member of Parliament for Leeds North East
Succeeded by
Keith Joseph
Political offices
Preceded by
Geoffrey Lloyd
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for the Home Department
Succeeded by
The Earl of Munster
Preceded by
Ralph Assheton
Financial Secretary to the Treasury
Succeeded by
Glenvil Hall
Preceded by
Edith Summerskill
Minister of Social Insurance
Office abolished
New office Minister of Pensions and National Insurance
Succeeded by
John Boyd-Carpenter
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Viscount Ingleby
Succeeded by
Martin Peake