Thomas Fraser, 12th Lord Lovat

Thomas Alexander Fraser, 12th Lord Lovat and 1st Baron Lovat, KT (17 June 1802 – 28 June 1875) was a Scottish peer. He was also the 21st MacShimidh, the traditional Gaelic Patronym for the Chiefs of the Clan Fraser.


The Lord Lovat

Lord Lieutenant of Inverness
In office
1853–1873
Preceded byThe Earl of Seafield
Succeeded bySimon Fraser
Personal details
Born
Thomas Alexander Fraser

(1802-06-17)17 June 1802
Died28 June 1875(1875-06-28) (aged 73)
Spouse(s)
Hon. Charlotte Georgina Stafford-Jerningham
(m. 1823, his death)
Children7, including Simon
ParentsAlexander Fraser, 9th of Strichen
Amelia Leslie
RelativesSimon Fraser, 14th Lord Lovat (grandson)

Early lifeEdit

Born on 17 June 1802, he was the son of Amelia (née Leslie) Fraser and Alexander Fraser, 9th of Strichen, a Captain of the 1st Dragoon Guards who died on 28 October 1803, shortly after his birth.[1] His paternal grandparents were Alexander Fraser, 8th of Strichen and Jean (née Menzies) Fraser (a daughter of William Menzies and niece of James Menzies of Culdares).[2] His maternal grandparents were John Leslie, 22nd Baron of Balquhain and the former Violet Dalzell.[3]

In 1821, Fraser commissioned Aberdeen architect John Smith to design a country house known as Strichen House.[4][5][6]

CareerEdit

In 1815, upon the death of Archibald Campbell Fraser (who outlived all of his children), Fraser became the 21st Chief of the Clan Fraser, through his descent from the second son of the 4th Lord Lovat. He also inherited the Lovat estates at Beauly in Inverness-shire. On 28 January 1837 he was created Baron Lovat, of Lovat in the County of Inverness,[7] in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. In 1854, the attainder of the 11th Lord Lovat (who had been attainted and executed in 1747) was reversed, and Lovat thereby became 12th Lord Lovat in the Peerage of Scotland. He notably served as Lord Lieutenant of Inverness from 1853 to 1873 and was made a Knight of the Thistle in 1865.[1]

Personal lifeEdit

 
Photograph of his daughter Amelia, 1863.

On 6 August 1823, Fraser was married to the Hon. Charlotte Georgina Stafford-Jerningham (1800–1876), the daughter of George William Stafford-Jerningham, 8th Baron Stafford, in 1823. The couple had three daughters and four sons, including:[8]

Lord Lovat died in June 1875, aged 73, and was succeeded in his titles by his eldest son Simon. Lady Lovat died in 1876.[1]

LegacyEdit

Lord Lovat's legacy is that of the present 16th Lord Lovat, and the good standing of the present Clan Fraser. He completed the restoration of Lovat titles and lands, which had been started by the 11th Lord's son, General Simon Fraser of Lovat.[8]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d "Lovat, Lord (S, 1458/64)". cracroftspeerage.co.uk. Heraldic Media Limited. Retrieved 17 August 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. ^ Burke, John (1836). A Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Commoners of Great Britain and Ireland, Enjoying Territorial Possessions Or High Official Rank: But Uninvested with Heritable Honours. Henry Colburn. p. 299.
  3. ^ The Reliquary: Depository for Precious Relics, Legendary, Biographical, and Historical. John Russell Smith. 1870. p. 54.
  4. ^ Historic Environment Scotland. "Strichen House, Stableblock, (Barnyards of Strichen) Strichen Mains (LB16547)". Retrieved 15 April 2019.
  5. ^ "Strichen House". Buildings at Risk Register for Scotland. Historic Environment Scotland. Retrieved 2 September 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  6. ^ "John Smith". scottisharchitects.org.uk. Dictionary of Scottish Architects - DSA Architect Biography Report. Retrieved 17 August 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  7. ^ "No. 19460". The London Gazette. 24 January 1837. p. 170.
  8. ^ a b Kidd, Charles, Williamson, David (editors). Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage (1990 edition). New York: St Martin's Press, 1990.
  9. ^ Sheahan, James Joseph (1862). History and Topography of Buckinghamshire: Comprising a General Survey of the County, Preceded by an Epitome of the Early History of Great Britain. Longman, Green, Longman, and Roberts. p. 905. ISBN 9780804833905.
  10. ^ "Hon. Amelia Charlotte Scott-Murray (née Fraser)". npg.org.uk. National Portrait Gallery, London. Retrieved 17 August 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  11. ^ "Frances Georgiana (née Fraser), Lady Mostyn". npg.org.uk. National Portrait Gallery, London. Retrieved 17 August 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  12. ^ "Charlotte Henrietta (née Fraser), Lady Sausse". npg.org.uk. National Portrait Gallery, London. Retrieved 17 August 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  13. ^ "Death of Sir Matthew Sausse". The Times. 6 November 1867. p. 7.
  14. ^ Fox-Davies, Arthur Charles (1895). Armorial Families: A Complete Peerage, Baronetage, and Knightage, and a Directory of Some Gentlemen of Coat-armour, and Being the First Attempt to Show which Arms in Use at the Moment are Borne by Legal Authority. Jack. p. 630. Retrieved 17 August 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  15. ^ Chapman, Paul (1836). Menin Gate North: In Memory and in Mourning. Pen and Sword. ISBN 978-1-4738-5092-7. Retrieved 17 August 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  16. ^ Burke, Sir Bernard (1882). A Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Landed Gentry of Great Britain & Ireland. Harrison. p. 769. Retrieved 17 August 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  17. ^ Ward, S. G. P. (1973). "THE SCOTS GUARDS IN EGYPT, 1882: The Letters of Lieutenant C. B. Balfour". Journal of the Society for Army Historical Research. 51 (206): 80–104. ISSN 0037-9700. JSTOR 44227018.

External linksEdit

Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Earl of Seafield
Lord Lieutenant of Inverness
1853–1873
Succeeded by
Simon Fraser
Preceded by
Archibald Campbell Fraser
MacShimidh
1815–1875
Succeeded by
Simon Fraser
Peerage of Scotland
Preceded by
Simon Fraser
Lord Lovat
1854–1875
Succeeded by
Simon Fraser
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baron Lovat
1837–1875
Succeeded by
Simon Fraser