Simon Fraser, 14th Lord Lovat
Brigadier Simon Joseph Fraser, 14th Lord Lovat and 3rd Baron Lovat, KT, GCVO, KCMG, CB, DSO (25 November 1871 – 18 February 1933), was a leading Roman Catholic aristocrat, landowner, forester, soldier, politician and the 23rd Chief of Clan Fraser. He was the son of Simon Fraser, 13th Lord Lovat, and Alice Mary Weld-Blundell. While legally the 14th Lord Lovat (and 3rd Baron Lovat), he was referred to as the 16th Lord.[clarification needed]
Lord Lovat was commissioned into the Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders and promoted lieutenant in 1890, but transferred as a Lieutenant into the 1st Life Guards in 1894. In 1897 he resigned from the Regular Army and joined a volunteer battalion of the Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders. In late 1899 he raised the Lovat Scouts for service in the Second Boer War in South Africa, and from February 1900 served as their second-in-command with the rank of captain, in charge of the mounted infantry. The corps arrived in South Africa in early 1900, and was attached to the Black Watch. He was mentioned in despatches (including the final despatch by Lord Kitchener dated 23 June 1902), and awarded the Distinguished Service Order (DSO) in 1900. The war ended in June 1902, and Lord Lovat returned to the United Kingdom with the corps on the SS Tintagel Castle two months later, arriving to a public welcome in Inverness in late August. He was appointed a Commander of the Royal Victorian Order (CVO) in 1903 by King Edward VII.
For the Lovat Scouts, he chose the best marksmen he could find and the perfect commander in the American, Frederick Russell Burnham, who served as Chief of Scouts to Lord Roberts, the British Army Commander-in-Chief. After the end of the Second Boer War, the remaining two companies (which had been attached to the Imperial Yeomanry for the latter part of the war) returned to the United Kingdom and were disbanded. The unit was reformed the following year, consisting of two regiments, titled the 1st and 2nd Lovat Scouts. From these scouts a sharpshooter unit was formed and formally become the British Army's first sniper unit.
First World WarEdit
In World War I, he commanded the Highland Mounted Brigade of the 2nd Mounted Division, being promoted Brigadier-General in September 1914. He was appointed a Knight of the Thistle in 1915 for demonstrable leadership and courage.
Awarded KCMG in 1919, he was appointed Army Director of Forestry.
Apart from a military career Lovat was also Chairman of the Forestry Commission from 1919 to 1927 and served in the Conservative administration of Stanley Baldwin as Under-Secretary of State for Dominion Affairs from 1927 to 1929.
Lovat died in February 1933, aged 61, and was succeeded by his eldest son Simon as the 15th Lord Lovat (known as the 17th Lord), who distinguished himself during the D-Day landings at Normandy in June 1944. His younger son Sir Hugh Fraser was a successful politician and first husband of author Antonia Fraser.
Lovat married Hon. Laura Lister, daughter of Thomas Lister, 4th Baron Ribblesdale, in 1910; they had five children:
- Simon Christopher Joseph Fraser, Master of Lovat (1911-1933) and 15th Lord Lovat (1933-1995) (9 July 1911-16 March 1995)
- Hon. Magdalen Mary Charlotte Fraser (1 August 1913 – 27 September 1969) Married John Scott, 4th Earl of Eldon (29 March 1899 – 20 October 1976); they had 3 children: John Joseph Nicholas Scott, 5th Earl of Eldon (b. 24 April 1937) and Hon. Simon Peter Scott (b. 13 September 1939). Died at the age of 56.
- Hon. Sir Hugh Charles Patrick Joseph Fraser (23 January 1918 – 6 March 1984) Married Lady Antonia Margaret Caroline Pakenham on 25 September 1956; they dissolved their marriage in 1977 after having six children: Rebecca Rose Fraser (b. 4 May 1957), Flora Fraser (b. 30 October 1958), Benjamin Hugh Fraser (b. 28 March 1961), Natasha Fraser (b. 1963), Damian Fraser (b. 1964), and Orlando Fraser (b. 1967). Sir Hugh died at the age of 66 from lung cancer.
- Hon. Veronica Nell Fraser (2 December 1920 – 27 January 2005); died at age 85. Married 1. Lt. Alan Phipps RN in 1940 in Westminster, London. 2. Sir Fitzroy Hew Royle MacLean in 1946.
- Hon. Mary Diana Rose "Rose" Fraser (15 April 1926 – 31 August 1940); died at age 14.
- "Polo Monthly" (PDF). June 1918: 17. Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 April 2014. Retrieved 10 August 2013.
- "No. 27167". The London Gazette. 20 February 1900. p. 1171.
- "No. 27459". The London Gazette. 29 July 1902. pp. 4835–4839.
- "The Army in South Africa - Troops returning home". The Times (36852). London. 21 August 1902. p. 5.
- Burke's Peerage (2003), volume 2, p.2415
- Mason, Fergus (2013). The American Sniper: A History of America's Shadow Warriors. Absolute Crime Books. CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform. p. Chapter 6. ISBN 978-1-49-095652-7.
- Becke, A.F. (1945). History of the Great War: Order of Battle of Divisions: Territorial Force & Mounted Divisions Pt. 2A. London HMSO.
- Burke's Peerage (2003) vol.2, p.2415
- Kidd, Charles; Williamson, David (editors) (1990). Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage. New York: St Martin's Press.CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link)
- Dictionary of National Biography
The Earl of Clarendon
| Under-Secretary of State for Dominion Affairs
The Earl of Plymouth
|Peerage of Scotland|
| Lord Lovat
|Peerage of the United Kingdom|
| Baron Lovat