Simon Fraser, 14th Lord Lovat

Major-General Simon Joseph Fraser, 14th Lord Lovat and 3rd Baron Lovat, KT, GCVO, KCMG, CB, DSO (25 November 1871 – 18 February 1933),[1] was a leading Roman Catholic aristocrat, landowner, forester, soldier, politician and the 23rd Chief of Clan Fraser. While legally the 14th Lord Lovat (and 3rd Baron Lovat), he was referred to as the 16th Lord.[clarification needed]


The Lord Lovat

Simon Joseph Fraser, 14th Lord Lovat.jpg
Lord Lovat in 1908
Under-Secretary of State for Dominion Affairs
In office
1926–1927
Preceded byThe Earl of Clarendon
Succeeded byThe Earl of Plymouth
Personal details
Born
Simon Joseph Fraser

(1871-11-25)25 November 1871
Died18 February 1933(1933-02-18) (aged 61)
London, England
Spouse(s)
Hon. Laura Lister
(m. 1910; his death 1933)
ChildrenSimon Fraser, 15th Lord Lovat
Magdalen Scott, Countess of Eldon
Hon. Sir Hugh Fraser
Veronica Maclean
Rose Fraser
ParentsSimon Fraser, 13th Lord Lovat
Alice Mary Weld-Blundell
EducationAmpleforth College
Alma materOxford University
Military service
RankMajor-general
UnitQueen's Own Cameron Highlanders, 1st Life Guards
CommandsHighland Mounted Brigade
4th Mounted Division
Battles/warsSecond Boer War
World War I

Early lifeEdit

Born on 25 November 1871, he was the eldest surviving son of nine children born to Simon Fraser, 13th Lord Lovat, and Alice Mary Weld-Blundell. Among his siblings were Hon. Mary Laura Fraser (wife of John Scott, Viscount Encombe and mother of John Scott, 4th Earl of Eldon),[2] Hon. Alice Mary Charlotte Fraser (wife of Hon. Bernard Constable-Maxwell and mother of Gerald Maxwell), Hon. Etheldreada Mary Fraser (wife of diplomat Sir Francis Oswald Lindley), Hon. Hugh Joseph Fraser, a Major with the Scots Guards who was killed in the First Battle of Ypres during World War I),[3] Hon. Alastair Thomas Joseph Fraser (husband of Lady Sybil Grimston, daughter of James Grimston, 3rd Earl of Verulam), Hon. Margaret Mary Fraser (wife of Brig.-Gen. Archibald Stirling and mother of Sir David Stirling) and Hon. Muriel Mary Rose Fraser, who became a Catholic nun. His father served as Lord Lieutenant of Inverness and aide-de-camp to Queen Victoria from 1883 to 1887.[4]

Educated at Ampleforth and Oxford, he was an active member of the Oxford University polo team and left with an MA.

CareerEdit

Lord Lovat was commissioned into the Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders and promoted lieutenant in 1890, but transferred as a Lieutenant into the 1st Life Guards in 1894.[5] In 1897, he resigned from the Regular Army and joined a volunteer battalion of the Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders.

Lovat ScoutsEdit

In late 1899, he raised the Lovat Scouts for service in the Second Boer War in South Africa, and from February 1900 served as their second-in-command with the rank of captain, in charge of the mounted infantry.[6] The corps arrived in South Africa in early 1900, and was attached to the Black Watch. He was mentioned in despatches (including the final despatch by Lord Kitchener dated 23 June 1902[7]), was awarded the Distinguished Service Order (DSO) in 1900, and appointed a Companion of the Order of the Bath (CB) in 1902.[8] The war ended in June 1902, and Lord Lovat returned to the United Kingdom with the corps on the SS Tintagel Castle two months later, arriving to a public welcome in Inverness in late August.[9] He was appointed a Commander of the Royal Victorian Order (CVO) in 1903 by King Edward VII.[10] He later served as aide-de-camp to King George V.[11]

For the Lovat Scouts, he chose the best marksmen he could find and the perfect commander in the American, Frederick Russell Burnham, who served as Chief of Scouts to Lord Roberts, the British Army Commander-in-Chief.[12] After the end of the Second Boer War, the remaining two companies (which had been attached to the Imperial Yeomanry for the latter part of the war) returned to the United Kingdom and were disbanded. The unit was reformed the following year, consisting of two regiments, titled the 1st and 2nd Lovat Scouts. From these scouts a sharpshooter unit was formed and formally become the British Army's first sniper unit.

First World WarEdit

In World War I, he commanded the Highland Mounted Brigade of the 2nd Mounted Division, being promoted Brigadier-General in September 1914. He was appointed a Knight of the Thistle in 1915 for demonstrable leadership and courage.[4]

In March 1916, he took command of the 4th Mounted Division and became a Major General two months later.[13] He became a Rhodes Trustee in 1917, the same year as Rudyard Kipling.

In 1919, Lovat was awarded Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George and was appointed Chairman of the Army Forestry Commission, serving from 1919 to 1927.[4]

Political careerEdit

Apart from a military career Lovat was also Chairman of the Forestry Commission from 1919 to 1927 and served in the Conservative administration of Stanley Baldwin as Under-Secretary of State for Dominion Affairs from 1927 to 1929.[14]

Personal lifeEdit

In February 1910, Lord Lovat was rumoured to be engaged to American heiress, Edith Clark, a daughter of Charles S. Clark of New York and Grosvenor Square, London.[15] However, on 15 October 1910, Lovat married Hon. Laura Lister (1892–1965), the second daughter of Thomas Lister, 4th Baron Ribblesdale and, his first wife, Charlotte Monkton Tennant (a daughter of Sir Charles Tennant, 1st Baronet, MP for Peebles and Selkirk). Among the Fraser family estates was Beaufort Castle in Scotland (rebuilt by his father in the late 1870s) and 181,800 acres of land.[1] Together, they were the parents of five children, four of whom lived to maturity:[4]

Lovat died of a heart attack in London in February 1933, aged 61,[1] and was succeeded by his eldest son Simon as the 15th Lord Lovat (known as the 17th Lord), who distinguished himself during the D-Day landings at Normandy in June 1944.[4]

DescendantsEdit

Through his eldest son Simon, he was a grandfather of six, including Simon Fraser, Master of Lovat (1939–1994), Hon. Fiona Mary Fraser (b. 1941) (wife of Robin Richard Allen), Hon. Annabel Thérèse "Tessa" Fraser (b. 1942) (wife of Hugh Mackay, 14th Lord Reay and Sir Henry Keswick), Hon. Kim Ian Maurice Fraser (1946–2020), Hon. Hugh Alastair Joseph Fraser (1947–2011) (husband of Drusilla Jane Montgomerie),[18] Hon. Andrew Roy Matthew Fraser (1952–1994) (husband of Lady Charlotte Anne Greville, a daughter of David Greville, 8th Earl of Warwick).[19]

Through his daughter Magdalen, he was a grandfather of three, including John Joseph Nicholas Scott, 5th Earl of Eldon (1937–2017) and Hon. Simon Peter Scott (b. 1939).[2]

Through his son Sir Hugh, he was a grandfather of six, including Rebecca Rose Fraser (b. 1957), Flora Fraser (b. 1958), Benjamin Hugh Fraser (b. 1961), Natasha Fraser (b. 1963), Damian Fraser (b. 1964), and Orlando Fraser (b. 1967).[4]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c TIMES, Special Cable to THE NEW YORK (19 February 1933). "LORD LOVAT DIES AT 61.; Brilliant Soldier in Two Wars Succumbs to Heart Disease". The New York Times. Retrieved 18 August 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Eldon, Earl of (UK, 1821)". cracroftspeerage.co.uk. Heraldic Media Limited. Retrieved 18 August 2020.
  3. ^ "Houses of Parliament War Memorials — Royal Gallery, First World War" (PDF). parliament.uk.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Lovat, Lord (S, 1458/64)". cracroftspeerage.co.uk. Heraldic Media Limited. Retrieved 18 August 2020.
  5. ^ "Polo Monthly" (PDF). June 1918: 17. Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 April 2014. Retrieved 10 August 2013. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  6. ^ "No. 27167". The London Gazette. 20 February 1900. p. 1171.
  7. ^ "No. 27459". The London Gazette. 29 July 1902. pp. 4835–4839.
  8. ^ "No. 27490". The London Gazette. 31 October 1902. p. 6899.
  9. ^ "The Army in South Africa – Troops returning home". The Times (36852). London. 21 August 1902. p. 5.
  10. ^ Burke's Peerage (2003), volume 2, p.2415
  11. ^ a b Times, Wireless To the New York (8 January 1946). "Mrs. Veronica Phipps Is Betrothed to M.p." The New York Times. Retrieved 18 August 2020.
  12. ^ Mason, Fergus (2013). The American Sniper: A History of America's Shadow Warriors. Absolute Crime Books. CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform. p. Chapter 6. ISBN 978-1-49-095652-7.
  13. ^ Becke, A.F. (1945). History of the Great War: Order of Battle of Divisions: Territorial Force & Mounted Divisions Pt. 2A. London HMSO.
  14. ^ Burke's Peerage (2003) vol.2, p.2415
  15. ^ TIMES, Special Cable to THE NEW YORK (27 February 1910). "MISS CLARK TO WED A PEER?; London Expects Announcement of Her Engagement to Lord Lovat". The New York Times. Retrieved 18 August 2020.
  16. ^ Times, Wireless To the New York (14 July 1945). "LORD LOVAT RESIGNS; Leader of Commandos at Dieppo Leaves Foreign Office". The New York Times. Retrieved 18 August 2020.
  17. ^ "VERONICA FRASER A BRIDE; Daughter of Late Lord Lovat Is Wed to Son of Sir Eric Phipps". The New York Times. 7 August 1940. Retrieved 18 August 2020.
  18. ^ "Obituary: The Rt. Hon. Hugh Fraser, farmer (1947-2011)" The Scotsman
  19. ^ "Obituaries: Lady Lovat". Herald Scotland.

BibliographyEdit

  • Kidd, Charles; Williamson, David (editors) (1990). Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage. New York: St Martin's Press.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  • Dictionary of National Biography

External linksEdit

Political offices
Preceded by
The Earl of Clarendon
Under-Secretary of State for Dominion Affairs
1926–1927
Succeeded by
The Earl of Plymouth
Honorary titles
Preceded by
Simon Fraser
MacShimidh
1887–1933
Succeeded by
Simon Fraser
Peerage of Scotland
Preceded by
Simon Fraser
Lord Lovat
1887–1933
Succeeded by
Simon Fraser
Peerage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Simon Fraser
Baron Lovat
1887–1933
Succeeded by
Simon Fraser