Simon Fraser, 14th Lord Lovat
Major-General Simon Joseph Fraser, 14th Lord Lovat and 3rd Baron Lovat, (25 November 1871 – 18 February 1933), was a leading Roman Catholic aristocrat, landowner, forester, soldier, politician and the 23rd Chief of Clan Fraser. While legally the 14th Lord Lovat (and 3rd Baron Lovat), he was referred to as the 16th Lord.[clarification needed]
The Lord Lovat
Lord Lovat in 1908
|Under-Secretary of State for Dominion Affairs|
|Preceded by||The Earl of Clarendon|
|Succeeded by||The Earl of Plymouth|
Simon Joseph Fraser
25 November 1871
|Died||18 February 1933 (aged 61)|
Hon. Laura Lister
|Children||Simon Fraser, 15th Lord Lovat|
Magdalen Scott, Countess of Eldon
Hon. Sir Hugh Fraser
|Parents||Simon Fraser, 13th Lord Lovat|
Alice Mary Weld-Blundell
|Alma mater||Oxford University|
|Unit||Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders, 1st Life Guards|
|Commands||Highland Mounted Brigade|
4th Mounted Division
|Battles/wars||Second Boer War|
World War I
Born on 25 November 1871, he was the eldest surviving son of nine children born to Simon Fraser, 13th Lord Lovat, and Alice Mary Weld-Blundell. Among his siblings were Hon. Mary Laura Fraser (wife of John Scott, Viscount Encombe and mother of John Scott, 4th Earl of Eldon), Hon. Alice Mary Charlotte Fraser (wife of Hon. Bernard Constable-Maxwell and mother of Gerald Maxwell), Hon. Etheldreada Mary Fraser (wife of diplomat Sir Francis Oswald Lindley), Hon. Hugh Joseph Fraser, a Major with the Scots Guards who was killed in the First Battle of Ypres during World War I), Hon. Alastair Thomas Joseph Fraser (husband of Lady Sybil Grimston, daughter of James Grimston, 3rd Earl of Verulam), Hon. Margaret Mary Fraser (wife of Brig.-Gen. Archibald Stirling and mother of Sir David Stirling) and Hon. Muriel Mary Rose Fraser, who became a Catholic nun. His father served as Lord Lieutenant of Inverness and aide-de-camp to Queen Victoria from 1883 to 1887.
Lord Lovat was commissioned into the Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders and promoted lieutenant in 1890, but transferred as a Lieutenant into the 1st Life Guards in 1894. In 1897, he resigned from the Regular Army and joined a volunteer battalion of the Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders.
In late 1899, he raised the Lovat Scouts for service in the Second Boer War in South Africa, and from February 1900 served as their second-in-command with the rank of captain, in charge of the mounted infantry. The corps arrived in South Africa in early 1900, and was attached to the Black Watch. He was mentioned in despatches (including the final despatch by Lord Kitchener dated 23 June 1902), was awarded the Distinguished Service Order (DSO) in 1900, and appointed a Companion of the Order of the Bath (CB) in 1902. The war ended in June 1902, and Lord Lovat returned to the United Kingdom with the corps on the SS Tintagel Castle two months later, arriving to a public welcome in Inverness in late August. He was appointed a Commander of the Royal Victorian Order (CVO) in 1903 by King Edward VII. He later served as aide-de-camp to King George V.
For the Lovat Scouts, he chose the best marksmen he could find and the perfect commander in the American, Frederick Russell Burnham, who served as Chief of Scouts to Lord Roberts, the British Army Commander-in-Chief. After the end of the Second Boer War, the remaining two companies (which had been attached to the Imperial Yeomanry for the latter part of the war) returned to the United Kingdom and were disbanded. The unit was reformed the following year, consisting of two regiments, titled the 1st and 2nd Lovat Scouts. From these scouts a sharpshooter unit was formed and formally become the British Army's first sniper unit.
First World WarEdit
In World War I, he commanded the Highland Mounted Brigade of the 2nd Mounted Division, being promoted Brigadier-General in September 1914. He was appointed a Knight of the Thistle in 1915 for demonstrable leadership and courage.
In 1919, Lovat was awarded Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George and was appointed Chairman of the Army Forestry Commission, serving from 1919 to 1927.
Apart from a military career Lovat was also Chairman of the Forestry Commission from 1919 to 1927 and served in the Conservative administration of Stanley Baldwin as Under-Secretary of State for Dominion Affairs from 1927 to 1929.
In February 1910, Lord Lovat was rumoured to be engaged to American heiress, Edith Clark, a daughter of Charles S. Clark of New York and Grosvenor Square, London. However, on 15 October 1910, Lovat married Hon. Laura Lister (1892–1965), the second daughter of Thomas Lister, 4th Baron Ribblesdale and, his first wife, Charlotte Monkton Tennant (a daughter of Sir Charles Tennant, 1st Baronet, MP for Peebles and Selkirk). Among the Fraser family estates was Beaufort Castle in Scotland (rebuilt by his father in the late 1870s) and 181,800 acres of land. Together, they were the parents of five children, four of whom lived to maturity:
- Simon Christopher Joseph Fraser, 15th Lord Lovat (1911–1995), who married Rosamond Delves Broughton, the only daughter of Sir Henry Broughton, 11th Baronet, in 1938.
- Hon. Magdalen Mary Charlotte Fraser (1913–1969), who married her cousin John Scott, 4th Earl of Eldon, a Royal Auxiliary Air Force officer.
- Hon. Sir Hugh Charles Patrick Joseph Fraser (1918–1984), an MP for Stafford and Stone, Under-Secretary of State for the Colonies, and Secretary of State for Air who married author Lady Antonia Margaret Caroline Pakenham, a daughter of Frank Pakenham, 7th Earl of Longford and Elizabeth Pakenham, Countess of Longford, in 1956. They divorced in 1977.
- Hon. Veronica Nell Fraser (1920–2005), a food writer and hotelier who married Lt. Alan Phipps of the Royal Navy in 1940. After his death in 1944, she married Sir Fitzroy Maclean, 1st Baronet in 1946.
- Hon. Mary Diana Rose Fraser (1926–1940), who died at age 14.
Lovat died of a heart attack in London in February 1933, aged 61, and was succeeded by his eldest son Simon as the 15th Lord Lovat (known as the 17th Lord), who distinguished himself during the D-Day landings at Normandy in June 1944.
Through his eldest son Simon, he was a grandfather of six, including Simon Fraser, Master of Lovat (1939–1994), Hon. Fiona Mary Fraser (b. 1941) (wife of Robin Richard Allen), Hon. Annabel Thérèse "Tessa" Fraser (b. 1942) (wife of Hugh Mackay, 14th Lord Reay and Sir Henry Keswick), Hon. Kim Ian Maurice Fraser (1946–2020), Hon. Hugh Alastair Joseph Fraser (1947–2011) (husband of Drusilla Jane Montgomerie), Hon. Andrew Roy Matthew Fraser (1952–1994) (husband of Lady Charlotte Anne Greville, a daughter of David Greville, 8th Earl of Warwick).
Through his son Sir Hugh, he was a grandfather of six, including Rebecca Rose Fraser (b. 1957), Flora Fraser (b. 1958), Benjamin Hugh Fraser (b. 1961), Natasha Fraser (b. 1963), Damian Fraser (b. 1964), and Orlando Fraser (b. 1967).
- TIMES, Special Cable to THE NEW YORK (19 February 1933). "LORD LOVAT DIES AT 61.; Brilliant Soldier in Two Wars Succumbs to Heart Disease". The New York Times. Retrieved 18 August 2020.
- "Eldon, Earl of (UK, 1821)". cracroftspeerage.co.uk. Heraldic Media Limited. Retrieved 18 August 2020.
- "Houses of Parliament War Memorials — Royal Gallery, First World War" (PDF). parliament.uk.
- "Lovat, Lord (S, 1458/64)". cracroftspeerage.co.uk. Heraldic Media Limited. Retrieved 18 August 2020.
- "Polo Monthly" (PDF). June 1918: 17. Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 April 2014. Retrieved 10 August 2013. Cite journal requires
- "No. 27167". The London Gazette. 20 February 1900. p. 1171.
- "No. 27459". The London Gazette. 29 July 1902. pp. 4835–4839.
- "No. 27490". The London Gazette. 31 October 1902. p. 6899.
- "The Army in South Africa – Troops returning home". The Times (36852). London. 21 August 1902. p. 5.
- Burke's Peerage (2003), volume 2, p.2415
- Times, Wireless To the New York (8 January 1946). "Mrs. Veronica Phipps Is Betrothed to M.p." The New York Times. Retrieved 18 August 2020.
- Mason, Fergus (2013). The American Sniper: A History of America's Shadow Warriors. Absolute Crime Books. CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform. p. Chapter 6. ISBN 978-1-49-095652-7.
- Becke, A.F. (1945). History of the Great War: Order of Battle of Divisions: Territorial Force & Mounted Divisions Pt. 2A. London HMSO.
- Burke's Peerage (2003) vol.2, p.2415
- TIMES, Special Cable to THE NEW YORK (27 February 1910). "MISS CLARK TO WED A PEER?; London Expects Announcement of Her Engagement to Lord Lovat". The New York Times. Retrieved 18 August 2020.
- Times, Wireless To the New York (14 July 1945). "LORD LOVAT RESIGNS; Leader of Commandos at Dieppo Leaves Foreign Office". The New York Times. Retrieved 18 August 2020.
- "VERONICA FRASER A BRIDE; Daughter of Late Lord Lovat Is Wed to Son of Sir Eric Phipps". The New York Times. 7 August 1940. Retrieved 18 August 2020.
- "Obituary: The Rt. Hon. Hugh Fraser, farmer (1947-2011)" The Scotsman
- "Obituaries: Lady Lovat". Herald Scotland.
- Kidd, Charles; Williamson, David (editors) (1990). Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage. New York: St Martin's Press.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
- Dictionary of National Biography
The Earl of Clarendon
| Under-Secretary of State for Dominion Affairs
The Earl of Plymouth
|Peerage of Scotland|
| Lord Lovat
|Peerage of the United Kingdom|
| Baron Lovat