James Lindsay, 24th Earl of Crawford
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James Lindsay, 24th Earl of Crawford and 7th Earl of Balcarres (24 April 1783 – 15 December 1869) was an Earl in the Scottish peerage.
James Lindsay was born on 24 April 1783 at Balcarres House in Fife, the son of Alexander Lindsay, 6th Earl of Balcarres and inherited the title of 7th Earl of Balcarres on his father's death in 1825. In 1826 he was created Baron of Wigan in the peerage of Great Britain. In 1843 he claimed the abeyant title of Earl of Crawford and in 1848 the House of Lords allowed the claim and conferred on him the title of 24th Earl of Crawford, and by extension, the title of 23rd Earl of Crawford on his dead father.[clarification needed]
He inherited a third share of a company that supplied slaves to the British Army from his father (a former Governor of Jamaica). After the Slavery Abolition Act 1833 he was paid a large amount of compensation for the loss of slaves. James was able to use his family's wealth, derived in significant part from slavery, to invest in the profitable coal industry.
He designed Haigh Hall in Haigh, Greater Manchester, to replace the then existing hall which dated back to Norman times and lived in a cottage in the grounds whilst it was constructed between 1830-1849. The family owned Haigh Colliery, cannel and coal mines, and formed the Wigan Coal and Iron Company in 1865.
On 21 November 1811 at Muncaster in Cumbria, he married the Hon. Maria Margaret Frances Pennington, daughter of John Pennington, 1st Baron Muncaster. They had four sons of whom the eldest was Alexander Lindsay. Alexander's genealogical research had enabled his father to claim the title of Earl of Crawford which had fallen into abeyance.
- James Lindsay, 7th Earl of Balcarres. "Summary of Individual | Legacies of British Slave-ownership". Ucl.ac.uk. Retrieved 28 February 2013.
- Lindsay, Lord [Alexander Lindsay, 25th Earl of Crawford] (1855), Report of the Speeches of Counsel, and of the Lord Chancellor and Lord St. Leonards in Moving the Resolution, upon the Claim of James Earl of Crawford and Balcarres to the Original Dukedom of Montrose (created in 1488), as Referred to the House of Lords by Her Most Gracious Majesty the Queen, for Their Advice and Opinion thereupon: Preceded by an Address to Her Majesty, in Humble Remonstrance against the Opinion Reported to Her Majesty; and by an Analysis of the Argument as between the Claimant and the Officers Representing the Crown, with the Opinions of the Committee of Privileges, Point by Point, throughout; and Followed by an Appendix, Containing the Leading Arguments Adduced and Referred to, and the Oral Evidence Delivered, by and on behalf of the Claimant and the Crown, in this Case, London: John Murray, Albemarle Street, OCLC 67232132CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link) CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link).
- Barker, Nicolas (1978), Bibliotheca Lindesiana: The Lives and Collections of Alexander William, 25th Earl of Crawford and 8th Earl of Balcarres, and James Ludovic, 26th Earl of Crawford and 9th Earl of Balcarres (2nd corr. ed.), London: For Presentation to the Roxburghe Club, and published by Bernard Quaritch, OCLC 931340384.
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by the Earl of Crawford
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
Sir Robert Leigh
| Member of Parliament for Wigan
With: James Alexander Hodson
James Lindsay (1791-1855)
|Peerage of Scotland|
| Earl of Balcarres
| Earl of Crawford|
1848 – 1869