Baron Northbourne

Baron Northbourne, of Betteshanger in the County of Kent, is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.[3] It was created in 1884 for Sir Walter James, 2nd Baronet, who had earlier represented Kingston upon Hull in the House of Commons as a Conservative. His son, the second Baron, sat as a Liberal Member of Parliament for Gateshead. The latter's great-grandson, the fifth Baron, who succeeded his father[4] in 1982, was one of the ninety elected hereditary peers that were allowed to remain in the House of Lords after the passing of the House of Lords Act 1999, and sat as a cross-bencher until his retirement in 2018.[5] As of 2019, the titles are held by his son, the sixth baron, who succeeded his father in that year.

Baron Northbourne
Coronet of a British Baron.svg
Arms of James family, Baron Northbourne.png
Arms of James, Barons Northbourne: Gules, a dolphin, naiant, in fesse, or.[1]
Creation date5 November 1884[2]
MonarchQueen Victoria
PeeragePeerage of the United Kingdom
First holderWalter James, 1st Baron Northbourne
Present holderCharles James, 6th Baron Northbourne
Heir apparentHenry Christopher William James
Subsidiary titlesBaronet James, of Langley Hall
MottoJ’amie à Jamais

The James Baronetcy, of Langley Hall, in the County of Berkshire, was created in the Baronetage of Great Britain in 1791[6] for the first Baron's grandfather Sir Walter James, the last Warden of the Mint. Born Walter James Head, he assumed by Act of Parliament the surname of James only in 1778. His son and heir John James notably served as Minister Plenipotentiary to the Netherlands. The latter was the father of the second Baronet, who was raised to the peerage in 1884.

The Hon. Cuthbert James, second son of the second Baron, represented Bromley in the House of Commons as a Conservative between 1919 and 1930.

The first Baron Northbourne was the grandson of Robert Stewart, 1st Marquess of Londonderry,[2] making him first cousin twice removed of Sir Winston Churchill, who was the grandson of his first cousin Lady Frances Anne Emily Vane, Duchess of Marlborough. He was also the great grandson of Charles Pratt, 1st Earl Camden.[7]

Baronets of Langley Hall (1791)Edit

Baron Northbourne (1884)Edit

Betteshanger House, Northbourne

The heir apparent is his elder son, Hon. Henry Christopher William James (born 1988).

Line of successionEdit


  1. ^ Mosley, Charles, ed. (1865). Burke's Genealogical and Heraldic History of Peerage... (27 ed.). Burke's Peerage & Gentry. p. 550.
  2. ^ a b "Northbourne, Baron (UK, 1884)". Cracroft’s Peerage. Retrieved 22 April 2019.
  3. ^ "No. 25411". The London Gazette. 4 November 1884. p. 4753.
  4. ^ Paull, John (2014) [1] Lord Northbourne, the man who invented organic farming, a biography. Journal of Organic Systems, 9(1), 31-53.
  5. ^ "Lord Northbourne". UK Parliament.
  6. ^ "No. 13318". The London Gazette. 21 June 1791. p. 363.
  7. ^ "Sir Walter James". Freshford Manor. Retrieved 22 April 2019.
  8. ^ Paull, John (2014) Lord Northbourne, the man who invented organic farming, a biography Journal of Organic Systems, 9 (1), pp. 31–53.