James Stuart, 1st Viscount Stuart of Findhorn
James Gray Stuart, 1st Viscount Stuart of Findhorn, CH, MVO, MC*, PC (9 February 1897 – 20 February 1971) was a Scottish Unionist politician. He was joint-Parliamentary Secretary to the Treasury in Winston Churchill's war-time coalition government and later served as Secretary of State for Scotland under Churchill and then Sir Anthony Eden from 1951 to 1957. The latter year he was elevated to the peerage as Viscount Stuart of Findhorn.
The Viscount Stuart of Findhorn
Photograph of Stuart by Walter Stoneman, taken August 1943.
|Secretary of State for Scotland|
30 October 1951 – 9 January 1957
|Monarch||George VI |
|Prime Minister||Winston Churchill |
Sir Anthony Eden
|Preceded by||Hector McNeil|
|Succeeded by||John Maclay|
|Born||9 February 1897|
|Died||20 February 1971(aged 74)|
Lady Rachel Cavendish (m. 1923)
Stuart sat as Member of Parliament (MP) for Moray and Nairn from 1923 to 1959. He served as a Lord of the Treasury from 1935 to 1941 under successively Ramsay MacDonald, Stanley Baldwin, Neville Chamberlain and Winston Churchill and was sworn of the Privy Council in 1939. In 1941 Churchill promoted him to joint Parliamentary Secretary to the Treasury (Government Chief Whip), which he remained until 1945. He continued as Conservative Chief Whip until 1948. In 1950 he became Chairman of the Scottish Unionist Party, a post he held until 1962.
When the Conservatives returned to power under Churchill in 1951, Stuart was made Secretary of State for Scotland, with a seat in the cabinet. He continued in this post until 1957, the last two years under the premiership of Sir Anthony Eden. He was appointed a Companion of Honour in 1957. On 20 November 1959 he was elevated to the peerage as Viscount Stuart of Findhorn, of Findhorn in the County of Moray.
Lord and Lady Stuart had two sons and one daughter.
- David, 2nd Viscount Stuart of Findhorn (1924-1999)
- John, a Royal Navy lieutenant (1925-1990)
- Jean (Mrs Michael Ritchie) born 7 January 1932.
Lord Stuart died in February 1971, aged 74, and was succeeded in the viscountcy by his eldest son, David. Lady Stuart of Findhorn died in October 1977.
- Torrance, David, The Scottish Secretaries (Birlinn 2006)
- Stuart, James; Viscount Stuart of Findhorn. Within the Fringe: An Autobiography
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by the Viscount Stuart of Findhorn
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
Thomas Maule Guthrie
| Member of Parliament for Moray and Nairn
Sir Charles Edwards
| Joint Parliamentary Secretary to the Treasury
With: Sir Charles Edwards 1941–1942
William Whiteley 1942–May 1945
| Secretary of State for Scotland
|Peerage of the United Kingdom|
|New creation|| Viscount Stuart of Findhorn