Open main menu

Claude Bowes-Lyon, 13th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne

Claude Bowes-Lyon, 13th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne (Redbourn, England 21 July 1824 – Bordighera, Italy 16 February 1904), styled The Honourable Claude Bowes-Lyon from 1847 to 1865, was a British peer.[1] He was the 13th holder of the Earldom of Strathmore and Kinghorne, and is the paternal grandfather of Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother.

The Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne
Claud Bowes-Lyon, 13th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne.jpg
Claude George Bowes-Lyon

(1824-07-21)21 July 1824
Died16 February 1904(1904-02-16) (aged 79)
Title13th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne
PredecessorThomas Lyon-Bowes, 12th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne
SuccessorClaude Bowes-Lyon, 14th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne
Spouse(s)Frances Dora Smith
(m. 1853–1904; his death)
ChildrenClaude Bowes-Lyon, 14th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne
Francis Bowes-Lyon
Ernest Bowes-Lyon
Herbert Bowes-Lyon
Maj. Patrick Bowes-Lyon
Lady Constance Blackburn
Kenneth Bowes-Lyon
Lady Mildred Marion Jessub
Lady Maud Agness Bowes-Lyon
Evelyn Mary Bowes-Lyon
Maj. Malcolm Bowes-Lyon

He was born in Redbourn, Hertfordshire. He was the second surviving son of Thomas George Lyon-Bowes, Lord Glamis (son of the 11th Earl), and his wife Charlotte Grimstead. His paternal grandparents were Thomas Lyon-Bowes, 11th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne, and his first wife Mary Elizabeth Louisa Rodney Carpenter. His maternal grandparents were Joseph Valentine Grimstead and Charlotte Jane Sarah Walsh. Born Claude Lyon-Bowes, he altered the family name to Bowes-Lyon.[2]

Bowes-Lyon also played cricket,[3] making four appearances in first-class cricket, appearing three times for the Marylebone Cricket Club between 1843 and 1846, and once for the Gentlemen of England in 1846.[4]

Marriage and familyEdit

On 28 September 1853, Claude married Frances Dora Smith. They had 11 children:[5]

Name Birth Death Spouse(s) Issue
Claude Bowes-Lyon 14 March 1855 7 November 1944 Cecilia Cavendish-Bentinck (1862–1938) Violet Bowes-Lyon (1882–1893)
Mary Bowes-Lyon (1883–1961)
Patrick Bowes-Lyon (1884–1949)
John Bowes-Lyon (1886–1930)
Alexander Bowes-Lyon (1887–1911)
Fergus Bowes-Lyon (1889–1915)
Rose Bowes-Lyon (1890–1967)
Michael Bowes-Lyon (1893–1953)
Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon (Queen Elizabeth) (1900–2002)
David Bowes-Lyon (1902–1961)
Francis Bowes-Lyon 23 February 1856 18 February 1948 Anne Lindsay (1858–1936) Muriel Bowes-Lyon (1884–1968)
Lieutenant Charles Lindsay Claude Bowes-Lyon (1885–1914;) (died in the sinking of the RMS Empress of Ireland)
Capt. Geoffrey Bowes-Lyon (1886–1951)
Doris Bowes-Lyon (1887–1918)
Winnifred Bowes-Lyon (1889–1968)
Capt. Ronald Bowes-Lyon (1893–1960)
Lilian Bowes-Lyon (1895–1949)
Ernest Bowes-Lyon 4 August 1858 27 December 1891 Isobel Hester Drummond (1860–1945) Capt. Hubert Bowes-Lyon (1883–1959)
Susan Bowes-Lyon (1884–1885)
Dorothea Bowes-Lyon (1886–1886)
Joan Bowes-Lyon (1888–1954)
Marjorie Bowes-Lyon (1889–1981)
Ernestine Bowes-Lyon (1891–1981)
Herbert Bowes-Lyon 15 August 1860 14 April 1897 [2] Not married No issue
Maj. Patrick Bowes-Lyon 5 March 1863 5 October 1946 Alice Wiltshire (d 1953) Lt. Gavin Bowes-Lyon (1895–1917)
Angus Bowes-Lyon (1899–1923)
Jean Bowes-Lyon (1904–1963)
Margaret Bowes-Lyon (1907–1999)
Lady Constance Bowes-Lyon 1865 19 November 1951 Robert Francis Leslie Blackburn (d 1944) Claudia Blackburn (1908–2001)
Phyllis Blackburn
Kenneth Bowes-Lyon 26 April 1867 9 January 1911 Not married No issue
Mildred Marion Bowes-Lyon 6 October 1868 9 June 1897 Augustus Edward Jessup (1861-1925) Alfred Claude (1891)
Alexander Marion (1895-1931)
Maud Agnes Bowes-Lyon 1870 28 February 1941 Not married No issue
Evelyn Mary Bowes-Lyon 1872 15 March 1876 Not married Died young
Maj. Malcolm Bowes-Lyon 23 April 1874 23 August 1957 Winifred Gurdon-Rebow (10 October 1876 – 30 May 1957)[6] Clodagh Pamela Bowes-Lyon (15 July 1908 – 10 May 2003)

Their eldest son, Claude Bowes-Lyon, 14th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne, was the father of Queen Elizabeth, Queen consort of King George VI and through her, maternal grandfather of Queen Elizabeth II; and their fifth son, Patrick Bowes-Lyon (5 March 1863 – 5 October 1946), was a Major in the British Army.

In 1865 he succeeded his elder brother Thomas. In 1887 he was created Baron Bowes, of Streatlam Castle and Lunedale, in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. He was a Scottish representative peer from 1870 until 1892, and Lord Lieutenant of Angus from 1874 until his death.


  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ Paul, James Balfour, Sir, 1846–1931, Scots peerage: founded on Wood's ed. of Sir Robert Douglas's Peerage of Scotland; containing an historical and genealogical account of the nobility of that kingdom, Volume 8, 1904
  3. ^ "Player profile: Claude Bowes-Lyon". CricketArchive. Retrieved 1 August 2013.
  4. ^ "First-Class Matches played by Claude Bowes-Lyon". CricketArchive. Retrieved 1 August 2013.
  5. ^ Vickers, p.4
  6. ^

External linksEdit