Open main menu

Edward Algernon FitzRoy JP DL PC (24 July 1869 – 3 March 1943) was a British Conservative politician who served as Speaker of the House of Commons from 1928 until his death.[2]

Edward FitzRoy

Edward FitzRoy, Commons Speaker.png
Speaker of the House of Commons
In office
20 June 1928 – 3 March 1943
MonarchGeorge V
Edward VIII
George VI
Prime MinisterStanley Baldwin
Ramsay MacDonald
Stanley Baldwin
Neville Chamberlain
Winston Churchill
Preceded byJohn Henry Whitley
Succeeded byDouglas Clifton Brown
Member of Parliament for Daventry
In office
14 December 1918 – 3 March 1943
Preceded byConstituency established
Succeeded byReginald Manningham-Buller
Personal details
Edward Algernon FitzRoy

(1869-07-24)24 July 1869
London, England[1]
Died3 March 1943(1943-03-03) (aged 73)
Westminster, London
Political partyConservative
Spouse(s)Viscountess Daventry


Early lifeEdit

FitzRoy was the second son of the 3rd Baron Southampton and his second wife, Ismania Catherine Nugent, a granddaughter of Sir Charles Jenkinson, 10th Baronet. He came from a family with a long line of public service and was a descendant of Charles II's illegitimate son Henry FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Grafton.[3] Through ancestor Anne Warren, the daughter of Admiral Peter Warren, he was a descendant of the Schuyler family, the Van Cortlandt family, and the Delancey family, all from British North America.[2][4]

His mother was Lady of the Bedchamber to Queen Victoria and young FitzRoy was a Page of Honour to the Queen.[2]

Political careerEdit

A member of Northamptonshire County Council from 1896 to 1921, FitzRoy first entered Parliament in 1900 General election as Member of Parliament (MP) for Northamptonshire South.[5] He was appointed a deputy lieutenant of Northamptonshire in 1901.[6] He was re-elected during the January 1910 General Election for Northamptonshire South.[7] He held the seat in the December 1910 General Election.[8]

During World War I, whilst still an MP, he served in the military as a captain of the 1st Regiment of Life Guards, was injured at the First Battle of Ypres and commanded the mounted troops of the Guards Division from 1915–16.[2]

In the 1918 General Election, he was elected for the seat of Daventry.[9] He held the seat in the 1922,[10] 1923,[11] 1924,[12] 1929,[13] and 1935 General Elections.[14]

He served as deputy chairman of the Committee of Ways and Means, briefly during 1923 and from 1924 to 1928. He was made a Privy Councillor in February 1924.[15] He was elected Speaker of the House of Commons on 20 June 1928.[16] In 1931, he was awarded a Doctor of Laws degree from the University of Cambridge and an honorary Doctor of Civil Law degree from the University of Oxford in 1934. In 1935, there was considerable controversy when the Labour Party decided to stand a candidate against him in the general election. According to The Times' obituary, "In addition to his former party Mr. Lloyd George and the Liberal leaders came out strongly in defense of his position. Even on the lowest ground of party interest Labour made a grave mistake, for Captain FitzRoy was returned by a resounding majority."[2]

Fitzroy died aged 73 in Westminster in 1943.[2]

Personal lifeEdit

FitzRoy married Muriel Douglas-Pennant on 19 November 1891. She was appointed a CBE in 1918. Upon his death she was given a Viscountcy, the customary retirement honour for Speakers, as Viscountess Daventry.

Fitzroy and Lady Daventry had four children:[17]


Fitzroy's arms, as displayed in Speaker's House[18] were the same as those of the Dukes of Grafton.


  1. ^ 1901 England Census
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Right Hon. Edward FitzRoy". The Times. The Times Digital Archive.
  3. ^ Rose, Kenneth (1894). King George V. Alfred A. Knopf. p. 369. ISBN 978-0333372241. while standing only a few feet from the place where his own ancestor, Charles I, had been tried for his life and found guilty.
  4. ^ Mosley, Charles, ed. (2003). Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knighthood (107 ed.). Burke's Peerage & Gentry. p. 3687. ISBN 0-9711966-2-1.
  5. ^ "No. 27244". The London Gazette. 6 November 1900. p. 6772.
  6. ^ "No. 27313". The London Gazette. 14 May 1901. p. 3292.
  7. ^ "No. 28338". The London Gazette. 11 February 1910. p. 1034.
  8. ^ "No. 28449". The London Gazette. 23 December 1910. p. 9554.
  9. ^ "No. 31147". The London Gazette. 28 January 1919. p. 1361.
  10. ^ "No. 32775". The London Gazette. 8 December 1922. p. 8708.
  11. ^ "No. 32897". The London Gazette. 11 January 1924. p. 364.
  12. ^ "No. 32996". The London Gazette. 25 November 1924. p. 8530.
  13. ^ "No. 33508". The London Gazette. 21 June 1929. p. 4112.
  14. ^ "No. 34223". The London Gazette. 26 November 1935. p. 7502.
  15. ^ "No. 32906". The London Gazette (Supplement). 8 February 1924. p. 1261.
  16. ^ "Election of Speaker". Parliamentary Debates (Hansard). House of Commons. 20 June 1928. col. 1719–1728.
  17. ^ Burke 2003, p. 1046
  18. ^

External linksEdit