Stafford (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Stafford in Staffordshire.
Location of Staffordshire within England.
|Electorate||69,832 (December 2010)|
|Member of Parliament||Jeremy Lefroy (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Stafford & Stone and Newcastle-under-Lyme|
|Number of members||One|
|Type of constituency||County constituency|
|Replaced by||Stafford & Stone|
|Number of members||1290–1885: Two|
|Type of constituency||Borough constituency|
|European Parliament constituency||West Midlands|
The seat since its resurrection in 1983 has proven to be somewhat of a bellwether being held always by the incumbent government.
The current constituency was created for the 1983 general election.
- Prominent members
The town was represented in Parliament by leading playwright Richard Brinsley Sheridan at the end of the 18th century.
- Political history
Taken together with the Stafford and Stone seat which existed during the 33-year gap mentioned above, since 1910 when the last Liberal served the seat, the Conservative party has had five members and the Labour party two (this total includes the present member). In summary:
- Labour saw a bellwether result in their 1945 landslide victory, but Conservative Hugh Fraser regained the seat at the next election in 1950 in the successor seat which he held until his death in 1984.
- Effects from the creation of the Stone constituency in 1997 made Stafford somewhat more marginal: sitting Stafford MP Bill Cash followed some of his electors into the Stone constituency, which he won, and after a 47-year lack of a member, Labour's David Kidney gained the constituency in his party's landslide victory in 1997.[n 3]
1918-1950: The Municipal Borough of Stafford, the Rural District of Gnosall, the Rural District consisting of the civil parishes of Blymhill and Weston-under-Lizard, the Rural District of Stafford except the detached part of the civil parish of Colwich, and part of the Rural District of Cannock.
1983-1997: The Borough of Stafford wards of Baswich, Beaconside, Castle, Church Eaton, Common, Coton, Eccleshall, Forebridge, Gnosall, Highfields, Holmcroft, Littleworth, Manor, Milford, Penkside, Rowley, Seighford, Swynnerton, Tillington, Weeping Cross, and Woodseaves, and the Borough of Newcastle-under-Lyme wards of Loggerheads, Madeley, and Whitmore.
1997-2010: The Borough of Stafford wards of Baswich, Beaconside, Castle, Common, Coton, Forebridge, Haywood, Highfields, Holmcroft, Littleworth, Manor, Milford, Penkside, Rowley, Seighford, Tillington, and Weeping Cross, and the District of South Staffordshire wards of Acton Trussell, Bishopswood and Lapley, Penkridge North East, Penkridge South East, and Penkridge West.
2010–present: The Borough of Stafford wards of Baswich, Common, Coton, Forebridge, Haywood and Hixon, Highfields and Western Downs, Holmcroft, Littleworth, Manor, Milford, Penkside, Rowley, Seighford, Tillington, and Weeping Cross, and the District of South Staffordshire wards of Penkridge North East and Acton Trussell, Penkridge South East, Penkridge West, and Wheaton Aston, Bishopswood and Lapley.
The town has historical significance, featuring the Elizabethan Ancient High House, a museum with changing exhibitions and Stafford Castle. In terms of industry and commerce, the physics and engineering niche of large power station transformers are produced in the seat whereas the area to the north is famous for fine china, the Staffordshire Potteries from the companies Aynsley, Burleigh, Doulton, Dudson, Heron Cross, Minton, Moorcroft, Twyford, and Wedgwood. The area is also well known for the Staffordshire Hoard, Alton Towers and has a Building Society based in the town.
Workless claimants, registered jobseekers, were in November 2012 significantly lower than the national average of 3.8%, at 2.7% of the population based on a statistical compilation by The Guardian.
Members of ParliamentEdit
Stafford parliamentary boroughEdit
- Constituency created (1295)
|1910||Sir Walter Essex||Liberal|
|1918||Parliamentary borough abolished. Name transferred to a county division|
Stafford division of StaffordshireEdit
|1918||Hon. William Ormsby-Gore||Unionist|
Stafford county constituencyEdit
MPs since 1983Edit
|1983||Sir Hugh Fraser||Conservative|
|1984 by-election||Bill Cash||Conservative|
Elections in the 2010sEdit
|Liberal Democrat||Christine Tinker||1,540||3.0||0.2|
|National Health Action||Karen Howell||1,701||3.5||N/A|
|Liberal Democrat||Keith Miller||1,348||2.8||13.6|
|Liberal Democrat||Barry Stamp||8,211||16.3||2.0|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing||7.4|
Elections in the 2000sEdit
|Liberal Democrat||Barry Stamp||6,390||14.0||4.5|
|Conservative||Philip A. Cochrane||16,253||36.6||2.6|
|Liberal Democrat||Jeanne Pinkerton||4,205||9.5||1.1|
|Rock 'n' Roll Loony||Michael D. Hames||308||0.7||N/A|
Elections in the 1990sEdit
|Liberal Democrat||Pam A. Hornby||5,480||10.6||5.9|
|Referendum||Stephen R. Culley||1,146||2.2||N/A|
|Monster Raving Loony||Ashton A.N. May||248||0.5||N/A|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||10.7|
|Liberal Democrat||Jamie G. Calder||10,702||17.3||10.2|
|Natural Law||Philip Lines||176||0.3||0.3|
Elections in the 1980sEdit
|Social Democratic||Colin Phipps||15,834||27.5|
|Social Democratic||David Dunn||14,733||31.8||7.1|
|Labour||Michael JD Poulter||12,677||27.4||3.7|
- Death of Sir Hugh Fraser 6 March 1984
|Social Democratic||David Dunn||13,362||24.8|
|Labour||Michael JD Poulter||12,789||23.7|
|Gizza Job||J Caruso||212||0.4|
|Conservative win (new seat)|
Election in the 1940sEdit
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing|
Elections in the 1930sEdit
|Labour||Frank G Lloyd||12,346||42.4||1.2|
|Labour||Frank G Lloyd||12,514||43.6|
Elections in the 1920sEdit
|Liberal||Arthur Stanley Leyland||5,000||18.3||N/A|
|Labour||William Thomas Scott||7,571||37.9||−8.2|
|Labour||William Thomas Scott||8,412||46.1||+5.0|
Elections in the 1910sEdit
|C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.|
|Conservative||Reginald Higgs Jones Mortimer||1,957||48.9||3.2|
Elections in the 1900sEdit
|Conservative||Ronald Courthope Bosanquet||1,636||45.7||2.6|
Elections in the 1890sEdit
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||7.6|
Elections in the 1880sEdit
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||2.4|
|Conservative gain from Lib-Lab||Swing||10.1|
- Caused by Macdonald's death.
|Conservative||Gerald Francis Talbot||1,149||22.0||0.2|
|Turnout||2,611 (est)||70.6 (est)||8.5|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||6.5|
Elections in the 1870sEdit
|Conservative||Francis Charles Bridgeman||947||22.2||5.7|
|Turnout||2,136 (est)||62.1 (est)||10.0|
Elections in the 1860sEdit
|Turnout||2,117 (est)||67.1 (est)||5.0|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||10.7|
- The 1868 election was declared void on petition "on account of corrupt practices", causing a by-election.
|Liberal||Richard Croft Chawner||1,107||32.4||14.1|
|Turnout||2,272 (est)||72.1 (est)||4.1|
|Turnout||1,174 (est)||76.2 (est)||0.1|
- Caused by Wise's resignation.
Elections in the 1850sEdit
|Liberal||John Ayshford Wise||911||43.8||5.3|
|Liberal||Henry Robert Addison||181||8.7||N/A|
|Turnout||1,041 (est)||76.3 (est)||4.5|
|Whig||John Ayshford Wise||993||49.1||4.6|
|Whig||Frederick William Cadogan||286||14.1||15.9|
|Turnout||1,012 (est)||80.8 (est)||8.5|
|Conservative gain from Whig||Swing||11.3|
|Whig||John Ayshford Wise||801||44.5||44.1|
|Whig||James Cook Evans||39||2.2||N/A|
|Turnout||901 (est)||72.3 (est)||11.5|
|Whig gain from Conservative||Swing||28.0|
Elections in the 1840sEdit
|Whig||James Adam Gordon||1||0.1||18.2|
|Turnout||774 (est)||60.8 (est)||8.8|
|Conservative gain from Whig||Swing||N/A|
|Whig||William Willcocks Sleigh||25||3.3||33.2|
- Caused by Carnegie's appointment as a Lord Commissioner of the Treasury
|Turnout||804 (est)||69.6 (est)|
Notes and referencesEdit
- A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
- As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
- The defeated Conservative candidate in 1997 was David Cameron, who in the next election was elected as the MP for the safe seat of Witney, and became the Conservative Party leader in 2005, and Prime Minister in 2010.
- "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- "'Stafford', June 1983 up to May 1997". ElectionWeb Project. Cognitive Computing Limited. Retrieved 14 March 2016.
- Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
- "Tamworth Parliamentary Borough 1275–1832". The Staffordshire Encyclopaedia. Retrieved 25 October 2010.
- Wedgwood, Josiah C. (1917). Parliamentary History of Staffordshire, Volume I. William Salt Archaeological Society. p. 74.
- "History of Parliament". Retrieved 3 October 2011.
- Cavill. The English Parliaments of Henry VII 1485-1504.
- "History of Parliament". Retrieved 3 October 2011.
- "History of Parliament". Retrieved 3 October 2011.
- Cobbett's Parliamentary history of England, from the Norman Conquest in 1066 to the year 1803 (London|| Thomas Hansard, 1808) 
- Maija Jansson (ed.), Proceedings in Parliament, 1614 (House of Commons) (Philadelphia|| American Philosophical Society, 1988)
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "S" (part 4)
- Chetwynd was initially declared re-elected in 1710, but on petition (in a dispute over the franchise), he was adjudged not have been duly elected and his opponent, Vernon, was seated in his place. (Robert Beatson, A Chronological Register of Both Houses of Parliament (1807), Volume 1, p 177)
- Elde's opponent, Chetwynd, petitioned against the 1724 result. Elde was "unanimously expelled the House for having offered to compromise the petition against his return", and Chetwynd was seated in his place. (Henry Stooks Smith, The Parliaments of England from 1715 to 1847, Volume 2 (London: Simpkin, Marshall & Co, 1845), p 45)
- Stooks Smith, Henry (1845). The Parliaments of England, from 1st George I., to the Present Time. Vol II: Oxfordshire to Wales Inclusive. London: Simpkin, Marshall, & Co. pp. 45–47. Retrieved 2 December 2018 – via Google Books.
- Churton, Edward (1838). The Assembled Commons or Parliamentary Biographer: 1838. pp. 42, 54. Retrieved 2 December 2018 – via Google Books.
- Mosse, Richard Bartholomew (1838). The Parliamentary Guide: a concise history of the Members of both Houses, etc. pp. 141, 147. Retrieved 2 December 2018 – via Google Books.
- After Goodricke resigned to contest another constituency in May 1835, the House of Commons refused to issue a writ for a new election until February 1837, when the motion to issue a writ was passed by a single vote. (F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1832–1885, 2nd edition, Aldershot: Parliamentary Research Services, 1989, p 283)
- "Staffordshire Advertiser". 24 July 1852. p. 7. Retrieved 14 July 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Preparations for the General Election". The Spectator. 3 July 1852. p. 8. Retrieved 14 July 2018.
- "Evening Mail". 2 July 1852. p. 3. Retrieved 14 July 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- The 1868 election was declared void on petition and a new election was held – F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1832–1885. (F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1832–1885, 2nd edition, Aldershot: Parliamentary Research Services, 1989, p 283)
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- BBC 2010 general election Site
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- BBC 2005 general election Site
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- BBC 2001 general election Site
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- BBC 1997 general election Site
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "UK General Election results April 1992". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
- British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
- BOSANQUET, His Honour Sir Samuel Ronald Courthope’, Who Was Who, A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc, 1920–2016; online edn, Oxford University Press, 2014 ; online edn, April 2014 accessed 20 Sept 2017
- "The General Election". London Evening Standard. 4 July 1892. p. 3. Retrieved 22 November 2017.
- Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (e-book)
|url=(help) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3.
- "The Representation of Stafford". Staffordshire Sentinel and Commercial & General Advertiser. 3 April 1880. p. 8. Retrieved 11 December 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Election News". Dundee Courier. 17 May 1869. p. 3. Retrieved 18 March 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "The Representation of Stafford". Staffordshire Advertiser. 22 May 1869. p. 6. Retrieved 18 March 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Stafford Election Petition". Manchester Times. 15 May 1869. p. 3. Retrieved 18 March 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "East Staffordshire Election". Birmingham Journal. 14 November 1868. p. 2. Retrieved 18 March 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Stafford". Wolverhampton Chronicle and Staffordshire Advertiser. 27 April 1859. p. 11. Retrieved 14 July 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Borough of Stafford". Staffordshire Advertiser. 3 July 1852. pp. 1, 6–7. Retrieved 14 July 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Public Dinner to John Bourne, Esq., One of the Candidates at the Late Election for the Borough of Stafford". Staffordshire Advertiser. 17 July 1852. p. 1. Retrieved 14 July 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "To the Worthy and Independent Electors of the Borough of Stafford". Staffordshire Advertiser. 7 August 1847. p. 1. Retrieved 2 December 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Wolverhampton Chronicle and Staffordshire Advertiser". 4 August 1847. p. 2. Retrieved 2 December 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Oxford Chronicle and Reading Gazette". 14 March 1846. p. 2. Retrieved 2 December 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- Craig, F. W. S. (1983) . British parliamentary election results 1918–1949 (3rd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
- Britain Votes/Europe Votes By-Election Supplement 1983–, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Parliamentary Research Services 1985)
- Robert Beatson, A Chronological Register of Both Houses of Parliament (London: Longman, Hurst, Res & Orme, 1807) 
- D Brunton & D H Pennington, Members of the Long Parliament (London: George Allen & Unwin, 1954)
- Cobbett's Parliamentary history of England, from the Norman Conquest in 1066 to the year 1803 (London: Thomas Hansard, 1808) 
- Henry Stooks Smith, The Parliaments of England from 1715 to 1847, Volume 2 (London: Simpkin, Marshall & Co, 1845) 
- The History of Parliament: the House of Commons - Stafford, Borough, 1386 to 1832