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Penelope Mary Mordaunt (/ˈmɔːrdənt/; born 4 March 1973)[2][3][4] is a British politician who served as Secretary of State for Defence from May to July 2019. A member of the Conservative Party, she has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for Portsmouth North since 2010. She served as Minister for Women and Equalities from 2018 to 2019 and Secretary of State for International Development from 2017 to 2019.


Penny Mordaunt

Official portrait of Penny Mordaunt crop 2.jpg
Secretary of State for Defence
In office
1 May 2019 – 24 July 2019
Prime MinisterTheresa May
Preceded byGavin Williamson
Succeeded byBen Wallace
Secretary of State for International Development
In office
9 November 2017 – 1 May 2019
Prime MinisterTheresa May
Preceded byPriti Patel
Succeeded byRory Stewart
Minister for Women and Equalities
In office
30 April 2018 – 24 July 2019
Prime MinisterTheresa May
Preceded byAmber Rudd
Succeeded byAmber Rudd
Minister of State for Disabled People, Work and Health
In office
15 July 2016 – 9 November 2017
Prime MinisterTheresa May
Preceded byJustin Tomlinson
Succeeded bySarah Newton
Minister of State for the Armed Forces
In office
11 May 2015 – 15 July 2016
Prime MinisterDavid Cameron
Preceded byMark Francois
Succeeded byMike Penning
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Communities and Local Government
In office
14 July 2014 – 11 May 2015
Prime MinisterDavid Cameron
Preceded byNick Boles
Succeeded byJames Wharton
Member of Parliament
for Portsmouth North
Assumed office
6 May 2010
Preceded bySarah McCarthy-Fry
Majority9,965 (21.1%)
Personal details
Born
Penelope Mary Mordaunt

(1973-03-04) 4 March 1973 (age 46)
Torquay, Devon, England
NationalityBritish
Political partyConservative
Spouse(s)
Paul Murray
(m. 1999; div. 2000)
Alma materUniversity of Reading
Websitewww.pennymordaunt.com
Military service
Allegiance United Kingdom
Branch/service Royal Navy Reserve
Years of service2013–present
RankGeneric-Navy-O5.svg Honorary Commander[1]

Mordaunt served in the Cameron Government as Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State at the Department for Communities and Local Government (2014–2015) prior to being appointed Minister of State for the Armed Forces at the Ministry of Defence in May 2015, the first woman to hold the post.[5][6][7] Starting in July 2016 she served in the May Government as Minister of State for Disabled People at the Department for Work and Pensions. In November 2017, following the resignation of Priti Patel, Mordaunt was appointed International Development Secretary.

In May 2019, Mordaunt was appointed Defence Secretary after Gavin Williamson was dismissed by Prime Minister Theresa May following a leak of highly classified information from the National Security Council.[8] She served as Defence Secretary for 85 days, and was the first woman to hold this post. She is currently the only female MP who is a Royal Naval Reservist.

Contents

Early life and careerEdit

Mordaunt was born on 4 March 1973 in Torquay, Devon. The daughter of a former paratrooper, one of twins, she was named after the Arethusa-class cruiser HMS Penelope.[9] Her father, who had been born in Hilsea Barracks, had left the Parachute Regiment and trained as a teacher. Mordaunt has two brothers: James, and a younger brother, Edward.[10] Through her mother, Jennifer (née Snowden),[11] she is a relative of Philip Snowden, the first Labour Chancellor of the Exchequer. Angela Lansbury is her grandmother's cousin.[12][13] Mordaunt was educated at Oaklands Roman Catholic School Academy, Waterlooville, Hampshire, and studied drama at the Victoryland Theatre School.[14]

When Mordaunt was 15, her mother died of breast cancer. Mordaunt's twin brother left school, so she became Edward's prime caregiver. The following year her father was diagnosed with cancer, from which he recovered. To pay her way through sixth-form college, Mordaunt became a magician's assistant to Portsmouth magician Will Ayling, who was once president of The Magic Circle.[15]

She has attributed her interest in politics to her experiences working in hospitals and orphanages of Romania in her gap year, whilst that country was in the aftermath of the 1989 revolution.[16] She graduated from the University of Reading with a BA in Philosophy in 1995, becoming the first member of her family to attend university.[10]

After her graduation, Mordaunt's employment was focused on public relations in various sectors. Under Prime Minister John Major she was Head of Youth for the Conservative Party, before working for two years as Head of Broadcasting for the party under party leader William Hague.[10] She then worked as a communications specialist for the Freight Transport Association before, in 2000, working briefly as Head of Foreign Press for George W. Bush's presidential campaign.[17][18] She was director of communications for the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea from 2001 to 2003, before leaving to set up a new Anglo-American website called 'virtualconservatives'.[19][10] She worked for the Bush campaign again in 2004.[20] She was a director at the Community Fund—which merged administratively with the New Opportunities Fund to create the Big Lottery Fund—and, in 2006, became one of six Directors at charity Diabetes UK.[21][22]

Parliamentary career (2010–present)Edit

In November 2003, Mordaunt was selected as Conservative candidate to contest Portsmouth North in the 2005 general election. She attained a 5.5% swing towards the Conservatives,[10] but lost to Labour candidate Sarah McCarthy-Fry by 1,139 votes.[23] A critic of women-only shortlists,[24][25] Mordaunt worked after the 2005 election as chief of staff for David Willetts' aborted leadership campaign.[26]

Mordaunt was re-selected in January 2006 to contest Portsmouth North at the 2010 general election.[10] At the election she won the seat with an 8.6% swing from Labour, giving her a 7,289 majority. She was re-elected at the 2015 and 2017 general elections.

After her election, she was a member of the Public Bill Committee for the Defence Reform Act 2014.[27] She is a supporter of homeopathy, having signed an early day motion in support of its continued funding on the National Health Service.[28]

When receiving The Spectator magazine's Parliamentarian of the Year award in November 2014, Mordaunt said that she had delivered a speech in the House of Commons just before the Easter recess in 2013 on poultry welfare so as to use the word "cock", as a forfeit for a misdemeanour during Naval Reserve training.[29][30] She used the word "cock" six times and "lay" or "laid" five times. Following her comments, she was accused by Labour MP Kate Hoey of trivialising parliament.[31]

In 2014, Mordaunt became only the second woman in Elizabeth II's reign (the first having been Lady Tweedsmuir in 1957) to propose the loyal address in reply to the Queen's speech from the throne, and made reference to Tweedsmuir's comments about wanting more female involvement in Parliament.[32][33]

In 2014, Mordaunt appeared on reality television programme Splash!. Although some[who?] criticised the media appearance, questioning whether her focus should instead have been on her constituency work, Mordaunt stated that the response was overwhelmingly positive and defended her appearance,[34] stating that she was donating all of her £10,000 appearance fee plus any additional sponsorship to charity: £7,000 towards the renovation of her local lido, the rest to four Armed Services charities.[citation needed]

In 2015, it was reported that Mordaunt had the tenth-highest expense claims for the 2014/2015 year out of all the UK's 650 MPs. The majority of the top ten expenses claimants were from Scotland – and thus had high travel expenses as they had the longest distances to travel between their constituency and Westminster.[35]

In a May 2016 BBC Television interview during the run-up to the EU membership referendum, Mordaunt denied that the UK had a veto on Turkey joining the EU, despite Article 49 of the Treaty on European Union requiring a unanimous vote of all 28 members of the General Affairs Council to allowing accession of a candidate state, thus creating a power of veto by a dissenting member nation.[36] She supported the leave, or Brexit, option in the campaign.[37] Prime Minister David Cameron stated that her opinion was "completely wrong"[38] and Guy Verhofstadt called her statement "contemptible".[39]

International Development Secretary (2017–2019)Edit

 
Mordaunt visiting the Kutupalong refugee camp in Bangladesh on 25 November 2017

Mordaunt was appointed Secretary of State for International Development on 9 November 2017, after Priti Patel resigned over a series of apparently secret and unauthorised meetings she had with Israeli politicians while on holiday.[40]

In February 2018, an investigation by the Times newspaper revealed allegations of misconduct by Oxfam staff in operating in Haiti, in the aftermath of the 2010 earthquake. Mordaunt argued that Oxfam, which received £32m in Government funds in the previous financial year, had failed in its "moral leadership" over the "scandal". She also said that Oxfam did "absolutely the wrong thing" by not reporting the detail of the allegations to the government. Mordaunt felt it was important for aid organisations to report offences, because she believed that there were paedophiles "targeting" the charity sector in order to carry out predatory activities.[41]

She became Minister for Women and Equalities in April 2018, replacing Amber Rudd, who had resigned following the Windrush scandal.[42] In the House of Commons she has previously sat on the Privacy and Injunctions (Joint Committee), the Defence Committee, the European Scrutiny Committee and the Committees on Arms Export Controls (formerly Quadripartite Committee).[43]

Defence Secretary (2019)Edit

On 1 May 2019, Mordaunt was appointed as the first ever female Defence Secretary following the dismissal of Gavin Williamson after an inquiry into a leak over a plan to allow Huawei limited access in connection with the UK's 5G network.[44] On 24 July 2019, Mordaunt left the Ministry of Defence and also as the Minister for Women and Equalities, announcing her departure via Twitter.[45]

Personal lifeEdit

She met and married Paul Murray in 1999 when they were both mature students at Reading University but this ended in divorce the following year.[46] She was later in a long-term relationship with Ian Lyon, a classical singer.[47]

Other activitiesEdit

Mordaunt is a Royal Naval Reservist, serving as a sub-lieutenant, at HMS King Alfred on Whale Island.[48][49]

She is a Fellow of the Royal Society for Arts, a member of the British Astronomical Association, and she is involved in many charities active in the Portsmouth area, including Southsea Greenhouse, Hilsea Lido, The Patey Centre, and Wymering Manor.[50]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Schofield, Kevin (21 June 2019). "Penny Mordaunt accuses Philip Hammond of failing to appreciate value of defence spending". Politics Home. Retrieved 25 June 2019.
  2. ^ "No. 59418". The London Gazette. 13 May 2010. p. 8744.
  3. ^ Mordaunt, Penny (2009). Penny welcome video blog. YouTube. Event occurs at 0:05. Retrieved 21 December 2018.
  4. ^ Profile, ukwhoswho.com; accessed 8 May 2015.
  5. ^ Hope, Christopher (15 July 2014). "Pen portraits of the 10 Conservative women ministers who were promoted in the reshuffle". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 15 July 2014.
  6. ^ Kelly, Liam (15 July 2014). "Brandon Lewis promoted to housing and planning minister in reshuffle". The Guardian. Retrieved 15 July 2014.
  7. ^ Cameron, David (11 May 2015). "Penny Mordaunt first woman to become Armed Forces Minister". Twitter.
  8. ^ Proctor, Charlie (1 May 2019). "The Queen appoints Penny Mordaunt as the first ever female Defence Secretary". royalcentral.co.uk.
  9. ^ Penny Mordaunt; Hansard, 21 June 2010
  10. ^ a b c d e f "Penny Mordaunt profile". conservatives.com. Archived from the original on 30 April 2010. Retrieved 8 May 2015.
  11. ^ Kinchen, Rosie (12 January 2014). "Penny Mordaunt: Get fresh and the mermaid of Westminster will break your arm" – via www.thetimes.co.uk.
  12. ^ Hope, Christopher (15 July 2014). "Pen portraits of the 10 Conservative women ministers who were promoted in the reshuffle" – via www.telegraph.co.uk.
  13. ^ Bell, Matthew (18 March 2004). "The Feral Beast: Cecilia pins her hopes on the Pope". The Independent. Retrieved 16 May 2009.
  14. ^ "Penny Mordaunt: Member of Parliament for Portsmouth North". conservatives.com. Retrieved 8 May 2015.
  15. ^ "Commons people: One year on, how are the new MPs coping with the highs and lows of power". The Independent. 17 April 2011. Retrieved 15 December 2018.
  16. ^ Murphy, Joe (18 March 2004). "Howard's harem". London Evening Standard. Archived from the original on 5 May 2013. Retrieved 8 May 2015.
  17. ^ Murray, Jenni (host); Mordaunt, Penny (guest) (1 September 2008). "The role of women in McCain's presidential campaign". Woman's Hour. BBC Radio 4.
  18. ^ Brogan, Benedict (14 June 2001). "Bush's black spin doctor backs Hague". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 16 May 2009.
  19. ^ "New Head of PR at Kensington and Chelsea". PR Week. 10 January 2003. Retrieved 5 October 2018.
  20. ^ Hamilton-Miller, Tara (3 January 2008). "Tara's top Tories". New Statesman. Retrieved 16 May 2009.
  21. ^ Black, Alex (4 May 2006). "Profile: Penny Mordaunt, Diabetes UK". PR Week. Retrieved 16 May 2009.
  22. ^ "About Diabetes UK". Charity website. Archived from the original on 23 May 2008. Retrieved 7 October 2018.
  23. ^ "Portsmouth News". thenews.co.uk.
  24. ^ Appleton, Josie (20 April 2005). "How will women vote?". Spiked. Retrieved 16 May 2009.
  25. ^ Woolf, Marie (15 January 2005). "Tories face call for positive discrimination". The Independent. Retrieved 16 May 2009.
  26. ^ "Tory Leadership Watch: August". BBC News. August 2005. Retrieved 16 May 2009.
  27. ^ "House of Commons Public Bill Committee on the Defence Reform Bill 2013–14". Parliament.uk. Retrieved 17 September 2013.
  28. ^ Tredinnick, David (29 June 2010). "Early Day Motion No. 342 British Medical Association Motions on Homeopathy".
  29. ^ Mason, Chris (1 December 2014). "Penny Mordaunt speech: Fowl play or light-hearted fun?". BBC News. Retrieved 7 December 2014.
  30. ^ "Conservative MP Penny Mordaunt criticised for smutty Commons speech delivered 'for a dare'". London Evening Standard. 30 November 2014. Retrieved 7 December 2014.
  31. ^ Eleftheriou-Smith, Loulla-Mae (30 November 2014). "Tory MP Penny Mordaunt said 'c**k' several times in Parliament speech as part of Navy dare". The Independent. Retrieved 7 December 2014.
  32. ^ Mason, Rowena (4 June 2014). "Penny Mordaunt brings the House down after Queen's speech". The Guardian.
  33. ^ "Profile: Penny Mordaunt, a risqué but not revolting potential Tory leadership contender". Conservative Home. Retrieved 19 September 2016.
  34. ^ Booth, Jenny (14 January 2014). "Tory MP Penny Mordaunt defends appearing in swimsuit on TV reality show". The Times. Retrieved 18 January 2014.
  35. ^ "Portsmouth North MP Penny Mordaunt racks up tenth largest parliamentary expenses bill with claims of £186,977". Portsmouth News. 15 September 2015. Retrieved 7 October 2018.
  36. ^ "EU referendum: Row over Turkey's membership bid escalates". BBC News. 24 May 2016. Retrieved 2 November 2017.
  37. ^ Withnail, Adam (22 May 2016). "Tory minister Penny Mordaunt 'plain and simple lying' over Turkey joining EU". The Independent. Retrieved 2 November 2017.
  38. ^ Asthana, Anushka (22 May 2016). "David Cameron suggests defence minister is lying over Turkey joining EU". The Guardian. Retrieved 19 September 2016.
  39. ^ Verhofstadt, Guy (31 May 2016). "Relax, Britain – you can hate the eurozone and still vote remain". The Guardian. Retrieved 31 May 2016.
  40. ^ "Penny Mordaunt replaces Priti Patel in cabinet reshuffle". BBC News. 9 November 2017. Retrieved 9 November 2017.
  41. ^ "Oxfam 'failed in moral leadership'". BBC News. 11 February 2018. Retrieved 11 February 2018.
  42. ^ "International Development Secretary Penny Mordaunt MP @PennyMordaunt additionally becomes Minister for Women and Equalities". Twitter. Retrieved 30 April 2018.
  43. ^ "Penny Mordaunt". Parliament UK. Retrieved 7 October 2018.
  44. ^ "Defence Secretary Gavin Williamson sacked over Huawei leak". BBC News. 1 May 2019. Retrieved 1 May 2019.
  45. ^ Penny Mordaunt MP [@PennyMordaunt] (24 July 2019). "I'm heading to the backbenches from where the PM will have my full support, as will my successors at @DefenceHQ & @WomenEqualities. Thank you to everyone who's helped me get things done, especially our Armed Forces and civilians in defence for the last 85 days. We achieved much" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  46. ^ Iain Dale. "Penny Mordaunt interview: Britain's first female defence secretary on her dream job". The Sunday Times. Retrieved 22 July 2019.
  47. ^ "All aboard with Penny Mordaunt". London Evening Standard. 6 February 2015. Retrieved 22 July 2019.
  48. ^ Mordaunt, Penny (22 October 2010). "Diary of the week: Penny Mordaunt (blog)". totalpolitics.com. Retrieved 3 December 2013.
  49. ^ "Royal Naval Reservists mission on the Dart". royalnavy.mod.uk. Ministry of Defence. 12 March 2014. Retrieved 26 October 2016.
  50. ^ Stafford, Stephen (15 February 2013). "Volunteers' hopes for 'haunted' Wymering Manor". BBC News. Retrieved 15 July 2014.

External linksEdit