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Roderick James Nugent "Rory" Stewart, OBE, FRSL FRSGS (born 3 January 1973) is a British politician, diplomat, and writer. Since May 2010, he has been the Member of Parliament for Penrith and The Border,[1][2] in the county of Cumbria, North West England. He is currently the Minister of State at the Ministry of Justice with responsibility for prisons, probation and sentencing. A member of the Conservative Party, he previously served as Minister of State for Africa at the Foreign & Commonwealth Office, as Minister of State at the Department for International Development, and as Minister of the Environment at DEFRA. From May 2014 to June 2015 he was Chair of the House of Commons Defence Select Committee.[3]

Rory Stewart
OBE FRSL FRSGS MP
Rory Stewart.jpg
Minister of State for Prisons
Assumed office
9 January 2018
Prime Minister Theresa May
Sec. of State David Gauke
Preceded by Position established
Sam Gyimah (Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Prisons and Probation)
Minister of State for Africa
In office
15 June 2017 – 9 January 2018
Prime Minister Theresa May
Sec. of State Boris Johnson
Preceded by Position Established
Succeeded by Harriett Baldwin
Minister of State for International Development
In office
17 July 2016 – 9 January 2018
Prime Minister Theresa May
Sec. of State Priti Patel
Penny Mordaunt
Preceded by Desmond Swayne
Succeeded by Harriett Baldwin
Parliamentary Under Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs
In office
12 May 2015 – 17 July 2016
Prime Minister David Cameron
Sec. of State Elizabeth Truss
Preceded by Dan Rogerson
Succeeded by Thérèse Coffey
Chair of the Defence Select Committee
In office
14 May 2014 – 12 May 2015
Preceded by James Arbuthnot
Succeeded by Julian Lewis
Member of Parliament
for Penrith and The Border
Assumed office
6 May 2010
Preceded by David Maclean
Majority 15,910 (34.2%)
Personal details
Born Roderick James Nugent Stewart
(1973-01-03) 3 January 1973 (age 45)
British Hong Kong
Political party Conservative
Spouse(s) Shoshana Clark
Children 2
Father Brian Stewart
Education Eton College
Alma mater Balliol College, Oxford
Website www.rorystewart.co.uk
Military career
Allegiance  United Kingdom
Service/branch  British Army
Years of service 1991-1992
Rank Second lieutenant
Service number 539088
Unit Black Watch

Stewart was a senior coalition official in Iraq in 2003–04.[4] He is known for his book about this experience, Occupational Hazards or The Prince of the Marshes, and for his 2002 walk across Afghanistan (one part of a larger walk across Asia), which served as the basis for his New York Times bestseller, The Places in Between, as well as his later cultural development work in Afghanistan as the Founder and Executive Chairman of the Turquoise Mountain Foundation, a British charity.[5]

Contents

Early lifeEdit

Stewart, whose family seat is Broich House near Crieff in Perthshire, Scotland, was born in Hong Kong, the child of Sally Elizabeth Acland Nugent and diplomat Brian Stewart. He was brought up in Malaysia and Scotland and educated at the Dragon School in Oxford and Eton College.[4] During his gap year in 1991, he was commissioned ("short service limited commission") in the Black Watch for five months as second lieutenant (on probation).[6][7] He then attended Balliol College, Oxford University, where he read modern history, before switching to philosophy, politics and economics (PPE).[4]

While a student at Oxford, Stewart was a private tutor to Prince William and Prince Harry during the summer.[8] As a teenager, he was a member of the Labour Party.[9]

Diplomatic careerEdit

After graduating, Stewart joined the Foreign Office.[10] He served in the British Embassy in Indonesia from 1997 to 1999, working on issues related to East Timor independence, and was appointed at the age of 26 as the British Representative to Montenegro in the wake of the Kosovo campaign.[8]

IraqEdit

After the coalition invasion of Iraq, in 2003 he became the Coalition Provisional Authority Deputy Governorate Co-Ordinator in Maysan and Deputy Governorate Co-ordinator/Senior Advisor in Dhi Qar, two provinces in southern Iraq.[8] He was posted initially to the KOSB Battlegroup then to the Light Infantry.[11] His responsibilities included holding elections, resolving tribal disputes, and implementing development projects.[11] He faced growing unrest and an incipient civil war from his base in a Civil-Military Co-operation (CIMIC) compound in Al Amarah, and in May 2004 was in command of his compound in Nasiriyah when it was besieged by Sadrist militia.[8] He was awarded an OBE for his services during this period.[12]

While Stewart initially supported the Iraq War, the International Coalition's inability to achieve a more humane, prosperous state led him in retrospect to believe the invasion had been a mistake.[13]

Walking and travelsEdit

 
Stewart speaking at Google in March 2008

From 2000 to 2002 he travelled on foot through rural districts of Pakistan, Iran, Afghanistan, India and Nepal, a journey totalling around 6000 miles, during which time he stayed in five hundred different village houses.[14][15][16] He also walked across West Papua in 1998,[17] in addition to making a number of long walks through Cumbria and Britain.[18][19]

His time in Afghanistan in the immediate aftermath of the U.S. invasion became the basis for his first book, The Places in Between.[20][20] It was a New York Times best-seller, was named one of the New York Times 10 notable books in 2006 and was hailed by the newspaper as being a "flat-out masterpiece".[21] It won the Royal Society of Literature Ondaatje Prize, the Spirit of Scotland award and the Premio de Literatura de Viaje Caminos del Cid.[22] It was short-listed for a Scottish Arts Council prize,[23] the Guardian First Book Award[24] and the John Llewellyn Rhys Prize.[24] The book was adapted into a radio play by Benjamin Yeoh and was broadcast in 2007 on BBC Radio 4.[25]

Turquoise MountainEdit

In late 2005, at the request of the Prince of Wales and Hamid Karzai, President of Afghanistan,[26] he established, as Executive Chairman, the Turquoise Mountain Foundation, a human development NGO, in Afghanistan, and relocated to Kabul where he lived for the next three years restoring historic buildings in the old city of Kabul, installing water supply, electricity, and establishing a clinic, a school and an institute for traditional crafts.[4] Stewart was awarded the Royal Scottish Geographical Society's Livingstone medal in 2009 "in recognition of his work in Afghanistan and his travel writing, and for his distinguished contribution to geography".[27] Stewart stepped down as Executive Chairman of the Turquoise Mountain Foundation in May 2010.[28]

AcademiaEdit

In late 2004, Stewart became a Fellow at the Carr Center for Human Rights Policy at Harvard University, and in July 2008, he was appointed Ryan Family Professor of Human Rights at Harvard University and Director of the John F. Kennedy School of Government Carr Center for Human Rights Policy.[4] He taught classes on Intervention and on Human Rights to Masters Students at The Harvard Kennedy School. His lectures formed the basis of his book Can Intervention Work?[29] He has frequently been called on to provide advice on Afghanistan and Iraq to policy-makers, particularly in the US, UK and Canada.[4] Having acceded to the position on 1 January 2009, he combined the role with his charitable work in Afghanistan and with service on a number of boards, including the International Development Research Centre of Canada.

Stewart left his position at Harvard in March 2010.

He holds honorary doctorates from the University of Stirling[30] and the American University of Paris.[31]

ParliamentEdit

Member of Parliament for Penrith and The BorderEdit

Stewart attempted to be selected as the Conservative Party candidate for the Bracknell constituency in the 2010 General Election,[32] but was unsuccessful.[33] He was also shortlisted as one of three male and three female candidates for the Penrith and the Border constituency open caucus on 25 October 2009.[34]

He won the open primary (a process in which any registered voter from the constituency could attend and vote) to become the Conservative's parliamentary candidate for Penrith and the Border at the 2010 election.[1][35] He was returned as the MP for the constituency on 6 May 2010.[36]

On 25 July 2010, Stewart apologised to his constituents after blogging about the relative poverty of rural areas and need for more public services.[37] He was quoted in the Scottish Sun as saying that "Some areas around here are pretty primitive, people holding up their trousers with bits of twine."[37] A light-hearted Guardian article, "In praise of ... binder twine", whilst acknowledging the "serious effort" Stewart had made "walking hundreds of miles" to get to know his constituency believed he had simply underestimated the importance of the "ubiquitous and indispensable" twine to the rural community.[38]

Stewart attended the Bilderberg Conference in June 2011,[39] along with leading world politicians and bankers including UK Conservative Chancellor George Osborne.[40] Columnist Charlie Skelton commented in The Guardian that this made it likely that Stewart would receive a "forthcoming promotion", based on the history of other politicians invited to the exclusive Bilderberg group.[40] Stewart won the election for Chairman of the House of Commons Defence Select Committee on 14 May 2014 following a vote of all MPs.[41] Within his constituency, Stewart's policy focus has been on broadband, mobile coverage, rural services and agriculture.[42]

Stewart was a member of the Foreign Affairs Select Committee between 2010 and 2014, making a notable contribution to the committee's report on Afghanistan.[43] He is chairman of the APPG for Mountain Rescue[44][45] and the APPG for Local Democracy.[46][47] He was also an officer of the APPG for Rural Services.[48]

At the 2015 general election, Stewart almost doubled his majority in Penrith and the Border from 11,241 to 19,894, the highest majority since the seat was first created.[49]

Stewart opposed Brexit prior to the 2016 referendum on the UK's continued membership of the European Union.[50]

His speech about hedgehogs in Parliament in 2015[51] was named by The Times and The Telegraph as the best parliamentary speech of 2015 and described by the Deputy Speaker as "one of the best speeches she had ever heard in Parliament".[52][53]

Broadband and rural mobile campaignEdit

Stewart led the first backbench motion for expanding broadband and mobile coverage, securing what was then the largest number of cross-party endorsements for a backbench motion.[54] In a report published in 2011, Stewart won support from the House of Commons Culture, Media and Sport Committee in calling for mobile phone companies to be forced to provide coverage to 98% of the population,[55] and in 2012 his campaign achieved its goal when regulator Ofcom announced its plans for the auction of fourth generation (4G) bandwidth for mobile phone services.[56] In March 2018, Ofcom announced that the 98% target had been met.[57]

Stewart was successful in securing the Cumbrian broadband pilot in 2011,[58] and in November 2013, broadband provider EE cited the support of Government and regulatory policy in announcing that over 2,000 residents and businesses in rural Cumbria were to have access to superfast home and office broadband for the first time.[59] In February 2015 Stewart secured more funding in order to continue the broadband roll-out in Cumbria.[60]

Hands across the BorderEdit

In July 2014 Stewart launched Hands Across The Border, a project to construct a cairn called The Auld Acquaintance as "a testament to the Union".[61] Built by members of the public it is close to the Scotland–England border near Gretna. During the run up to the Scottish independence referendum.[62] Stewart said of the project: "We wanted to come up with a lasting marker of our union, something that future generations will look back at and remember, with deep gratitude, the moment we chose to stay together."[63]

The campaign received support from several notable public figures in the UK, including actress Joanna Lumley, explorer Sir Ranulph Fiennes, mountaineers Alan Hinkes and Doug Scott and historians Simon Schama and David Starkey.[64] Approximately 100,000 stones were laid on the cairn, many with personal messages.

At the same time, Stewart hosted a two-part documentary on BBC Two about the cross-border history of what he called "Britain's lost middleland",[65] covering the kingdoms of Northumbria and Strathclyde and the Debatable Lands of the Scottish Marches on the Anglo-Scottish border.[65]

Veterans in the justice systemEdit

In January 2014, Stewart was asked by Chris Grayling, Secretary of State for Justice, to lead a Government review into the reasons why a number of British veterans become criminal offenders after returning to civilian life.[66] The review looked at ways in which support and prevention for veterans in the justice system can be improved.[67]

Following his election to Chairman of the Defence Select Committee, Stewart handed over the lead for the review to Stephen Phillips QC MP.[68]

Defence Select CommitteeEdit

In May 2014, Stewart was elected by MPs from all parties as Chairman of the Defence Select Committee. He was the youngest ever Chair of a select committee, as well as the first MP of the 2010 intake to be elected to chair a committee. [69][70] Stewart chaired committee reports arguing strongly for a more vigorous response to Russian aggression in Ukraine.[71] The committee also argued that Britain's commitments to Iraq and Syria were "strikingly modest" and that more should be done.[72] Under Stewart's chairmanship, the committee produced a report in favour of the proposals for a Services Complaint Ombudsman and also secured an amendment extending the powers of the Ombudsman.[73]

Minister for the EnvironmentEdit

 
Stewart pictured with Nikos Xydakis in September 2016

Following the Conservatives' gain of an outright majority at the 2015 UK General Election, Stewart was appointed Parliamentary Under Secretary of State at the Department for Environment, Food & Rural Affairs (DEFRA), with responsibilities including the natural environment, national parks, floods and water, resource and environmental management, rural affairs, lead responsibility for the Environment Agency, Natural England and the Forestry Commission, and acting as the Secretary of State's deputy on the Environment Council.[74]

In July 2015, in his capacity as Resource Minister, he announced a review into the regulatory and enforcement barriers to growth and innovation in the waste sector.[75] Stewart as 'Floods Minister' joined the National Flood Resilience Review, formed in 2016 and chaired by the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, Oliver Letwin.[76] Stewart initiated the Cumbria Floods Partnership in response to Storm Desmond, with a focus on long-term flood defence.[77] UK House of Commons cross-party Environment Audit Committee criticised Floods Minister Stewart "that the extra £700m [newly allocated flood defence monies] was the result of a "political calculation" and that it might not be spent according to the strict value-for-money criteria currently used."[78]

As Floods Minister Stewart commissioned a Brigadier from the Royal Marines to conduct an immediate review of government responses to flooding.[79] This identified the potential gaps between different agencies, and the challenges in coordinating resilience measures, emergency response and recovery.[79] In 2014 the new system was tested by Storm Desmond in which areas of Cumbria experienced the highest rainfall ever recorded. Over the next few days more than 9000 houses were flooded in Cumbria, Yorkshire and Lancashire.[80] Stewart arrived on the ground as the flood water was rising and remained on the ground over the following weeks helping to coordinate the government response.[81]

His approach to the floods put a particular emphasis on rapid military deployment, close analysis of the detailed situation in outlying villages and the reopening of key bridges such as Appleby.[82] He then represented his department on the cross-ministerial group that oversaw financial compensation and grants to flooded households.[83] His role was further reinforced when he was made the prime ministerial flood envoy for Cumbria and Lancashire.[84] While he was the Flood Envoy the government committed an additional 74 million pounds of funding, and over 100 million for the repair of basic infrastructure in Cumbria.[85] He was particularly involved in driving the reopening of the A591 and the bridge at Pooley Bridge.[86] He then established the Cumbria Flood Partnership and competitions in river modelling to ensure that all stages of flood risk had been measured from the source to the sea.[87]

As Environment Minister he introduced the plastic bag tax which dropped use of personal bags by 85% in 6 months;[88] and he was responsible for bringing the first draft of the 25 year environment plan in which he emphasised alongside biodiversity and ecosystems, the importance of human cultural features in the landscape, and particularly the conservation of small family sheep farms.[89] As Minister responsible for the National Parks, Stewart secured five years of increased funding for National Parks and AOBs.[90] He also ensured the extension of the Lake District and Yorkshire Dales National Park and supported the Unesco World Heritage bid for the Lake District.[91]

Stewart took through Parliament the legislation for the introduction of retail competition into the water sector.[92] He brought together water companies to reach a joint proposal on long term British investment in the water industry.

Minister of State for International Development – Asia and the Middle EastEdit

After Theresa May replaced David Cameron as Prime Minister, Stewart was promoted to Minister of State for International Development on 17 July 2016.[3][93]

Minister of State for Africa at the Foreign and Commonwealth OfficeEdit

 
Stewart at the London Illegal Wildlife Trade Conference 2018

Stewart was promoted to become joint Minister for Africa, taking over responsibility for the Foreign Office and its embassies in Africa, as well as DfID in Africa. In this capacity he has visited Nigeria,[94] Uganda,[95] Botswana,[96] Zambia,[97] Tanzania,[98] Ethiopia,[99] Somalia,[100] Rwanda,[101] DRC,[102] South Sudan,[103] Kenya,[104] Zimbabwe[105] and to the United National General Assembly in New York (UNGA).[106] During these trips he held personal meetings with President Kagame of Rwanda,[107] President Kabila of DRC,[108] President Lungu of Zambia,[97]President Magufuli of Tanzania,[98] and President Mnangagwa of Zimbabwe.[109] In this role Stewart was the driving force behind the British Government's new Africa Strategy and pushed for more resources to go into the Foreign Office network in Africa. His most notable trip was to Zimbabwe where he was the first foreign dignitary to be received by President Mnangagwa.[110] His Zimbabwe policy pressed for political reform, and free and fair elections.[105]

Minister of State at the Ministry of Justice - Minister for PrisonsEdit

Stewart was appointed Minister of State with responsibility for prisons and probation in England and Wales in January 2018.[111] He was appointed in the aftermath of a highly critical leaked report on the state of HMP Liverpool, in which the inspector described it as the "worst prison he had ever seen" with piles of rubbish, rats, soaring violence and drug use and poor health provision.[112] Stewart immediately visited the prison and, testifying before the Justice Select Committee, announced his determination to clean up prisons in England and Wales.[113] He told the Committee that "we need to get back to basics. We need to absolutely insist that we're going to run clean, decent prisons and there has been too much, from my point of view, over the last few years, of very, very abstract conversations about grand bits of prison policy, which are important, but we cannot lose the basics".[114] This approach has involved the proposed introduction of scanners at prison gates, the fixing of windows, the cleaning of facilities and increases in the number of sniffer dogs and searches of cells.[115]

This advocacy of a "back to basics" approach was recorded in numerous newspapers, including the Daily Mail and The Guardian, with Stewart writing an opinion piece in the latter publication, entitled "I strongly believe we can improve our prisons and make progress".[116] He has written further articles on the situation in prisons, in which he has described the challenges that a prisons minister faces and the problems inherent to micromanaging.

Since starting at the Ministry of Justice, Stewart has visited numerous prisons and has been vocal in his praise for HM Prison Service. On 6 March 2018 Stewart told the House of Commons that the target of recruiting 2,500 extra prison officers had been achieved nine months ahead of schedule and he delivered a speech paying tribute to HMPS on 27 April 2018.[117] He told MPs that "prison officers operate out of sight of society. They have the most extraordinarily challenging profession. It requires unbelievable resilience...it takes astonishing courage...[and] it also takes great moral authority to act as a mentor, a teacher and in some ways a friend to help prisoners on the path to reformation".[118]

In April 2018 Stewart took the Assaults on Emergency Workers (Offences) Private Member's Bill through the House of Commons, on behalf of the government, which doubled the maximum sentences for those who attack emergency services personnel and introduced sexual assault as an aggravating factor in sentencing.[119]

In August 2018, during an interview with BBC Breakfast, Stewart announced that he would resign in a year if he failed to reduce drugs and violence levels in 10 target jails in England.[120]

Libya and the Arab SpringEdit

He later travelled into Libya a day after the fall of Colonel Gaddafi.[121] He has also written about theory and practice of travel writings in prefaces to Wilfred Thesiger's Arabian Sands,[122] Charles Doughty's Arabia Deserta[123] and Robert Byron's The Road to Oxiana.[124]

WritingEdit

His first book, The Places in Between, was an account of his 32-day solo walk across Afghanistan in early 2002.[125] It was a New York Times best-seller, was named one of the New York Times 10 notable books in 2006 and was hailed by the newspaper as being a "flat-out masterpiece".[4] It won the Royal Society of Literature Ondaatje Prize,[126] a Scottish Arts Council prize,[127] the Spirit of Scotland award,[128] and the Premio de Literatura de Viaje Caminos del Cid.[128] It was short-listed for a Scottish Arts Council prize,[23] the Guardian First Book Award[24] and the John Llewellyn Rhys Prize.[24] The book was adapted into a radio play by Benjamin Yeoh and was broadcast in 2007 on BBC Radio 4.[25]

Stewart's second book, The Prince of the Marshes, describes his experiences as a Deputy Governorate Co-ordinator in Iraq.[4] The New York Times critic William Grimes commented that Stewart "seems to be living one of the more extraordinary lives on record", but for him the "real value of the new book is Mr. Stewart's sobering picture of the difficulties involved in creating a coherent Iraqi state based on the rule of law".[129] Stewart's books have been translated into multiple languages.

His 2008 cover article in Time magazine, where he debated against Presidential candidates Obama and McCain, arguing against a troop surge in Afghanistan has been shortlisted for an American Journalism Association Award. Stewart's reflections on the circumstances under which outside military and political intervention in countries' internal affairs may or may not hope to achieve positive results are further distilled in a 2011 book, Can Intervention Work?, co-authored with Gerald Knaus and part of the Amnesty International Global Ethics Series.

He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Literature in 2005.[22] He is a columnist for the Cumberland and Westmorland Herald, contributing a fortnightly column.[130]

He has been a columnist for The New York Times,[131] and has written regularly for the New York Review of Books,[132] and the London Review of Books.[133]

In 2016, he published The Marches, a travelogue about a 1,000-mile walk in the borderlands separating England and Scotland, known as the Scottish Marches, and an extended essay on his Father, Brian Stewart.[134] The Marches was long listed for the Orwell Prize, won the Hunter Davies Lakeland Book of the Year,[135] was a Waterstones Book of the Month,[136] and became a Sunday Times top ten bestseller.[137]

DocumentariesEdit

Stewart has written and presented three critically acclaimed BBC documentaries:

  • The Legacy of Lawrence of Arabia (2010),[138]
  • Afghanistan: The Great Game – A Personal View by Rory Stewart, a documentary in two parts that tells the story of foreign intervention by Britain, Russia and the United States in Afghanistan from the 19th century to the present day,which aired on BBC2 and which won a Scottish BAFTA (2012).[139]
  • Stewart presented a two-part BBC television documentary, Border Country: The Story of Britain's Lost Middleland, which investigates the rift created by Hadrian's Wall, and the issues of identity and culture in a region divided by the fabricated border, which was singled out for praise by David Attenborough.[140]

HonoursEdit

In the 2004 Queen's Birthday Honours, Stewart was appointed an Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE).[141]

In 2008 he was selected a young global leader by the world economic forum and in 2008 he was named by Esquire magazine as one of the 75 most influential people of the 21st Century.

In 2009 he was honoured at a ceremony in Stirling by the Royal Scottish Geographical Society with the award of the Livingstone Medal of the R.S.G.S.

  • Ondaatje Prize of the Royal Society of Literature (2005).[142]
  • Spirit of Scotland Award (2005).[143]
  • Fellow of the Royal Society of Literature (2005).[142]
  • Livingstone Medal of the Royal Scottish Geographical Society (2009).[144]
  • Honorary doctorate University of Stirling (2009).[145]
  • The Radio France Prize (2009).[146]
  • The Prize del Camino del Cid (2009).[147]
  • Honorary doctorate American University of Paris (2011).[148]
  • BAFTA Scotland Award (2012).[149]
  • The Hunter Davies Lakeland Prize (2017).[150]
  • The Royal Geographical Society's Ness Award (2018).[151]

MiscellaneousEdit

  • On 20 January 2008 Stewart was the guest on BBC Radio 4's Desert Island Discs.[152]
  • In August 2008, the UK media widely reported that Studio Canal and Brad Pitt's production company Plan B had bought the rights to a biopic of Stewart's life. The actor Orlando Bloom was apparently scheduled to play Stewart.[153] That Brad Pitt had bought the rights was confirmed on Lateline, on Australia's ABC on 29 July.
  • Stewart speaks some French, Persian (Dari), and Indonesian. He has also studied at school, in the Foreign Office, and on his Asian travels, Latin, Greek, Russian, Chinese, Serbo-Croat, Urdu, and Nepali languages. He acknowledges that the latter three languages are "very rusty".[154]
  • In 2017 Stewart's walk across Afghanistan, documented in The Places In Between, was the subject of a play at the Hampstead Theatre, written by Stephen Brown.[155]

Personal lifeEdit

Stewart lives at Dufton in Cumbria,[156] and is a member of The Athenaeum Club. In 2012, he married an American NGO executive, Shoshana Clark,[157] with whom he had his first child in November 2014, which he delivered himself in the absence of medical assistance.[158] His second child was born in April 2017.

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b Stratton, Allegra (26 October 2009). "Former royal tutor Rory Stewart selected for safe Tory seat". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 22 May 2010. 
  2. ^ Penrith and the Border Conservatives Rory Stewart becomes MP for Penrith and the Border
  3. ^ a b "Rory Stewart MP OBE". GOV.UK. British Government. Retrieved 5 December 2016. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h Parker, Ian (2010-11-08). "Paths of Glory". The New Yorker. ISSN 0028-792X. Retrieved 2018-03-06. 
  5. ^ About Us[permanent dead link] Turquoise Mountain
  6. ^ "No. 52792". The London Gazette (Supplement). 14 January 1992. p. 493. 
  7. ^ "No. 52910". The London Gazette (Supplement). 5 May 1992. p. 7744. 
  8. ^ a b c d Parker, Ian (2010-11-08). "Paths of Glory". The New Yorker. ISSN 0028-792X. Retrieved 2018-03-05. 
  9. ^ Glover, Julian (14 January 2010). "Rory Stewart's awfully big adventure". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 22 May 2010. 
  10. ^ Biography Rory Stewart
  11. ^ a b Stewart, Rory (2007). Occupational Hazards. London: Picador. p. 87. 
  12. ^ "Rory Stewart: Days of hope and hubris". The Independent. 2006-06-23. Retrieved 2018-03-06. 
  13. ^ "Interview: Rory Stewart". Harcourt Trade Publishers. Archived from the original on 15 February 2010. Retrieved 2 January 2010. 
  14. ^ Rory Stewart biography Penrith and the Border Conservatives
  15. ^ Can Rory Stewart Fix Afghanistan? National Geographic Adventure Magazine
  16. ^ Paths of Glory New Yorker
  17. ^ Rory Stewart (20 July 2000). Diary. London Review of Books. Retrieved 29 August 2014.
  18. ^ Rory Stewart (13 November 2010). "Discovering Eden". Financial Times. Retrieved 29 August 2014.
  19. ^ "Rory Stewart: A new kind of Tory". The Daily Telegraph. London. 1 November 2009. 
  20. ^ a b Rory Stewart. The Places in Between. Pan Macmillan, 2005. ISBN 978-0-330-48634-7. Retrieved 30 August 2014. 
  21. ^ Tom Bissell "A Walk Across Afghanistan", New York Times, 11 June 2006
  22. ^ a b "Royal Society of Literature » Two-way traffic: Rory Stewart on writing about place". rsliterature.org. Retrieved 2018-03-06. 
  23. ^ a b "Scottish Arts Council - Book Awards 2005". www.scottisharts.org.uk. Retrieved 2018-03-06. 
  24. ^ a b c d "The Places In Between". Pan Macmillan. Retrieved 2018-03-06. 
  25. ^ a b Benjamin Yeoh (2007-02-15), Places In Between, The, retrieved 2018-03-06 
  26. ^ "The Turquoise Mountain Foundation becomes The Prince's 18th charity". Prince of Wales. 25 March 2007. Archived from the original on 1 July 2007. Retrieved 28 September 2008. 
  27. ^ "Medals and Awards". Royal Scottish Geographical Society. Archived from the original on 12 February 2010. Retrieved 27 June 2013. 
  28. ^ Declarations of Interests Rory Stewart
  29. ^ Oborne, Peter (2011-10-10). "Can Intervention Work? by Rory Stewart and Gerald Knaus: review". ISSN 0307-1235. Retrieved 2018-03-06. 
  30. ^ Graduating Stirling students reap their rewards University of Stirling, 23 November 2009
  31. ^ "AUP official website". Archived from the original on 3 October 2011. Retrieved 26 July 2011. 
  32. ^ "Residents choose Tory candidate". BBC News Online. 17 October 2009. 
  33. ^ Paul Waugh (25 October 2009). "Rory Stewart for PM?". London Evening Standard. Archived from the original on 28 October 2009. Retrieved 30 May 2010. 
  34. ^ "Ex-diplomat heads list to succeed Penrith MP David Maclean". Cumberland News. 7 October 2009. Archived from the original on 24 February 2012. Retrieved 18 October 2009. 
  35. ^ "Tories confident Rory Stewart will take over from David Maclean". News and Star. 8 April 2010. Retrieved 19 December 2017. 
  36. ^ "Election 2010 – Penrith & the Border". BBC News Online. 6 May 2010. 
  37. ^ a b "Tory MP 'sorry' for twine remark". BBC News Online. 25 July 2010. Retrieved 26 July 2010. 
  38. ^ "In praise of ... binder twine". The Guardian. 27 July 2010. Retrieved 27 July 2010. 
  39. ^ "Bilderberg: lista dei partecipanti". Italia magazine. 10 June 2011. 
  40. ^ a b "Bilderberg 2011: George Osborne attending as chancellor". The Guardian. 10 June 2011. 
  41. ^ "Rory Stewart's new triumph". The Economist. 14 May 2014. Retrieved 29 August 2014. 
  42. ^ "About Penrith and the Border". Rory Stewart. Retrieved 2018-03-06. 
  43. ^ "The UK's foreign policy approach to Afghanistan and Pakistan (HC514)" (PDF). House of Commons Foreign Affairs Committee. 2 March 2011. Retrieved 29 August 2014. 
  44. ^ "Mountain Rescue". All Party. 24 January 2012. Archived from the original on 21 September 2013. Retrieved 29 August 2014. 
  45. ^ "Rory delivers keynote speech at UK's bi-ennial Mountain Rescue conference". Rory Stewart. 17 September 2012. 
  46. ^ "Local Democracy". Register of All-Party Groups. House of Commons. 30 March 2015. 
  47. ^ "Rory Stewart MP leads national campaign for parish financing". National Association of Local Councils. 30 April 2013. Archived from the original on 16 July 2013. Retrieved 19 December 2017. 
  48. ^ "RORY STEWART MP HERALDS FUEL REBATE WIN FOR RURAL AREAS - Rory Stewart". Rory Stewart. 2015-06-02. Retrieved 2018-03-06. 
  49. ^ "Penrith and the Border: results". ITV News. Retrieved 2018-03-06. 
  50. ^ "EU vote: Where the cabinet and other MPs stand". BBC News Online. 22 June 2016. 
  51. ^ "Hedgehog conservation". Hansard. 2015. Retrieved 22 July 2018. 
  52. ^ Parris, Matthew (2015-12-23). "Why llamas are the hedgehog's best friend". The Times. ISSN 0140-0460. Retrieved 2018-03-06. 
  53. ^ Moore, Charles (2015-12-28). "If only we could consign Tracey Crouch and her views on foxhunting to history". ISSN 0307-1235. Retrieved 2018-03-06. 
  54. ^ "Broadband Archives - Rory Stewart". Rory Stewart. Retrieved 2018-03-07. 
  55. ^ "98% coverage for mobile broadband". Rory Stewart. 4 November 2011. 
  56. ^ "Rory's campaign for rural mobile coverage in 4G triumph". Rory Stewart. 25 July 2012. 
  57. ^ "Mobile coverage obligation". Ofcom. Retrieved 2018-03-21. 
  58. ^ "Rural broadband pilot areas named". Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport. 19 May 2011. 
  59. ^ "EE switches on superfast 4G broadband in rural Cumbria". EE Limited. 11 November 2013. 
  60. ^ "Secretary of State pays testament to broadband activist Rory Stewart MP". Rory Stewart. 5 February 2015. 
  61. ^ http://handsacrosstheborder.co.uk/
  62. ^ "'THE CAIRN REMAINS A POWERFUL SYMBOL OF THE TIES THAT BIND US' SAYS RORY STEWART - Rory Stewart". Rory Stewart. 2015-04-14. Retrieved 2018-03-07. 
  63. ^ "Scottish independence: 'cairn to celebrate union love'". BBC News Online. 9 July 2014. Retrieved 2 August 2014. 
  64. ^ "Joanna Lumley shows support for union with Scotland". BBC News Online. 31 August 2014. Retrieved 2 August 2014. 
  65. ^ a b "Border Country: The Story of Britain's Lost Middleland". BBC iPlayer. 26 March 2014. Retrieved 20 December 2017. 
  66. ^ "Rory Stewart visits VA to consult on rehabilitation needs". Veterans Aid. 2014-04-02. Retrieved 2018-03-07. 
  67. ^ "Review of Veterans within the Criminal Justice System Call for Evidence". Ministry of Justice. 
  68. ^ "New chair announced for Veterans Review". Ministry of Justice. 16 June 2014. 
  69. ^ "Rory roars in". BBC News. 
  70. ^ "Rory Stewart elected Chairman of the Defence Select Committee". Spectator Blogs. 
  71. ^ "Ukraine must be a wake-up call for NATO - News from Parliament". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2018-03-07. 
  72. ^ Ewen MacAskill. "Britain must play a greater role in fighting Islamic State in Iraq, say MPs". the Guardian. 
  73. ^ "Forces Ombudsman should have further powers, says Defence Committee". UK Parliament. 
  74. ^ "Rory Stewart MP - GOV.UK". 
  75. ^ "Review into regulation and enforcement in waste sector launches". GOV.UK. 
  76. ^ https://www.gov.uk/government/news/national-flood-resilience-review-government-action-to-tackle-floods
  77. ^ https://www.gov.uk/government/news/a-country-more-flood-resilient
  78. ^ https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2016/jun/09/government-failing-to-protect-communities-at-risk-of-flooding-mps-say
  79. ^ a b "A country more flood resilient - GOV.UK". www.gov.uk. Retrieved 2018-03-07. 
  80. ^ "Storms flooded 16,000 homes in England". BBC News. 2016. Retrieved 2018-03-07. 
  81. ^ "RORY STEWART MP PRAISES DEDICATION OF EDEN FLOOD VOLUNTEERS - Rory Stewart". Rory Stewart. 2016-03-23. Retrieved 2018-03-07. 
  82. ^ "Rivers and Flooding Archives - Rory Stewart". Rory Stewart. Retrieved 2018-03-07. 
  83. ^ "Prime Minister announces more than £40m for flood defences - GOV.UK". www.gov.uk. Retrieved 2018-03-07. 
  84. ^ "RORY STEWART MP PRAISES RESILIENCE OF RICKERBY RETREAT - Rory Stewart". Rory Stewart. 2017-11-02. Retrieved 2018-03-07. 
  85. ^ "Long-term action plan to reduce flood risk in Cumbria - GOV.UK". www.gov.uk. Retrieved 2018-03-07. 
  86. ^ "Floods Minister: 'Lake District is open for business'". ITV News. Retrieved 2018-03-05. 
  87. ^ "Reducing flood risk from source to sea" (PDF). UK Government. 2016. 
  88. ^ "Plastic bag charge to protect marine environment - Rory Stewart". Rory Stewart. 2015-10-07. Retrieved 2018-03-07. 
  89. ^ "Government's 25-year environment plan". www.complydirect.com. Retrieved 2018-03-07. 
  90. ^ "The call of the wild: Environment Minister champions weekend walking trips in our National Parks - Rory Stewart". Rory Stewart. 2016-04-29. Retrieved 2018-03-07. 
  91. ^ "RORY STEWART MP CELEBRATES THE LAKE DISTRICT'S WORLD HERITAGE SUCCESS - "A VINDICATION OF ALL THAT WE LOVE" - Rory Stewart". Rory Stewart. 2017-07-11. Retrieved 2018-03-05. 
  92. ^ "Introducing Retail Competition in the Water Sector" (PDF). 
  93. ^ "New ministerial role for MP Rory Stewart". ITV.com. ITV. Retrieved 5 December 2016. 
  94. ^ Mafita (2017-08-03). "UK's Minister for Africa is 'very happy' with what he saw at MAFITA COSDEC in Mando". Medium. Retrieved 2018-03-07. 
  95. ^ "Bruce, British Minister Stewart push trade deals in Uganda - Vanguard News". Vanguard News. 2017-07-15. Retrieved 2018-03-07. 
  96. ^ "Minister for Africa,Rory Stewart OBE MP Visit to Gaborone | Facebook". www.facebook.com. Retrieved 2018-03-07. 
  97. ^ a b "UK Minister for Africa Rory Stewart visits Zambia - GOV.UK". www.gov.uk. Retrieved 2018-03-07. 
  98. ^ a b "UK minister Rory Stewart announces $450 million for development in Tanzania - GOV.UK". www.gov.uk. Retrieved 2018-03-07. 
  99. ^ "UK's Minister for Africa in debut visit to Ethiopia". www.ethioembassy.org.uk. Retrieved 2018-03-07. 
  100. ^ "UNICEF Somalia - Nutrition - UK Minister of State Rory Stewart visits UNICEF-supported stabilisation centre in Hargeisa". www.unicef.org. Retrieved 2018-03-07. 
  101. ^ Mpirwa, Elisee. "UK Minister for Africa visits Rwanda". The New Times Rwanda. Retrieved 2018-03-07. 
  102. ^ Stewart, Rory (8 November 2017). "More from E Congo with @DfiD - seeing the wonderful work with communities and conservation in Virunga National Park @UKinDRCpic.twitter.com/dPkxdiVPfG". @rorystewartuk. Retrieved 2018-03-07. 
  103. ^ "UK minister visits S. Sudan, urges end to bloodshed - Sudan Tribune: Plural news and views on Sudan". www.sudantribune.com. Retrieved 2018-03-07. 
  104. ^ "Minister for Africa Rory Stewart in Kenya - GOV.UK". www.gov.uk. Retrieved 2018-03-07. 
  105. ^ a b "Rory Stewart returns from Zimbabwe - GOV.UK". www.gov.uk. Retrieved 2018-03-07. 
  106. ^ "Oral Answers to Questions - Hansard Online". hansard.parliament.uk. Retrieved 2018-03-07. 
  107. ^ "Meeting with UK Minister for Africa, Rory Stewart | Kigali, 7 November 2017". Flickr. Retrieved 2018-03-07. 
  108. ^ "Tête-à-tête Rory Stewart-Joseph Kabila ce vendredi à Kingakati – Le Portail de Barnabé KIKAYA". kikayabinkarubi.net. Retrieved 2018-03-07. 
  109. ^ "Cumbrian MP Rory Stewart meets Zimbabwe's new president". Retrieved 2018-03-07. 
  110. ^ "Zimbabwe must reform after Mugabe, says first British minster to visit country in two decades". The Telegraph. 2017-11-23. ISSN 0307-1235. Retrieved 2018-03-05. 
  111. ^ "Rory Stewart given new role in cabinet reshuffle". Retrieved 2018-03-05. 
  112. ^ Travis, Alan (2018-01-19). "Liverpool prison has 'worst conditions inspectors have seen'". the Guardian. Retrieved 2018-03-07. 
  113. ^ Home Correspondent, Richard Ford (2018). "I'm going back to basics to clean up our filthy prisons, vows minister Rory Stewart". The Times. ISSN 0140-0460. Retrieved 2018-03-05. 
  114. ^ "Rory Stewart on Twitter". Twitter. Retrieved 2018-05-10. 
  115. ^ "Prisoners will be forced to clean up rubbish-strewn jail yards". Mail Online. Retrieved 2018-05-10. 
  116. ^ Stewart, Rory (2018-02-17). "'I strongly believe we can improve our prisons and make progress'". the Guardian. Retrieved 2018-03-07. 
  117. ^ "Prison Officer Recruitment - Hansard Online". hansard.parliament.uk. Retrieved 2018-05-10. 
  118. ^ "Extent, commencement and short title: 27 Apr 2018: House of Commons debates - TheyWorkForYou". TheyWorkForYou. Retrieved 2018-05-10. 
  119. ^ "Assaults on police constables: 27 Apr 2018: House of Commons debates - TheyWorkForYou". TheyWorkForYou. Retrieved 2018-05-10. 
  120. ^ "I'll quit if jails don't improve - minister". BBC News. 2018-08-17. Retrieved 2018-08-17. 
  121. ^ Rory Stewart (20 September 2011). "Because we weren't There?". London Review of Books. Retrieved 29 August 2014.
  122. ^ Thesiger, Wilfred; Stewart, Rory (2007-10-25). Arabian Sands (Reissue ed.). London: Penguin Classics. ISBN 9780141442075. 
  123. ^ "Travels In Arabia Deserta | Folio Illustrated Book". www.foliosociety.com. Retrieved 2018-03-07. 
  124. ^ Byron, Robert; Stewart, Rory; Fussell, Paul (2007-05-18). The Road to Oxiana. Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780195325607. 
  125. ^ "The Places In Between". Pan Macmillan. Retrieved 2018-03-08. 
  126. ^ "Royal Society of Literature » Two-way traffic: Rory Stewart on writing about place". rsliterature.org. Retrieved 2018-03-08. 
  127. ^ "Scottish Arts Council - Book Awards 2005". www.scottisharts.org.uk. Retrieved 2018-03-08. 
  128. ^ a b "About Rory - Rory Stewart". Rory Stewart. Retrieved 2018-03-08. 
  129. ^ Stewart, Rory (2007-02-01). The Prince of the Marshes: And Other Occupational Hazards of a Year in Iraq. HMH. ISBN 9780156033008. 
  130. ^ "Latest Headlines". cwherald.com. 
  131. ^ Stewart, Rory (2008-11-22). "Opinion | The 'Good War' Isn't Worth Fighting". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2018-03-08. 
  132. ^ "Rory Stewart". The New York Review of Books. Retrieved 2018-03-08. 
  133. ^ "Rory Stewart · LRB". www.lrb.co.uk. Retrieved 2018-03-08. 
  134. ^ Jack, Ian (2016-11-18). "The Marches by Rory Stewart review – farewell to an imperial class". the Guardian. Retrieved 2018-03-08. 
  135. ^ "Post". www.cropper.com. Retrieved 2018-03-08. 
  136. ^ "THE MARCHES - Rory Stewart". Rory Stewart. Retrieved 2018-03-08. 
  137. ^ Barber, Caroline. "What did your MP receive last year? Parliament's gifts and donations list revealed". Retrieved 2018-03-08. 
  138. ^ The Legacy of Lawrence of Arabia BBC Two
  139. ^ "BBC Two - Afghanistan: The Great Game - A Personal View by Rory Stewart". BBC. 
  140. ^ "BBC Two - Border Country: The Story of Britain's Lost Middleland, Episode 1". BBC. 
  141. ^ "No. 57315". The London Gazette (Supplement). 12 June 2004. p. 23. 
  142. ^ a b "Royal Society of Literature » Two-way traffic: Rory Stewart on writing about place". rsliterature.org. Retrieved 2018-03-05. 
  143. ^ "Glenfiddich Spirit of Scotland Awards". Wikipedia. 2017-01-20. 
  144. ^ "Livingstone Medal | RSGS". rsgs.org. Retrieved 2018-03-05. 
  145. ^ "Professor Rory Stewart OBE – University of Stirling". www.stir.ac.uk. Retrieved 2018-03-05. 
  146. ^ "Rory Stewart MP | Voices From Oxford". www.voicesfromoxford.org. Retrieved 2018-03-05. 
  147. ^ "Noticias Ruta Camino del CID |El escocés Rory Stewart gana el Premio de Literatura de Viajes Camino del Cid con su libro La huella de Babur". www.caminodelcid.org (in Spanish). Retrieved 2018-03-05. 
  148. ^ "The American University of Paris Graduation Ceremony - Rory Stewart". Rory Stewart. 2011-06-02. Retrieved 2018-03-05. 
  149. ^ "British Academy Scotland Awards: Winners in 2012". www.bafta.org. Retrieved 2018-03-05. 
  150. ^ "Post". www.cropper.com. Retrieved 2018-03-05. 
  151. ^ "Rory Stewart on Twitter". Twitter. Retrieved 2018-06-06. 
  152. ^ Desert Island Discs – Rory Stewart, BBC Radio 4, 20 January 2008.
  153. ^ Orlando Bloom to make a star of Rory The First Post, 19 August 2008
  154. ^ http://www.publicservice.co.uk/feature_story.asp?id=14560[permanent dead link]
  155. ^ "OCCUPATIONAL HAZARDS". Hampstead Theatre. Retrieved 2018-03-05. 
  156. ^ Home & Background, Rory Stewart, UK.
  157. ^ "Conservative MP Rory Stewart to marry American volunteer at his Afghan charity". [permanent dead link]
  158. ^ Thring, Oliver (2016-10-09). "Florence of Arabia tamed by a toddler". The Sunday Times. ISSN 0956-1382. Retrieved 2018-03-05. 

BooksEdit

External linksEdit


Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
David Maclean
Member of Parliament
for Penrith and The Border

2010–present
Incumbent