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Roderick James Nugent Stewart OBE FRSL FRSGS MP (born 3 January 1973) is a British Conservative Party politician who has been Member of Parliament for Penrith and The Border since 2010. He served in several ministerial roles, including as Secretary of State for International Development in 2019.[1][2]


Rory Stewart

Rory Stewart MP (cropped).jpg
Secretary of State for International Development
In office
1 May 2019 – 24 July 2019
Prime MinisterTheresa May
Preceded byPenny Mordaunt
Succeeded byAlok Sharma
Minister of State for Prisons
In office
9 January 2018 – 1 May 2019
Prime MinisterTheresa May
Preceded bySam Gyimah
Succeeded byRobert Buckland
Minister of State for Africa
In office
15 June 2017 – 9 January 2018
Prime MinisterTheresa May
Preceded byTobias Ellwood
Succeeded byHarriett Baldwin
Minister of State for International Development
In office
17 July 2016 – 9 January 2018
Prime MinisterTheresa May
Preceded bySir Desmond Swayne
Succeeded byHarriett Baldwin
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs
In office
12 May 2015 – 17 July 2016
Prime MinisterDavid Cameron
Preceded byDan Rogerson
Succeeded byThérèse Coffey
Chair of the Defence Select Committee
In office
14 May 2014 – 12 May 2015
Preceded byJames Arbuthnot
Succeeded byJulian Lewis
Member of Parliament
for Penrith and The Border
Assumed office
6 May 2010
Preceded byDavid Maclean
Majority15,910 (34.2%)
Personal details
Born
Roderick James Nugent Stewart

(1973-01-03) 3 January 1973 (age 46)
British Hong Kong
Political partyConservative
Spouse(s)Shoshana Clark
Children2
FatherBrian Stewart
EducationEton College
Alma materBalliol College, Oxford
Websitewww.rorystewart.co.uk Edit this at Wikidata
Military service
Allegiance United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Branch/service British Army
Years of service1991 - 1992
RankBritish Army OF-1a.svg Second Lieutenant (on probation)
UnitRoyal Regiment of Scotland TRF.png Black Watch

After education at Eton College and Balliol College, Oxford, Stewart became a diplomat, working in Indonesia and Montenegro. He left the civil service to undertake a two-year walk across Afghanistan, Iran, Pakistan, India and Nepal. He later wrote a best-selling book, The Places in Between, about his experiences. He subsequently served as a Deputy Governor for the Coalition Provisional Authority following the 2003 invasion of Iraq, and wrote a second book covering this period, Occupational Hazards or The Prince of the Marshes. He later lectured at Harvard and worked for several non-governmental organizations, including as executive chairman of the Turquoise Mountain Foundation.

In 2009, Stewart joined the Conservative Party and was selected as the parliamentary candidate for Penrith and The Border. He was elected to the House of Commons the following year, and was later elected as Chair of the Defence Select Committee. In 2015, he was appointed to the Cameron Government as Minister of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs. From 2016 to 2019, Stewart served in the May Government as Minister of State for International Development, Minister of State for Africa, and Minister of State for Prisons.[3] On 1 May 2019, he was promoted to the Cabinet as Secretary of State for International Development. Stewart stood as a candidate for Leader of the Conservative Party in the 2019 leadership contest, finishing fifth.

Contents

Early lifeEdit

 
Stewart's father, Brian Stewart, in 1953

Stewart was born in Hong Kong, the son of Brian Stewart and his wife Sally Elizabeth Acland Nugent. Stewart's father, born in Edinburgh, Scotland, was a colonial official and diplomat who, in the 1970s, was a candidate to become the director of the British Secret Intelligence Service, also known as MI6.[4]

His family is from Broich House (built in 1770), which is near Crieff in Perth and Kinross, Scotland.[5] He was brought up in Malaysia and in Scotland and educated at the Dragon School in Oxford, and at Eton College.[6]

As a teenager, he was a member of the Labour Party[7] and he has spoken about this in a number of interviews, including on BBC Radio 4's Political Thinking with Nick Robinson.[8] During his gap year in 1991, he was commissioned ("short service limited commission") in the Black Watch for five months as second lieutenant (on probation).[9][10] He then attended Balliol College, Oxford University, where he read Modern History for one year, before switching to Philosophy, Politics and Economics.[6] While a student at Oxford, Stewart was a private tutor to Prince William and Prince Harry during the summer.[11]

Foreign OfficeEdit

After graduating, Stewart joined the Foreign Office.[12] He served in the British embassy in Indonesia from 1997 to 1999, working on issues related to East Timor independence, and was appointed at the age of 26 as the British Representative to Montenegro in the wake of the Kosovo campaign.[11] Some have suggested that Stewart was an employee of the Secret Intelligence Service (MI6) at this time.[13][14] Stewart has said that his career progression and his father's work for MI6 might "give the appearance" that he worked for MI6,[15] but says he did not work for MI6 while a diplomat.[14]

Coalition Provisional AuthorityEdit

After the 2003 invasion of Iraq, Stewart became the Coalition Provisional Authority Deputy Governorate Co-ordinator in Maysan and Deputy Governorate Co-ordinator/Senior Advisor in Dhi Qar in 2003, both of which are provinces in southern Iraq.[11] He was posted initially to the KOSB Battlegroup then to the Light Infantry.[16] His responsibilities included holding elections, resolving tribal disputes, and implementing development projects.[16] He faced growing unrest and an incipient civil war from his base in a Civil-Military Co-operation (CIMIC) compound in Al Amarah, and in May 2004 was in command of his compound in Nasiriyah when it was besieged by Sadrist militia.[11] He was awarded an OBE for his services during this period.[17]

While Stewart initially supported the Iraq War, the international coalition's inability to achieve a more humane, prosperous state led him in retrospect to believe the invasion had been a mistake.[18]

Academic, nonprofit, and advisory workEdit

In late 2004, Stewart became a fellow at the Carr Center for Human Rights Policy at Harvard University's John F. Kennedy School of Government, and in July 2008, he was appointed Ryan Family Professor of Human Rights at Harvard and director of the Carr Center.[6] Stewart left his position at Harvard in 2010 in order to campaign for Parliament.[19] W.W. Norton published his book Can Intervention Work? in 2011.[20] Stewart has frequently been called on to provide advice on Afghanistan and Iraq to policy-makers, particularly in the United States, United Kingdom, and Canada.[6] In an article in The Daily Telegraph he was described an advisor on Afghan issues to U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton and the U.S. Special Envoy for Afghanistan and Pakistan Richard Holbrooke.[21]

In late 2005 he joined the Turquoise Mountain Foundation, a human development NGO established by Charles, Prince of Wales, and Hamid Karzai, in Afghanistan.[22] For this role he relocated to Kabul for the next three years, working to restore historic buildings in the old city of Kabul, managing its finances, installing water supply, electricity, and establishing a clinic, a school and an institute for traditional crafts.[6] Stewart was awarded the Royal Scottish Geographical Society's Livingstone medal in 2009 "in recognition of his work in Afghanistan and his travel writing, and for his distinguished contribution to geography".[23] Stewart stepped down as executive chairman of the Turquoise Mountain Foundation in May 2010.[24]

Stewart served for a time on the board of governors of the International Development Research Centre of Canada.[25]

Member of ParliamentEdit

Penrith and The BorderEdit

Stewart had considered a parliamentary career in the past but only decided to stand when, in the aftermath of the expenses scandal, David Cameron decided to "reopen the Conservative candidates' list to anybody who wants to apply". Stewart tried for selection for the Bracknell constituency in the 2010 general election,[26] but the place went to Dr Phillip Lee.[27] Stewart was then shortlisted for the Penrith and the Border constituency and, at an open caucus, selected as the Conservative Party Candidate on 25 October 2009.[28] He was returned as the MP for the constituency on 6 May 2010.[29] At the 2015 general election, Stewart almost doubled his majority in Penrith and the Border from 11,241 to 19,894, the highest majority since the seat was created.[30] In the 2017 general election, he received 60.4% of the vote.

Upon joining the House of Commons, Stewart was elected a member of the Foreign Affairs Select Committee, serving until 2014. In this capacity, he made a notable contribution to the committee's report on Afghanistan.[31] Stewart also served as the chairman of the APPG for Mountain Rescue[32][33] and the APPG for Local Democracy[34][35] and was an officer of the APPG for Rural Services.[36] He was elected Chairman of the Defence Select Committee in May 2014. He left these positions upon his appointment as Minister for the Environment.

On 25 July 2010, Stewart apologised to his constituents after blogging about the relative poverty of rural areas and need for more public services.[37] He was quoted in the Scottish Sun as saying that "Some areas around here are pretty primitive, people holding up their trousers with bits of twine."[37] A light-hearted Guardian article, "In praise of ... binder twine", whilst acknowledging the "serious effort" Stewart had made "walking hundreds of miles" to get to know his constituency believed he had simply underestimated the importance of the "ubiquitous and indispensable" twine to the rural community.[38]

His speech about hedgehogs in Parliament in 2015[39] was named by The Times and The Daily Telegraph as the best parliamentary speech of 2015 and described by the Deputy Speaker as "one of the best speeches [she] had ever heard in Parliament".[40][41]

Stewart supported Remain in the 2016 referendum on the UK's continued membership of the European Union[42] but fully accepted the result, writing that "the decision is made, and we should be energetic and optimistic [about it]".[43] Stewart has emerged as a prominent supporter of the Brexit withdrawal agreement negotiated by Prime Minister Theresa May,[44][45][46] arguing that the agreement respects the result of the referendum "by leaving EU political institutions...and by taking back control over immigration" while also addressing "the concerns of the more than 16 million who voted Remain" and protecting the British economy.[47]

Stewart led the first backbench motion for expanding broadband and mobile coverage, securing what was then the largest number of cross-party endorsements for a backbench motion.[48] In a report published in 2011, Stewart won support from the House of Commons Culture, Media and Sport Committee in calling for mobile phone companies to be forced to provide coverage to 98% of the population,[49] and in 2012, his campaign achieved its goal when regulator Ofcom announced its plans for the auction of fourth generation (4G) bandwidth for mobile phone services.[50] In March 2018, Ofcom announced that the 98% target had been met.[51]

Stewart was successful in securing the Cumbrian broadband pilot in 2011,[52] and in November 2013, broadband provider EE cited the support of Government and regulatory policy in announcing that over 2,000 residents and businesses in rural Cumbria were to have access to superfast home and office broadband for the first time.[53] In February 2015 Stewart secured more funding in order to continue the broadband roll-out in Cumbria.[54]

Hands Across The BorderEdit

In July 2014 Stewart launched Hands Across The Border, a project to construct a cairn called 'The Auld Acquaintance' as "a testament to the Union".[55] Built by members of the public it is close to the Scotland–England border near Gretna. During the run up to the Scottish independence referendum.[56] Stewart said of the project: "We wanted to come up with a lasting marker of our union, something that future generations will look back at and remember, with deep gratitude, the moment we chose to stay together."[57] The campaign received support from several notable public figures in the UK, including actress Joanna Lumley, explorer Sir Ranulph Fiennes, mountaineers Alan Hinkes and Doug Scott, and historians Simon Schama and David Starkey.[58] Approximately 100,000 stones were laid on the cairn, many with personal messages.

At the same time, Stewart hosted a two-part documentary on BBC Two about the cross-border history of what he called "Britain's lost middleland",[59] covering the kingdoms of Northumbria and Strathclyde and the Debatable Lands of the Scottish Marches on the Anglo-Scottish border.[59]

Veterans in the justice systemEdit

In January 2014, Stewart was asked by Chris Grayling, Secretary of State for Justice, to lead a Government review into the reasons why a number of British veterans become criminal offenders after returning to civilian life.[60] The review looked at ways in which support and prevention for veterans in the justice system can be improved.[61] Following his election to Chairman of the Defence Select Committee, Stewart handed over the lead for the review to Stephen Phillips QC MP.[62]

Defence Select CommitteeEdit

In May 2014, Stewart was elected by MPs from all parties as Chairman of the Defence Select Committee. He was the youngest Chair of a select committee in parliamentary history, as well as the first MP of the 2010 intake to be elected to chair a committee. [63][64][65] In this capacity, Stewart argued strongly for a more vigorous response to Russian aggression in Ukraine.[66] The committee also argued that Britain's commitments to Iraq and Syria were "strikingly modest" and that more should be done.[67] Under Stewart's chairmanship, the committee produced a report in favour of the proposals for a Services Complaint Ombudsman and also secured an amendment extending the powers of the Ombudsman.[68]

Minister for the EnvironmentEdit

 
Stewart pictured with the Greek politician Nikos Xydakis in September 2016

Following the Conservatives' return with an outright majority at the 2015 UK General Election, Stewart was appointed Parliamentary Under Secretary of State at the Department for Environment, Food & Rural Affairs (DEFRA), with responsibilities including the natural environment, national parks, floods and water, resource and environmental management, rural affairs, lead responsibility for the Environment Agency, Natural England and the Forestry Commission, and acting as the Secretary of State's deputy on the Environment Council.[69]

In July 2015, in his capacity as Resource Minister, he announced a review into the regulatory and enforcement barriers to growth and innovation in the waste sector.[70] Stewart as 'Floods Minister' joined the National Flood Resilience Review, formed in 2016 and chaired by the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, Oliver Letwin.[71] Stewart initiated the Cumbria Floods Partnership in response to Storm Desmond, with a focus on long-term flood defence.[72] UK House of Commons cross-party Environment Audit Committee criticised Floods Minister Stewart "that the extra £700m [newly allocated flood defence monies] was the result of a 'political calculation' and that it might not be spent according to the strict value-for-money criteria currently used."[73]

As Environment Minister he introduced the plastic bag tax which dropped use of personal bags by 85% in 6 months;[74] and he was responsible for bringing the first draft of the 25 year environment plan in which he emphasised alongside biodiversity and ecosystems, the importance of human cultural features in the landscape, and particularly the conservation of small family sheep farms.[75] As Minister responsible for the National Parks, Stewart secured five years of increased funding for National Parks and AOBs.[76] He also ensured the extension of the Lake District and Yorkshire Dales National Park and supported the UNESCO World Heritage bid for the Lake District.[77]

Water resourcesEdit

As Floods Minister, Stewart oversaw the government's response to the 2015–16 Great Britain and Ireland floods, including the post-Storm Desmond floods,[78] including the reopening of the A591 and the bridge at Pooley Bridge in the Lake District.[79]

Minister for International Development and AfricaEdit

After Theresa May replaced David Cameron as Prime Minister, Stewart was promoted to Minister of State for International Development on 17 July 2016.[3][80]

 
Stewart at the London Illegal Wildlife Trade Conference 2018

Stewart was promoted to become joint Minister for Africa, taking over responsibility for the Foreign Office and its embassies in Africa, as well as DfID in Africa. In this capacity he has visited Nigeria,[81] Uganda,[82] Botswana,[83] Zambia,[84] Tanzania,[85] Ethiopia,[86] Somalia,[87] Rwanda,[88] DRC,[89] South Sudan,[90] Kenya,[91] Zimbabwe[92] and to the United National General Assembly in New York (UNGA).[93] During these trips he held personal meetings with President Kagame of Rwanda,[94] President Kabila of DRC,[95] President Lungu of Zambia,[84] President Magufuli of Tanzania,[85] and President Mnangagwa of Zimbabwe.[96] In this role Stewart was the driving force behind the British Government's new Africa Strategy and pushed for more resources to go into the Foreign Office network in Africa. His most notable trip was to Zimbabwe where he was the first foreign dignitary to be received by President Mnangagwa.[97] His Zimbabwe policy pressed for political reform, and free and fair elections.[92]

Minister for PrisonsEdit

Stewart was appointed Minister of State with responsibility for prisons and probation in England and Wales in January 2018.[98] He was appointed in the aftermath of a highly critical leaked report on the state of HMP Liverpool, in which the inspector described it as the "worst prison he had ever seen" with piles of rubbish, rats, soaring violence and drug use and poor health provision.[99] Stewart immediately visited the prison and, testifying before the Justice Select Committee, announced his determination to clean up prisons in England and Wales.[100]

This advocacy of a "back to basics" approach was recorded in The Guardian, with Stewart writing an opinion piece in the publication, entitled "I strongly believe we can improve our prisons and make progress".[101]

In April 2018 Stewart took the Assaults on Emergency Workers (Offences) Private Member's Bill through the House of Commons, on behalf of the government, which doubled the maximum sentences for those who attack emergency services personnel and introduced sexual assault as an aggravating factor in sentencing.[102]

Ten Prisons ProjectEdit

In August 2018, during an interview with BBC Breakfast, Stewart announced the launch of the Ten Prisons Project. He argued that, despite five years of continuous rise in violence in prisons, it was possible to turn it around. Stewart argued that it could be done through improving perimeter gate security (to catch drugs) and by improving training and support of staff. The key, he said, was to get the basics right. He undertook to create a new Prison Officer handbook and a new course at the training college for prison officers. Stewart pledged, in the same interview, that he would resign if this project was not successful.[103] Though he was promoted to the Cabinet as Secretary of State for International Development before the twelve months elapsed, significant progress was made in reducing violence in prisons, with reductions reported within six months of the project's launch.[104]

The twelve months statistics showed a continuing positive trend when, in August 2019, the results from the 10 Prisons Project were published. These showed a 16% drop in the rate of assaults, and a 17% drop in the number of assaults, almost 10% greater than the national trend. At the same time, the percentage of positive results from random mandatory drug tests dropped by 50%.[105]

Secretary of State for International DevelopmentEdit

In May 2019, Stewart was promoted to the Cabinet after the dismissal of Gavin Williamson from Cabinet, replacing the new Defence Secretary Penny Mordaunt in the Department for International Development. This position includes membership of the Political Cabinet, the National Security Council and saw Stewart serve as a Governor of the World Bank, the African Development Bank, the Caribbean Development Bank and the Inter-African Development Bank. He was also an Alternative Governor to the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development.[106]

On 24 July 2019, Stewart resigned as International Development Secretary.[107]

2019 leadership electionEdit

Stewart was a candidate in the 2019 Conservative leadership election, announcing his intention to stand in an interview in The Times.[108] [109] His candidacy was not initially taken seriously, with a piece in the New Statesman's diary stating that he had a single supporter: himself.[110] As The Guardian noted: 'his campaign benefited at the start from low expectations, and for days leading up to the first vote his tally of supporters was in single figures. When he met the threshold he looked like the insurgent because so many had assumed he would be knocked out'.[111]

Adopting an unconventional campaigning style, Stewart did not focus his attention on Westminster but, instead, went on a series of filmed walkabouts (dubbed 'RoryWalks'), which saw him take to the streets of Britain, talking to voters, to understand their priorities and concerns. These were then uploaded onto social media, with significant success.[112]On 1 June, Kenneth Clarke was announced as one of Stewart's MP backers, with other supporters including David Lidington, David Gauke, Nicholas Soames, Tobias Ellwood, Gillian Keegan and Victoria Prentis.[113]

Against expectations, on 13 June 2019, Stewart made it through the first parliamentary ballot, gaining 19 votes, two more than the elimination threshold.[114] On 16 June he appeared, as one of the six remaining candidates, in a televised debate on Channel 4.[115] He was widely judged to have won the debate, with Michael Deacon writing in The Daily Telegraph that 'If you were to judge it by the response of the studio audience, Channel 4’s debate had only one winner. Rory Stewart got more rounds of applause than any other candidate – and, at the end, when each took turns to sum up, he was the only candidate to get a round of applause at all'.[116]

On 18 June 2019, he also made it through the second parliamentary ballot, with 37 votes from a threshold of 33, but, following a lacklustre performance in that evening's BBC debate, he polled just 27 votes in the next day's ballot and was eliminated as the last-placed candidate.[117][118] It was revealed on the same day that Stewart was in talks with Michael Gove to stop Boris Johnson becoming Prime Minister.[119]

WritingEdit

BooksEdit

His first book, The Places in Between, was an account of his 32-day solo walk across Afghanistan in early 2002.[120] It was a New York Times best-seller, with the newspaper also naming it one of its 10 notable books of 2006 and hailing it as a "flat-out masterpiece".[6] It won the Royal Society of Literature Ondaatje Prize,[121] a Scottish Arts Council prize,[122] the Spirit of Scotland award,[123] and the Premio de Literatura de Viaje Caminos del Cid [es].[123] It was short-listed for a Scottish Arts Council prize,[124] the Guardian First Book Award[125] and the John Llewellyn Rhys Prize.[125] The book was adapted into a radio play by Benjamin Yeoh and was broadcast in 2007 on BBC Radio 4.[126]

Stewart's second book, The Prince of the Marshes: and other Occupational Hazards of a Year in Iraq, also published as Occupational Hazards: My Time Governing in Iraq, describes his experiences as a Deputy Governorate Co-ordinator in Iraq.[6] The New York Times critic William Grimes commented that Stewart "seems to be living one of the more extraordinary lives on record", but for him the "real value of the new book is Mr. Stewart's sobering picture of the difficulties involved in creating a coherent Iraqi state based on the rule of law".[127] Stewart's books have been translated into multiple languages.

Stewart's reflections on the circumstances under which outside military and political intervention in countries' internal affairs may or may not hope to achieve positive results were distilled in a 2011 book, Can Intervention Work?, co-authored with Gerald Knaus and part of the Amnesty International Global Ethics Series. He has also written about theory and practice of travel writings in prefaces to Wilfred Thesiger's Arabian Sands,[128] Charles Doughty's Arabia Deserta[129] and Robert Byron's The Road to Oxiana.[130]

In 2016, he published The Marches: Border Walks With My Father a travelogue about a 1,000-mile walk in the borderlands separating England and Scotland, known as the Scottish Marches, and an extended essay on his father, Brian Stewart.[131] The Marches was long listed for the Orwell Prize, won the Hunter Davies Lakeland Book of the Year,[132] was a Waterstones Book of the Month,[133] and became a Sunday Times top ten bestseller.[134]

ArticlesEdit

Stewart is a columnist for the Cumberland and Westmorland Herald, contributing a monthly column,[135] and has been a columnist for The New York Times,[136] in addition to a contributor to the New York Review of Books,[137] and the London Review of Books.[138]

DocumentariesEdit

Stewart has written and presented three BBC documentaries:

  • The Legacy of Lawrence of Arabia (2010).[139]
  • Afghanistan: The Great Game – A Personal View by Rory Stewart (2012) a documentary in two parts that tells the story of foreign intervention by Britain, Russia and the United States in Afghanistan from the 19th century to the present day, which aired on BBC2 and which won a Scottish BAFTA.[140]
  • Border Country: The Story of Britain's Lost Middleland (2014), which investigates the rift created by Hadrian's Wall and the issues of identity and culture in a region divided by the fabricated border.[59]

Prizes and honoursEdit

MiscellaneousEdit

Personal lifeEdit

In 2012 he married American Shoshana Clark, a former employee.[151][152] They had their first child in November 2014 — a son whom Stewart delivered at home in the absence of medical assistance[153] — and their second child was born in April 2017.[154][better source needed] Shoshana and her former husband were volunteering at the Turquoise Mountain Foundation in Afghanistan when she met Stewart.[155]

In 2012, The Daily Telegraph reported that in 2008, Brad Pitt bought the rights to make a film about Stewart, particularly his time in Afghanistan, with Orlando Bloom expected to play the leading role.[155]

During the 2019 Conservative leadership election, Stewart admitted he had smoked opium during a wedding in Iran.[156] Several other candidates admitted to previous illegal drug use during the leadership contest.[157]

Stewart lives at Dufton in Cumbria.[158] He is a member of the The Athenaeum Club and the Special Forces Club.[159]

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Stratton, Allegra (26 October 2009). "Former royal tutor Rory Stewart selected for safe Tory seat". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 22 May 2010.
  2. ^ Penrith and the Border Conservatives Rory Stewart becomes MP for Penrith and the Border
  3. ^ a b "Rory Stewart MP OBE". GOV.UK. British Government. Retrieved 5 December 2016.
  4. ^ Parker, Ian (8 November 2010). "Paths of Glory" – via www.newyorker.com.
  5. ^ Satnam, Sanghera (4 December 2013). "Rory Stewart: Adventurer, academic, MP - PM?". The Times. Retrieved 18 June 2019.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g Parker, Ian (8 November 2010). "Paths of Glory". The New Yorker. ISSN 0028-792X. Retrieved 6 March 2018.
  7. ^ Glover, Julian (14 January 2010). "Rory Stewart's awfully big adventure". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 22 May 2010.
  8. ^ "BBC Radio 4 – Political Thinking with Nick Robinson, The Rory Stewart One". BBC. Retrieved 18 May 2019.
  9. ^ "No. 52792". The London Gazette (Supplement). 14 January 1992. p. 493.
  10. ^ "No. 52910". The London Gazette (Supplement). 5 May 1992. p. 7744.
  11. ^ a b c d Parker, Ian (8 November 2010). "Paths of Glory". The New Yorker. ISSN 0028-792X. Retrieved 5 March 2018.
  12. ^ Biography Archived 20 January 2010 at the Wayback Machine Rory Stewart
  13. ^ Parker, Ian (8 November 2010). "Paths of Glory". New Yorker.
  14. ^ a b Rob Merrick, Tory leadership: Rory Stewart claims 100 Conservative MPs would rebel against Boris Johnson to stop no-deal Brexit (June 17, 2019): "He was also asked if, as strongly rumoured he was an MI6 spy when working as a diplomat, but replied: 'No.'"
  15. ^ Jon Swain, Rory Stewart concedes career 'gives appearance' that he worked for MI6, Telegraph (8 November 2010).
  16. ^ a b Stewart, Rory (2007). Occupational Hazards. London: Picador. p. 87.
  17. ^ "Rory Stewart: Days of hope and hubris". The Independent. 23 June 2006. Retrieved 6 March 2018.
  18. ^ "Interview: Rory Stewart". Harcourt Trade Publishers. Archived from the original on 15 February 2010. Retrieved 2 January 2010.
  19. ^ Director's Lecture with Rory Stewart, University of Chicago Oriental Institute.
  20. ^ Oborne, Peter (10 October 2011). "Can Intervention Work? by Rory Stewart and Gerald Knaus: review". ISSN 0307-1235. Retrieved 6 March 2018.
  21. ^ Praagh, Anna van (1 November 2009). "Rory Stewart: A new kind of Tory". ISSN 0307-1235. Retrieved 12 April 2019.
  22. ^ "The Turquoise Mountain Foundation becomes The Prince's 18th charity". Prince of Wales. 25 March 2007. Archived from the original on 1 July 2007. Retrieved 28 September 2008.
  23. ^ "Medals and Awards". Royal Scottish Geographical Society. Archived from the original on 12 February 2010. Retrieved 27 June 2013.
  24. ^ Declarations of Interests Rory Stewart
  25. ^ [Board of Governors: November 02, 2010], International Development Research Centre of Canada.
  26. ^ "Residents choose Tory candidate". BBC News Online. 17 October 2009.
  27. ^ Paul Waugh (25 October 2009). "Rory Stewart for PM?". London Evening Standard. Archived from the original on 28 October 2009. Retrieved 30 May 2010.
  28. ^ "Ex-diplomat heads list to succeed Penrith MP David Maclean". Cumberland News. 7 October 2009. Archived from the original on 24 February 2012. Retrieved 18 October 2009.
  29. ^ "Election 2010 – Penrith & the Border". BBC News Online. 6 May 2010.
  30. ^ "Penrith and the Border: results". ITV News. Retrieved 6 March 2018.
  31. ^ "The UK's foreign policy approach to Afghanistan and Pakistan (HC514)" (PDF). House of Commons Foreign Affairs Committee. 2 March 2011. Retrieved 29 August 2014.
  32. ^ "Mountain Rescue". All Party. 24 January 2012. Archived from the original on 21 September 2013. Retrieved 29 August 2014.
  33. ^ "Rory delivers keynote speech at UK's bi-ennial Mountain Rescue conference". Rory Stewart. 17 September 2012.
  34. ^ "Local Democracy". Register of All-Party Groups. House of Commons. 30 March 2015.
  35. ^ "Rory Stewart MP leads national campaign for parish financing". National Association of Local Councils. 30 April 2013. Archived from the original on 16 July 2013. Retrieved 19 December 2017.
  36. ^ "RORY STEWART MP HERALDS FUEL REBATE WIN FOR RURAL AREAS – Rory Stewart". Rory Stewart. 2 June 2015. Retrieved 6 March 2018.
  37. ^ a b "Tory MP 'sorry' for twine remark". BBC News Online. 25 July 2010. Retrieved 26 July 2010.
  38. ^ "In praise of ... binder twine". The Guardian. 27 July 2010. Retrieved 27 July 2010.
  39. ^ "Hedgehog conservation". Hansard. 2015. Retrieved 22 July 2018.
  40. ^ Parris, Matthew (23 December 2015). "Why llamas are the hedgehog's best friend". The Times. ISSN 0140-0460. Retrieved 6 March 2018.
  41. ^ Moore, Charles (28 December 2015). "If only we could consign Tracey Crouch and her views on foxhunting to history". ISSN 0307-1235. Retrieved 6 March 2018.
  42. ^ "EU vote: Where the cabinet and other MPs stand". BBC News Online. 22 June 2016.
  43. ^ "Statement on Brexit". Rory Stewart. 5 July 2016. Retrieved 15 February 2019.
  44. ^ Rafael Behr, May's Brexit deal is not dead – and only Rory Stewart will admit it, The Guardian (19 June 2019).
  45. ^ Jessica Elgot, 'This is serious': the unlikely rise of Rory Stewart's pitch to be PM, The Guardian (18 June 2019): "his energetic defence of Theresa May’s Brexit deal"
  46. ^ Andrew Woodcock, Rory Stewart: Tory leadership contender unveils proposal to break Brexit deadlock, Independent (28 May 2019): "Mr Stewart, who backed Remain in the 2016 referendum and has been one of the most persistent public defenders of Theresa May’s withdrawal deal"
  47. ^ "ON BREXIT". Rory Stewart. 29 November 2018. Retrieved 15 February 2019.
  48. ^ "Broadband Archives – Rory Stewart". Rory Stewart. Retrieved 7 March 2018.
  49. ^ "98% coverage for mobile broadband". Rory Stewart. 4 November 2011.
  50. ^ "Rory's campaign for rural mobile coverage in 4G triumph". Rory Stewart. 25 July 2012.
  51. ^ "Mobile coverage obligation". Ofcom. Retrieved 21 March 2018.
  52. ^ "Rural broadband pilot areas named". Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport. 19 May 2011.
  53. ^ "EE switches on superfast 4G broadband in rural Cumbria". EE Limited. 11 November 2013.
  54. ^ "Secretary of State pays testament to broadband activist Rory Stewart MP". Rory Stewart. 5 February 2015.
  55. ^ "Home". Hands Across the Border.
  56. ^ "'THE CAIRN REMAINS A POWERFUL SYMBOL OF THE TIES THAT BIND US' SAYS RORY STEWART – Rory Stewart". Rory Stewart. 14 April 2015. Retrieved 7 March 2018.
  57. ^ "Scottish independence: 'cairn to celebrate union love'". BBC News Online. 9 July 2014. Retrieved 2 August 2014.
  58. ^ "Joanna Lumley shows support for union with Scotland". BBC News Online. 31 August 2014. Retrieved 2 August 2014.
  59. ^ a b c "Border Country: The Story of Britain's Lost Middleland". BBC iPlayer. 26 March 2014. Retrieved 20 December 2017.
  60. ^ "Rory Stewart visits VA to consult on rehabilitation needs". Veterans Aid. 2 April 2014. Retrieved 7 March 2018.
  61. ^ "Review of Veterans within the Criminal Justice System Call for Evidence". Ministry of Justice.
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  128. ^ Thesiger, Wilfred; Stewart, Rory (25 October 2007). Arabian Sands (Reissue ed.). London: Penguin Classics. ISBN 9780141442075.
  129. ^ "Travels In Arabia Deserta | Folio Illustrated Book". www.foliosociety.com. Retrieved 7 March 2018.
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BooksEdit

External linksEdit


Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
David Maclean
Member of Parliament
for Penrith and The Border

2010–present
Incumbent
Preceded by
James Arbuthnot
Chair of the Defence Select Committee
2014–2015
Succeeded by
Julian Lewis
Political offices
Preceded by
Dan Rogerson
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State
for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs

2015–2016
Succeeded by
Thérèse Coffey
Preceded by
Sir Desmond Swayne
Minister of State for International Development
2016–2018
Succeeded by
Harriett Baldwin
Preceded by
Tobias Ellwood
Minister of State for Africa
2017–2018
Preceded by
Sam Gyimah
Minister of State for Prisons
2018–2019
Succeeded by
Robert Buckland
Preceded by
Penny Mordaunt
Secretary of State for International Development
2019
Succeeded by
Alok Sharma