Roderick James Nugent Stewart OBE FRSL FRSGS (born 3 January 1973), known as Rory Stewart, is a British politician who was Member of Parliament for Penrith and The Border from 2010 to 2019. He served in several ministerial roles, including as Secretary of State for International Development in 2019. First elected as a Conservative, Stewart had the Conservative whip removed on 3 September 2019 and sat as an independent MP after that.
|Secretary of State for International Development|
1 May 2019 – 24 July 2019
|Prime Minister||Theresa May|
|Preceded by||Penny Mordaunt|
|Succeeded by||Alok Sharma|
|Minister of State for Prisons|
9 January 2018 – 1 May 2019
|Prime Minister||Theresa May|
|Preceded by||Sam Gyimah|
|Succeeded by||Robert Buckland|
|Minister of State for Africa|
15 June 2017 – 9 January 2018
|Prime Minister||Theresa May|
|Preceded by||Tobias Ellwood|
|Succeeded by||Harriett Baldwin|
|Minister of State for International Development|
17 July 2016 – 9 January 2018
|Prime Minister||Theresa May|
|Preceded by||Sir Desmond Swayne|
|Succeeded by||Harriett Baldwin|
|Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs|
12 May 2015 – 17 July 2016
|Prime Minister||David Cameron|
|Preceded by||Dan Rogerson|
|Succeeded by||Thérèse Coffey|
|Chair of the Defence Select Committee|
14 May 2014 – 12 May 2015
|Preceded by||James Arbuthnot|
|Succeeded by||Julian Lewis|
|Member of Parliament |
for Penrith and The Border
6 May 2010 – 6 November 2019
|Preceded by||David Maclean|
Roderick James Nugent Stewart
3 January 1973
British Hong Kong
|Political party||Independent (2019–present)|
|Conservative (until 2019)|
Shoshana Clark (m. 2012)
|Alma mater||Balliol College, Oxford|
|Allegiance||United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland|
|Years of service||1991 - 1992|
|Rank||Second Lieutenant (on probation)|
After education at Eton College and Balliol College, Oxford, Stewart became a diplomat, working in Indonesia and Montenegro. He left the civil service to undertake a two-year walk across Afghanistan, Iran, Pakistan, India and Nepal. He later wrote a best-selling book, The Places in Between, about his experiences. He subsequently served as a Deputy Governor for the Coalition Provisional Authority following the 2003 invasion of Iraq, and wrote a second book covering this period, Occupational Hazards or The Prince of the Marshes. He later lectured at Harvard and worked for several non-governmental organizations, including as executive chairman of the Turquoise Mountain Foundation.
In 2009, Stewart joined the Conservative Party and was selected as the parliamentary candidate for Penrith and The Border. He was elected to the House of Commons the following year, and was later elected as Chair of the Defence Select Committee. In 2015, he was appointed to the Cameron Government as Minister of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs. From 2016 to 2019, Stewart served in the May Government as Minister of State for International Development, Minister of State for Africa, and Minister of State for Prisons. On 1 May 2019, he was promoted to the Cabinet as Secretary of State for International Development. Stewart stood as a candidate for Leader of the Conservative Party in the 2019 leadership contest, finishing fifth.
On 3 October 2019 Stewart announced he had resigned from the Conservative Party and would stand down as an MP at the next general election. He will stand as an independent candidate in the 2020 London mayoral election.
- 1 Early life
- 2 Foreign Office
- 3 Academic, nonprofit and advisory work
- 4 Political career
- 4.1 Member of Parliament
- 4.2 Hands Across The Border
- 4.3 Veterans in the justice system
- 4.4 Defence Select Committee
- 4.5 Minister for the Environment
- 4.6 Minister for International Development and Africa
- 4.7 Minister for Prisons
- 4.8 Secretary of State for International Development
- 4.9 Conservative Party leadership election
- 4.10 Sitting as an independent and resignation
- 4.11 London Mayoral candidate
- 5 Writing
- 6 Documentaries
- 7 Awards and honours
- 8 Personal life
- 9 Notes
- 10 Books
- 11 External links
Stewart was born in Hong Kong, the son of Brian Stewart and his wife Sally Elizabeth Acland Nugent (née Rose). Stewart's father, born in Edinburgh, Scotland, was a colonial official and diplomat who, in the 1970s, was a candidate to become the director of the UK's Secret Intelligence Service or MI6.
His father's family is from Broich House (built in 1770), which is near Crieff in Perth and Kinross, Scotland. His maternal grandfather was Jewish. He was brought up in Malaysia and in Scotland and educated at the Dragon School in Oxford, and at Eton College.
As a teenager, he was a member of the Labour Party and he has spoken about this in a number of interviews, including on BBC Radio 4's Political Thinking with Nick Robinson. During his gap year in 1991, he was commissioned ("short service limited commission") in the Black Watch for five months as second lieutenant (on probation). He then attended Balliol College, Oxford University, where he read Modern History for one year, before switching to Philosophy, Politics and Economics. While a student at Oxford, Stewart was a private tutor to Prince William and Prince Harry during the summer.
After graduating, Stewart joined the Foreign Office. He served in the British embassy in Indonesia from 1997 to 1999, working on issues related to East Timor independence, and was appointed at the age of 26 as the British Representative to Montenegro in the wake of the Kosovo campaign.
Coalition Provisional AuthorityEdit
After the 2003 invasion of Iraq, Stewart became the Coalition Provisional Authority Deputy Governorate Co-ordinator in Maysan and Deputy Governorate Co-ordinator/Senior Advisor in Dhi Qar in 2003, both of which are provinces in southern Iraq. He was posted initially to the KOSB Battlegroup then to the Light Infantry. His responsibilities included holding elections, resolving tribal disputes, and implementing development projects. He faced growing unrest and an incipient civil war from his base in a Civil-Military Co-operation (CIMIC) compound in Al Amarah, and in May 2004 was in command of his compound in Nasiriyah when it was besieged by Sadrist militia. He was awarded an OBE for his services during this period.
While Stewart initially supported the Iraq War, the international coalition's inability to achieve a more humane, prosperous state led him in retrospect to believe the invasion had been a mistake.
Some have suggested that Stewart was an employee of the Secret Intelligence Service (MI6), during his time as a British Representative to Montenegro - allegedly being recruited to MI6 shortly after he graduated from Oxford University. Stewart has said that his career progression and his father's work for MI6 might "give the appearance" that he worked for MI6, but says he did not work for MI6 while a diplomat. Stewart has acknowledged that due to the Official Secrets Act, even if he had worked for MI6, he would not be able to admit if he had.
Academic, nonprofit and advisory workEdit
In late 2004, Stewart became a fellow at the Carr Center for Human Rights Policy at Harvard University's John F. Kennedy School of Government, and in July 2008, he was appointed Ryan Family Professor of Human Rights at Harvard and director of the Carr Center. Stewart left his position at Harvard in 2010 in order to campaign for Parliament. W.W. Norton published his book Can Intervention Work? in 2011. Stewart has frequently been called on to provide advice on Afghanistan and Iraq to policy-makers, particularly in the United States, United Kingdom, and Canada. In an article in The Daily Telegraph he was described an advisor on Afghan issues to U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton and the U.S. Special Envoy for Afghanistan and Pakistan Richard Holbrooke.
In late 2005 he joined the Turquoise Mountain Foundation, a human development NGO established by Charles, Prince of Wales, and Hamid Karzai, in Afghanistan. For this role he relocated to Kabul for the next three years, working to restore historic buildings in the old city of Kabul, managing its finances, installing water supply, electricity, and establishing a clinic, a school and an institute for traditional crafts. Stewart was awarded the Royal Scottish Geographical Society's Livingstone medal in 2009 "in recognition of his work in Afghanistan and his travel writing, and for his distinguished contribution to geography". Stewart stepped down as executive chairman of the Turquoise Mountain Foundation in May 2010.
Stewart served for a time on the board of governors of the International Development Research Centre of Canada.
Member of ParliamentEdit
Stewart had considered a parliamentary career in the past but only decided to stand when, in the aftermath of the expenses scandal, David Cameron decided to "reopen the Conservative candidates' list to anybody who wants to apply". Stewart tried for selection for the Bracknell constituency in the 2010 general election, but the place went to Phillip Lee. Stewart was then shortlisted for the Penrith and the Border constituency and, at an open caucus, selected as the Conservative Party Candidate on 25 October 2009. He was returned as the MP for the constituency on 6 May 2010. At the 2015 general election, Stewart almost doubled his majority in Penrith and the Border from 11,241 to 19,894, the highest majority since the seat was created. In the 2017 general election, he received 60.4% of the vote.
Upon joining the House of Commons, Stewart was elected a member of the Foreign Affairs Select Committee, serving until 2014. During his tenure on the Committee he was also chairman of the secret trans-Atlantic group Le Cercle but did not declare his membership. Stewart also served as the chairman of the APPG for Mountain Rescue and the APPG for Local Democracy and was an officer of the APPG for Rural Services. He was elected Chairman of the Defence Select Committee in May 2014. He left these positions upon his appointment as Minister for the Environment.
On 25 July 2010, Stewart apologised to his constituents after blogging about the relative poverty of rural areas and need for more public services. He was quoted in the Scottish Sun as saying that "Some areas around here are pretty primitive, people holding up their trousers with bits of twine." A light-hearted Guardian article, "In praise of ... binder twine", whilst acknowledging the "serious effort" Stewart had made "walking hundreds of miles" to get to know his constituency believed he had simply underestimated the importance of the "ubiquitous and indispensable" twine to the rural community.
His speech about hedgehogs in Parliament in 2015 was named by The Times and The Daily Telegraph as the best parliamentary speech of 2015 and described by the Deputy Speaker as "one of the best speeches [she] had ever heard in Parliament".
Stewart supported Remain in the 2016 referendum on the UK's continued membership of the European Union but fully accepted the result, writing that "the decision is made, and we should be energetic and optimistic [about it]". Stewart has emerged as a prominent supporter of the Brexit withdrawal agreement negotiated by Prime Minister Theresa May, arguing that the agreement respects the result of the referendum "by leaving EU political institutions...and by taking back control over immigration" while also addressing "the concerns of the more than 16 million who voted Remain" and protecting the British economy.
Stewart led the first backbench motion for expanding broadband and mobile coverage, securing what was then the largest number of cross-party endorsements for a backbench motion. In a report published in 2011, Stewart won support from the House of Commons Culture, Media and Sport Committee in calling for mobile phone companies to be forced to provide coverage to 98% of the population, and in 2012, his campaign achieved its goal when regulator Ofcom announced its plans for the auction of fourth generation (4G) bandwidth for mobile phone services. In March 2018, Ofcom announced that the 98% target had been met.
Stewart was successful in securing the Cumbrian broadband pilot in 2011, and in November 2013, broadband provider EE cited the support of Government and regulatory policy in announcing that over 2,000 residents and businesses in rural Cumbria were to have access to superfast home and office broadband for the first time. In February 2015 Stewart secured more funding in order to continue the broadband roll-out in Cumbria.
Stewart is pro fox hunting, and has been marked as a "For" voter to upkeep the traditional sport if it were voted on  and has been seen at hunt meets in his local area. He said, "I'm in favour. It's an important cultural tradition in Cumbria going back many hundreds of years, and hunts like Blencathra and Ullswater are a very important part of rural tradition. It's not something I've ever done myself but it's something I think people should have the right to do."
Hands Across The BorderEdit
In July 2014 Stewart launched Hands Across The Border, a project to construct a cairn called 'The Auld Acquaintance' as "a testament to the Union". Built by members of the public it is close to the Scotland–England border near Gretna. During the run up to the Scottish independence referendum. Stewart said of the project: "We wanted to come up with a lasting marker of our union, something that future generations will look back at and remember, with deep gratitude, the moment we chose to stay together." The campaign received support from several notable public figures in the UK, including actress Joanna Lumley, explorer Sir Ranulph Fiennes, mountaineers Alan Hinkes and Doug Scott, and historians Simon Schama and David Starkey. Approximately 100,000 stones were laid on the cairn, many with personal messages.
At the same time, Stewart hosted a two-part documentary on BBC Two about the cross-border history of what he called "Britain's lost middleland", covering the kingdoms of Northumbria and Strathclyde and the Debatable Lands of the Scottish Marches on the Anglo-Scottish border.
Veterans in the justice systemEdit
In January 2014, Stewart was asked by Chris Grayling, Secretary of State for Justice, to lead a Government review into the reasons why a number of British veterans become criminal offenders after returning to civilian life. The review looked at ways in which support and prevention for veterans in the justice system can be improved. Following his election to Chairman of the Defence Select Committee, Stewart handed over the lead for the review to Stephen Phillips.
Defence Select CommitteeEdit
In May 2014, Stewart was elected by MPs from all parties as Chairman of the Defence Select Committee. He was the youngest Chair of a select committee in parliamentary history, as well as the first MP of the 2010 intake to be elected to chair a committee.  In this capacity, Stewart argued strongly for a more vigorous response to Russian aggression in Ukraine. The committee also argued that Britain's commitments to Iraq and Syria were "strikingly modest" and that more should be done. Under Stewart's chairmanship, the committee produced a report in favour of the proposals for a Services Complaint Ombudsman and also secured an amendment extending the powers of the Ombudsman.
Minister for the EnvironmentEdit
Following the Conservatives' return with an outright majority at the 2015 general election, Stewart was appointed Parliamentary Under Secretary of State at the Department for Environment, Food & Rural Affairs (DEFRA), with responsibilities including the natural environment, national parks, floods and water, resource and environmental management, rural affairs, lead responsibility for the Environment Agency, Natural England and the Forestry Commission, and acting as the Secretary of State's deputy on the Environment Council.
In July 2015, in his capacity as Resource Minister, he announced a review into the regulatory and enforcement barriers to growth and innovation in the waste sector. Stewart as 'Floods Minister' joined the National Flood Resilience Review, formed in 2016 and chaired by the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, Oliver Letwin. Stewart initiated the Cumbria Floods Partnership in response to Storm Desmond, with a focus on long-term flood defence. UK House of Commons cross-party Environment Audit Committee criticised Floods Minister Stewart "that the extra £700m [newly allocated flood defence monies] was the result of a 'political calculation' and that it might not be spent according to the strict value-for-money criteria currently used."
As Environment Minister he introduced the plastic bag tax which dropped use of personal bags by 85% in 6 months; and he was responsible for bringing the first draft of the 25 year environment plan in which he emphasised alongside biodiversity and ecosystems, the importance of human cultural features in the landscape, and particularly the conservation of small family sheep farms. As Minister responsible for the National Parks, Stewart secured five years of increased funding for national parks and AONBs. He also ensured the extension of the Lake District and Yorkshire Dales National Park and supported the UNESCO World Heritage bid for the Lake District.
As Floods Minister, Stewart oversaw the government's response to the 2015–16 Great Britain and Ireland floods, including the post-Storm Desmond floods, including the reopening of the A591 and the bridge at Pooley Bridge in the Lake District.
Minister for International Development and AfricaEdit
Stewart was promoted to become joint Minister for Africa, taking over responsibility for the Foreign Office and its embassies in Africa, as well as the Department for International Development (DfID) in Africa. In this capacity he visited Nigeria, Uganda, Botswana, Zambia, Tanzania, Ethiopia, Somalia, Rwanda, DRC, South Sudan, Kenya, Zimbabwe and the United National General Assembly in New York (UNGA). During these trips he held personal meetings with President Kagame of Rwanda, President Kabila of DRC, President Lungu of Zambia, President Magufuli of Tanzania, and President Mnangagwa of Zimbabwe. In this role Stewart was the driving force behind the British Government's new Africa Strategy and pushed for more resources to go into the Foreign Office network in Africa. His most notable trip was to Zimbabwe where he was the first foreign dignitary to be received by President Mnangagwa. His Zimbabwe policy pressed for political reform, and free and fair elections.
Minister for PrisonsEdit
Stewart was appointed Minister of State with responsibility for prisons and probation in England and Wales in January 2018. He was appointed in the aftermath of a highly critical leaked report on the state of HMP Liverpool, in which the inspector described it as the "worst prison he had ever seen" with piles of rubbish, rats, soaring violence and drug use and poor health provision. Stewart immediately visited the prison and, testifying before the Justice Select Committee, announced his determination to clean up prisons in England and Wales.
This advocacy of a "back to basics" approach was recorded in The Guardian, with Stewart writing an opinion piece in the publication, entitled "I strongly believe we can improve our prisons and make progress".
In April 2018 Stewart took the Assaults on Emergency Workers (Offences) Private Member's Bill through the House of Commons, on behalf of the government, which doubled the maximum sentences for those who attack emergency services personnel and introduced sexual assault as an aggravating factor in sentencing.
Ten Prisons ProjectEdit
In August 2018, during an interview with BBC Breakfast, Stewart announced the launch of the Ten Prisons Project. He argued that, despite five years of continuous rise in violence in prisons, it was possible to turn it around. Stewart argued that it could be done through improving perimeter gate security (to catch drugs) and by improving training and support of staff. The key, he said, was to get the basics right. He undertook to create a new Prison Officer handbook and a new course at the training college for prison officers. Stewart pledged, in the same interview, that he would resign if this project was not successful. Though he was promoted to the Cabinet as Secretary of State for International Development before the twelve months elapsed, significant progress was made in reducing violence in prisons, with reductions reported within six months of the project's launch.
The twelve months statistics showed a continuing positive trend when, in August 2019, the results from the Ten Prisons Project were published. These showed a 16% drop in the rate of assaults, and a 17% drop in the number of assaults, almost 10% greater than the national trend. At the same time, the percentage of positive results from random mandatory drug tests dropped by 50%.
Secretary of State for International DevelopmentEdit
In May 2019, Stewart was promoted to the Cabinet after the dismissal of Gavin Williamson from Cabinet, replacing the new Defence Secretary Penny Mordaunt in the Department for International Development. The position included membership of the Political Cabinet and the National Security Council and saw Stewart serve as a Governor of the World Bank, the African Development Bank, the Caribbean Development Bank and the Inter-African Development Bank. He was also an Alternative Governor to the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development.
On 24 July 2019, Stewart resigned as International Development Secretary following Boris Johnson's victory in the Conservative Party leadership election triggered by the resignation of Theresa May.
Conservative Party leadership electionEdit
Stewart was a candidate in the 2019 Conservative leadership election, announcing his intention to stand in an interview in The Times. His candidacy was not initially taken seriously, with a piece in the New Statesman's diary stating that he had a single supporter: himself. As The Guardian noted: "his campaign benefited at the start from low expectations, and for days leading up to the first vote his tally of supporters was in single figures. When he met the threshold he looked like the insurgent because so many had assumed he would be knocked out".
Adopting an unconventional campaigning style, Stewart did not focus his attention on Westminster but, instead, went on a series of filmed walkabouts (dubbed 'RoryWalks'), which saw him take to the streets of Britain, talking to voters, to understand their priorities and concerns. These were then uploaded onto social media, with significant success. On 1 June, Kenneth Clarke was announced as one of Stewart's MP backers, with other supporters including David Lidington, David Gauke, Nicholas Soames, Tobias Ellwood, Gillian Keegan and Victoria Prentis.
Stewart's use of social media later became the subject of controversy when, at a talk at the Emmanuel Centre in October 2019, in the course of discussing his use of social media during this contest, he referred to an encounter in Brick Lane with three "sort of minor gangsters". This drew accusations of racism from many politicians, including Dawn Butler, David Lammy and Diane Abbott. Stewart apologised the next day, tweeting 'I am very sorry towards the guys and towards everyone else. I was wrong'.
Against expectations, on 13 June 2019, Stewart made it through the first parliamentary ballot, gaining 19 votes, two more than the elimination threshold. On 16 June he appeared, as one of the six remaining candidates, in a televised debate on Channel 4. He was widely judged to have won the debate, with Michael Deacon writing in The Daily Telegraph that "If you were to judge it by the response of the studio audience, Channel 4's debate had only one winner. Rory Stewart got more rounds of applause than any other candidate – and, at the end, when each took turns to sum up, he was the only candidate to get a round of applause at all".
On 18 June 2019, he also made it through the second parliamentary ballot, with 37 votes from a threshold of 33, surpassing Home Secretary Sajid Javid by four votes; however, following a lacklustre performance in that evening's BBC debate, he polled just 27 votes in the next day's ballot and was eliminated as the last-placed candidate. It was revealed on the same day that Stewart was in talks with Michael Gove to stop Boris Johnson becoming Prime Minister.
Sitting as an independent and resignationEdit
On 3 September 2019, Stewart and 20 other Conservative MPs voted in favour of MPs taking control of the order paper, as the first step to table a Bill to stop a No-deal Brexit, in the process rebelling against the Government Whip. It had been widely reported in the media that any such action would lead to a withdrawal of the Conservative Whip, and all 21 were told that they had lost it, expelling them as Conservative MPs and requiring them to sit as independents. If they decide to run for re-election in a future election, the party will block their selection as Conservative candidates. Stewart has stated that he was informed of this decision via text message, while collecting his GQ Politician of the Year Award.
At an event on 3 October 2019, Stewart announced he had resigned from the Conservative Party and would stand down as an MP at the next general election. He read out a letter in which a housemaster at Eton College described Boris Johnson as being guilty of "a gross failure of responsibility". The next day, Stewart confirmed his resignation on Twitter, saying: "It's been a great privilege to serve Penrith and The Border for the last ten years, so it is with sadness that I am announcing that I will be standing down."
London Mayoral candidateEdit
In October 2019, Stewart announced that he was to stand as an independent in the 2020 London mayoral election against incumbent Labour mayor Sadiq Khan and Conservative candidate Shaun Bailey. On the day he announced his run, Stewart's odds to win were placed at 2/1.
His first book, The Places in Between, was an account of his 36-day solo walk across Afghanistan in early 2002. It was a New York Times best-seller, with the newspaper also naming it one of its 10 notable books of 2006 and hailing it as a "flat-out masterpiece". It won the Royal Society of Literature Ondaatje Prize, a Scottish Arts Council prize, the Spirit of Scotland award, and the Premio de Literatura de Viaje Caminos del Cid. It was short-listed for a Scottish Arts Council prize, the Guardian First Book Award and the John Llewellyn Rhys Prize. The book was adapted into a radio play by Benjamin Yeoh and was broadcast in 2007 on BBC Radio 4.
Stewart's second book, The Prince of the Marshes: and other Occupational Hazards of a Year in Iraq, also published as Occupational Hazards: My Time Governing in Iraq, describes his experiences as a Deputy Governorate Co-ordinator in Iraq. The New York Times critic William Grimes commented that Stewart "seems to be living one of the more extraordinary lives on record", but for him the "real value of the new book is Mr. Stewart's sobering picture of the difficulties involved in creating a coherent Iraqi state based on the rule of law". Stewart's books have been translated into multiple languages.
Stewart's reflections on the circumstances under which outside military and political intervention in countries' internal affairs may or may not hope to achieve positive results were distilled in a 2011 book, Can Intervention Work?, co-authored with Gerald Knaus and part of the Amnesty International Global Ethics Series. He has also written about theory and practice of travel writings in prefaces to Wilfred Thesiger's Arabian Sands, Charles Doughty's Arabia Deserta and Robert Byron's The Road to Oxiana.
In 2016, he published The Marches: Border Walks With My Father a travelogue about a 1,000-mile walk in the borderlands separating England and Scotland, known as the Scottish Marches, and an extended essay on his father, Brian Stewart. The Marches was long listed for the Orwell Prize, won the Hunter Davies Lakeland Book of the Year, was a Waterstones Book of the Month, and became a Sunday Times top ten bestseller.
Stewart is a columnist for the Cumberland and Westmorland Herald, contributing a monthly column, and has been a columnist for The New York Times, in addition to a contributor to the New York Review of Books, and the London Review of Books.
Stewart has written and presented three BBC documentaries:
- The Legacy of Lawrence of Arabia (2010).
- Afghanistan: The Great Game – A Personal View by Rory Stewart (2012) a documentary in two parts that tells the story of foreign intervention by Britain, Russia and the United States in Afghanistan from the 19th century to the present day, which aired on BBC Two and which won a Scottish BAFTA.
- Border Country: The Story of Britain's Lost Middleland (2014), which investigates the rift created by Hadrian's Wall and the issues of identity and culture in a region divided by the fabricated border.
Awards and honoursEdit
- In the 2004 Queen's Birthday Honours, Stewart was appointed an Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE) in the Civil Division.
- He holds honorary doctorates from the University of Stirling Doctor of the University (D.Univ) on 23 November 2009.  and the American University of Paris.
- Fellow of the Royal Society of Literature (2005).
- Fellow of the Royal Scottish Geographical Society (FRSGS) (2009).
- The Livingstone Medal of the Royal Scottish Geographical Society (2009).
- The Prize del Camino del Cid (2009).
- BAFTA Scotland Award (2012).
- In 2019 Stewart was chosen as the GQ Politician of the Year.
- He was sworn in as a member of the Her Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council in 2019 upon his appointment as International Development Secretary in the Second May ministry. This gave him the Honorific Title "The Right Honourable" for Life.
In 2012 he married American Shoshana Clark, a former employee. They had their first child in November 2014, a son whom Stewart delivered at home in the absence of medical assistance, and their second child was born in April 2017.[better source needed] Shoshana and her former husband were volunteering at the Turquoise Mountain Foundation in Afghanistan when she met Stewart.
In 2012, The Daily Telegraph reported that in 2008, Brad Pitt bought the rights to make a film about Stewart, particularly his time in Afghanistan, with Orlando Bloom expected to play the leading role.
During the 2019 Conservative leadership election, Stewart admitted he had smoked opium during a wedding in Iran. Several other candidates admitted to previous illegal drug use during the leadership contest.
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- Rafael Behr, May's Brexit deal is not dead – and only Rory Stewart will admit it, The Guardian (19 June 2019).
- Jessica Elgot, 'This is serious': the unlikely rise of Rory Stewart's pitch to be PM, The Guardian (18 June 2019): "his energetic defence of Theresa May’s Brexit deal"
- Andrew Woodcock, Rory Stewart: Tory leadership contender unveils proposal to break Brexit deadlock, Independent (28 May 2019): "Mr Stewart, who backed Remain in the 2016 referendum and has been one of the most persistent public defenders of Theresa May’s withdrawal deal"
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- "Mobile coverage obligation". Ofcom. Retrieved 21 March 2018.
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- "EE switches on superfast 4G broadband in rural Cumbria". EE Limited. 11 November 2013.
- "Secretary of State pays testament to broadband activist Rory Stewart MP". Rory Stewart. 5 February 2015.
- "Fox Hunting - Will my MP vote to repeal it?". The Telegraph. 14 July 2015.
- "General Election candidates: Our views on fox hunting". News&Star. 31 May 2017.
- "Home". Hands Across the Border.
- "'THE CAIRN REMAINS A POWERFUL SYMBOL OF THE TIES THAT BIND US' SAYS RORY STEWART – Rory Stewart". Rory Stewart. 14 April 2015. Retrieved 7 March 2018.
- "Scottish independence: 'cairn to celebrate union love'". BBC News Online. 9 July 2014. Retrieved 2 August 2014.
- "Joanna Lumley shows support for union with Scotland". BBC News Online. 31 August 2014. Retrieved 2 August 2014.
- "Border Country: The Story of Britain's Lost Middleland". BBC iPlayer. 26 March 2014. Retrieved 20 December 2017.
- "Rory Stewart visits VA to consult on rehabilitation needs". Veterans Aid. 2 April 2014. Retrieved 7 March 2018.
- "Review of Veterans within the Criminal Justice System Call for Evidence". Ministry of Justice.
- "New chair announced for Veterans Review". Ministry of Justice. 16 June 2014.
- "Rory roars in". BBC News.
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- "Rory Stewart's new triumph". The Economist. 14 May 2014. Retrieved 29 August 2014.
- "Ukraine must be a wake-up call for NATO – News from Parliament". UK Parliament. Retrieved 7 March 2018.
- Ewen MacAskill. "Britain must play a greater role in fighting Islamic State in Iraq, say MPs". the Guardian.
- "Forces Ombudsman should have further powers, says Defence Committee". UK Parliament.
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- "Review into regulation and enforcement in waste sector launches". GOV.UK.
- "National Flood Resilience Review: Government action to tackle floods". GOV.UK.
- "A country more flood resilient". GOV.UK.
- Carrington, Damian (9 June 2016). "Government failing to protect communities at risk of flooding, MPs say" – via www.theguardian.com.
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- "Government's 25-year environment plan". www.complydirect.com. Retrieved 7 March 2018.
- "The call of the wild: Environment Minister champions weekend walking trips in our National Parks – Rory Stewart". Rory Stewart. 29 April 2016. Retrieved 7 March 2018.
- "RORY STEWART MP CELEBRATES THE LAKE DISTRICT'S WORLD HERITAGE SUCCESS – "A VINDICATION OF ALL THAT WE LOVE" – Rory Stewart". Rory Stewart. 11 July 2017. Retrieved 5 March 2018.
- "Reducing flood risk from source to sea" (PDF). UK Government. 2016.
- "Floods Minister: 'Lake District is open for business'". ITV News. Retrieved 5 March 2018.
- "New ministerial role for MP Rory Stewart". ITV.com. ITV. Retrieved 5 December 2016.
- Mafita (3 August 2017). "UK's Minister for Africa is 'very happy' with what he saw at MAFITA COSDEC in Mando". Medium. Retrieved 7 March 2018.
- "Bruce, British Minister Stewart push trade deals in Uganda – Vanguard News". Vanguard News. 15 July 2017. Retrieved 7 March 2018.
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- "UK Minister for Africa Rory Stewart visits Zambia – GOV.UK". www.gov.uk. Retrieved 7 March 2018.
- "UK minister Rory Stewart announces $450 million for development in Tanzania – GOV.UK". www.gov.uk. Retrieved 7 March 2018.
- "UK's Minister for Africa in debut visit to Ethiopia". www.ethioembassy.org.uk. Retrieved 7 March 2018.
- "UK Minister of State Rory Stewart visits UNICEF-supported stabilisation centre in Hargeisa". www.unicef.org. Retrieved 7 March 2018.
- Mpirwa, Elisee. "UK Minister for Africa visits Rwanda". The New Times Rwanda. Retrieved 7 March 2018.
- Stewart, Rory (8 November 2017). "More from E Congo with @DfiD – seeing the wonderful work with communities and conservation in Virunga National Park @UKinDRCpic.twitter.com/dPkxdiVPfG". @rorystewartuk. Retrieved 7 March 2018.
- "UK minister visits S. Sudan, urges end to bloodshed". www.sudantribune.com. Retrieved 7 March 2018.
- "Minister for Africa Rory Stewart in Kenya – GOV.UK". www.gov.uk. Retrieved 7 March 2018.
- "Rory Stewart returns from Zimbabwe – GOV.UK". www.gov.uk. Retrieved 7 March 2018.
- "Oral Answers to Questions – Hansard Online". hansard.parliament.uk. Retrieved 7 March 2018.
- "Meeting with UK Minister for Africa, Rory Stewart | Kigali, 7 November 2017". Flickr. Retrieved 7 March 2018.
- "Tête-à-tête Rory Stewart-Joseph Kabila ce vendredi à Kingakati – Le Portail de Barnabé KIKAYA". kikayabinkarubi.net. Retrieved 7 March 2018.
- "Cumbrian MP Rory Stewart meets Zimbabwe's new president". Retrieved 7 March 2018.
- "Zimbabwe must reform after Mugabe, says first British minster to visit country in two decades". The Telegraph. 23 November 2017. ISSN 0307-1235. Retrieved 5 March 2018.
- "Rory Stewart given new role in cabinet reshuffle". Retrieved 5 March 2018.
- Travis, Alan (19 January 2018). "Liverpool prison has 'worst conditions inspectors have seen'". The Guardian. Retrieved 7 March 2018.
- Ford, Richard (2018). "I'm going back to basics to clean up our filthy prisons, vows minister Rory Stewart". The Times. ISSN 0140-0460. Retrieved 5 March 2018.
- Stewart, Rory (17 February 2018). "I strongly believe we can improve our prisons and make progress". the Guardian. Retrieved 7 March 2018.
- "Assaults on police constables: 27 Apr 2018: House of Commons debates – TheyWorkForYou". TheyWorkForYou. Retrieved 10 May 2018.
- "I'll quit if jails don't improve – minister". BBC News. 17 August 2018. Retrieved 17 August 2018.
- ""Significant progress" made at 10 of most challenging prisons". GOV.UK. Retrieved 24 July 2019.
- "Results from the 10 Prisons Project Ad Hoc Statistics" (PDF).
- "Secretary of State for International Development - GOV.UK". www.gov.uk. Retrieved 24 July 2019.
- "International Development Secretary Rory Stewart visits Jordan in first foreign visit in role". GOV.UK. 4 July 2019. Retrieved 24 October 2019.
- Clifton, Katy (23 July 2019). "Rory Stewart confirms resignation from Cabinet after Boris Johnson's victory". Evening Standard. Retrieved 24 July 2019.
- "Rory Stewart: I'd bring country together as PM". BBC News. 2 May 2019. Retrieved 25 May 2019.
- "Rory Stewart: We need a standard bearer for the middle ground — it could be me". The Times. 13 April 2019. ISSN 0140-0460. Retrieved 19 August 2019.
- "Commons Confidential: The Eurosceptic hackocracy". www.newstatesman.com. Retrieved 19 August 2019.
- Elgot, Jessica (18 June 2019). "'This is serious': the unlikely rise of Rory Stewart's pitch to be PM". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 19 August 2019.
- "The Londoner: Rory Stewart is proving to be a master of PR". Evening Standard. 30 May 2019. Retrieved 19 August 2019.
- "Subscribe to read". Financial Times. Retrieved 19 August 2019.
- "diane abbott rory stewart - Google Search". www.google.com. Retrieved 2 November 2019.
- Stewart, Rory (25 October 2019). "I am very sorry towards the guys and towards everyone else. I was wrong". @rorystewartuk. Retrieved 2 November 2019.
- "Full results of the Conservative leadership election – round 1". The Guardian. 13 June 2019. Retrieved 13 June 2019.
- "Dominic Raab refuses to rule out suspending Parliament to push through no deal". ITV News. 16 June 2019. Retrieved 17 June 2019.
- Deacon, Michael (16 June 2019). "Rory Stewart is the only serious threat to Boris Johnson – and the TV debate proved it". The Telegraph. ISSN 0307-1235. Retrieved 19 August 2019.
- "Rory Stewart out of Tory leadership race". BBC News. 19 June 2019. Retrieved 19 June 2019.
- "LIVE: Raab eliminated as Johnson wins second leadership contest ballot". Sky News. 18 June 2019. Retrieved 18 June 2019.
- "Rory Stewart in talks with Michael Gove to stop Boris Johnson becoming prime minister". The Independent. 19 June 2019. Retrieved 19 June 2019.
- https://www.theguardian.com/politics/live/2019/sep/03/commons-showdown-looms-in-battle-over-no-deal-brexit-live?page=with:block-5d6ed2f58f0845a5dab7cc88#block-5d6ed2f58f0845a5dab7cc88, MPs back move to allow bill to block no-deal Brexit by majority of 27
- "What is removing the whip, filibustering and other Brexit jargon?". BBC Newsbeat. 4 September 2019. Retrieved 4 September 2019.
- "Whips". Parliament.uk. Retrieved 4 September 2019.
- "Boris Johnson to seek election after rebel Tories deliver Commons defeat". Retrieved 4 September 2019.
- https://www.telegraph.co.uk/politics/2019/09/04/parliament-whip-removed/, Boris Johnson to strip 21 Tory MPs of the Tory whip in parliamentary bloodbath
- Bloom, Dan (4 September 2019). "Tory Rory Stewart sacked by text while he accepted politician of the year award". mirror. Retrieved 11 September 2019.
- Whitfield, Kate (5 October 2019). "When are next London mayor elections? Who will stand against Rory Stewart? Latest odds". Express.co.uk. Retrieved 2 November 2019.
- "The Places In Between". Pan Macmillan. Retrieved 8 March 2018.
- Sattin, Anthony. "Review: Travel: The Places In Between by Rory Stewart". The Times. Retrieved 16 September 2019.
- "Royal Society of Literature » Two-way traffic: Rory Stewart on writing about place". rsliterature.org. Retrieved 8 March 2018.
- "Scottish Arts Council – Book Awards 2005". www.scottisharts.org.uk. Retrieved 8 March 2018.
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- "Scottish Arts Council – Book Awards 2005". www.scottisharts.org.uk. Retrieved 6 March 2018.
- Benjamin Yeoh (15 February 2007), Places In Between, The, retrieved 6 March 2018
- Stewart, Rory (1 February 2007). The Prince of the Marshes: And Other Occupational Hazards of a Year in Iraq. HMH. ISBN 9780156033008.
- "OCCUPATIONAL HAZARDS". Hampstead Theatre. Retrieved 5 March 2018.
- Thesiger, Wilfred; Stewart, Rory (25 October 2007). Arabian Sands (Reissue ed.). London: Penguin Classics. ISBN 9780141442075.
- "Travels In Arabia Deserta | Folio Illustrated Book". www.foliosociety.com. Retrieved 7 March 2018.
- Byron, Robert; Stewart, Rory; Fussell, Paul (18 May 2007). The Road to Oxiana. Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780195325607.
- Jack, Ian (18 November 2016). "The Marches by Rory Stewart review – farewell to an imperial class". the Guardian. Retrieved 8 March 2018.
- "Post". www.cropper.com. Retrieved 8 March 2018.
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- Barber, Caroline. "What did your MP receive last year? Parliament's gifts and donations list revealed". Retrieved 8 March 2018.
- "Latest Headlines". cwherald.com.
- Stewart, Rory (22 November 2008). "Opinion | The 'Good War' Isn't Worth Fighting". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 8 March 2018.
- "Rory Stewart". The New York Review of Books. Retrieved 8 March 2018.
- "Rory Stewart · LRB". www.lrb.co.uk. Retrieved 8 March 2018.
- The Legacy of Lawrence of Arabia BBC Two
- "BBC Two – Afghanistan: The Great Game – A Personal View by Rory Stewart". BBC.
- "No. 57315". The London Gazette (Supplement). 12 June 2004. p. 23.
- Graduating Stirling students reap their rewards University of Stirling, 23 November 2009
- "AUP official website". Archived from the original on 3 October 2011. Retrieved 26 July 2011.
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- "Honorary Fellowship (FRSGS)". rsgs.org. Retrieved 3 May 2019.
- "Livingstone Medal". rsgs.org. Retrieved 5 March 2018.
- "Noticias Ruta Camino del CID |El escocés Rory Stewart gana el Premio de Literatura de Viajes Camino del Cid con su libro La huella de Babur". www.caminodelcid.org (in Spanish). Retrieved 5 March 2018.
- "British Academy Scotland Awards: Winners in 2012". www.bafta.org. Retrieved 5 March 2018.
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- Desert Island Discs – Rory Stewart, BBC Radio 4, 20 January 2008.
- "Conservative MP Rory Stewart to marry American volunteer at his Afghan charity". Archived from the original on 22 April 2013.
- "Penrith and the Border MP Rory Stewart and his American bride, ..." www.cwherald.com.
- Thring, Oliver (9 October 2016). "Florence of Arabia tamed by a toddler". The Sunday Times. ISSN 0956-1382. Retrieved 5 March 2018.
- "Rory Stewart wife: How Tory leadership candidate delivered own child when wife gave birth". Daily Express. 11 June 2019. Retrieved 11 June 2019.
- Eden, Richard (29 July 2012). "How lover of Conservative MP Rory Stewart left her husband heartbroken in Afghanistan". Retrieved 25 May 2019 – via www.telegraph.co.uk.
- Mikhailova, Anna (29 May 2019). "Rory Stewart admits smoking opium in Iran as he continues Tory leadership tour of Britain". The Telegraph. Retrieved 9 June 2019.
- "Michael Gove admits he was lucky to avoid jail over cocaine use". BBC. 9 June 2019. Retrieved 9 June 2019.
- "Would-be Tory MP Rory Stewart". The Guardian. 14 January 2010. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 6 May 2019.
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- The Places in Between, Picador, 2004–2006
- Occupational Hazards: My Time Governing in Iraq, Picador, 2006, ISBN 0-330-44049-7
- Published in the US as The Prince of the Marshes: And Other Occupational Hazards of a Year in Iraq, Harcourt, 2006, ISBN 0-15-101235-0
- Can Intervention Work? Amnesty International Global Ethics Series, co-authored with Gerald Knaus. W.W. Norton and Co. (Published in the USA on 15 August 2011; due for UK publication on 7 October 2011). ISBN 0-393-08120-6.
- The Marches: A Borderland Journey between England and Scotland, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2016, ISBN 978-0544108882
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Rory Stewart.|
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Rory Stewart|
- Rory Stewart MP Official constituency website
- Profile at Parliament of the United Kingdom
- Contributions in Parliament at Hansard
- Voting record at Public Whip
- Record in Parliament at TheyWorkForYou
- Profile at Westminster Parliamentary Record
- Articles authored at Journalisted
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
| Member of Parliament
for Penrith and The Border
To be elected
| Chair of the Defence Select Committee
| Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State
for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs
Sir Desmond Swayne
| Minister of State for International Development
| Minister of State for Africa|
| Minister of State for Prisons
| Secretary of State for International Development
|Awards and achievements|
| British GQ Politician of the Year