Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State

A Parliamentary Under Secretary of State (also called a Parliamentary Secretary) is the lowest of three tiers of government minister in the UK government, immediately junior to a Minister of State, which is itself junior to a Secretary of State.[1]

BackgroundEdit

The Ministerial and Other Salaries Act 1975 provides that at any one time there can be no more than 83 paid ministers (not counting the Lord Chancellor, up to 3 law officers and up to 22 whips). Of these, no more than 50 ministers can be paid the salary of a minister senior to a Parliamentary Secretary. Thus if 50 senior ministers are appointed, the maximum number of paid Parliamentary Secretaries is 33.[2][3]

The limit on the number of unpaid Parliamentary Secretaries is given by the House of Commons Disqualification Act 1975 ensuring that no more than 95 government ministers of any kind can sit in the House of Commons at any one time; there is no upper bound to the number of unpaid ministers sitting in the House of Lords.[3][4][5]

The position should neither be confused with the Permanent Secretary which is the most senior civil servant in a government department (also known as the Permanent Under-Secretary of State), nor with a Parliamentary Private Secretary (an MP serving as an assistant to a minister entitled to directly relevant expenses but no further pay).[1][6]

Of his tenure as an under-secretary in Macmillan's 1957–1963 Conservative government from the Lords, the Duke of Devonshire noted: "No one who hasn't been a Parliamentary Under Secretary of State has any conception of how unimportant a Parliamentary Under Secretary of State is".[7]

Current Parliamentary Under Secretaries of StateEdit

The current Parliamentary Under Secretaries of State are:[8]

  • HM Treasury
  • Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office (see Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs)
  • Home Office (see Under-Secretary of State for the Home Department)
    • Parliamentary Under Secretary of State for Safeguarding
    • Parliamentary Under Secretary of State for Future Borders and Immigration
    • Parliamentary Under Secretary of State for Immigration Compliance and the Courts (joint with Ministry of Justice)
  • Cabinet Office
    • Parliamentary Secretary
    • Parliamentary Under Secretary of State for Defence People and Veterans
  • Ministry of Justice
    • Parliamentary Under Secretary of State
    • Parliamentary Under Secretary of State
    • Parliamentary Under Secretary of State for Immigration Compliance and the Courts (joint with Home Office)
  • Ministry of Defence
    • Parliamentary Under Secretary of State for the Armed Forces
    • Parliamentary Under Secretary of State for Defence People and Veterans
  • Department of Health and Social Care
  • Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
  • Department for International Trade
    • Parliamentary Under Secretary of State for Exports (joint with UK Export Finance)
    • Parliamentary Under Secretary of State for International Trade
    • Parliamentary Under Secretary of State for Equalities
    • Parliamentary Under Secretary of State for Women
  • Department for Work and Pensions
    • Parliamentary Under Secretary of State for Employment
    • Parliamentary Under Secretary of State for Pensions and Financial Inclusion
    • Parliamentary Under Secretary of State for Welfare Delivery
    • Parliamentary Under Secretary of State for Work and Pensions
  • Department for Education
  • Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs
    • Parliamentary Under Secretary of State
    • Parliamentary Under Secretary of State for Rural Affairs and Biosecurity
    • Parliamentary Under Secretary of State
  • Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government
    • Parliamentary Under Secretary of State for Rough Sleeping and Housing
  • Department for Transport
    • Parliamentary Under Secretary of State
    • Parliamentary Under Secretary of State
    • Parliamentary Under Secretary of State
  • Office of the Secretary of State for Scotland
  • Office of the Secretary of State for Wales
  • Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport
  • UK Export Finance
    • Parliamentary Under Secretary of State for Exports (joint with Department for International Trade)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Cabinet Office (October 2011). "Cabinet Manual" (PDF) (1st ed.). HM Government. Retrieved 12 January 2018.
  2. ^ "Ministerial and Other Salaries Act 1975, c.27". Retrieved 19 January 2018.
  3. ^ a b Maer, Lucinda; Kelly, Richard (10 August 2017). "Limitations on the number of Ministers" (PDF). Briefing Paper (03378). House of Commons Library. Retrieved 19 January 2018. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  4. ^ "House of Commons Disqualification Act 1975, c.24". Retrieved 19 January 2018.
  5. ^ Maer, Lucinda (4 September 2017). "Ministers in the House of Lords" (PDF). Briefing Paper (05226). House of Commons Library. Retrieved 19 January 2018. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  6. ^ "Parliamentary Private Secretaries - Glossary page". UK Parliament website. Parliament of the United Kingdom. Retrieved 12 January 2018.
  7. ^ Philip Ziegler, ‘Cavendish, Andrew Robert Buxton, eleventh duke of Devonshire (1920–2004)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, Jan 2008
  8. ^ "Ministers - GOV.UK". www.gov.uk. Retrieved 24 October 2020.