Sadiq Aman Khan (/ /; born 8 October 1970) is a British politician who has served as Mayor of London since 2016. He was previously the Member of Parliament (MP) for Tooting from 2005 until 2016. A member of the Labour Party, Khan is on the party's soft left and has been ideologically characterised as a social democrat.
Khan in 2017
|Mayor of London|
|Assumed office |
9 May 2016
|Preceded by||Boris Johnson|
|Minister of State for Transport|
9 June 2009 – 6 May 2010
|Prime Minister||Gordon Brown|
|Preceded by||The Lord Adonis|
|Succeeded by||Theresa Villiers|
|Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Communities and Local Government|
5 October 2008 – 9 June 2009
|Prime Minister||Gordon Brown|
|Preceded by||Parmjit Dhanda|
|Succeeded by||Shahid Malik|
|Assistant Government Whip|
2 July 2007 – 5 October 2008
|Prime Minister||Gordon Brown|
|Chief Whip||Geoff Hoon|
|Member of Parliament|
5 May 2005 – 9 May 2016
|Preceded by||Tom Cox|
|Succeeded by||Rosena Allin-Khan|
Sadiq Aman Khan
8 October 1970
Tooting, London, England
Saadiya Ahmed (m. 1994)
|Alma mater||University of North London|
University of Law
Born in Tooting, South London, to a working-class British Pakistani family, Khan earned a law degree from the University of North London. He subsequently worked as a solicitor specialising in human rights issues and chaired the Liberty advocacy group for three years. Joining the Labour Party, Khan was a Councillor for the London Borough of Wandsworth from 1994 to 2006 before being elected MP for Tooting at the 2005 general election. Under Labour Prime Minister Gordon Brown, Khan was appointed Minister of State for Communities in 2008, later becoming Minister of State for Transport. A key ally of the next Labour leader, Ed Miliband, he served in Miliband's Shadow Cabinet as Shadow Secretary of State for Justice, Shadow Lord Chancellor and Shadow Minister for London.
Khan was elected Mayor of London at the 2016 mayoral election, defeating Conservative Party rival Zac Goldsmith and then resigning as an MP. In office, he introduced reforms to limit charges on London's public transport, backed expansion at London City Airport and Gatwick Airport, and focused on uniting the city's varied communities. He was a vocal supporter of the unsuccessful Britain Stronger in Europe campaign to retain UK membership of the European Union. As well as having a strained relationship with Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn, whose socialist platform Khan thought unelectable, he attracted international attention for his Twitter arguments with United States President Donald Trump.
He has been included in the Time 100 list of most influential people in the world. Khan has been praised for promoting mutual tolerance among London's varied communities and has received various awards. Criticisms have focused on his inability to stem the growth of knife crime in London during his mayoralty and the perception that he is an opportunist who makes U-turns on policy for political advantage.
- 1 Early life
- 2 Legal career
- 3 Parliamentary career
- 4 Mayor of London
- 5 Political image and views
- 6 Awards
- 7 Personal life
- 8 See also
- 9 References
- 10 External links
Khan was born on 8 October 1970 at St George's Hospital in Tooting, South London to a working-class Sunni Muslim family. His grandparents migrated from Lucknow in United Provinces, British India to Pakistan following the partition of India in 1947. His father Amanullah and mother Sehrun arrived in London from Pakistan in 1968. Khan was the fifth of eight children, seven of whom were boys. In London, Amanullah worked as a bus driver and Sehrun as a seamstress.
Khan and his siblings grew up in a three-bedroom council flat on the Henry Prince Estate in Earlsfield. He attended Fircroft Primary School and then Ernest Bevin School, a local comprehensive. Khan studied science and mathematics at A-level, in the hope of eventually becoming a dentist. A teacher recommended that he read law instead, as he had an argumentative personality. The teacher's suggestion, along with the American television programme L.A. Law, inspired Khan to do so. He read Law at the University of North London (now London Metropolitan University). His parents later moved out of their council flat and purchased their own home. Like his brothers, Khan was a fan of sport, particularly enjoying football, cricket, and boxing.
From his earliest years, Khan worked: "I was surrounded by my mum and dad working all the time, so as soon as I could get a job, I got a job. I got a paper round, a Saturday job—some summers I laboured on a building site." The family continues to send money to relatives in Pakistan, "because we're blessed being in this country." He and his family often encountered racism, which led to him and his brothers taking up boxing at the Earlsfield Amateur Boxing Club. While studying for his degree, between the ages of 18 and 21, he had a Saturday job at the Peter Jones department store in Sloane Square.
Before entering the House of Commons in 2005, Khan practised as a solicitor. After completing his law degree in 1991, Khan took his Law Society finals at the College of Law in Guildford. In 1994 he married Saadiya Ahmed, who was also a solicitor.
In 1994 he became a trainee solicitor at a firm of solicitors called Christian Fisher; the firm undertook mainly legal aid cases. The partners were Michael Fisher and Louise Christian. Khan became a partner in 1997, and like Christian, specialised in human rights law. When Fisher left in 2002, the firm was renamed Christian Khan. Khan left the firm in 2004, after he became the prospective Labour candidate for the Tooting parliamentary constituency.
- Bubbins vs The United Kingdom (European Court of Human Rights – shooting of an unarmed individual by police marksmen)
- HSU and Thompson v Met Police (wrongful arrest/police damages)
- Reeves v Met Police (duty of care to prisoners)
- Murray v CAB (discrimination)
- Ahmed v University of Oxford (racial discrimination against a student)
- Dr Jadhav v Secretary of State for Health (racial discrimination in the employment of Indian doctors by the health service)
- CI Logan v Met Police (racial discrimination)
- Supt Dizaei v Met Police (police damages, discrimination)
- Inquest into the death of David Rocky Bennett (use of restraints)
- Lead solicitor on Mayday demonstration 2001 test case litigation (Human Rights Act)
- Farrakhan v Home Secretary (Human Rights Act): in 2001, Khan represented the American Nation of Islam leader Louis Farrakhan in the High Court and overturned a ban on him entering the United Kingdom, first imposed in 1986. The government subsequently won on appeal.
- In February 2000, Khan represented a group of Kurdish actors who were arrested by Metropolitan Police during a rehearsal of the Harold Pinter play Mountain Language, securing £150,000 in damages for the group for their wrongful arrest and the trauma caused by the arrest.
- McDowell and Taylor v Met Police: Leroy McDowell and Wayne Taylor successfully sued the Metropolitan Police for assault and false imprisonment.
- Represented Maajid Nawaz, Reza Pankhurst and Ian Nisbet in Egyptian court when they were arrested on charges of trying to revive Hizb ut-Tahrir.
First term: 2005–2010
Before entering Parliament, Khan represented Tooting as a Councillor for the London Borough of Wandsworth from 1994 to 2006, and was granted the title of Honorary Alderman of Wandsworth upon his retirement from local politics.
In 2003, Tooting Constituency Labour Party decided to open its parliamentary selection to all interested candidates, including the incumbent MP since 1974, Tom Cox. This prompted Cox, then in his mid-70s, to announce his retirement rather than risk de-selection. In the subsequent selection contest, Khan defeated five other local candidates to become Labour's candidate for the seat. He was elected to Parliament at the 2005 general election.
Khan was one of the Labour MPs who led the successful opposition to Prime Minister Tony Blair's proposed introduction of 90 days' detention without charge for those suspected of terrorism offences. In recognition of this, The Spectator—a right-wing magazine then edited by Boris Johnson—awarded him the "Newcomer of the Year Award" at the 2005 Parliamentarian of the Year Awards. The magazine's editorial board stated that he had received the award "for the tough-mindedness and clarity with which he has spoken about the very difficult issues of Islamic terror". In August 2006, he was a signatory of an open letter to Tony Blair that was signed by prominent Muslims and published in The Guardian. The letter criticised UK foreign policy and in particular the 2003 invasion of Iraq, stating that Blair's policies had caused great harm to civilians in the Middle East and provided "ammunition to extremists who threaten us all".
Khan had to repay £500 in expenses in 2007 in relation to a newsletter sent to constituents featuring a 'Labour rose', which was deemed to be unduly prominent. While the content of the newsletter was not deemed to be party political, the rose logo was found to be unduly prominent which may have had the effect of promoting a political party. There was no suggestion that Khan had deliberately or dishonestly compiled his expenses claims, which were not explicitly disallowed under the rules at that time. The rules were retrospectively changed disallowing the claim, which had previously been approved by the House of Commons authorities.
On 3 February 2008, The Sunday Times claimed that a conversation between Khan and prisoner Babar Ahmad – a constituent accused of involvement in terrorism – at Woodhill Prison in Milton Keynes had been bugged by the Metropolitan Police Anti-Terrorist Branch. An inquiry was launched by the Justice Secretary, Jack Straw. There was concern that the bugging contravened the Wilson Doctrine that police should not bug MPs. The report concluded that the doctrine did not apply because it affected only bugging requiring approval by the Home Secretary, while in Khan's case the monitoring was authorised by a senior police officer. The Home Secretary, Jacqui Smith, then announced a further policy review and said the bugging of discussions between MPs and their constituents should be banned.
In June 2007, Blair stood down as both Prime Minister and Labour Party leader, to be replaced by Gordon Brown. Brown thought highly of Khan, who moved up the parliamentary ranks under Brown's Premiership. Brown made Khan a party whip, who was therefore charged with ensuring that Labour-sponsored legislation made it through the parliamentary process to become law. In July 2008, Khan helped push through a government proposal to permit the detention of those suspected of terror offenses for 42 days without charge. For his part in this, Khan was criticised by Liberty's Shami Chakrabarti and others, who claimed that Khan had contravened his principles on civil liberties issues.
On Prime Minister Gordon Brown's Cabinet reshuffle of 3 October 2008, Khan was appointed Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Communities and Local Government. In 2008, the Fabian Society published Khan's book, Fairness Not Favours. In this work, Khan argued that the Labour Party had to reconnect with British Muslims, arguing that it had lost the trust of this community as a result of the Iraq War. He also said that British Muslims had their own part to play in reconnecting with politicians, arguing that they needed to rid themselves of a victim mentality and take greater responsibility for their own community. In the House of Commons in January 2009, Khan criticised Pope Benedict XVI for the rehabilitation of Bishop Richard Williamson following his remarks about the Holocaust, a move he described as "highly unsavoury" and of "great concern".
In June 2009 he was promoted to Minister of State for Transport. In what was believed to be a first for an MP, Khan used his Twitter account to self-announce his promotion. Though Khan was not a member of the cabinet, he attended meetings for agenda items covering his policy area, thus becoming the first Muslim to sit in on the British Cabinet. As Transport Minister, Khan supported plans to expand Heathrow Airport with the addition of a third runway.
During this period, Khan served as chairman of the socialist Fabian Society, remaining on its Executive Committee. In 2009, he won the Jenny Jeger Award (Best Fabian Pamphlet) for his writing "Fairness not Favours: How to re-connect with British Muslims".
In March 2010, Khan publicly stated that for a second successive year he would not be taking a pay rise as an MP or Minister, declaring "At a time when many people in Tooting and throughout the country are having to accept pay freezes I don't think it's appropriate for MPs to accept a pay rise."
Second and third term: 2010–2016
In 2010, Khan was re-elected as the MP for Tooting despite a swing against his party of 3.6% and a halving of his previous majority. His campaign in Tooting had been supported by Harris Bokhari, a founder of the Patchwork Foundation as well as an active member and former controversial spokesman for the Muslim Association of Britain, who reportedly used anti-Ahmadiyya sentiment to mobilise Muslim voters at a mosque in Tooting to vote for Khan instead of the rival Ahmadiyya candidate, Nasser Butt. In 2019, Bokhari was appointed to join Khan's new Diversity, Equality and Inclusion Advisory Group. In the subsequent Labour leadership election Khan was an early backer of Ed Miliband, becoming his campaign manager. In the wake of Labour's 2010 election defeat, Acting Leader Harriet Harman appointed Khan Shadow Secretary of State for Transport. Khan orchestrated Ed Miliband's successful campaign to become Labour leader, and was appointed to the senior roles of Shadow Lord Chancellor and Shadow Justice Secretary.
In April 2010 it was revealed that Khan had repaid falsely claimed expenses on two occasions, when literature was sent to his constituents. The first incident concerned letters sent out before the 2010 General Election which were ruled to have the "unintentional effect of promoting his return to office", the second a £2,550 repayment for Christmas, Eid, and birthday cards for constituents, dating back to 2006. Under House of Commons rules, pre-paid envelopes and official stationery can only be used for official parliamentary business. Khan's claim for the greetings cards was initially rejected, but he presented a new invoice no longer identifying the nature of the claim, and this was accepted. Khan attributed the improper claim for the cards to "inexperience" and human error and apologised for breaking the expenses rules.
In early 2013, Miliband appointed Khan as the Shadow Minister for London, a position that he held in addition to his other responsibilities. In December 2013, the Fabian Society published a collection of essays edited by Khan that was titled Our London. Khan was also tasked with overseeing Labour's campaign for the 2014 London local elections, in which the party advanced its control in the city, gaining hold of twenty of the thirty-two boroughs. By this point, there was much talk of Khan making a bid for the London Mayoralty in 2016, when incumbent Mayor Boris Johnson would be stepping down. His options were affected by the outcome of the 2015 general election; if Labour won, then he would be expected to become a government minister, but if they lost then he would be free to pursue the Mayoralty. In December 2015, Khan voted against the Cameron government's plans to expand the bombing of targets in the Islamic State.
Polls had suggested that Labour could be the largest party in a hung parliament following the 2015 general election, but ultimately the Conservatives secured victory. In the vote, Khan was returned for a third term as MP for Tooting, defeating his Conservative rival by 2,842 votes. He was one of 36 Labour MPs to nominate Jeremy Corbyn as a candidate in the Labour leadership election of 2015, but has said that he was "no patsy" to Corbyn and would stand up to him. He later stated that he nominated Corbyn to "broaden the debate" but did not then vote for him.
On 9 May 2016, Khan resigned as an MP by his appointment to the ancient office of Crown Steward and Bailiff of The Three Chiltern Hundreds, a customary practice in the UK. This triggered a by-election in Tooting to be held in June 2016.
He is regularly named among the Top 100 London politicians in the London Evening Standard's annual poll of the 1,000 most influential Londoners and is an Ambassador for Mosaic Network, an initiative set up by Prince Charles.
Mayor of London
Khan's priorities as Mayor.
Nomination as Labour candidate
After Labour's defeat at the 2015 general election, Khan resigned from the Shadow Cabinet. He then announced himself as a candidate to be the Labour nominee for the London Mayoral elections of 2016. Khan soon gained the support of prominent figures in the party, including former Mayor of London Ken Livingstone, who was on Labour's leftist, socialist wing, and Oona King, who was on its centrist, Blairite wing. He also received the backing of the Labour-affiliated GMB and Unite unions, and the nomination of 44 of Labour's 73 parliamentary constituent parties in London, leaving him as one of the top two contenders.
Khan's main rival was Conservative candidate Zac Goldsmith; Khan described him as a spoiled dilettante who "never finishes anything he starts". A YouGov poll for LBC suggested that while the other main contender to be the Labour nominee, Tessa Jowell, would defeat Goldsmith in a mayoral election, Khan would not. In hustings, Khan placed an emphasis on his working-class origins, which would play against Jowell's wealthier upbringing, and argued for the need for change in London, thereby insinuating that Jowell would represent too much continuity with the outgoing Johnson administration. In September 2015, Khan was announced as the winning nominee. He gained 48,152 votes (58.9%) against Jowell's 35,573 (41.1%). He was the favourite candidate in all three voting categories; Labour Party members, members of affiliated trade unions and organisations, and registered supporters who had paid £3 in order to vote.
Khan vowed that if elected, he would freeze public transport fares in London for four years. He claimed that this would deprive Transport for London (TfL) of £452 million, but TfL stated that it would deprive them of £1.9 billion, taking into account projected population growth over this period. Although he had previously backed Heathrow expansion, he now opposed it, instead calling for expansion at Gatwick Airport; he was likely aware that supporting the former was a vote loser in London. Aware of the severe housing shortage in London, he also spoke of clamping down on foreign property investors, and proposed the establishment of both a "London living rent" tenure and a not-for-profit lettings agency that could undercut commercial operators in order to ease the high cost of renting in the city. He also called for house building on land owned by TfL, insisting that at least 50% of those constructed should be "genuinely affordable".
The YouGov poll had revealed that 31% of Londoners stated that they would not be "comfortable" with a Muslim mayor. Aware that many voters were suspicious regarding the loyalties of British Muslims to the British state, Khan emphasised his commitment to liberal social values. As part of this, he declared his opposition to homophobia, and said that he would have "zero tolerance for anti-Semitism". He openly condemned Islamic extremism and called on the Muslim community to take a leading role in combating it, although at the same time acknowledged the Islamophobia that many British Muslims faced. He also distanced himself from Corbyn, rebuking Labour's socialist leader for his links to armed anti-Israel groups, and criticising him for not singing the national anthem at an event commemorating the Battle of Britain. Concerned that Corbyn's socialist platform was alienating many of London's businesses, Khan declared that he would be "the most pro-business mayor ever", and met with groups such as the Federation of Small Businesses and City of London Corporation. He also ensured that his campaign was run entirely separate from Corbyn. Conversely, Goldsmith's Conservative campaign emphasised connections between Khan and Corbyn. Both the Conservative campaign and several Conservative-aligned newspapers sought to tar Khan as an apologist for, or even sympathiser with, Islamic extremism.
He is London's first ethnic minority mayor. Various press sources noted that Khan's election made him the first actively affiliated Muslim to become mayor of a major Western capital. International press sources often focused on his religious identity, with many right-wing American media outlets reacting with horror at his election.
Khan was officially sworn in as Mayor in a multi-faith ceremony held in Southwark Cathedral the following day. His first act as mayor was his appearance at a Holocaust memorial ceremony in a rugby stadium in North London, although due to delays with the results of the election, he officially took office on 9 May.
In the buildup to the referendum on the UK's continuing membership of the European Union (EU), Khan was a vocal supporter of the 'Remain' camp. He agreed to attend a Britain Stronger in Europe campaign event with the Conservative Prime Minister David Cameron to demonstrate cross-party support for remaining within the EU, for which he was criticised by Labour Shadow Chancellor John McDonnell, who claimed that sharing a platform with the Conservatives "discredits us". After the murder of MP Jo Cox during the campaign, Khan called for the country to "pause and reflect" on the manner in which the Leave and Remain camps had been approaching the debate, stating that it had been marred by a "climate of hatred, of poison, of negativity, of cynicism". Following the success of the 'Leave' vote, Khan insisted that all EU citizens living in London were welcome in the city and that he was grateful for the contribution that they made to it. He endorsed the Metropolitan Police's 'We Stand Together' campaign to combat the rise in racial abuse following the referendum, and later backed the 'London is Open' campaign to encourage businesses, artists, and performers to continue coming to the city despite Brexit.
While fasting for the Islamic holy month of Ramadan in 2016, Khan declared that he would use the period as an opportunity to help "break down the mystique and suspicion" surrounding Islam in Britain and help to "get out there and build bridges" between communities, organising iftars to be held at synagogues, churches, and mosques. He then appeared at a Trafalgar Square celebration of Eid al-Fitr, endorsing religious freedom and lambasting "criminals who do bad things and use the name of Islam to justify what they do". Following the 2016 Orlando nightclub shooting, Khan attended a vigil in Old Compton Street, Soho, and insisted that he "will do everything in [his] power to ensure that LGBT Londoners feel safe in every part of our city"; later that month he marched in the LGBT Pride London parade.
In August 2016, Khan declared his support for Owen Smith's bid to oust Jeremy Corbyn as Leader of the Labour Party. Although describing him as a "principled Labour man", Khan said that Corbyn had failed to gain popularity with the electorate and that Labour would not win a general election under Corbyn's leadership.
Transport and housing policies
On transport, Khan immediately announced the introduction of a "Hopper" bus ticket which would allow a passenger to take two bus journeys within an hour for the price of one; it was intended to benefit those on low incomes most. In June, Khan announced that his electoral pledge to prevent transport fare rises would only apply to "single fares" and pay as you go fares, and not daily, monthly, weekly, or yearly railcards; he was widely criticised for this, including by the Liberal Democrat Caroline Pidgeon, who accused him of having broken his promise. In June 2016 he ordered TfL to ban any advertising on its network that was deemed to engage in body shaming and the demeaning of women. In July he urged the government to allow TfL to take control of the failing Southern rail service, and in August launched the 24-hour Underground service on Fridays and Saturdays, an idea initially proposed by Johnson two years previously.
In his first weeks as Mayor, Khan criticised foreign investors for treating homes in London as "gold bricks for investment", instead urging them to invest in the construction of "affordable homes" for Londoners through a new agency, Homes for Londoners, which would be funded by both public and private money. However, in contrast to a pre-election statement, he revealed that he no longer supported rent freezes in the city. Insisting that he would "oppose building on the Green Belt, which is now even more important than when it was created", Khan vetoed the construction of a football stadium and two blocks of flats on Green Belt land in Chislehurst, after the plan had already been supported by Bromley Council.
Khan backed expansion of London City Airport, removing the block on this instituted by Johnson's administration; environmentalist campaigners like Siân Berry stated that this was a breach of Khan's pledge to be London's "greenest ever" mayor. Opposing expansion at Heathrow Airport, he urged Prime Minister Theresa May to instead support expansion at Gatwick Airport, stating that to do so would bring "substantial economic benefits" to London.
Khan launched a "No Nights Sleeping Rough" taskforce to tackle youth homelessness in London in October 2016.
Khan has called air pollution “the biggest public health emergency of a generation.” In 2017, he announced plans to establish an "Ultra-Low Emissions Zone (ULEZ)" across London that would charge owners of the most polluting cars a fine of £12.50 per day. The zone was introduced in 2019 in Central London and will be extended to the North and South Circulars in October 2021. It resulted in a drop of the worst polluting vehicles entering the zone each day from 35,578 in March 2019 to 26,195 in April after the charge was introduced.
Khan criticised Great Britain's government in June 2017 for its lack of drive in improving general air quality. He stated that the government's action plan on the issue lacked “serious detail, fails to tackle all emission sources, such as from buildings, construction or the river, and does not utilise the government’s full resources and powers”, reflecting its low prioritisation of the issue in the past.
In September, he announced that the first 50 air quality audits for primary schools in the worst-polluted areas of the city had been launched with the objective to reduce air pollution around public schools. The audits will continue until the end of 2017, with reports being published in 2018.
Khan has been criticised for failing to deal with a rise in knife crime during his term in office. In an interview with LBC, he accepted responsibility for the situation as the Police and Crime Commissioner for the city, but blamed budgetary cuts by the UK Conservative Government. Khan stated that knife crime is "rising across England & Wales" and that it is "clearly a national problem that requires national solutions."
Political image and views
Writing for The Spectator, the political commentator Nick Cohen described Khan as a centre-left social democrat, while the journalist Amol Rajan termed him "a torch-bearer for the social democratic wing" of the Labour Party. The BBC describe Khan as being located on the party's soft left. In an article for Al Jazeera, the Marxist commentator Richard Seymour described Khan as a centrist, while Matt Wrack, the General Secretary of the Fire Brigades Union, characterised Khan as belonging to "that part of the Labour Party that was in government under Blair and Brown". The journalist Dave Hill described Khan as a social liberal.
Some supporters of independent politician Lutfur Rahman claimed that Khan was part of an Islamophobic Labour establishment while Khan received death threats from Islamic extremists after voting in favour of the Marriage (Same Sex Couples) Act. He was also threatened by the far-right group Britain First, which in 2016 threatened to take "direct action" against Khan where he "lives, works and prays" as part of an anti-Muslim campaign.
Journalist Dave Hill has said that Khan was "savvy, streetwise and not averse to a scrap", whilst also describing him as having a "joshing, livewire off-stage personality" which differed from the formal image he often projected while onstage. Khan used to perform stand-up comedy before running for Mayor, including a ten-minute money-raising Stand Up for Labour routine. Comedian Arthur Smith stated that Khan could become a "good club-level comedian one day". During the 2016 Mayoral campaign, Goldsmith referred to Khan as "a caricature machine politician... the sort of politician who justified peoples' mistrust in politics", as evidence citing Khan's U-turn on supporting Heathrow expansion. Another rival in the 2016 Mayoral campaign, George Galloway of the Respect Party, referred to Khan as a "flip-flop merchant" and a "product of the Blairite machine".
There has been an ongoing political feud between Khan and US president Donald Trump since 2016, when Khan criticised Trump over his proposed "Muslim ban" and Trump responded by attacking Khan a number of times on Twitter over the next several years. Shortly before Trump's 2019 state visit to the UK, Khan compared Trump to "European dictators of the 1930s and 40s". Upon arrival, Trump responded on Twitter by insulting Khan, calling him a "stone-cold loser" and comparing him to another mayor he also targets, Bill de Blasio.
- Six months after his election as the MP for Tooting, The Spectator awarded Khan Newcomer of the Year.
- Khan was nominated for the Politician of the Year Award at the British Muslim Awards in January 2013 and 2015 and won the award in February 2016.
- In late 2016 and 2017, Khan won and accepted the British GQ’s Politician of the Year Award.
- In 2017, he was awarded an Honorary Doctorate from the University of Law.
- In 2018, Khan was conferred Sitara-e-Pakistan for his services to Pakistan by the Pakistani President Mamnoon Hussain.
- In 2018, he became an Honorary Fellowship by the Royal Institute of British Architects.
- In 2019, Khan became an Honorary Bencher of Middle Temple Inn.
Khan is a practising Muslim who observes the fast during Ramadan and regularly attends Al-Muzzammil Mosque in Tooting. Journalist Dave Hill described Khan as "a moderate, socially liberal Muslim". Khan has expressed the view that "too often the people who are 'representing' the Islamic faith aren't representative, they're angry men with beards. And that is not what Islam is about."
- "Sadiq Khan: The World's 100 Most Influential People". Time 100. Time. 2018. Retrieved 22 April 2018.
- Eaton, George. "The pugilist: Sadiq Khan's quest to become mayor of London". New Statesman. Archived from the original on 12 March 2016. Retrieved 11 March 2016.
- Rowena Mason and Simon Hattenstone (31 May 2015). "Sadiq Khan says 'aspiration' will be Labour leadership race's most overused word". The Observer. Archived from the original on 1 June 2015. Retrieved 1 June 2015.
- "Victory for Sadiq Khan highlights tolerant face of London". Financial Times. 7 May 2016. Archived from the original on 26 June 2016.
- "Sadiq Khan makes historic border crossing from India to Pakistan on foot". London Evening Standard. 6 December 2017. Archived from the original on 7 December 2017.
- Hill 2016, p. 14.
- Hill 2016, pp. 14–15.
- Hill 2016, p. 15.
- Cooper, Goolistan (1 February 2016). "Sadiq Khan recounts life lessons learned working at Chelsea department store". GetWestLondon. Archived from the original on 2 June 2016.
- Hattenstone, Simon (31 May 2015), Sadiq Khan: 'Ruthless? No. Decency can get you to the top in politics', The Guardian, archived from the original on 5 May 2017, retrieved 25 May 2017
- Hill 2016, p. 16.
- "Sadiq Khan, biography", www.politics.co.uk/, 2015, archived from the original on 4 June 2016, retrieved 25 May 2017
- Bawdon, Fiona (December 2015), "Claims that Sadiq Khan's former human rights firm 'was worth millions' queried by lawyers", Legal Action magazine, Legal Action Group, archived from the original on 17 January 2018, retrieved 25 May 2017
- Christian, Louise (May 2015), "Dear Sadiq Khan. When you left Christian Khan to become an MP, you said you could bring about more change as a politician than a lawyer. What happened?", Legal Action magazine, Legal Action Group, archived from the original on 26 June 2017, retrieved 25 May 2017
- Imran Khan and Partners Solicitors. "Departure of Sadiq Khan – ::Imran Khan and Partners Solicitors, London, UK". christiankhan.co.uk. Archived from the original on 7 October 2007.
- Martin, Neil (24 February 2006). "Bubbins v United Kingdom: Civil Remedies and the Right to Life – Martin – 2006 beav". Modern Law Review. Wiley Online Library. 69 (2): 242–249. doi:10.1111/j.1468-2230.2006.00583_1.x.
- Magrath, Paul (28 February 1997). "Law report: Juries to be given guidance on awards against police". The Independent. London. Archived from the original on 6 December 2017.
- Law Lords Department. "House of Lords – Commissioners of Police for the Metropolis v. Reeves (A.P.) (Joint Administratix of the Estate of Martin Lynch, Deceased)". Parliament of the United Kingdom. Archived from the original on 19 July 2011. Retrieved 7 June 2011.
- Rodionova, Zlata (7 June 2011). "Latest British Employment Law News". Independent.
- "Latest British Employment Law News". emplaw.co.uk. Retrieved 16 May 2017.
- "Jadhav v Secretary of State for Health". Homepage.ntlworld.com. Archived from the original on 24 October 2012. Retrieved 7 June 2011.
- "Black officer's 'six figure sum' payout". BBC News. 13 November 2003.
- Ali Dizaei
- "David 'Rocky' Bennett Inquiry Report. News from Christian Khan Solicitors, London UK". Christiankhan.co.uk. 5 February 2004. Archived from the original on 11 March 2012. Retrieved 7 June 2011.
- "Austin and another v Metropolitan Police Commissioner –  All ER (D) 227 (Jan)". Lexisweb.co.uk. 28 January 2009. Archived from the original on 11 March 2012. Retrieved 7 June 2011.
- Hill 2016, p. 19.
- "Farrakhan UK ban overturned". BBC News. 31 July 2001. Archived from the original on 11 January 2016.
- Verkaik, Robert (2 February 2000). "£150,000 for police raid on Kurdish Pinter play". The Independent. London. Archived from the original on 8 November 2012.
- "Analysis: Officers' fear of being branded racist has done little to reduce bias over suspects". The Independent. London. 8 November 2002.
- "BBC NEWS | UK | England | Egypt trial Britons' case resumes". news.bbc.co.uk. Archived from the original on 23 September 2017. Retrieved 6 June 2017.
- "6 months since the detention of British men --in Egypt – UK Indymedia". www.indymedia.org.uk. Archived from the original on 6 August 2017. Retrieved 6 June 2017.
- http://www.politics.co.uk/reference/sadiq-aman-khan Archived 4 June 2016 at the Wayback Machine, politics
- Hill 2016, p. 20.
- "Parliamentarian of the Year". The Spectator. 19 November 2005. Archived from the original on 16 June 2009. Retrieved 27 March 2009.
- Hill 2016, p. 27.
- "Minister criticises Muslim letter". BBC News. 12 August 2006. Archived from the original on 8 November 2012. Retrieved 27 March 2009.
- "Microsoft Word – Baker-Bruce-Khan – CRC Rep.doc" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 13 October 2012. Retrieved 7 June 2011.
- "Minister's rose emblem broke rule". BBC News. 13 December 2007. Archived from the original on 17 October 2010. Retrieved 15 December 2010.
- Michael Gillard; Jonathan Calvert (3 February 2008). "Police bugged Muslim MP Sadiq Khan". The Sunday Times. London. Archived from the original on 16 May 2008.
- "Khan welcomes 'bugging' inquiry". BBC News. 3 February 2008. Archived from the original on 25 March 2009. Retrieved 7 June 2011.
- Dodd, Vikram (22 February 2008). "Bugging of MP on prison visit did not break the rules, inquiry finds". The Guardian. London. Archived from the original on 31 August 2014. Retrieved 4 July 2009.
- "Ministerial Team" (PDF), www.communities.gov.uk, Department for Communities and Local Government, archived from the original (PDF) on 26 November 2008
- "Sadiq Khan, Former MP, Tooting, profile", www.theyworkforyou.com, TheyWorkForYou, archived from the original on 25 May 2017, retrieved 21 May 2017
- Hill 2016, pp. 27–28.
- Hill 2016, p. 28.
- Prince, Rosa (29 January 2009). "Minister criticises Pope for pardoning Holocaust denial bishop". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 14 November 2012. Retrieved 29 January 2009.
- Harding, Eleanor (6 June 2009). "Tooting MP Sadiq Khan named first Muslim cabinet minister in Gordon Brown's reshuffle". The Wandsworth Guardian. Archived from the original on 9 June 2009. Retrieved 6 June 2009.
- Banerjee, Subhajit (7 June 2009). "Minister appointment on Twitter". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 11 June 2009. Retrieved 7 June 2011.
- By Channel 4 News (20 October 2009), FactCheck: an all-white cabinet?, Channel 4, archived from the original on 25 November 2013, retrieved 21 May 2017
- Hill 2016, p. 30.
- "Executive Committee – The Fabian Society – where the British left thinks". Fabians.org.uk. Archived from the original on 11 October 2010. Retrieved 7 June 2011.
- Khan, Sadiq; Jameson, Hannah; Katwala, Sunder (2008). "Fairness not Favours How to reconnect with British Muslims (full text)" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 29 October 2016.
- Khan, Sadiq (2008). "Fairness, not favours, for Muslims (opinion)". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 19 December 2016.
- "Minister: All MPs should give up their Ł1,000 pay rise". London Evening Herald. 8 March 2010. Archived from the original on 24 October 2012. Retrieved 7 June 2011.
- https://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2017/07/31/sadiq-khan-takes-on-brexit-and-terror; https://www.yourlocalguardian.co.uk/news/8451614.election-race-infected-by-anti-ahmadiyya-hate-campaign/
- Harding, Eleanor (15 May 2010). "EXCLUSIVE: 'I'm backing Ed Miliband', says Sadiq Khan MP". Your Local Guardian. Wandsworth. Archived from the original on 15 March 2012.
- "Exclusive: 'Bitter-sweet' promotion for Sadiq Khan MP". Wandsworth Guardian. 14 May 2010. Archived from the original on 1 March 2012. Retrieved 17 May 2010.
- Hill 2016, p. 29.
- "Rt Hon Sadiq Khan". Parliament of the United Kingdom. Archived from the original on 7 July 2016. Retrieved 11 July 2016.
- Kirkup, James (12 April 2010). "General election 2010: Transport minister Sadiq Khan in election expenses row". The Daily Telegraph. London. Archived from the original on 23 November 2011. Retrieved 25 April 2010.
- Beckford, Martin (9 December 2010). "MPs' expenses: 17 MPs were re-elected after secret deals on expenses". The Daily Telegraph. London. Archived from the original on 13 November 2011. Retrieved 11 December 2010.
- Beckford, Martin (10 December 2010). "MPs' expenses: the secret deals revealed". The Daily Telegraph. London. Archived from the original on 14 December 2010. Retrieved 11 December 2010.
- "'Secretly' resolved MPs' expenses cases made public". The Guardian. London. 9 December 2010. Archived from the original on 13 December 2010. Retrieved 11 December 2010.
- Brown, David (16 March 2010). "Transport Minister Sadiq Khan repays 2500 wrongly claimed on expenses". The Times. London.
- "Minister repays £2,500 expenses". BBC News. 15 March 2010. Archived from the original on 23 March 2010. Retrieved 15 December 2010.
- Hill 2016, p. 31.
- Hill 2016, p. 32.
- Hill 2016, p. 96.
- Hill 2016, pp. 32–33.
- Hill 2016, p. 33.
- "Tooting Constituency – Parliamentary election results May 2015". Wandsworth Council. Archived from the original on 16 April 2016.
- "Who nominated who for the 2015 Labour leadership election?". New Statesman. Archived from the original on 5 July 2015.
- "Londoners should not let Corbyn 'experiment' with city – PM". BBC News. Archived from the original on 4 February 2016.
- Deacon, Michael (4 April 2016). "Why won't Labour's Sadiq Khan say he supports Jeremy Corbyn?". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on 11 June 2016.
- "Sadiq Khan resigns as MP for Tooting". UK Parliament. 10 May 2016. Archived from the original on 11 May 2016. Retrieved 10 May 2016.
- Simon, Harris. "Sadiq Khan resigns triggering Tooting by-election". ITV News. ITV News. Archived from the original on 11 May 2016. Retrieved 9 May 2016.
- "London's 1000 most influential people 2010: Politics". London Evening Standard. 26 November 2010. Archived from the original on 24 October 2012. Retrieved 7 June 2011.
- "Ambassadors". Mosaic. Archived from the original on 8 May 2016. Retrieved 7 May 2016.
- Hill 2016, pp. 74–75.
- Hill 2016, p. 35.
- Hill 2016, pp. 37–39.
- Hill 2016, p. 40.
- Hill 2016, p. 103.
- Hill 2016, p. 62.
- Hill 2016, pp. 42–43.
- Hill 2016, pp. 73–74.
- Wintour, Patrick. "Sadiq Khan elected as Labour's candidate for mayor of Londo". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 11 September 2015. Retrieved 11 September 2015.
- Hill 2016, p. 74.
- "Sadiq Khan pledges four-year freeze of all fares if elected Mayor". London Evening Standard. Archived from the original on 15 November 2015. Retrieved 11 November 2015.
- Hill 2016, pp. 127–128.
- "Sadiq Khan's fare freeze would cost £1.9bn, says TfL". BBC News. Archived from the original on 8 April 2016. Retrieved 6 May 2016.
- Hill 2016, p. 47.
- Hill 2016, pp. 52–53.
- Hill 2016, p. 53.
- Hill 2016, pp. 131–133.
- Hill 2016, p. 82.
- Hill 2016, p. 83.
- Hill 2016, pp. 82–83.
- Hill 2016, pp. 94–95.
- Hill 2016, pp. 81–82.
- Hill 2016, pp. 79–80.
- Hill 2016, p. 79.
- Hill 2016, p. 84.
- Hill 2016, p. 109.
- Hill 2016, pp. 116–117.
- Hill 2016, p. 98.
- Hill 2016, p. 93.
- Homa Khaleeli (7 May 2016). "Sadiq Khan's victory won't end Islamophobia, but it offers hope". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 4 February 2017.
- James, William; Piper, Elizabeth (7 May 2016). "Labour's Khan becomes first Muslim mayor of London after bitter campaign". Reuters. Archived from the original on 7 May 2016. Retrieved 7 May 2016.
- Hooper, Ryan; Hughes, David (7 May 2016). "Warm Welcome as Sadiq Khan is Sworn in as Mayor of London". Press Association. Archived from the original on 2 June 2016.
- Henley, Jon (6 May 2016). "Global press reaction to Sadiq Khan a mix of curiosity and ignorance". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 3 January 2017.
- Millward, David (7 May 2016). "Sadiq Khan's victory as London Mayor alarms American right as US liberals say result will resonate far beyond City Hall". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on 7 July 2016.
- "Sadiq Khan Attends Holocaust Memorial as First Official Mayoral Act". Haaretz. Archived from the original on 8 May 2016. Retrieved 9 May 2016.
- "Sadiq Khan Vows To Be 'Mayor For All Londoners'". Sky News. 7 May 2016. Archived from the original on 9 May 2016. Retrieved 9 May 2016.
But because of the processes involved, he won't be technically in office until just after midnight on Monday.
- "Sadiq Khan warns Labour has a 'responsibility' to win EU referendum remain vote". The Telegraph. 9 June 2016. Archived from the original on 15 June 2016.
- Sparrow, Andrew (30 May 2016). "David Cameron and Sadiq Khan plan pro-EU joint appearance". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 4 September 2016.
- "PM hails 'extraordinary coalition' as he joins Sadiq Khan in EU campaign". Business Insider. 31 May 2016. Archived from the original on 1 June 2016.
- Hughes, Laura. "Labour splits as John McDonnell attacks Sadiq Khan for sharing a platform with David Cameron". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on 4 July 2016.
- Mason, Rowena (17 June 2016). "Sadiq Khan calls for more respectful tone in EU referendum debate". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 26 November 2016.
- Johnston, Chris (25 June 2016). "Sadiq Khan tells London's Europeans they remain welcome". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 24 August 2016.
- Elledge, Jonn (24 June 2016). "London mayor Sadiq Khan to EU citizens: "You are welcome here"". City Metric. Archived from the original on 25 June 2016.
- Sleigh, Sophia (8 July 2016). "Sadiq Khan launches crackdown on Brexit vote hate crime". London Evening Standard. Archived from the original on 14 July 2016.
- Razaq, Rashid (22 July 2016). "Jessie Ware joins Sadiq Khan's call to show #LondonIsOpen in music showcase". London Evening Standard. Archived from the original on 25 July 2016.
- Crerar, Pippa (6 June 2016). "Sadiq Khan: I'll use Ramadan to help build bridges between communities". London Evening Standard. Archived from the original on 13 June 2016.
- Mortimer, Caroline (5 June 2016). "Ramadan 2016: Sadiq Khan wants to use Islamic holy month to reduce suspicion of Muslims". The Independent. Archived from the original on 9 September 2017.
- Hill, Dave (10 July 2016). "Sadiq Khan speaks for peaceful Islam at Trafalgar Square Eid festival". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 16 July 2016.
- Khan, Sadiq (14 June 2016). "Sadiq Khan: I'll work to preserve London's record of being LGBT-friendly". Archived from the original on 29 June 2016.
- "Thousands join Pride parade in London". BBC News. 25 June 2016. Archived from the original on 25 June 2016.
- Syal, Rajeev (21 August 2016). "Jeremy Corbyn supporters dismiss Sadiq Khan's criticisms". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 14 December 2016.
- Crerar, Pippa. "Sadiq Khan confirms new £1.50 one-hour 'hopper' London bus ticket". London Evening Standard. Archived from the original on 14 June 2016.
- Speed, Barbara (9 June 2016). "Has Sadiq Khan already broken his promise of a fares freeze?". New Statesman. Archived from the original on 1 July 2016.
- Cowburn, Ashley (8 June 2016). "Sadiq Khan accused of breaking flagstone electoral promise to freeze London transport fares". The Independent. Archived from the original on 31 December 2017.
- Lewis, Kayleigh (13 June 2016). "Body-shaming adverts to be banned on London transport by Sadiq Khan". The Independent. Archived from the original on 23 September 2017.
- Johnston, Chris (20 July 2016). "Sadiq Khan seeks Transport for London takeover of Southern". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 25 July 2016.
- Mortimer, Caroline (20 July 2016). "Sadiq Khan says Southern Rail should be placed under Tfl control after months of commuter misery". The Independent. Archived from the original on 20 August 2016.
- Weaver, Matthew (19 August 2016). "Sadiq Khan to launch London's night tube service". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 29 August 2016.
- Booth, Robert (25 May 2016). "Sadiq Khan condemns foreign investors' use of London homes as 'gold bricks'". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 22 June 2016.
- Foster, Dawn (27 May 2016). "Sadiq Khan attacks empty luxury flats, but his housing policies are also void". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 20 September 2016.
- May, Luke (22 June 2016). "Sadiq Khan rejects football stadium plans to protect Bromley's green space". Bromley Times. Archived from the original on 24 June 2016.
- Crerar, Pippa (11 May 2016). "Sadiq Khan's help for London City Airport expansion 'breaks green pledge'". London Evening Standard. Archived from the original on 21 August 2016.
- Crerar, Pippa. "Sadiq Khan urges Theresa May to back Gatwick Airport expansion with second runway". London Evening Standard. Archived from the original on 25 July 2016.
- Crerar, Pippa (6 October 2016). "Sadiq Khan launches taskforce to help young people sleeping rough in London". London Evening Standard. Archived from the original on 7 October 2016. Retrieved 6 October 2016.
- Taylor, Matthew (13 September 2017). "London's most polluted schools to be given air-quality audits". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Archived from the original on 14 September 2017. Retrieved 14 September 2017.
- "Sadiq Khan plans world's first ultra-low emission zone across huge swathe of London". Evening Standard. Archived from the original on 14 September 2017. Retrieved 14 September 2017.
- "ULEZ cuts number of worst polluting cars in central London".
- Taylor, Matthew (23 June 2017). "Sadiq Khan: Gove must get a grip on 'life and death' air pollution crisis". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Archived from the original on 15 September 2017. Retrieved 14 September 2017.
- "Audit to protect 'pupils from toxic air'". BBC News. 13 September 2017. Archived from the original on 14 September 2017. Retrieved 14 September 2017.
- Kerr, Chloe (7 April 2018). "Met police set up new task force to deal with violent crime". Daily Express. Retrieved 10 July 2019.
- Nick Cohen (10 February 2016). "Would Jeremy Corbyn prefer George Galloway to be Mayor of London?". The Spectator. Archived from the original on 11 February 2016.
- Amol Rajan (15 September 2015). "After Boris, Mayor Khan for London?". Politico. Archived from the original on 14 March 2016.
- Esther Webber (7 May 2016). "London mayor: The Sadiq Khan story". BBC News. Archived from the original on 7 May 2016.
- Richard Seymour (8 May 2016). "Sadiq Khan's victory and free Londonistan". Al Jazeera. Archived from the original on 15 June 2016.
- Watts, Joe (22 August 2016). "Sadiq Khan faces backlash after saying Jeremy Corbyn election win is 'extremely unlikely'". The Independent. Archived from the original on 8 July 2017.
- Hill, Dave (16 August 2016). "Sadiq Khan's first 100 days as London mayor: how is he doing?". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 21 February 2017.
- Oster, Marcy. "London Mayor Sadiq Khan joins Jewish Labour movement". Jewish Telegraphic Agency. 70 Faces Media. Retrieved 23 April 2019.
- Hill 2016, p. 58.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 30 March 2014. Retrieved 4 April 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Jane Onyanga-Omara, 5 things to know about London's first Muslim mayor Archived 16 January 2017 at the Wayback Machine, USA Today (May 6, 2017).
- Olivia Blair, Britain First threatens to target London Mayor Sadiq Khan with 'direct action' Archived 12 September 2017 at the Wayback Machine, The Independent (May 25, 2016).
- Hill 2016, p. 101.
- Hill 2016, p. 59.
- "Sadiq Khan: 'I used to do stand-up'". Chortle. 2016. Archived from the original on 27 September 2016.
- Hill 2016, p. 116.
- Hill 2016, p. 139.
- Weaver, Matthew (16 June 2019). "Timeline: Donald Trump's feud with Sadiq Khan". The Guardian. Retrieved 10 July 2019.
- "It's un-British to roll out the red carpet for Donald Trump – Sadiq Khan", The Guardian, 1 June 2019
- Trump attacks London mayor in tweets before landing – CNN Video, retrieved 3 June 2019
- "Parliamentarian of the Year". The Spectator. 19 November 2005. Retrieved 2 October 2019.
- "Winners honoured at British Muslim Awards". Asian Image. 31 January 2013. Archived from the original on 21 November 2015. Retrieved 1 November 2015.
- "British Muslim Awards 2016". Asian World. 17 February 2016. Archived from the original on 21 April 2016. Retrieved 1 April 2016.
- "The University of Law awards Sadiq Khan". University Business. Retrieved 2 October 2019.
- "President Mamnoon confers civil awards on Yaum-i-Pakistan". Dawn.
- "RIBA Honorary Fellowships 2018 announced". www.architecture.com. Retrieved 2 October 2019.
- "Middle Temple". www.middletemple.org.uk. Retrieved 2 October 2019.
- "London elects its first Muslim mayor and the journalism world rightly notes its importance". Getreligion.org. 9 May 2016. Archived from the original on 11 May 2016. Retrieved 14 May 2016.
- Sherwood, Harriet (7 May 2016). "'This is our moment': Tooting Muslims laud Sadiq Khan victory". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 12 May 2016. Retrieved 14 May 2016.
- "Sadiq hosts Eid celebrations". sadiqkhan.org.uk. Archived from the original on 9 June 2016. Retrieved 14 May 2016.
- Crerar, Pippa; Edwardes, Charlotte (13 July 2016). "Sadiq Khan says 'I'm like a stressed Victorian dad' in revealing interview about his family and religion". London Evening Standard. Archived from the original on 14 July 2016.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sadiq Khan.|
- Profile at Parliament of the United Kingdom
- Contributions in Parliament at Hansard
- Voting record at Public Whip
- Record in Parliament at TheyWorkForYou
- Profile at Westminster Parliamentary Record
- Articles authored at Journalisted
- @SadiqKhan Verified Twitter Account
- @MayorofLondon Official Verified Twitter Account
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
| Member of Parliament
| Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Communities and Local Government
The Lord Adonis
| Minister of State for Transport
| Shadow Secretary of State for Transport
| Shadow Secretary of State for Justice
The Lord Falconer of Thoroton
| Shadow Lord Chancellor|
| Shadow Minister for London
| Mayor of London
|Party political offices|
| Chair of the Fabian Society