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LBC (originally the London Broadcasting Company) is a London-based national phone-in and talk radio station. It was the UK's first licensed commercial radio station, beginning broadcasting on Monday 8 October 1973, a week ahead of Capital Radio. The launch of LBC also saw the beginning of Independent Radio News broadcasting, as LBC provided the service to independent local radio stations nationwide.
|Slogan||2007-2014: "London's Biggest Conversation"|
Since 2014: "Leading Britain's Conversation"
|Frequency||RDS: __LBC___, FM 97.3 MHz|
– 12C (London)
– 11D (Nationwide)
Virgin Media: 919
TalkTalk TV: 627
|First air date||8 October 1973|
11 February 2014
|Sister stations||Capital FM|
Launch and early historyEdit
David Jessel was LBC's original breakfast presenter; he opened the station just before 6 a.m. on Monday 8 October 1973. The original station spawned a number of stars who went on to become household names in the British media. They include Adrian Love, Jon Snow, Peter Allen, Rosie Boycott, and Bel Mooney. LBC's late-evening interview and phone-in programme between 9 pm (later 10 pm) and 1 am was called Nightline and at various times was hosted by Adrian Love, Robin Houston, Monty Modlyn, Jeremy Beadle and Tommy Boyd. There was also a character called 'Mr Nasty' (played by John Forest), who argued over the telephone with children. Beadle and Forrest went on to star in the Granada Television series Fun Factory.
Changes of ownershipEdit
Originally owned by a consortium led by the Canadian Selkirk Communications with a 46% stake, LBC was sold in 1987, beginning a turbulent commercial history. The new owners were media company Darling Downs, later renamed Crown Communications, owned by Australian entrepreneur David Haynes. Crown sold the station's original base in Gough Square near Fleet Street in the City of London and relocated to Hammersmith; and in 1989 split the station into two separate services, the news and comment station LBC Crown FM, and the phone-in London Talkback Radio on AM. The transition was not initially well received, and substantially increased costs, pushing the company into the red. In 1993 the company was sold to Shirley Porter's Chelverton Investments, after Crown got into financial difficulty.
London News RadioEdit
The company almost disappeared later in 1993, when the Radio Authority failed to renew the company's two licences, LBC Newstalk and London Talkback Radio, awarding the frequencies instead to London News Radio, a consortium led by former LBC staff and backed by Guinness Mahon. The prospective loss of the franchise brought Chelverton to the brink of collapse, and London News Radio (soon itself taken over by Reuters) bought LBC to keep it on air until the official handover date of October 1994.
London News Radio operated the station from LBC's former studios in Hammersmith as London News 97.3, a rolling news and travel information service on the FM band, and the phone-in-driven service London News Talk 1152 on the MW band. These names were simplified slightly in mid-1995 to News 97.3 and News Talk 1152 respectively, but between October 1994 and July 1996 the LBC name was not used on-air at all.
Return of LBCEdit
Reuters then brought in additional shareholders, and between 1996 and 2002 LBC was part of London News Radio Limited, a company owned jointly by ITN, Daily Mail and General Trust, Reuters, and the GWR Group. This new consortium revived the LBC name on 1152AM on 1 July 1996. At the end of 1996 the FM service was relaunched as News Direct 97.3FM. Production for the station was moved to the basement of ITN's new multimedia building in Gray's Inn Road.
In 2002, the company was bought for £23.5m by the media company Chrysalis, who trumpeted their purchase with the promise that they would lift the listenership to at least one million from around 700,000 (LBC had enjoyed an audience of more than two million in the early 1980s). Production was moved to Chrysalis's base in North Kensington, and the formatting of the two frequencies was swapped, the talk format moving to FM and the news format to AM.
In 2005, the station's Managing Director Mark Flanagan left Chrysalis to set up a political consultancy company and was replaced by David Lloyd. Some[who?] claimed he held no previous experience in the talk and chat radio genre, which overlooked the almost two years he spent with the Century FM brand in its Border TV ownership days where the station was a 50/50 music/talk service. He also introduced a podcasting service called LBC Plus, and a number of premium-rate promotional opportunities to replace falling advertising revenues experienced by the radio sector.
In September 2006, the LBC 97.3 station became available in some other parts of the country on the digital DAB platform, after Chrysalis bought out its partners and closed the Digital News Network rolling news station, which had previously been carried on the MXR multiplex. Each multiplex region – the North West, West Midlands, Yorkshire, North East, South Wales, and the West – broadcast the London LBC transmission, augmented with occasional bulletins of regional news and travel information.
In February 2007, Chrysalis confirmed media speculation that it was reviewing the entire radio operation at its investors' request. Further media speculation from The Guardian suggested that the group had little option, due to shareholder pressure, to sell its radio arm, including LBC, raising up to £200 million for new acquisitions, while The Daily Telegraph suggested that it could be the subject of a management buyout. Subsequently it was announced on 25 June 2007 that LBC along with its sister stations The Arrow, Heart, and Galaxy network were to be sold for £170 million to Global Radio by the Chrysalis Group, whose Chrysalis Radio operation closed down. In December 2008 the station moved to the Capital London studios in Leicester Square.
In April 2007, a new marketing slogan for (what was then called) LBC 97.3 was introduced: "London's Biggest Conversation", a play on the station's initials.
Towards the end of October 2012, the station ceased DAB broadcasts to some parts of the country.
On 30 January 2014, LBC announced its intention to return to the DAB platform and began broadcasting nationally at 7 am on 11 February 2014 under a new slogan, "Leading Britain's Conversation". LBC took up the slot previously occupied by Jazz FM (and briefly Birdsong), and dropped the "97.3" from the station name to reinforce the notion that it now had national coverage.
LBC claim to be the first radio station in the world to provide full-length podcasts for all its major shows, plus podcast-only shows and other things such as backstage interviews and mp3s sent to the show, under the name LBC Plus. Most podcasts require a small subscription fee, but some shows, including Best Of programmes, podcast only shows and 'bitesize' versions of programmes, are free.
Tony Blair appearanceEdit
On 13 January 2004, then British Prime Minister Tony Blair presented an hour-long phone-in show on the station, taking pre-booked calls from LBC 97.3 listeners. His appearance was part of the 'Big Conversation' initiative to promote government as being more accessible and in touch with the people. During the 10–11 am show, a caller explained that he'd been denied access to his children for five years and asked what Blair was planning to do about other fathers in a similar situation. The Prime Minister assured the caller he would look into his case personally. It later transpired that the caller was in fact Fathers 4 Justice member Ron Davis, who in May of that year was arrested for entering Parliament and throwing a condom containing purple powder over Blair and nearby Cabinet members. Davis claimed the attack was in response to the Prime Minister's failure to contact him or look into the matters discussed on LBC 97.3.
Ken Livingstone appearancesEdit
During his tenure as London Mayor, Ken Livingstone was a regular guest on LBC 97.3, appearing usually once per month on the Nick Ferrari breakfast show. During the show he took calls from LBC listeners and discussed points put to him by Ferrari. It became something of a running joke that the Mayor usually arrived late, blaming it on the public transport. Livingstone's phone-in sessions alternated between LBC and BBC London 94.9, and was an opportunity for Londoners to talk to the then-London Mayor. After losing the 2008 mayoral election, Livingstone began his own Saturday Morning programme on LBC, on 30 August 2008. He stood down in March 2012 to concentrate on running for London Mayor again, and was replaced by the former Labour Home Secretary Jacqui Smith. Until the spring of 2016, he co-hosted a slot on Saturday mornings with David Mellor.
Large Hadron Collider switch-on controversyEdit
The radio station received dozens of complaints after a broadcast on 10 September 2008 proclaimed that the end of the world was nigh, due to the initial tests of the Large Hadron Collider taking place that day. The station held a phone-in where people would say 'goodbye' to Earth. Due to this broadcast being made during the school run, most complaints were from parents complaining that their children were terrified by the broadcast.
Jeni Barnett and MMR vaccine controversyEdit
The radio station became involved in the MMR vaccine controversy after a broadcast by Jeni Barnett on 7 January 2009 in which she debated the putative dangers of MMR vaccine with callers. It became the subject of media controversy, first because her views were criticised as irresponsible by medical journalist Dr Ben Goldacre, and then because LBC and Global Radio threatened legal action against Goldacre for copyright infringement after he refused to remove the audio of the show from his blog, which resulted in its being made available at Wikileaks and elsewhere and the preparation of transcripts of the broadcast. David Aaronovitch in The Times argued for "a class action against LBC for permitting a presenter to inflict her preposterous prejudices on her listeners, to the detriment of someone else's kids." Norman Lamb MP tabled an Early Day Motion criticising Barnett and LBC for the likely effect of the broadcast on public health.
LBC has held call-in shows for politicians Nick Clegg, Nigel Farage, and Boris Johnson. In 2016, it was announced that Alex Salmond would be taking part in a weekly call-in show. This show ran from 13 January to 30 March that year. Salmond was then given a three-hour Sunday afternoon show, starting in 17 September 2017, after he lost his seat in the UK general election 2017.
Awards and nominationsEdit
|2017||Diversity in Media Awards||Radio Programme / Station of the Year||LBC Radio||Nominated|
- "On this day: 1973 – Commercial radio joins UK airwaves". BBC News. 8 October 1973.
- New Owners For LBC, AM/FM News, February 1993.
- LBC To Appeal Over Licence Decision, AM/FM News, September 1993.
- Receivers In At LBC, AM/FM News, April 1994.
- Eaton, Lynn (5 October 1994). "LBC signs off after 21 years". The Independent. London.
- Reece, Damian (15 December 2001). "London News Radio for sale with £30m tag". The Daily Telegraph. London.
- Milmo, Dan (25 September 2002). "LBC takeover imminent". The Guardian. London.
- Cassy, John (26 September 2002). "GWR confirms LNR sale". The Guardian. London.
- Day, Julia (6 December 2002). "LBC goes off air in relaunch gamble". The Guardian. London.
- Deans, Jason (18 July 2005). "Flanagan quits LBC for politics". The Guardian. London.
- "LBC Radio in DAB Expansion – potential 17 million audience" (Press release). LBC Radio. 28 July 2006.
- Day, Julia (1 August 2006). "Ofcom gives nod to LBC news hub". The Guardian. London.
- Tryhorn, Chris (12 February 2007). "Chrysalis joins consolidation race". The Guardian. London.
- Thelwell, Emma (26 June 2007). "Chrysalis sells three radio stations". The Daily Telegraph. London.
- Oatts, Joanne (3 April 2007). "LBC becomes 'London's Biggest Conversation'". Digital Spy.
- Sweney, Mark (30 January 2014). "LBC to go national on DAB digital radio". The Guardian Online.
- Burrell, Ian (30 January 2014). "LBC to take on Radio 5 Live with national expansion". The Independent.
- "LBC Podcasts". London: LBC 97.3. 4 May 2010. Retrieved 14 March 2012.
- Womack, Sarah (20 May 2004). "Estranged father confronted Prime Minister during a radio phone-in". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 15 October 2016.
- "BBC ON THIS DAY | 19 | 2004: Angry dads hit Blair with purple flour". BBC News. Retrieved 15 October 2016.
- Jackson, Andy (19 May 2016). "May 19, 2004: Dads' group hits Tony Blair with purple flour during Prime Minister's Questions". BT.com. Retrieved 15 October 2016.
- "Ex-Home Secretary Jacqui Smith joins LBC". London: Radio Today. 1 March 2012. Retrieved 14 March 2012.
- "Watch: Ken Livingstone's most controversial comments". The Telegraph. Retrieved 30 April 2016.
- Elgot, Jessica; Rawlinson, Kevin (29 April 2016). "Labour antisemitism crisis: Livingstone vows to fight suspension – as it happened". Retrieved 15 October 2016 – via The Guardian.
- "A full transcript of what Ken Livingstone said about antisemitism, Israel, Labour, and Naz Shah". independent.co.uk. 28 April 2016. Retrieved 15 October 2016.
- Quinn, Ben (29 April 2016). "Channel 4 News presenter tells LBC to axe Ken Livingstone". Retrieved 15 October 2016 – via The Guardian.
- Aaronovitch, David (10 February 2009). "The preposterous prejudice of the anti-MMR lobby". The Times. London.
- "Early Day Motion 754: MMR vaccine and the media". UK Parliament. 10 February 2009.
- "Alex Salmond To Host Weekly Phone-In On LBC". lbc.co.uk. Retrieved 15 October 2016.