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Hussain in 2014
|12th President of Pakistan|
9 September 2013 – 9 September 2018
|Preceded by||Asif Ali Zardari|
|Succeeded by||Arif Alvi|
|24th Governor of Sindh|
19 June 1999 – 12 October 1999
|Prime Minister||Nawaz Sharif|
|Preceded by||Moinuddin Haider|
|Succeeded by||AM Azim Daudpota|
|Born||23 December 1941|
Agra, United Provinces, British India
(now in Uttar Pradesh, India)
|Political party||Pakistan Muslim League (N)|
|Alma mater||Institute of Business Administration, Karachi|
Born in Agra, British India in 1941, his family migrated to settle in Karachi in 1947 where he went on to attain a commerce degree from the University of Karachi and later received an MBA from IBA. Hussain founded a textile company based out of Karachi and later joined the center-right Pakistan Muslim League in 1970, working as a party worker. In 1997, he earned public notability as a business leader when he was elected as president of the Karachi Chamber of Commerce & Industry, serving until May 1999.
He was appointed as Governor of Sindh in June 1999 by President Rafiq Tarar; however, he was removed from the post a few months later due to the 1999 military coup d'état. Hussain was nominated for the presidency by the PML-N in July 2013 and was elected through an indirect presidential election. Hussain took over the presidency after an oath administered by the Chief Justice of Pakistan on 9 September 2013. Hussain maintained a low-key profile as President and his role was rarely seen in the nation's politics, although he was involved in a Polio eradication program.
Hussain hails from an Urdu-speaking family with roots in Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India, being born there before the partition but grew up in Karachi. He and his family migrated to Karachi, Sindh (then West Pakistan), Pakistan in 1949 after the partition in 1947.
After being home schooled, Hussain enrolled in the Karachi University where he studied for the Commerce degree. After graduating from the Karachi University in 1963, he entered in the master's program at the Institute of Business Administration (IBA) in Karachi, and obtained his MBA degree in 1965. Initially supporting and strengthening his father's business, he shifted to his own business in textile. Hussain was once president of the Karachi Chamber of Commerce and Industry.
Hussain began to take interest in national politics in 1968 when he became chairman and joined the Pakistan Muslim League (PML) led by Nurul Amin. Initially, an activist with a missionary and reformative zeal in 1968, Hussain began joint secretary of the Pakistan Muslim League's Karachi chapter. In 1993, he officially joined the PML(N) led by Nawaz Sharif and was appointed the Finance Secretary of the PML(N) in Sindh.
In June 1999, he became the Governor of Sindh, but his term was cut short on 12 October 1999 when the PML(N) government was ousted in a military coup. His credentials as a politician devoted to the cause of democracy were established when he became a political prisoner after raising his voice against the military regime of Pervez Musharraf.
Azhar Haroon, the former president of the Karachi Chamber of Commerce and Industry, said: "He had no political affiliation until 1999 but his polite discourse and professional ability impressed Nawaz Sharif, who appointed him as the Governor of Sindh". He is a relatively lesser-known figure, described as loyal to Nawaz Sharif, and was elected as President of Pakistan as the official nominee of the PML-N in the July 2013 presidential election. Hussain secured 432 votes and his only rival Wajihuddin Ahmed received 77. He was sworn in on 9 September 2013 in a ceremony held at Aiwan-e-Sadr, attended by mainstream political and military leadership alongside foreign dignitaries, media personnel and his close relatives. At the time of assuming the office of president, he became the second oldest president of Pakistan. His term for the presidency ended on 8 September 2018. Hussain shares a distinction with the former president Ayub Khan as both have given the oath of office to five chief justices of Pakistan each during their tenure, that is the maximum number of chief justices sworn in by any president of Pakistan. This was the first time in Pakistan's history that a second consecutive elected presidency completed its term, first being the presidency of Asif Ali Zardari. Before Zardari, only elected president to complete his term was Fazal Ilahi Chaudhry but there was no succession by an election.
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|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mamnoon Hussain.|
- Mamnoon Hussain takes oath as Twelfth President
- Profile page (in Urdu)
- Mamnoon Hussain submits nomination papers for presidential election
- Mamnoon Hussain nomination as PML-N presidential candidate
| Governor of Sindh
Asif Ali Zardari
| President of Pakistan