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Ribbon of Nishan-e-Pakistan

The Nishan-e-Pakistan (Urdu: نشان پاکستان‎, English: Order of Pakistan) is the highest of civil awards and decorations given by the Government of Pakistan for the highest degree of service to the country and nation of Pakistan. The award was established on 19 March 1957.

The Nishan-e-Pakistan, unlike other honours, is a highly restricted and most prestigious award and is only conferred for the merit and distinguished services to the country, international community, and foreign relations. This award, like other civilian awards, is announced on 14 August each year and its investiture takes place on following 23 March. Recipients are entitled to the post-nominal NPk.


Foreign recipients of Nishan-e-PakistanEdit

Year Name Field Country
9 November 1959 Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi Shah of Iran   Imperial State of Iran
1960 Queen Elizabeth II Queen of the United Kingdom
(Former Queen of Pakistan)
  United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms
13 January 1961 Josip Broz Tito President of Yugoslavia   Yugoslavia
1962 Bhumibol Adulyadej King of Thailand   Thailand
7 December 1957 Dwight Eisenhower President of the United States   United States
1 August 1969 Richard Nixon[1] President of the United States   United States
1983 King Birendra King of Nepal     Nepal
23 March 1983 Aga Khan IV[2] Leader of Ismaili Muslims   United Kingdom
19 May 1990 Morarji Desai[3] Prime Minister of India   India
18 September 1992 Hassanal Bolkiah[4] Sultan of Brunei Darussalam   Brunei
3 October 1992 Nelson Mandela[5][6] President of South Africa   South Africa
10 April 1999 Li Peng Premier of the People's Republic of China   China
6 April 1999 Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa al Thani[7] Emir of Qatar   Qatar
21 April 2001 Sultan Qaboos bin Said al Said[8] Sultan of Oman   Oman
1 February 2006 King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz al Saud[9] King of Saudi Arabia   Saudi Arabia
24 November 2006 Hu Jintao[10] President of the People's Republic of China   China
26 October 2009 Recep Tayyip Erdoğan[11][12] Prime Minister of Turkey   Turkey
Emperor Akihito Emperor of Japan   Japan
31 March 2010 Abdullah Gul[13][14] President of Turkey   Turkey
22 May 2013 Li Keqiang[15] Premier of the People's Republic of China   China
21 April 2015 Xi Jinping[16] President of the People's Republic of China   China
23 May 2018 Fidel Castro[17] President of Cuba   Cuba
18 Feb 2019 Mohammad bin Salman[18] Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia   Saudi Arabia
22 Mar 2019 Mahathir Mohamad[19] Prime Minister of Malaysia   Malaysia
26 May 2019 Wang Qishan[20] Vice President of China   China
23 June 2019 Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani[21] Emir of Qatar   Qatar

Recipients of the Hilal-e-PakistanEdit

Hilal-e-Pakistan (Crescent of Pakistan), stands second in hierarchy of civilian awards after the Nishan-E-Pakistan.

Year Name Field Country
1957 Amin Ahmed Chief Justice of Dhaka High Court   Pakistan
1958 Akhter Husain Governor of West Pakistan, Civil Servant   Pakistan
1958 Abdul Wahid Adamjee Businessman, Industrialist   Pakistan
1958 Emperor Haile Selassie Emperor of Ethiopia   Ethiopia
1962 Asghar Khan Commander in Chief of Pakistan Air Force   Pakistan
1964 Zulfikar Ali Bhutto Foreign Minister of Pakistan   Pakistan[22]
1971 Justice Hamood ur Rahman Chief Justice of Pakistan   Pakistan
1989 Ruth Pfau Nun and Leprosy Doctor   Germany
1995 Sir Gerald Kaufman[23][24] British Labour Party politician and Member of Parliament   United Kingdom
2005 Nahyan bin Mubarak Al Nahyan Minister of Culture, UAE   United Arab Emirates
2008 Joe Biden[25] Vice President-elect of the United States   United States
2011 Ronald Noble[26] Secretary-General of Interpol   United States
2012 Yang Jiechi[27] Foreign Minister of the People's Republic of China   China
2012 Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Princess of Thailand   Thailand
2014 Irina Bokova Culture   Bulgaria
2015 Mehriban Aliyeva[28] Culture   Azerbaijan

Recipients of the Sitara-e-PakistanEdit

Sitara-e-Pakistan (Star of Pakistan), stands third in hierarchy of civilian awards after the Nishan-e-Pakistan and the Hilal-e-Pakistan.

Year Name Field Country
1958 Aslam Khattak Politician/chairman, Human Rights Commission of Pakistan   Pakistan
1959 Abdus Salam Scientist and Science Advisor to the Government of Pakistan   Pakistan
1965 Air Commodore Władysław Turowicz military scientist and engineer   Pakistan
1965 Vice-Admiral Syed Mohammad Ahsan Naval intelligence officer and Chief of Naval Staff   Pakistan
1966 A G N Kazi Chairman Water and Power Development Authority   Pakistan
1970 Jamil Ansari Editor-in-Chief Dawn 1965-1972[29]   Pakistan
1971 Rear Admiral Leslie Mungavin Naval Officer   Pakistan
1972 Chief Justice Bashiruddin Ahmed Khan Judge   Pakistan
Akhtar Hameed Khan Social scientist, he pioneered microcredit, microfinance, and rural development initiatives   Pakistan
Syed Hashim Raza[30] Former Governor of East Pakistan, first administrator of Karachi (1948-1951)   Pakistan
1998 Himalaya SJB Rana First governor of Central Bank of Nepal, Former UN delegate to Pakistan - for his role in the development of Pakistan-Nepal friendship     Nepal
2002 Mumtaz Tarar Chairman Human Rights commission   Pakistan
Habibullah Khan Khattak for action in Burma during World War II   Pakistan
Bronte Clucas Quayle, CB, OBE, QC, for his services in drafting the 1962 Constitution of Pakistan   Australia
1991 James M. Shera, MBE Politician, Head of the International Curriculum Support Services, Education Department   United Kingdom
2006 Grace Warren surgeon, leprosy expert   Australia
2009 Greg Mortenson humanitarian, Central Asia Institute - for promoting girls' literacy and education, and establishing schools in Pakistan   United States
2008 Khaled Almaeena[31] journalist, Saudi Gazette - Journalism   Saudi Arabia
2009 An Qiguang[32] Former Counsel General of China in Karachi for his notable services in strengthening the relations between Pakistan and China   China
2012 Rowan Douglas Williams[27] Anglican bishop, Archbishop of Canterbury, public services to Pakistan   United Kingdom
2014 General C. S. Weerasooriya[33] Former Sri Lankan High Commissioner to Pakistan   Sri Lanka
2018 Kimihide Ando[34][35] Chief Executive Officer Mitsubishi Corporation Pakistan, services to Pakistan   Japan
2018 Haris Silajdžić[34] Bosnian politician, former member of the Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina, services to Pakistan   Bosnia and Herzegovina
2018 Song Jong-hwan[34][36] diplomat, former Korean ambassador to Pakistan, services to Pakistan   South Korea
2018 Sadiq Khan[34] British politician, Mayor of London, services to Pakistan   United Kingdom

Recipients of the Tamgha-e-PakistanEdit

Tamgha-e-Pakistan (Medal of Pakistan), stands fourth in hierarchy of civilian awards after the Nishan-e-Pakistan, Hilal-e-Pakistan, Sitara-e-Pakistan.

Year Name Field Country
1959 Sartaj Aziz Economics   Pakistan
1965 Rashid Ahmed Naval officer   Pakistan
1967 Hermanegild Marcos Antonio Drago Community service   Pakistan
1968 Aslam Azhar[37] Television Broadcasting   Pakistan
1971 Ahmed Hussain A Kazi Public Service   Pakistan
1987 Neerja Harish Bhanot Public Service   India
2012 Emmanuel Nicholas Community (Education)   Sri Lanka
2012 Li Xiaolin[27] Community (Investment)   China
2018 Muhammad Ayhan Murtaza Community (Education)   Pakistan

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Richard Nixon, Remarks on Accepting the Nishan-e-Pakistan, Published 1 Aug 1969, Retrieved 28 May 2016
  2. ^ "In recognition of his sense of commitment in promoting social and economic welfare activities of Pakistan", website, Published 23 March 1983, Retrieved 28 May 2016
  3. ^ When India and Pakistan almost made peace, Morarji Desai and Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq meeting in Kenya, newspaper website, Published 11 July 2001, Retrieved 28 May 2016
  4. ^ Foreign Honorary Awards of Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah
  5. ^ List of Nelson Mandela awards and honours
  6. ^ "Mandela in Pakistan". The Independent UK newspaper. 1992-10-03. Retrieved 28 May 2016.
  7. ^[permanent dead link]
  8. ^ "The Al-Busaid Dynasty: Genealogy". Retrieved 2014-03-07.
  9. ^ King Abdullah ends Asian tour with state visit to Pakistan Archived 2008-06-18 at the Wayback Machine
  10. ^ Subramanian, Nirupama (Nov 25, 2006). "Hu Jintao awarded Nishan-e-Pakistan". The Hindu (newspaper). Retrieved 9 January 2017.
  11. ^ Erdogan: Pakistan, Turkey can together bring peace to region Archived 2012-03-04 at the Wayback Machine
  12. ^ "Erdogan conferred Nishan-e-Pakistan". The Nation. APP. October 27, 2009. Retrieved 9 January 2017.
  13. ^ "Nawaz thanks Gul for supporting Pakistan in hard times". The News International. April 2, 2010. Retrieved 10 January 2017.
  14. ^ "Turkish President arrives on four-day visit". Dunya News. March 30, 2010. Retrieved 10 January 2017.
  15. ^ "Chinese PM awarded Nishan-e-Pakistan on arrival in Islamabad". Express Tribune. May 22, 2013. Retrieved 9 January 2017.
  16. ^ "Nishan-e-Pakistan award conferred on Xi Jinping". The Hindu. PTI. Apr 21, 2015. Retrieved 9 January 2017.
  17. ^ "Pakistan is honouring late Cuban leader Fidel Castro with Nishan-e-Pakistan today – here's why". Retrieved 6 April 2018.
  18. ^ "President Alvi confers Nishan-e-Pakistan on Saudi Crown Prince Mohammad bin Salman". Express Tribune. Feb 18, 2019. Retrieved 18 February 2019.
  19. ^ "Pakistan to confer highest civilian award on Dr M". Bernama. Malay Mail. 20 March 2019. Retrieved 21 March 2019.
  20. ^ "Pakistan to confer highest civilian award on VP M". Bernama. The News. 26 May 2019. Retrieved 6 May 2019.
  21. ^ "Pakistan to confer highest civilian award on VP M". Emir of Qatar. The News. 23 June 2019. Retrieved 22 June 2019.
  22. ^
  23. ^, Gerald Kaufman's Hilal-i-Pakistan Award listed on Pakistan High Commissioner office website, Retrieved 6 March 2017
  24. ^ [1] Gerald Kaufman's Hilal-i-Pakistan Award listed on The News International (newspaper) website, Published 4 March 2017, Retrieved 6 March 2017
  25. ^ [2]
  26. ^ "Pakistan honours INTERPOL". Interpol. March 24, 2011. Archived from the original on 2016-08-27. Retrieved August 26, 2016.
  27. ^ a b c Civil Awards for 2012 announced The Express Tribune (newspaper), Published 14 Aug 2012, Retrieved 28 May 2016
  28. ^ Mehriban Aliyeva: Hilal-e-Pakistan recipient serving humanity
  29. ^ Khan, Humaira M.; Sadriwala, Maryam Murtaza (2004). Dawn: The History. Department of Mass Communication, University of Karachi.
  30. ^ Hashim Raza passes away Dawn (newspaper), Published 1 October 2003, Retrieved 14 November 2017
  31. ^ "Sitara-i-Imtiaz conferred on Saudi journalist". AsiaMedia. 2009-01-22. Archived from the original on 2014-03-07. Retrieved 2014-03-07.
  32. ^ "President confers Sitara i Pakistan on former Chinese envoy". Associated Press Of Pakistan. Archived from the original on 2014-03-07. Retrieved 2014-03-07.
  33. ^ LTD, Lankacom PVT. "The Island". Retrieved 18 July 2016.
  34. ^ a b c d "141 to get civil awards on Yaum-i-Pakistan". Dawn. March 16, 2018.
  35. ^ "Sitar-e-Pakistan laureate Kimihide Ando's achievements marked". The Nation.
  36. ^ "Ex-Korean envoy receives Pakistan's highest civilian honor". Korea Herald.
  37. ^ [3] Aslam Azhar's 'Tamgha-e-Pakistan' Award info on Dawn newspaper, Published 15 Jan 2011, Retrieved 6 June 2016

External linksEdit