University of North London
The University of North London (UNL) was a university in London, England, formed from the Polytechnic of North London (PNL) in 1992 when that institution was granted university status. PNL, in turn, had been formed by the amalgamation of the Northern Polytechnic and North-Western Polytechnic in 1971. In 1996, the university celebrated its centenary, dating from the year of the Northern Polytechnic's founding. UNL existed until 2002, when it merged with London Guildhall University to form London Metropolitan University. Its former premises are now the University's north campus, on Holloway Road and Highbury Grove, Islington.
|Established||1896 (1992 as UNL)|
|Vice-Chancellor||Brian A. Roper BSc Econ (Hons) MA (Econ) D.Univ (Hon)|
|Campus||166–220 Holloway Road N7 8DB|
|Affiliations||Coalition of Modern Universities|
Under the board of governors, the university was arranged into four faculties each led by a dean and pro vice-chancellor:—
- Faculty of Environmental and Social Studies
- School of Law, Governance and Information Management (formerly schools of Law and of Information and Communications Studies)
- School of Social Sciences (formerly Policy Studies, Politics and Social Research)
- School of Community Health, Psychology and Social Work (formerly schools of Health and of Social Work)
- School of Geography and Environmental Studies (until 1997)
- School of Architecture and Interior Design
- Faculty of Humanities and Teacher Education
- School of Arts and Humanities (formerly Historical, Philosophical and Contemporary Studies)
- School of Area and Language Studies (formerly European and Language Studies)
- School of Education
- Faculty of Science, Computing and Engineering
- School of Biological and Applied Sciences (formerly Applied Chemistry)
- School of Communications Technology and Mathematical Sciences (formerly schools of Electronic and Communications Engineering and Applied Physics and of Mathematical Studies)
- School of Informatics and Multimedia Technology (formerly Computing)
- School of Health and Sport Science (formerly Life Sciences)
- School of Polymer Technology (founded as the National College of Rubber Technology in 1948)
- The Business School
Faculties organised undergraduate and postgraduate schemes within a university modular framework. An interdisciplinary undergraduate scheme for inter-faculty combined honours degrees was managed centrally by the Academic Registry.
In 1994, the Learning Centre library opened on the site of a former mirror factory. In 1996, the Trades Union Congress library collections, which had been established in 1922, were transferred there. It is the major research library for the study of all aspects of trade unions, collective bargaining and labour history, with both historical and contemporary coverage.
The Great Hall was officially opened by the Lord Mayor of London in 1897, as a social and academic events space catering for dances and recitals. By 1929, a proscenium arch and stage were installed and it was renamed the Theatre, playing host to operas and theatrical productions. Throughout the 1980s, it was a solid fixture on the capitals gig circuit and an essential stop for touring bands. When electronic dance music and the club scene took hold at the turn of the decade, it was relaunched as the Rocket complex and became one of London's leading all-nighter venues.
The 1990s also saw the building divided vertically, creating its two separate floors. In 2015, the Great Hall had its name and grandeur restored, with the Rocket now referring exclusively to the ground floor bar and adjacent courtyard garden.
The vice-chancellor and chief executive was supported by the deputy vice-chancellor (academic) and the deputy vice-chancellor (research and development).
|Prof. Leslie Wagner CBE||1992–1994||Director of the Polytechnic of North London from 1987|
|Brian A. Roper||1994–2002||Vice chancellor of London Metropolitan University to 2009|
In 2000, the university awarded an honorary degree to The Most Reverend Desmond Tutu, Archbishop of Cape Town and primate of the Anglican Church of Southern Africa, in a special ceremony.
Following the merger with London Guildhall (formerly the City of London Polytechnic), London Metropolitan became the largest unitary university in London.
Northern Polytechnic InstituteEdit
The Northern Polytechnic opened in Holloway with aid from the City Parochial Foundation and substantial donations from the Worshipful Company of Clothworkers in 1896. Under the terms of its Royal Charter, its objective was "to promote the industrial skill, general knowledge, health and well-being of young men and women belonging to the poorer classes of Islington [and] to provide for the inhabitants of Islington and the neighbouring parts of north London, and especially for the Industrial Classes, the means of acquiring a sound General, Scientific, Technical and Commercial Education at small cost." By 1911, five-year University of London evening degrees were available. The modernist Cecil Stephenson was appointed Head of Art in 1923 and, from 1925, courses were recognised by the Royal Institute of British Architects.
- Walter Hassan, British automotive engineer and engine specialist for Bentley, Jaguar Cars, and Coventry Climax
The North-Western Polytechnic was eventually opened by HRH The Prince of Wales (later King Edward VIII) at Prince of Wales Road, Kentish Town in 1929. The Polytechnic later acquired premises at St. Pancras, Highbury (Ladbroke House) and Nos. 207–225 Essex Road. Concentrating on social sciences, humanities and arts, by 1967, when the printing department transferred to the London College of Printing (a founding member of the London Institute), the North-Western was the largest polytechnic in London.
- Aminu Bashir Wali, Nigerian Minister of Foreign Affairs (2014–2015)
- Alison Weir, author and historian
Polytechnic of North LondonEdit
The Polytechnic of North London was founded by the 1971 merger of the Northern and North-Western polytechnics. Its first Director was Terence Miller, former principal of the University of Rhodesia. Until the passing of the Education Reform Act 1988, it came under the control of the Inner London Education Authority, part of the then Greater London Council. Degree awarding authority resided with the former Council for National Academic Awards until the polytechnic, a pioneer of widening participation and access to higher education, was granted university status under the Further and Higher Education Act 1992.
The Harrington affairEdit
In 1984, Patrick Harrington, a prominent member of the National Front and deputy editor of NF News, was the subject of protests by fellow students who picketed and boycotted his lectures, arguing that his presence made life intolerable for ethnic minority students. Disputing this, Harrington obtained an injunction which the protesters, backed by the students' union, ignored. At one stage the President of the National Union of Students, Phil Woolas, reported that the Polytechnic was "simply not functioning any more," with lecturers defying the courts by refusing to give names of students on demonstrations. Two student leaders were sent to prison for 16 days for contempt of the court order preventing them from barring Harrington and the Secretary of State for Education, Sir Keith Joseph, threatened to close the Polytechnic down.
In December, David MacDowall, then Director, resigned after pressure from the Inner London Education Authority to make a complaint against Harrington for remarks he made in a radio interview. ILEA said the remarks were racist, which Harrington denied. In his resignation letter, Dr. MacDowall admitted that he had acted "in a totally fascistic manner" over the issue and wished "all the picketing students the best of luck with their campaign." Harrington subsequently faced a disciplinary hearing for a television interview in which, in line with NF policy, he questioned the right of black people to citizenship. In January 1985, with a new Director, John Beishon, in post and final examinations approaching, the Polytechnic, students' union and Harrington agreed a deal in which his classes would be taught separately in another building. He eventually graduated with a degree in philosophy. Dr. Beishon remained at PNL for three years.
- Trades Union Congress Library Collections London Metropolitan University (retrieved 1 March 2010)
- Utley, Alison In the news: Leslie Wagner Times Higher Education Supplement, 9 May 2003
- Curtis, Polly Vice-chancellor of London Metropolitan quits The Guardian, 19 March 2009. Chief executive 2002–2004; vice chancellor and chief executive 2004–2009
- Floud, Roderick and Glynn, Sean (eds.) London Higher: The Establishment of Higher Education in London (pp. 204 and 212) London: The Athlone Press, 1998
- History of London College of Communication Archived 26 June 2007 at the Wayback Machine University of the Arts, London (retrieved 21 February 2010)
- Shotgun Marriage: A Profile of the North London Polytechnic Education + Training Vol. 13, No. 5 (pp. 150–152) May 1971
- Hughes-Warrington, Marnie Fifty Key Thinkers on History (p. 305) London: Routledge, 2000
- Kirkwood, Richard "Changing Audiences, Changing Contexts – Reflections on 37 years with students looking at ‘Race’ issues" in Farrar, Max and Todd, Malcolm (eds.) Teaching 'race' in social sciences – new contexts, new approaches (cap. 1) The Higher Education Academy subject network for Sociology, Anthropology and Politics, 2006
- Searchlight magazine, June 1984
- Beckett, Francis BNP student faces boycott The Guardian, 21 May 2002
- The Times, 29 November 1984
- The Times, 8 December 1984
- Copsey, Nigel Anti-Fascism in Britain (p. 156) London: Macmillan, 2000
- The Times, 15 and 19 December 1984
- The Times, 8 and 12 January 1985
- Milman, David Educational Conflict and the Law (pp. 114–116) Beckenham:Croom Helm, 1986
- Price, Christopher John Beishon: Managing change in a turbulent student world The Guardian, 1 May 2001
- Swainson, Bill (9 August 2018). "Matthew Sweeney obituary: Prolific poet whose darkly humorous fables expressed the strangeness of the world with a sense of delight". The Guardian. Guardian Media Group. Archived from the original on 9 August 2018. Retrieved 9 August 2018.
- Baggs, A. P.; Bolton, Diane K.; Croot, Patricia E. C. (1985). "Islington: Education". In Baker, T. F. T.; Elrington, C. R. (eds.). A History of the County of Middlesex. 8: Islington and Stoke Newington parishes. pp. 117–135.