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Samuel Phillip Gyimah ( /ˈmɑː/; born 10 August 1976)[1] is a Conservative politician who has served as the Member of Parliament (MP) for East Surrey since the 2010 general election.[2]

Sam Gyimah

Official portrait of Mr Sam Gyimah crop 2.jpg
Minister of State for Universities, Science, Research and Innovation
In office
9 January 2018 – 30 November 2018
Prime MinisterTheresa May
Preceded byJo Johnson
Succeeded byChris Skidmore
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Prisons and Probation
In office
17 July 2016 – 9 January 2018
Prime MinisterTheresa May
Preceded byAndrew Selous
Succeeded byRory Stewart
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Childcare and Education
In office
21 July 2014 – 17 July 2016
Prime MinisterDavid Cameron
Preceded byElizabeth Truss
Succeeded byCaroline Dinenage
Parliamentary Secretary for the Constitution
In office
14 July 2014 – 12 May 2015
Prime MinisterDavid Cameron
Preceded byGreg Clark
Succeeded byJohn Penrose
Lord Commissioner of the Treasury
In office
7 October 2013 – 14 July 2014
Prime MinisterDavid Cameron
Preceded byDesmond Swayne
Succeeded byHarriett Baldwin
Member of Parliament
for East Surrey
Assumed office
6 May 2010
Preceded byPeter Ainsworth
Majority23,914 (40.4%)
Personal details
Born
Samuel Phillip Gyimah

(1976-08-10) 10 August 1976 (age 43)
Beaconsfield, Buckinghamshire, England
Political partyConservative
Spouse(s)
Nicky Black (m. 2012)
Children2
Alma materSomerville College, Oxford
WebsiteOfficial website

Between 2014 and 2018 after serving as Parliamentary Private Secretary to the Prime Minister David Cameron and a government whip, Gyimah was promoted to holding between one and two positions concurrently of Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State.[3][4][5] Gyimah served as the Minister for Universities, Science, Research and Innovation from January 2018 until he resigned on 30 November 2018.[6]

Contents

Early lifeEdit

Gyimah was born in Beaconsfield, Buckinghamshire.[7] When he was six years old, his parents split up and his mother returned to her native Ghana with Gyimah and his younger brother and sister while his father remained in the UK. For the next ten years, Gyimah attended Achimota School in Accra, Ghana. Gyimah returned to the UK to sit GCSEs and A-levels at Freman College,[1] a state school in Buntingford, Hertfordshire.[8] He then went on to Somerville College at the University of Oxford, where he read Politics, Philosophy and Economics, and was elected President of the Oxford Union.[1]

Life and careerEdit

On graduation, Gyimah joined Goldman Sachs as an investment banker, leaving the company in 2003 to set up Clearstone Training and Recruitment Limited with fellow future Conservative MP Chris Philp. Clearstone and its subsidiaries went into administration in 2007.[9] In September 2005 Gyimah edited a report by the Bow Group, a Conservative think tank, entitled From the Ashes: the future of the Conservative Party.[10] He was subsequently elected chairman of the Bow Group from 2006 to 2007.[1][11] Gyimah stood unsuccessfully for election in Kilburn ward in the 2006 Camden Council election.[12] In December 2009, Gyimah placed third in the Gosport primary election to succeed Peter Viggers, losing to Caroline Dinenage.[13]

Parliamentary careerEdit

Following his name being added to the Conservatives' A-List, he was selected as the prospective parliamentary candidate for East Surrey and elected at the 2010 general election,[2] making his maiden speech on 29 July 2010.[14] Gyimah became a member of the International Development Select Committee, and stated an interest in harnessing the private sector towards achieving international development goals.[15] He also began to take an active part in debates on education and employment and in some local campaigns to protect the green belt in Surrey.[15]

In 2011, Gyimah produced a report with the think-tank NESTA, "Beyond the Banks: the case for a British Industry and Enterprise Bond",[16] in support of non-bank alternatives for businesses seeking finance. He was the first member of parliament to call for credit-easing as a means of accelerating Britain's economic recovery.[17]

Gyimah was appointed as Parliamentary Private Secretary (PPS) to the Prime Minister at the 2012 reshuffle, then became a Government Whip in October 2013.[2]

Gyimah supported the United Kingdom remaining in the European Union in the EU referendum of 2016.[18]

On 20 November 2015, Gyimah contributed to the filibustering of the opposition-proposed Compulsory Emergency First Aid Education (State-Funded Secondary Schools) Bill to make the teaching of first aid in secondary schools compulsory. He spoke until the end of the debate, despite requests from the deputy speaker.[19]

On 21 October 2016, Gyimah filibustered the Sexual Offences (Pardons) bill (nicknamed the "Turing Bill" after Alan Turing), a private member's bill presented by the Scottish National Party MP John Nicolson that sought to pardon all men convicted of abolished offences under the sodomy laws, on the grounds that granting automatic pardons to all men convicted of historic ‘gay sex crimes’ would mean that some men who had raped and/or had sex with young men under the age of 16 would be pardoned.[20] Supporters of the bill disputed this, as they proposed conditions for a pardon which included the act being consensual and that it would not be contrary to present-day British law.[21][22][23] He instead supported an amendment proposed by the government to existing legislation, in which only dead men convicted of such offences were automatically pardoned, while those who were living would have to apply to the Home Office through a "disregard" process.[23][24] Gyimah has consistently voted in favour of LGBT equality, including the right of same-sex couples to marry.[25][better source needed]

As Minister for Universities, Science, Research and Innovation, Gyimah has warned that “there’s a culture of censorship in some of our universities" and that threats to freedom of speech were not "some right-wing conspiracy theory that had been made up". Some of the examples he has mentioned included a professor at King's College London who was allegedly reported for hate speech after teaching a history class, and a university's safe-space policy that took 20 minutes to read. In both cases, the universities in question reported that these things did not happen, and the Department for Education clarified later that Gyimah had merely relayed students' anecdotes.[26]

On 30 November 2018, Gyimah became the seventh government minister to resign over Theresa May's Brexit deal, which he called naive, saying "Britain will end up worse off, transformed from rule makers into rule takers. It is a democratic deficit and a loss of sovereignty". He called May's withdrawal agreement "a deal in name only" with many unresolved issues that would leave the UK at the mercy of the European Union with no leverage for many years to come.

He said the UK's weakness in the negotiations over the Galileo satellite navigation project was the final straw and he intended to vote against May's deal in the House of Commons on 11 December 2018, and suggested the public should have the right to a final say on the withdrawal agreement in another referendum with the Article 50 process extended.[27] Gyimah resigned as a minister because he wants to be free to endorse a second referendum on Brexit.[28] In early 2019, he co-founded the group Right to Vote.[29]

On 2 June 2019, Gyimah announced his intention to stand as a candidate for the Conservative Party leadership election. He was the only leadership candidate advocating for a second referendum.[30] He withdrew on 10 June, the day that candidatures were to be formalised.

Personal lifeEdit

Gyimah has been married to Dr Nicky Black since 2012, with whom he has a son and a daughter.[1][7]

Gyimah has been a volunteer and fundraiser for Crisis, the Down's Syndrome Association and St. Catherine's Hospice in Surrey. He has served as school governor of an inner London school, on the board of a housing association and on the development board of Somerville College. He is a Vice-President of the Young Epilepsy charity (formerly the National Centre for Young People with Epilepsy (NCYPE) in Lingfield.[1]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Sam's Background". Sam Gyimah. Archived from the original on 11 January 2014. Retrieved 20 July 2016.
  2. ^ a b c "Sam in Parliament". Sam Gyimah. Archived from the original on 12 June 2014. Retrieved 20 July 2016.
  3. ^ "Parliamentary Under Secretary of State for Childcare and Education". www.gov.uk. Retrieved 20 July 2016.
  4. ^ "Parliamentary Secretary (Minister for the Constitution)". www.gov.uk. Retrieved 20 July 2016.
  5. ^ "Her Majesty's Government: December 2015". Prime Minister's Office. 12 May 2015. Retrieved 20 July 2016.
  6. ^ Tominey, Camilla (30 November 2018). "Tory minister Sam Gyimah resigns in protest at Theresa May's withdrawal deal". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 30 November 2018.
  7. ^ a b "Gyimah, Samuel Phillip, (born 10 Aug. 1976), MP (C) East Surrey, since 2010; Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, Ministry of Justice, since 2016". Who's Who. 2010. doi:10.1093/ww/9780199540884.013.251345.
  8. ^ Cassidy, Sarah (8 September 2014). "Sam Gyimah interview: Life-changing events often occur in early days of learning". The Independent. Retrieved 23 October 2016.
  9. ^ "Samuel Phillip GYIMAH – Personal Appointments (free information from Companies House)". beta.companieshouse.gov.uk.
  10. ^ "Bow Group Annual Report and Accounts, 2005–06". Bow Group. 2006. Archived from the original on 5 October 2006. Retrieved 20 July 2016.
  11. ^ "X Bow Spring Singles" (PDF). Bow Group. 2010.[dead link]
  12. ^ "Election 2006: Camden council". BBC News. 5 May 2006. Retrieved 20 July 2016.
  13. ^ "Dinenage to succeed duck house MP as Tory candidate". BBC News. Retrieved 1 August 2017.
  14. ^ "House of Commons Hansard; Col 628". Hansard. London: UK Parliament. 28 June 2010. Retrieved 7 July 2010.
  15. ^ a b "Sam Gyimah". conservatives.com. Retrieved 20 July 2016.
  16. ^ Westlake, Stian; Gyimah, Sam; Zappalorto, Marco (24 November 2011). "Beyond the Banks: the case for a British Industry and Enterprise Bond". Nesta. Retrieved 20 July 2016.
  17. ^ Gyimah, Sam (4 October 2011). "Why Osborne is right". The Spectator. Archived from the original on 6 January 2012. Retrieved 20 July 2016.
  18. ^ "EU vote: Where the cabinet and other MPs stand". BBC News. 22 June 2016. Retrieved 21 October 2016.
  19. ^ Stone, Jon (20 November 2015). "Tory MPs block bill to give first aid training to children by talking non-stop until debate ends". The Independent.
  20. ^ Pike, Steph (24 October 2016). "Blue with a hint of pink: the Tories and the Turing Bill". Counterfire. Retrieved 23 November 2016.
  21. ^ "'Turing Bill' fails to progress in Parliament". BBC News. 21 October 2016. Retrieved 21 October 2016.
  22. ^ Mason, Rowena (21 October 2016). "Conservative minister obstructs progression of gay pardon law". The Guardian. Retrieved 21 October 2016.
  23. ^ a b Worley, Will (21 October 2016). "Turing Bill filibustered by Tory minister amid row over how to pardon people convicted under scrapped anti-gay laws". The Independent.
  24. ^ Cowburn, Ashley (19 October 2016). "'Alan Turing law' unveiled by government will posthumously pardon thousands of gay men convicted of historic offences". The Independent.
  25. ^ Gyimah, Sam. 'Sam Gyimah Voting Record'. TheyWorkForYou. (United Kingdom).
  26. ^ McQuillan, Martin (29 June 2018). "Gyimah's freedom of speech claims under scrutiny again". *Research Professional. Retrieved 30 June 2018.
  27. ^ Tominey, Camilla (30 November 2018). "Tory minister Sam Gyimah resigns in protest at Theresa May's withdrawal deal". The Daily Telegraph.
  28. ^ Senior Tories urge free vote on second referendum The Observer. 15 December 2018
  29. ^ Lee, Phillip (19 March 2019). "Letter to the Prime Minister from Dr Phillip Lee MP" (pdf) (Letter). Letter to Theresa May. Retrieved 4 April 2019.
  30. ^ McGuinness, Alan (2 June 2019). "Sam Gyimah makes second referendum promise as he joins race to succeed Theresa May". Sky News. Retrieved 2 June 2019.

External linksEdit

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Peter Ainsworth
Member of Parliament
for East Surrey

2010–present
Incumbent