East Surrey (UK Parliament constituency)
East Surrey is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Sam Gyimah of the Conservative Party.[n 2] Its record is that of a Conservative safe seat based on time and opposition. It has elected a Conservative Party MP on an absolute majority since the seat's establishment, in 1918, and its greatest share of the vote for any opposition candidate was 33.75% in February 1974.
for the House of Commons
Boundary of East Surrey in Surrey.
Location of Surrey within England.
|Electorate||77,145 (December 2010)|
|Major settlements||Caterham, Whyteleafe, Warlingham, Lingfield, Woldingham, Godstone, Horley, Oxted, Limpsfield, Tatsfield|
|Member of Parliament||Sam Gyimah (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
|Number of members||Two|
|Type of constituency||County constituency|
|Replaced by||Croydon division|
|Created from||Bletchingley, Gatton and Surrey|
|European Parliament constituency||South East England|
|During its existence contributed to new seat(s) of:||Mid Surrey (in 1868)|
1832-1868: The Hundreds of Brixton, Kingston, Reigate, Tandridge and Wallington.
1868-1885: The Hundred of Tandridge, and so much of the Hundred of Wallington as included and lay to the east of the parishes of Croydon and Sanderstead, and so much of the Hundred of Brixton as included and lay to the east of the parishes of Streatham, Clapham and Lambeth.
1918-1950: The Urban Districts of Caterham, and Coulsdon and Purley, and the Rural District of Godstone.
1950-1974: The Urban Districts of Caterham and Warlingham, and Coulsdon and Purley.
1974-1983: The Urban District of Caterham and Warlingham, and the Rural District of Godstone.
1983-1997: The District of Tandridge.
1997-2010: The District of Tandridge, and the Borough of Reigate and Banstead wards of Horley East and Horley West.
2010–present: As above plus Horley Central.
East Surrey is a well-connected inner Home Counties seat, combining the town of Horley with Surrey's residual District Tandridge (as opposed to Boroughs which the other 10 parts have been created) which is made up of Caterham and modest commuter settlements, farming and retirement homes. Horley is one of two towns adjoining London Gatwick Airport and part of Reigate and Banstead borough. The area borders the London Borough of Croydon to the north, the county of Kent to the east, and the county of West Sussex to the south.
The northern part of the seat is inside the M25 motorway — Caterham, Whyteleafe and Warlingham form green-buffered, elevated commuter belt, with good rail connections to Central London and well-connected by all modes of transport to Croydon. Elsewhere, the seat is more rural and includes a low part of the Greensand Ridge and features woodland and many golf courses.
The Conservatives have prevented any opposition party achieving more than 33.75% of the vote since 1974; including at the 1997 and 2001 United Kingdom general elections when opposition was greatest nationally in Conservative safe seats.
Most local wards are won by the Conservatives with the Liberal Democrats often picking up seats somewhere in the dual-council system, particularly in Whyteleafe or Caterham Valley. As is typical in seats of this kind, the Labour vote is typically very modest. The party finished in third place at the elections between 1959 and 2015. In 2017 the party's candidate polled second, in a poorer showing for the Liberal Democrats and the party's "Corbyn Surge". The early twenty-first century saw UKIP poll approximately as strongly as Lib Dems historically. The area saw a majority vote in favour of Brexit in the 2016 EU Referendum; whereas the sitting MP Sam Gyimah opposed Brexit.
The territory, reduced as neighbouring seats have been created or enlarged, on inception absorbed Surrey's parliamentary boroughs of Bletchingley and Gatton, abolished as rotten boroughs by the Great Reform Act, 1832.
An earlier constituency of the same name existed from 1832 to 1885. Formally and often known as the Eastern Division of Surrey or Surrey Eastern, it elected two MPs by the bloc vote system. It was created in the 1832 Reform Acts and covered land from Peckham and southern Brixton adjoining Southwark to Lingfield adjoining Sussex and from Kent to Capel and Kingston upon Thames, the latter adjoining one of Surrey's then western borders.
Central parts of Surrey, a county which then extended far into today's Greater London, were identified as requiring two MPs under the Second Reform Act, starting from the 1868 general election. Surrey benefited under this Reform Act 1867, which reduced malapportionment varyingly. From 1832 until 1867 the seat included a populous northern section being all of South London except for the Kentish parts of the South East London, Lambeth and Southwark.
The Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 went much further than the Reform Act 1832 towards equal representation around the country, and also reflected growth in the county's population. Thus for elections from 1885 onwards, Mid Surrey and Surrey Eastern were split into Chertsey, Croydon, Epsom, Kingston, Reigate and Wimbledon constituencies (seats formerly included in Surrey Eastern are in bold).
In 1918 the constituency was re-established as East Surrey, taking rural and at most small suburban parts of Reigate and Croydon, and for the first time electing only one MP. It covered a smaller area, from the south of Croydon to the Kent and West Sussex borders. It included Lingfield, Oxted, Limpsfield, Godstone, Caterham and Woldingham.
In 1950 East Surrey lost Addington parish on the eastern fringe of Croydon to the newly formed Croydon South constituency, and its southern half to the Reigate constituency. In 1974 much of the north of constituency became part of Croydon South, reflecting the 1965 transfer of Purley and Coulsdon to the London Borough of Croydon in the new Greater London which then replaced the London County Council. Surrey East took in much of the area to the south that had been in Reigate since 1950. Its MP until 1974, William Clark, won the new Croydon South in that year's February election. Clark's successor, Sir Geoffrey Howe, later became Chancellor of the Exchequer and Foreign Secretary in Margaret Thatcher's cabinet.
Members of ParliamentEdit
|Election||First member||1st Party||Second member||2nd Party|
|1832||John Ivatt Briscoe||Whig||Aubrey Beauclerk||Radical|
|1841 by-election||Edmund Antrobus||Conservative|
|1847||Peter King||Whig||Thomas Alcock||Whig|
|1871 by-election||James Watney||Conservative|
MPs since 1918Edit
|1918||Sir Stuart Coats, Bt||Conservative|
|Feb 1974||Geoffrey Howe||Conservative||Later Lord Howe of Aberavon; Cabinet minister 1979–1990|
|1992||Peter Ainsworth||Conservative||Opposition frontbencher (1998-2009)|
|2010||Sam Gyimah||Conservative||Parliamentary Private Secretary to the Prime Minister (2012-2013); frontbencher under David Cameron and Theresa May|
Elections in the 2010sEdit
|Liberal Democrat||David Lee||6,197||10.5||+1.2|
|Liberal Democrat||David Lee||5,189||9.2||-16.6|
|Liberal Democrat||David Lee||14,133||25.9||+2.0|
|Monster Raving Loony||Martin Hogbin||422||0.8||New|
Elections in the 2000sEdit
|Liberal Democrat||Jeremy Pursehouse||11,738||23.8||-0.6|
|Legalise Cannabis||Winston Matthews||410||0.8||+0.8|
|Liberal Democrat||Jeremy Pursehouse||11,503||24.4||+1.9|
Elections in the 1990sEdit
|Liberal Democrat||Belinda Ford||12,296||22.5||-4.4|
|Natural Law||Susan Bartrum||173||0.3|
This constituency underwent boundary changes between the 1992 and 1997 general elections and thus change in share of vote is based on a notional calculation.
|Liberal Democrat||Robert L. Tomlin||12,111||25.4||+1.4|
|Labour||Gill M. Roles||5,075||10.6||+0.2|
|Green||Ian T. Kilpatrick||819||1.7||−0.6|
Elections in the 1980sEdit
Elections in the 1970sEdit
|National Front||D. Smith||452||1.00|
|Conservative||William Gibson Haig Clark||35,773||61.99|
|Liberal||Percy W. Meyer||11,749||20.36|
|Labour||Michael D. Simmons||10,186||17.65|
Elections in the 1960sEdit
|Liberal||Michael R Lane||16,407||28.96|
|Liberal||Michael R Lane||16,049||28.21|
|Labour||James Stewart Cook||9,020||15.85|
Elections in the 1950sEdit
|Labour||James C Hunt||10,102||17.79|
|Labour||Jean Graham Hall||12,567||25.21|
Election in the 1940sEdit
|Labour||Henry Edward Weaver||17,708||30.36|
|Liberal||Donald Phillip Owen||9,495||16.28|
Elections in the 1930sEdit
General Election 1939/40:
Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place from 1939 and by the end of this year, the following candidates had been selected;
- Conservative: Charles Emmott
|Labour||Henry Edward Weaver||9,025||21.09|
Elections in the 1920sEdit
|Labour||Robert Oscar Mennell||5,152||16.0|
|Labour||Robert Oscar Mennell||3,249||16.9||n/a|
Elections in the 1910sEdit
|Unionist win (new seat)|
|C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.|
Elections in the 1880sEdit
|Liberal||William F Robinson||5,978||21.3||−0.6|
|Liberal||George Webb Medley||5,928||21.2||+0.7|
|Turnout||14,008 (est)||73.8 (est)||+6.2|
Elections in the 1870sEdit
|Liberal||John Peter Gassiot||4,015||20.5||−5.6|
|Turnout||9,780 (est)||67.6 (est)||−1.5|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+5.6|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+5.6|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+12.4|
- Caused by Buxton's death.
Elections in the 1860sEdit
|Turnout||7,550 (est)||69.1 (est)||+1.1|
|Turnout||6,739 (est)||68.0 (est)||+0.1|
Elections in the 1850sEdit
|Turnout||4,990 (est)||67.9 (est)||N/A|
|Turnout||4,500 (est)||68.0 (est)||N/A|
Elections in the 1840sEdit
|Whig gain from Conservative|
|Whig gain from Conservative|
- Caused by Alsager's death.
Notes and referencesEdit
- "Electorate figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- "The statutes of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. 2 & 3 William IV. Cap. LXIV. An Act to settle and describe the Divisions of Counties, and the Limits of Cities and Boroughs, in England and Wales, in so far as respects the Election of Members to serve in Parliament". London: His Majesty's statute and law printers. 1832. pp. 300–383. Retrieved 2017-07-27.
- "Representation of the People Act 1867" (PDF). Retrieved 2017-07-27.
- Commissioners on Proposed Division of Counties and Boundaries of Boroughs (1832). Parliamentary representation: further return to an address to His Majesty, dated 12 December, 1831; for copies of instructions given by the Secretary of State for the Home department with reference to Parliamentary representation; likewise copies of letters of reports received by the Secretary of state for the Home department in answer to such instructions. London. pp. 125–126.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "S" (part 6)
- Craig, F. W. S. (1989) . British parliamentary election results 1832–1885 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. pp. 465–466. ISBN 0-900178-26-4.
- Stooks Smith, Henry (1845). The Parliaments of England, from 1st George I., to the Present Time. Vol II: Oxfordshire to Wales Inclusive. London: Simpkin, Marshall, & Co. p. 65. Retrieved 28 May 2019 – via Google Books.
- Churton, Edward (1838). The Assembled Commons or Parliamentary Biographer: 1838. p. 38. Retrieved 22 December 2018 – via Google Books.
- "John Ivatt Briscoe". Legacies of British Slave-ownership. University College London. Retrieved 18 August 2018.
- "Pamphlet: A Letter on the Nature and Effects of the Tread-Wheel". British Library. Retrieved 18 August 2018.
- A Member of the Middle Temple (1838). The Assembled Commons or Parliamentary Biographer: With An Abstract of the Law of Election, and the Usages of Parliament. London: Scott, Webster, and Geary. pp. 38, 70 – via Google Books.
- Labour and Radical Politics: 1762-1937. Abingdon: Routledge. 2018. p. 47. ISBN 0-415-26570-3. Retrieved 28 May 2019 – via Google Books.
- Campbell, Flann (1993). "The Elusive Mr Ogilvie". Familia: Ulster Genealogical Review. Ulster Historical Foundation. 2 (9): 42. ISBN 0-901905-61-5. Retrieved 28 May 2019 – via Google Books.
- Churton, Edward (1836). The Assembled Commons or Parliamentary Biographer: 1836. p. 16. Retrieved 28 May 2019 – via Google Books.
- "The General Election". Morning Post. 24 July 1847. p. 3. Retrieved 18 August 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Bell's Weekly Messenger". 19 July 1847. p. 5. Retrieved 18 August 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- Major boundary changes to the constituency took place for this election
- "Surrey East parliamentary constituency - Election 2017". BBC News. 9 June 2017. Retrieved 20 June 2018.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Surrey East parliamentary constituency - Election 2017" – via www.bbc.co.uk.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- HALL, Her Honour Jean Graham’, Who Was Who, A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc, 1920–2016; online edn, Oxford University Press, 2014 ; online edn, April 2014 accessed 22 Sept 2017
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1918–1949, FWS Craig
- Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (e-book)
|url=(help) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. p. 466. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3.
- "To The Electors of East Surrey". Croydon Guardian and Surrey County Gazette. 13 March 1880. p. 4. Retrieved 22 December 2017.
- "MEDLEY AND WEBB IMAGES AND BIOGRAPHICAL NOTES 3". Jamaican Family Search. Retrieved 22 December 2017.
- "East Surrey Election". Huddersfield Chronicle. 26 August 1871. p. 3. Retrieved 21 January 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Surrey Election". London Evening Standard. 3 November 1868. p. 1. Retrieved 18 March 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Surrey Election". Hampshire Advertiser. 7 November 1868. pp. 10–11. Retrieved 18 March 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- Election result, 2010 BBC News
- Election result, 2005 BBC News
- Election results, 1997 – 2001 BBC News
- Election results, 1997 – 2001 Election Demon
- Election results, 1983 – 1992 Election Demon
- Election results, 1992 – 2010 The Guardian
- Election results, 1945 – 1979 Politics Resources
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
| Constituency represented by the Chancellor of the Exchequer