Epsom (UK Parliament constituency)
Epsom was a borough constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election. From its creation in 1885 until its abolition in 1974, it was won by eight Conservatives. The winner took less than 50% of the votes in its contested elections once, in 1945, receiving 49.9% of the vote in a three-party contest. Six elections, the last being a by-election in 1912, were uncontested.
|Former Borough constituency|
for the House of Commons
Location of Surrey within England
|Major settlements||Epsom, Ewell and Ashtead, others to east before 1945, to west before 1950|
|Number of members||One|
|Replaced by||Epsom and Ewell and|
Mole Valley (as to the former Leatherhead Urban District)
|Created from||parts of West Surrey and Mid Surrey|
|During its existence contributed to new seat(s) of:||Sutton and Cheam|
- Creation and abolition
The seat was established under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 as the Mid or Epsom division of Surrey for the 1885 general election. The Mid designation was lesser used could be misleading as its extent until 1885 was a long strip to the east bounded by among other parishes: Lambeth, Streatham, Croydon, Burstow, Capel and Sutton.
The Act of 1885 set up the seat so as to comprise:
- Epsom sessional division
- all parts of Kingston (& Elmbridge) sessional division not within Kingston parish, nor municipal borough; which meant outlying parishes to the south-west, south and south-east
- Effingham (parish)
- Mickleham (parish)
Thus the seat drew on Mid Surrey as to Tolworth, New Malden, Malden, Worcester Park, Surbiton, Hook, Coombe and Long Ditton in the Kingston Hundred and Sessional Division. It drew on West Surrey as to: Ashtead; Banstead; Great Bookham; Little Bookham; Cheam; Chessington; Cuddington; Epsom; Ewell; Fetcham; Headley; Leatherhead; Sutton; Walton on the Hill; Cobham; Thames Ditton; Esher; East Molesey; West Molesey; Stoke D'Abernon; and Walton on Thames.
An Act of 1918 cut the area down to its south-eastern third namely:
- the borough of Epsom and Ewell
- Leatherhead Urban District
- Sutton Urban District
An Act of 1948 confirmed a 1945-implemented split-up of all seats of more than 100,000 electors, of Sutton and Cheam Urban District to create Sutton and Cheam (UK Parliament constituency) to the north-east. Removal of a broad western area to form Esher ensued in 1950. As such it remained in the 1970 review-implementing Act. The 1983 reforms saw more than its renaming and technical abolition, the seat shed in the south the former Leatherhead Urban District to Mole Valley created that year.
1885–1918: The Sessional Divisions of Epsom and Kingston (comprising most of Elmbridge) as excluding "the part of the civil parish of Kingston [and] the Municipal Borough of Kingston-on-Thames", and the (mainly rural) civil parishes of Effingham and Mickleham to the south-west and south respectively.
1918–1945: The Urban Districts of Epsom, Leatherhead, and Sutton, and the Rural District of Epsom.
1945–1974: The Municipal Borough of Epsom and Ewell, and the Urban District of Leatherhead.
Members of ParliamentEdit
|1899 by-election||William Keswick||Conservative|
|1912 by-election||Henry Keswick||Conservative|
|1928 by-election||Sir Archibald Southby||Conservative|
|1947 by-election||Malcolm McCorquodale||Conservative|
|Feb 1974||Constituency abolished. See Epsom and Ewell.|
Elections in the 1880sEdit
|Conservative win (new seat)|
Elections in the 1890sEdit
Elections in the 1900sEdit
|Liberal||Alfred Withall Aston||6,221||46.0||New|
Elections in the 1910sEdit
General election 1914/15:
Another general election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;
- Unionist: Henry Keswick
|C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.|
Elections in the 1920sEdit
|Liberal||Samuel Parnell Kerr||5,095||23.0||New|
|Labour||Helen Mary Keynes||3,719||16.8||−3.7|
|Liberal||Samuel Parnell Kerr||10,422||24.3||N/A|
Elections in the 1930sEdit
General election 1939/40:
Another general election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the Autumn of 1939, the following candidates had been selected;
Elections in the 1940sEdit
|Liberal||James Morgan Fowler||6,643||12.24||New|
Elections in the 1950sEdit
|Labour||Frank Martin Hardie||15,256||27.99|
|Liberal||N. Geoffrey Hudson||6,153||11.29|
|Labour||Frank Martin Hardie||16,584||31.34|
|Labour||Arthur Bertram Spencer Soper||14,706||28.56|
|Labour||D. Eric Heather||11,039||19.56|
|Liberal||Robert William M. Walsh||9,910||17.56||New|
Elections in the 1960sEdit
|Liberal||Robert William M. Walsh||13,968||24.06|
|Labour||Alan Lee Williams||12,131||20.89|
|Liberal||Robert William M. Walsh||12,305||21.37|
Elections in the 1970sEdit
|Labour||E. Guy Wilson||12,767||22.06|
|Liberal||Peter Hasler Billenness||9,563||16.52|
- Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, 48 & 49 Vict. C. 23
- CHERTSEY PETTY SESSIONAL DIVISION: RECORDS (summary of PS1-PS7 of Surrey History Centre, 7 Petty Sessional Divisions scope The National Archives: Browse records of other archives: 176 Surrey History Centre. Accessed 2019-12-04
- Combined petty sessional division: Kingston and Elmbridge as dealt with under heading Kingston sessional division in the 1885 Act Dickens's Dictionary of London, Charles Dickens, Jr., 1879 - "Petty Sessional Divisions"
- Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 Appendix D - county constituencies
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "E" (part 2)
- Liberal Yearbook 1907.
- Craig, FWS, ed. (1974). British Parliamentary Election Results: 1885-1918. London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 9781349022984.
- "Election Intelligence". London Evening Standard. 28 Sep 1885. p. 3. Retrieved 26 November 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- Debrett's House of Commons, 1901.
- Debrett's House of Commons, 1916
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, F. W. S. Craig, Political Reference Publications, Glasgow, 1949.
- Report of the Annual Conference of the Labour Party, 1939.
- British parliamentary election results, 1950-1973, by F. W. S. Craig, Political Reference Publications, Glasgow, 1973.