Lambeth (UK Parliament constituency)
Lambeth was a constituency 1832—1885 loosely equivalent in area to the later administrative units: the London Borough of Lambeth and the south-west and centre of the London Borough of Southwark. It returned two members of parliament (MPs) to the House of Commons of the UK Parliament by the bloc vote version of the first-past-the-post system.
|Former Borough constituency|
for the House of Commons
|Number of members||Two|
|Replaced by||Brixton, Camberwell North, Dulwich, Kennington, Lambeth North, Newington West, Norwood and Peckham, Newington Walworth|
The constituency was among many created under the Great Reform Act (for the 1832 general election) and abolished by the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 for the 1885 general election when it was divided into eight single-member seats: Camberwell North, Camberwell Peckham, Lambeth Brixton, Lambeth Kennington, Lambeth North, Lambeth Norwood, Newington Walworth and Newington West.
Under original proposals it would have been greater, taking all of Dulwich and Brixton and possibly two parishes to the east. The commissioners appointed to fix parliamentary boundaries attempted to equalise the seven new "metropolitan" constituencies of London in number of voters and in population. For this reason Bermondsey and Rotherhithe were assigned to Southwark. It was also decided not to include the entirety of the parishes of Camberwell and Lambeth: both were very large parishes running five or six miles south from the Thames. The portions closest to the river were heavily built up, but the southern sections were mainly rural. Dulwich and part of Brixton were therefore excluded, instead forming part of East Surrey.
The boundaries were detailed in the schedules of the Parliamentary Boundaries Act 1832, and consisted of:
- The entire parish of St Mary Newington
- The parish of St Giles Camberwell (except for the Manor and Hamlet of Dulwich)
- The part of the parish of Lambeth north of a line defined in the act.
Members of ParliamentEdit
|Election||1st Member||1st Party||2nd Member||2nd Party|
|1832||Charles Tennyson d'Eyncourt||Whig||Benjamin Hawes||Whig|
|1850 by-election||William Williams||Radical|
|1852||William Arthur Wilkinson||Radical|
|1862 by-election||Frederick Doulton||Liberal|
|1865 by-election||James Lawrence||Liberal|
|1868||Sir James Lawrence||Liberal||Sir William McArthur||Liberal|
|1885||constituency abolished: see Brixton, Camberwell North, Dulwich, Kennington, Lambeth North, Newington West, Norwood and Peckham, Newington Walworth|
Elections in the 1830sEdit
|Whig win (new seat)|
|Whig win (new seat)|
|Whig||Charles Tennyson d'Eyncourt||2,811||38.1||−2.3|
Elections in the 1840sEdit
|Whig||Charles Tennyson d'Eyncourt||2,568||28.8||−9.3|
|Turnout||4,466 (est)||57.8 (est)||−6.1|
|Whig||Charles Tennyson d'Eyncourt||3,708||31.8||+3.0|
|Turnout||5,833 (est)||42.0 (est)||−15.8|
|Radical gain from Whig||Swing||N/A|
Elections in the 1850sEdit
Pearson resigned, causing a by-election.
|Radical||John Hinde Palmer||585||10.4||N/A|
|Radical||William Arthur Wilkinson||4,752||37.7||+18.9|
|Whig||Charles Tennyson d'Eyncourt||3,829||30.4||−30.1|
|Turnout||8,216 (est)||45.3 (est)||+3.3|
|Radical gain from Whig||Swing||+13.6|
|Radical||William Arthur Wilkinson||3,234||16.1||−21.6|
|Turnout||10,100 (est)||49.8 (est)||+4.5|
Elections in the 1860sEdit
Roupell resigned, causing a by-election.
|Liberal||William Arthur Wilkinson||347||5.6||N/A|
Williams' death caused a by-election.
|Turnout||11,584 (est)||41.7 (est)||N/A|
|Conservative||John Morgan Howard||7,043||19.2||+16.3|
|Turnout||21,845 (est)||65.4 (est)||+23.7|
Election in the 1870sEdit
|Conservative||John Morgan Howard||11,201||31.9||+12.7|
|Turnout||23,183 (est)||57.8 (est)||−7.6|
Election in the 1880sEdit
|Conservative||John Morgan Howard||16,701||30.4||-1.5|
|Turnout||36,016 (est)||71.3 (est)||+13.5|
- "Electoral areas in the parliamentary boroughs in Surrey". Surrey County Council. Archived from the original on 6 September 2012. Retrieved 12 August 2012.
- Commissioners on Proposed Division of Counties and Boundaries of Boroughs (1832). Parliamentary representation: further return to an address to His Majesty, dated 12 December, 1831; for copies of instructions given by the Secretary of State for the Home department with reference to Parliamentary representation; likewise copies of letters of reports received by the Secretary of state for the Home department in answer to such instructions. London. pp. 125–126.
- "From the Point at which the Road from London to Dulwich by Red Post Hill leaves the Road from London over Herne Hill in a straight Line to Saint Matthews Church at Brixton; thence in a straight Line to a Point in the Boundary between the respective Parishes of Lambeth and Clapham One hundred and fifty Yards South of the Middle of the Carriageway along Acre Lane." Britain, Great (1832). The statutes of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Vol.72. London. p. 360. Retrieved 12 August 2012.
- Mosse, Richard B (1838). The Parliamentary Guide: a concise history of the Members of both Houses, etc. p. 160. Retrieved 29 March 2018.
- Stooks Smith, Henry (1845). The Parliaments of England, from 1st George I., to the Present Time. Vol II: Oxfordshire to Wales Inclusive. London: Simpkin, Marshall, & Co. p. 68. Retrieved 22 October 2018 – via Google Books.
- "General Election". Windsor and Eton Express. 31 July 1847. p. 2. Retrieved 22 October 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Norfolk Chronicle". 7 August 1847. p. 2. Retrieved 22 October 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Latest Intelligence". Gloucester Journal. 10 August 1850. p. 3. Retrieved 22 October 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Imperial Parliament". Exeter and Plymouth Gazette. 10 August 1850. p. 8. Retrieved 22 October 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- Cobden, Richard (2010). Howe, Anthony (ed.). The Letters of Richard Cobden: Volume II: 1848-1853. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 83. ISBN 9780199211968. Retrieved 29 March 2018.
- Resigned 4 February 1862 (Harris (2001) p.119)
- Beckett, Ian F. W. (2007). Riflemen Form: A Study of the Rifle Volunteer Movement 1859-1908. Pen and Sword. p. 144. ISBN 9781844156122.
- Elected byelection 5 May 1862 (Harris (2001) p.119)
- Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (e-book)
|url=(help) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. pp. 12–13. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3.
- Thomas, Joseph (2010). The Universal Dictionary of Biography and Mythology: Iac - Pro. Cosimo, Inc. p. 653. ISBN 9781616400736. Retrieved 29 March 2018 – via Google Books.
- Griffin, Ben (2012). The Politics of Gender in Victorian Britain: Masculinity, Political Culture and the Struggle for Women's Rights. Cambridge University Press. p. 93. ISBN 9781107015074. Retrieved 29 March 2018 – via Google Books.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "L" (part 1)
- Harris, J. (2001). The Roupells of Lambeth. London: The Streatham Society. ISBN 1-873520-37-9.
- Hill, George (1879). The Electoral History of the Borough of Lambeth since its Enfranchisement in 1832. London: Stanford.