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Norwood (UK Parliament constituency)

Norwood was a parliamentary constituency in south London which returned one Member of Parliament to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom by the first past the post system.

Norwood
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Norwood1885.png
Norwood in London, 1885-1918
Norwood1918.png
Norwood in London, 1918-74
CountyGreater London
18851997
Number of membersOne
Replaced byDulwich & West Norwood, Streatham and Vauxhall
Created fromLambeth
Lambeth Met. B Ward Map 1916.svg

Contents

HistoryEdit

The constituency existed from 1885 until it was abolished for the 1997 general election. It was held by the Conservative Party for the first 60 years of its existence. It then oscillated between the Conservatives and Labour until 1966, from which point it was held by Labour until its abolition.

BoundariesEdit

1885-1918: Parliamentary borough of Lambeth division no 4: the ward of Norwood and those parts of the wards of Brixton and Stockwell lying south of Coldharbour and Acre Lanes.[1]

1918-1950: The Metropolitan Borough of Lambeth ward of Norwood, and parts of the wards of Herne Hill and Tulse Hill.

1950-1974: The Metropolitan Borough of Lambeth wards of Herne Hill, Knight's Hill, and Tulse Hill.

1974-1983: The London Borough of Lambeth wards of Herne Hill, Knight's Hill, Leigham, Thurlow Park, and Tulse Hill.

1983-1997: The London Borough of Lambeth wards of Angell, Gipsy Hill, Herne Hill, Knight's Hill, St Martin's, Thurlow Park, and Tulse Hill.

AbolitionEdit

In 1997 areas were split between the newly-created seats Dulwich and West Norwood towards the east, Streatham to the west and Vauxhall to the north. The first of these is cross-borough, spanning elements of firmly Labour-leaning Lambeth and Southwark London Boroughs.

Members of ParliamentEdit

Election resultsEdit

Elections in the 1880sEdit

General election 1885: Norwood [2][3][4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Thomas Bristowe 3,496 57.7 N/A
Liberal Peter Clayden 2,563 42.3 N/A
Majority 933 15.4 N/A
Turnout 6,059 80.8 N/A
Registered electors 7,501
Conservative win (new seat)
General election 1886: Norwood [2][3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Thomas Bristowe 3,334 67.5 +9.8
Liberal Oscar Browning 1,606 32.5 −9.8
Majority 1,728 35.0 +19.6
Turnout 4,940 65.9 −14.9
Registered electors 7,501
Conservative hold Swing +9.8

Elections in the 1890sEdit

General election 1892: Norwood [2][3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Ernest Tritton 4,147 61.6 −5.9
Liberal Harry Walter Verdon 2,584 38.4 +5.9
Majority 1,563 23.2 −11.8
Turnout 6,731 75.8 +9.9
Registered electors 8,884
Conservative hold Swing −5.9
General election 1895: Norwood [2][3][5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Charles Tritton Unopposed
Conservative hold

Elections in the 1900sEdit

General election 1900: Norwood [2][3][5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Charles Tritton Unopposed
Conservative hold
 
Hubbard
General election 1906: Norwood [2][3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative George Bowles 5,567 54.0 N/A
Liberal Nathaniel William Hubbard 4,748 46.0 N/A
Majority 819 8.0 N/A
Turnout 10,315 80.2 N/A
Registered electors 12,867
Conservative hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1910sEdit

 
Samuel
General election January 1910: Norwood [2][6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Harry Samuel 6,958 57.3
Liberal Alexander Waldemar Lawrence 5,180 42.7
Majority 1,778 14.6
Turnout
Conservative hold Swing +3.3
 
Shrubsall
General election December 1910: Norwood [2][6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Harry Samuel 6,291 59.6
Liberal George Shrubsall 4,265 40.4
Majority 2,026 19.2
Turnout
Conservative hold Swing +2.3

General Election 1914/15:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

General election 1918: Norwood[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
C Unionist Harry Samuel 12,848 65.8
NFDDSS Harold Bignold 6,665 34.2 n/a
Majority 6,183 31.6
Turnout 40,253 48.5
Unionist hold Swing n/a
C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.

Elections in the 1920sEdit

General election 1922: Norwood[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Walter Greaves-Lord 16,121 60.8
Liberal Richard Evan Williams Kirby 6,253 23.5 n/a
Labour William Archer Hodgson 4,180 15.7 n/a
Majority 9,868 37.3
Turnout 43,029 61.7
Unionist hold Swing n/a
General election 1923: Norwood[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Walter Greaves-Lord 12,725 49.3 -11.5
Liberal Frank Dawson Lapthorn 8,127 31.4 +7.9
Labour William Archer Hodgson 5,002 19.3 +3.6
Majority 4,598 17.9 -19.4
Turnout 43,495 59.4 -2.3
Unionist hold Swing -9.7
General election 1924: Norwood[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Walter Greaves-Lord 22,178 71.3
Labour George James Anstey 8,927 28.7
Majority 13,251 42.6
Turnout 44,315 70.2
Unionist hold Swing +6.3
General election 1929: Norwood[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Walter Greaves-Lord 19,281 50.6 -20.7
Labour William Obrien Reeves 11,042 28.9 +0.2
Liberal Edward Stacey Layton 7,823 20.5 n/a
Majority 8,239 21.7 -20.9
Turnout 58,163 65.6 -4.6
Unionist hold Swing -10.4

Elections in the 1930sEdit

General election 1931: Norwood[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Walter Greaves-Lord 30,851 81.0
Labour Ann Jane Anstey 7,217 19.0
Majority 23,634 62.0
Turnout 59,555 63.9
Conservative hold Swing +20.2
1935 Norwood by-election
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Duncan Sandys 16,147 51.1
Labour Barbara Ayrton-Gould 12,799 40.4
Ind. Conservative Richard Findlay 2,698 8.5 n/a
Majority 3,348 10.7
Turnout 59,305 53.4
Conservative hold Swing -25.7
General election 1935: Norwood[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Duncan Sandys 24,651 66.9
Labour Charles Gibson 12,195 33.1
Majority 12,456 33.8
Turnout 59,219 62.2
Conservative hold Swing +11.6

Elections in the 1940sEdit

General Election 1939/40

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the Autumn of 1939, the following candidates had been selected;

General election 1945: Norwood[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Ronald Chamberlain 16,667 47.3
Conservative Duncan Sandys 14,644 41.5
Liberal Alfred Wintle 3,944 11.2 n/a
Majority 2,023 5.8
Turnout 49,445 71.3
Labour gain from Conservative Swing +19.8

Elections in the 1950sEdit

General election 1950: Norwood [8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Smyth 24,811 48.4
Labour Ronald Chamberlain 22,736 44.3
Liberal Robin Bruce Fredericke 3,770 7.3
Majority 2,075 4.1
Turnout 60,961 84.2
Conservative gain from Labour Swing +5.0
General election 1951: Norwood [8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Smyth 27,200 52.9
Labour Ronald Chamberlain 24,251 47.1
Majority 2,949 5.8
Turnout 62,231 82.7
Conservative hold Swing +0.9
General election 1955: Norwood [8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Smyth 24,831 55.6
Labour James Avery Joyce 19,799 44.4
Majority 5,032 11.2
Turnout 59,385 75.2
Conservative hold Swing +2.7
General election 1959: Norwood [8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Smyth 22,958 52.6
Labour Leslie Leonard Reeves 15,975 36.6
Liberal Dennis Raymond Chapman 4,744 10.8 n/a
Majority 6,983 16.0
Turnout 57,807 75.6
Conservative hold Swing +2.4

Elections in the 1960sEdit

General election 1964: Norwood [8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Smyth 17,624 45.5
Labour John Fraser 17,173 44.3
Liberal Dennis Raymond Chapman 3,929 10.2
Majority 451 1.2
Turnout 57,090 67.8
Conservative hold Swing -7.4
General election 1966: Norwood [8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour John Fraser 19,103 48.8
Conservative W. Douglas Wilson 16,830 42.9
Liberal Michael A. Green 3,256 8.3
Majority 2,273 5.9
Turnout 54,592 71.8
Labour gain from Conservative Swing +3.6

Elections in the 1970sEdit

General election 1970: Norwood [8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour John Fraser 16,634 47.4
Conservative Peter Temple-Morris 16,003 45.6
Liberal Eric Hawthorne 2,436 7.0
Majority 631 1.8
Turnout 54,432 64.4
Labour hold Swing -2.1
General election February 1974: Lambeth, Norwood
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour John Fraser 17,320 46.2
Conservative B. Hancock 13,298 35.4
Liberal M. Drake 6,885 18.4
Majority 4,022 10.8
Turnout 52,567 71.3
Labour hold Swing +4.5
General election October 1974: Lambeth, Norwood
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour John Fraser 16,449 50.2
Conservative B. Hancock 11,678 35.7
Liberal Eric Hawthorne 4,377 13.4
Gay Liberal M.J. Greatbanks 223 0.7 n/a
Majority 4,771 14.5
Turnout 52,893 61.9
Labour hold Swing +1.9
General election 1979: Lambeth, Norwood
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour John Fraser 16,282 47.3
Conservative J. Pritchard 14,342 41.7
Liberal D. Charlesworth 3,051 8.9
National Front C.M. Williams 707 2.1 n/a
Majority 1,940 5.6
Turnout 48,857 70.4
Labour hold Swing -4.5

Elections in the 1980sEdit

General election 1983: Lambeth, Norwood[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour John Fraser 16,280 44.6
Conservative J.P. Parfitt 13,397 36.7
Social Democratic M.M. Noble 6,371 17.5
National Front C.M. Williams 343 0.9
Independent J.C. Sanderson 123 0.3 n/a
Majority 2,883 7.9
Turnout 55,663 65.6
Labour hold Swing +1.2
General election 1987: Norwood[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour John Fraser 18,359 48.4
Conservative Dominic Grieve 13,636 36.0
Social Democratic Malcolm Noble 5,579 14.7
Rainbow Francis Jackson 171 0.5 N/A
Independent Christian Democrat Roger Hammond 151 0.4 N/A
Majority 4,723 12.4
Turnout 56,602 67.0
Labour hold Swing +2.3

Elections in the 1990sEdit

General election 1992: Norwood[11][12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour John Denis Fraser 18,391 53.2 +4.7
Conservative J. P. E. Samways 11,175 32.3 −3.7
Liberal Democrat Sandra Lawman 4,087 11.8 −2.9
Green W. S. B. Collins 790 2.3 N/A
Natural Law M. C. Leighton 138 0.4 N/A
Majority 7,216 20.9 +8.4
Turnout 34,581 66.1 −0.8
Labour hold Swing +4.2

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ http://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/1867/102/pdfs/ukpga_18670102_en.pdf?view=extent Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, Sixth Schedule, Division of Boroughs
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
  3. ^ a b c d e f The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  4. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1886
  5. ^ a b Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
  6. ^ a b Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  8. ^ a b c d e f g British Parliamentary Election Results 1950-1973, FWS Craig
  9. ^ "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
  10. ^ "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
  11. ^ "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
  12. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Archived from the original on 24 July 2011. Retrieved 6 December 2010.