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Peckham (UK Parliament constituency)

Peckham was a borough constituency in South London which returned one Member of Parliament (MP) to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. Elections were held using the first-past-the-post voting system.

Peckham
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Peckham1885.png
Peckham in London, 1885-1918
Peckham1918.png
Peckham in London, 1918-50
Peckham1950.png
Peckham in London, 1950-74
CountyGreater London
18851997
Number of membersOne
Replaced byCamberwell & Peckham, Southwark North and Bermondsey
Created fromLambeth

It was created for the 1885 general election and abolished for the 1997 general election, when it was replaced by the new constituency of Camberwell and Peckham.

Contents

HistoryEdit

The constituency was, by the time of its abolition, a safe Labour seat. It was held for the last thirteen years of its existence by Harriet Harman, who went on to become the deputy leader of the Labour Party.

BoundariesEdit

  • 1885-1918: The wards of North Peckham and South Peckham.
  • 1918-1950: The Metropolitan Borough of Camberwell wards of Clifton, Goldsmith, Nunhead, Rye Lane, St Mary's, and The Rye.
  • 1950-1974: The Metropolitan Borough of Camberwell wards of Addington, Clifton, Coburg, Goldsmith, Marlborough, North Peckham, St George's, St Giles, St Mary's, The West, and Town Hall.
  • 1974-1983: The London Borough of Southwark wards of Brunswick, Burgess, Consort, Faraday, Friary, Newington, and St Giles.
  • 1983-1997: The London Borough of Southwark wards of Barset, Brunswick, Consort, Faraday, Friary, Liddle, Newington, and St Giles.

Members of ParliamentEdit

ElectionsEdit

Elections in the 1880sEdit

General election 1885: Peckham[1][2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Arthur Anthony Baumann 3,362 49.0 N/A
Liberal William Willis 2,929 42.6 N/A
Independent Liberal Edward Dresser Rogers 580 8.4 N/A
Majority 433 6.4 N/A
Turnout 6,871 70.7 N/A
Registered electors 9,713
Conservative win (new seat)
General election 1886: Peckham[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Arthur Anthony Baumann 3,439 56.1 +7.1
Liberal William Willis 2,688 43.9 +1.3
Majority 751 12.2 +5.8
Turnout 6,127 63.1 -7.6
Registered electors 9,713
Conservative hold Swing +2.9

Elections in the 1890sEdit

 
FG Banbury
General election 1892: Peckham[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Frederick Banbury 3,847 50.6 -5.5
Liberal Edwin Jones 3,664 48.2 +4.3
Independent Labour Ben Ellis 95 1.2 N/A
Majority 183 2.4 -9.8
Turnout 7,606 70.0 +6.9
Registered electors 10,861
Conservative hold Swing -4.9
General election 1895: Peckham[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Frederick Banbury 4,495 56.4 +5.8
Liberal Charles Clements 3,472 43.6 -4.6
Majority 1,023 12.8 +10.4
Turnout 7,967 70.0 0.0
Registered electors 11,388
Conservative hold Swing +5.2

Elections in the 1900sEdit

 
Hemphill
General election 1900: Peckham[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Frederick Banbury 4,453 59.3 +2.9
Liberal Fitzroy Hemphill 3,061 40.7 -2.9
Majority 1,392 18.6 +5.8
Turnout 7,514 63.5 -6.5
Registered electors 11,835
Conservative hold Swing +2.9
General election 1906: Peckham[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Charles Clarke 5,903 62.4 +21.7
Conservative Frederick Banbury 3,564 37.6 -21.7
Majority 2,339 12.8 N/A
Turnout 9,467 76.3 +12.8
Registered electors 12,401
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +21.7
1908 Peckham by-election [3][2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Henry Gooch 6,970 60.9 +23.3
Liberal Thomas Gautrey 4,476 39.1 -23.3
Majority 2,494 21.8 46.6
Turnout 11,446 78.3 +2.0
Registered electors 14,615
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +23.3

Elections in the 1910sEdit

General election January 1910: Peckham
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Henry Gooch 5,330 50.4 -10.5
Liberal Albion Richardson 5,247 49.6 +10.5
Majority 83 0.8 -21.0
Turnout 12,341 85.7 +7.4
Conservative hold Swing -10.5
 
AHH Richardson
General election December 1910: Peckham
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Albion Richardson 5,027 50.2 +0.6
Conservative Henry Gooch 4,986 49.8 -0.6
Majority 41 0.4 1.2
Turnout 12,341 81.1 +4.6
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +0.6
General election 1918: Peckham [4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
C Liberal Albion Richardson 8,764 55.2 +5.0
Independent Unionist Collingwood Hughes 4,550 28.7 -21.1
Labour Charles Diamond 2,559 16.1 n/a
Majority 4,214 26.5 +26.1
Turnout 43.0 -38.1
Liberal hold Swing +13.2
C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.

Elections in the 1920sEdit

General election 15 November 1922: Peckham [5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Collingwood Hughes 11,218 44.4 +15.7
National Liberal Henry Lesser 6,739 26.7 n/a
Labour Walter Ashbridge Chambers 5,964 23.6 +7.5
Liberal Gerald Spence Tetley 1,329 5.3 -49.9
Majority 4,479 17.7 44.2
Turnout 25,250 66.1 +23.1
Unionist gain from National Liberal Swing n/a
General election 6 December 1923: Peckham [5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Collingwood Hughes 8,526 36.0 -8.4
Labour Walter Ashbridge Chambers 8,370 35.3 +11.7
Liberal Charles William Tagg 6,815 28.7 +23.4
Majority 156 0.7 -17.0
Turnout 61.4 -4.7
Unionist hold Swing -10.0
General election 29 October 1924: Peckham [5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Hugh Dalton 13,361 46.1 +10.8
Unionist Martin Archer-Shee 12,414 42.9 +6.9
Liberal Joseph N Emery 3,194 11.0 -17.7
Majority 947 3.2 3.9
Turnout 74.2 +12.8
Labour gain from Unionist Swing +2.0
General election 30 May 1929: Peckham [5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour John Beckett 15,751 48.9 +2.8
Unionist Douglas Cooke 10,246 31.8 -11.1
Liberal George Ivor Phillips 6,187 19.2 +8.2
Majority 5,505 17.1 +13.9
Turnout 32,184 67.0 -7.2
Labour hold Swing +6.9

Elections in the 1930sEdit

General election 27 October 1931: Peckham [6][7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative David Beatty 19,458 58.1
Ind. Labour Party John Beckett 11,217 33.5
National Labour E J Titler 1,442 4.3 n/a
Labour Hubert Beaumont 1,350 4.0 −45.0
Majority 8,241 24.6
Turnout 33,467 69.7
Conservative gain from Labour Swing
General election 1935: Peckham
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative David Beatty 15,229 51.30
Labour Lewis Silkin 14,457 48.70
Majority 772 2.60
Turnout 64.78
Conservative hold Swing
1936 Peckham by-election
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Lewis Silkin 13,007 50.2
Conservative P.G.A. Harvey 12,907 49.8
Majority 100 0.4
Turnout 56.5
Labour gain from Conservative

Election in the 1940sEdit

General election 1945: Peckham
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Lewis Silkin 12,935 68.69
Conservative R.J.L. O'Connell 5,896 31.31
Majority 7,039 37.38
Turnout 65.52
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1950sEdit

General election 1950: Peckham
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Freda Corbet 32,623 66.44
Conservative Edwin Horace Lee 13,323 27.13
Liberal Kenneth George P. Gunnell 2,267 4.62
Communist T. Gibson 886 1.80
Majority 19,300 39.31
Turnout 77.59
Labour hold Swing
General election 1951: Peckham
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Freda Corbet 33,702 69.84
Conservative Cecil Vernon Ford 14,557 30.16
Majority 19,146 39.67
Turnout 75.62
Labour hold Swing
General election 1955: Peckham
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Freda Corbet 26,315 67.71
Conservative Dudley Smith 12,547 32.29
Majority 13,768 35.43
Turnout 63.66
Labour hold Swing
General election 8 October 1959: Peckham
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Freda Corbet 24,389 65.22
Conservative Alfred Frank Lockwood 13,007 34.78
Majority 11,382 30.44
Turnout 64.64
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1960sEdit

General election 1964: Peckham
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Freda Corbet 20,111 63.97
Conservative Toby Jessel 11,326 36.03
Majority 8,785 27.94
Turnout 58.30
Labour hold Swing
General election 1966: Peckham
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Freda Corbet 20,630 72.00
Conservative Ivan Lawrence 8,023 28.00
Majority 12,607 44.00
Turnout 55.61
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1970sEdit

General election 1970: Peckham
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Freda Corbet 17,071 67.47
Conservative Ivan Lawrence 8,232 32.53
Majority 8,839 34.93
Turnout 49.80
Labour hold Swing
General election February 1974: Peckham
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Harry Lamborn 26,116 64.31
Conservative Nicholas Baker 8,045 19.81
Liberal S.W.F. Saltmarsh 6,446 15.87
Majority 18,071 44.50
Turnout 64.59
Labour hold Swing
General election October 1974: Peckham
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Harry Lamborn 24,587 71.64
Conservative Nicholas Baker 5,760 16.78
Liberal S.W.F. Saltmarsh 3,971 11.57
Majority 18,827 54.86
Turnout 54.17
Labour hold Swing
General election 1979: Peckham
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Harry Lamborn 20,364 59.85
Conservative A. Dalton 9,553 28.07
Liberal T. Minahan 2,607 7.66
Majority 10,811 31.77
Turnout 57.66
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1980sEdit

1982 Peckham by-election
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Harriet Harman 11,349 50.3 -9.5
Social Democratic Dick Taverne 7,418 32.9 +25.3
Conservative John Redwood 2,800 12.4 -15.7
National Front Martin Webster 874 3.9 -0.5
Democratic Monarchist, Public Safety, White Resident Bill Boaks 102 0.5 N/A
Majority 3,931 17.44 -14.33
Turnout 22,543
Labour hold Swing
General election 1983: Peckham[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Harriet Harman 16,616 51.6
Conservative Tobias Eckersley 7,792 24.2
Social Democratic Andrew Sawdon 7,006 21.7
National Front Mary Bailey 800 2.5
Majority 8,824 27.4
Turnout 32,214 54.5
Labour hold Swing
General election 1987: Peckham[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Harriet Harman 17,965 54.5 +2.9
Conservative Lillian Ingram 8,476 25.7 +1.5
Liberal Richard Shearman 5,878 17.9 −3.8
Green Doreen Robinson 628 1.9 N/A
Majority 9,489 28.8
Turnout 32,947 55.6
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1990sEdit

General election 1992: Peckham[10][11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Harriet Harman 19,391 61.8 +7.2
Conservative Christopher M. Frazer 7,386 23.5 −2.2
Liberal Democrat Rose E. Colley 4,331 13.8 −4.0
Workers Revolutionary Gilbert C. Dacres 146 0.5 N/A
Corrective Victor E. Teh 140 0.4 +0.4
Majority 12,005 38.2 +9.4
Turnout 31,394 53.8 −1.8
Labour hold Swing +4.7

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1886
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Craig, FWS, ed. (1974). British Parliamentary Election Results: 1885-1918. London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 9781349022984.
  3. ^ "Election Intelligence. Camberwell (Peckham Division)". The Times. 25 March 1908. p. 12.
  4. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  5. ^ a b c d British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949 by F.W.S. Craig
  6. ^ "General Election Results - 1931". The Times. 29 October 1931. p. 25.
  7. ^ Craig, F.W.S., ed. (1969). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949. Glasgow: Political Reference Publications. p. 12. ISBN 0-900178-01-9.
  8. ^ "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
  9. ^ "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
  10. ^ "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
  11. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 December 2010.