Independent Unionist

Independent Unionist has been a label sometimes used by candidates in elections in the United Kingdom, indicating a support for British unionism (not to be confused with trade unionism).

It is most popularly associated with candidates in elections for the Parliament of Northern Ireland. Such candidates supported the positions of Unionism in Northern Ireland but, for various reasons, could not reconcile to themselves to the Ulster Unionist Party or other groups. It was also used by Unionists in what became the Irish Free State, as they were unionists, but not in Ulster. The label was also used in Scotland, demonstrating an association with ideology of the Unionist Party, the predecessor to the modern Scottish Conservative and Unionist Party.[citation needed]

At the 1938 Northern Ireland general election Tommy Henderson and five defeated candidates stood for the Independent Unionist Association, which was distinct from other Independent Unionists.

Notable users of the affiliationEdit

Northern IrelandEdit

EnglandEdit

  • Francis Bennett-Goldney won Canterbury in 1910 against a Conservative as an Independent Unionist, having strongly independent views as he opposed the growing arms race and diplomatic contest with the German Empire, acquiesced in by the other main parties.[15]

ScotlandEdit

Southern IrelandEdit

Four MPs elected to the Southern Ireland House of Commons for University of Dublin at the 1921 election. They were the only MPs to attend the opening of the Parliament of Southern Ireland, as all other members, who had been elected for Sinn Féin, sat as members of the Second Dáil. All four were elected again at the 1922 Irish general election, and would each continue to serve in the Irish Free State either as Independent TDs or, in Fitzgibbon's case, as a judge.

Republic of IrelandEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Biographies of Members of the Northern Ireland House of Commons". Archived from the original on 2019-05-07. Retrieved 2010-02-10.
  2. ^ "Mid-Ulster 1950-1970". Archived from the original on 2018-06-23. Retrieved 2010-01-25.
  3. ^ W.D. Flackes & Sydney Elliott, Northern Ireland: A Political Directory 1968-1993, Belfast: Blackstaff Press, 1994, p. 305
  4. ^ "North Belfast 1973-1982". Archived from the original on 2018-06-23. Retrieved 2013-02-18.
  5. ^ "Local Government Elections 1985 - 1989: Belfast". Archived from the original on 2018-07-18. Retrieved 2013-02-18.
  6. ^ "Newtownabbey Borough Council Elections 1993-2011". Archived from the original on 2013-07-04. Retrieved 2013-02-18.
  7. ^ "East Londonderry". Archived from the original on 2018-08-11. Retrieved 2013-02-18.
  8. ^ "Upper Bann". Archived from the original on 2013-03-18. Retrieved 2013-02-18.
  9. ^ "Lagan Valley". Archived from the original on 2018-08-07. Retrieved 2013-02-18.
  10. ^ "John McCallister resigns from the UUP". Archived from the original on 2018-12-24. Retrieved 2018-06-20.
  11. ^ Magee, Kevin (23 November 2015). "Ruth Patterson: Belfast councillor will not appeal DUP expulsion". BBC News NI. Archived from the original on 26 November 2015. Retrieved 11 December 2015.
  12. ^ Association, Press. "Gay MP says she'll report matter to police after unionist Lord Maginnis allegedly called her a 'queer'". TheJournal.ie.
  13. ^ "MP to report Ken Maginnis to police over alleged 'queers' comment". The Irish News. January 9, 2020.
  14. ^ "Dungannon's Lord Maginnis acquitted of motoring offences and says he fought for rights of pensioners". www.tyronetimes.co.uk.
  15. ^ "Major Bennett-Goldney, M.P.". The Times. The Times Digital Archive. 29 July 1918. p. 9.
  16. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-07-08. Retrieved 2011-02-20.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  17. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2019-04-24. Retrieved 2019-12-26.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)