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Chertsey (UK Parliament constituency)

Chertsey occasionally recorded as Surrey North Western or the North Western Division of Surrey was one of six county constituencies in Surrey for the House of Commons of the UK Parliament created in 1885. The seat underwent many boundary reforms and variously included and excluded growing suburban settlements including Egham, Walton-on-Thames and Woking.

Chertsey
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
CountySurrey
18851974 (1974)
Number of membersOne
Replaced byFarnham (part in 1918)[1]
Esher (part in 1950)
Chertsey & Walton (part in 1974)
North West Surrey (part in 1974)
Created fromWest Surrey (part)
Mid Surrey (small parts)

Contents

HistoryEdit

It was formed by the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 for the 1885 general election from part of the Mid Surrey constituency, and abolished for the February 1974 general election. Chertsey was twice substantially reduced and was initially among a total of 22 seats for the county in 1885 including the bulk of south London an increase of 11 seats on 1868. It returned one Member of Parliament (MP). The creation of the County of London in 1889 meant that the majority of the 22 seats of the county changed county at that date.[2]

BoundariesEdit

1885-1918: The Sessional Division of Chertsey, a northernmost part of the Sessional Division of Guildford, and the civil parish of Frimley. The first Magistrates sessional division was chiefly Godley Hundred which contained the modern Borough Runnymede. The second mentioned area resembled the modern boroughs Woking combined with Surrey Heath.

1918-1950: The Urban Districts of Chertsey, East and West Molesey, Egham, Esher and the Dittons, Walton-upon-Thames, and Weybridge, and the Rural District of Chertsey.

1950-1974: The Urban Districts of Chertsey and Egham, and the Rural District of Bagshot.

This seat thus first stretched from Egham in the north via Thorpe, Chertsey, Virginia Water, Longcross, Lyne, Windlesham, Bagshot, Chobham, Addlestone, Weybridge and Byfleet to Woking and Ripley in the south. To the south-west it stretched to Frimley Green and included the inchoate makings of Camberley a town established in the late 20th century. The second form of the seat shed the areas to the south-west, Woking to the south and new urban district containing small former parishes adjoining — instead Hersham and Walton-on-Thames joined the seat from the Epsom division to the east. The final form of the seat became nearly as compact as the early 21st century seat of Runnymede and Weybridge substituting Weybridge with Bagshot, Windlesham, Chobham, West End and Lightwater.[3]

To the north and other directions, forming a large bend, lay the River Thames, at all times in the seat's history.

Members of ParliamentEdit

ElectionsEdit

Elections in the 1880sEdit

General election 1885: Chertsey[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Frederick Hankey 4,540 63.9 N/A
Liberal Henry Le Marchant 2,560 36.1 N/A
Majority 1,980 27.8 N/A
Turnout 7,100 77.0 N/A
Registered electors 9,220
Conservative win (new seat)
General election 1886: Chertsey[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Frederick Hankey Unopposed
Conservative hold

Elections in the 1890sEdit

 
Charles Combe
1892 Chertsey by-election[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Charles Combe 4,589 62.5 N/A
Liberal Lawrence Baker 2,751 37.5 N/A
Majority 1,838 25.0 N/A
Turnout 7,340 71.7 N/A
Registered electors 10,239
Conservative hold Swing N/A
General election 1892: Chertsey[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Charles Combe Unopposed
Conservative hold
General election 1895: Chertsey[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Charles Combe Unopposed
Conservative hold
1897 Chertsey by-election[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Henry Leigh-Bennett 4,845 54.9 N/A
Liberal Lawrence Baker 3,977 45.1 N/A
Majority 888 9.8 N/A
Turnout 8,822 75.5 N/A
Registered electors 11,678
Conservative hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1900sEdit

General election 1900: Chertsey[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Henry Leigh-Bennett 5,367 63.5 N/A
Liberal Hubert Longman 3,080 36.5 N/A
Majority 2,287 27.0 N/A
Turnout 8,447 68.7 N/A
Registered electors 12,299
Conservative hold Swing N/A
1903 Chertsey by-election[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Arthur Fyler 5,700 55.7 −7.8
Liberal Hubert Longman 4,529 44.3 +7.8
Majority 1,171 11.4 −15.6
Turnout 10,229 78.9 +10.2
Registered electors 12,964
Conservative hold Swing −7.8
1904 Chertsey by-election[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative George Bingham 5,425 52.7 −10.8
Liberal I T Sadler 4,876 47.3 +10.8
Majority 549 5.4 -21.6
Turnout 10,301 74.0 +5.3
Registered electors 15,419
Conservative hold Swing −10.8
 
Francis Marnham
General election 1906: Chertsey[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Francis Marnham 6,365 50.4 +13.9
Conservative George Bingham 6,266 49.6 −13.9
Majority 99 0.8 N/A
Turnout 12,631 81.9 +13.2
Registered electors 15,419
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +13.9

Elections in the 1910sEdit

General election January 1910: Chertsey[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Donald Macmaster 9,672 65.7 +16.1
Liberal Francis George Newbolt 5,059 34.3 −16.1
Majority 4,613 31.4 N/A
Turnout 14,731 88.1 +6.2
Registered electors 16,723
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +16.1
General election December 1910: Chertsey[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Donald Macmaster Unopposed
Conservative hold

General Election 1914/15:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

General election 1918: Chertsey[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
C Unionist Donald Macmaster 13,531 80.7 N/A
Labour Thomas T Linsey 3,232 19.3 N/A
Majority 10,299 61.4 N/A
Turnout 16,763 48.0 N/A
Unionist hold Swing N/A
C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.

Elections in the 1920sEdit

1922 Chertsey by-election[17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Philip Richardson 11,811 55.4 -25.2
Liberal Hubert Gough 9,490 45.6 n/a
Majority 2,321 10.8 -
Turnout 55.4 +7.4
Unionist hold Swing n/a
General election 1922: Chertsey[18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Philip Richardson 14,081 60.4 +5.0
Liberal Henry Samson Clark 9,228 39.6 -5.0
Majority 4,853 20.8 +10.0
Turnout 58.2 +2.8
Unionist hold Swing +5.0
General election 1923: Chertsey[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Philip Richardson 13,333 55.5 -4.9
Liberal Reginald John Marnham 10,694 44.5 +4.9
Majority 2,639 11.0 -9.8
Turnout 60.1 +1.9
Unionist hold Swing -4.9
General election 1924: Chertsey[20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Philip Richardson 18,310 71.0 +15.5
Liberal Walter Crawford Smith 7,471 29.0 -15.5
Majority 42.0 +31.0
Turnout 62.7 +2.6
Unionist hold Swing +15.5
General election 1929: Chertsey[21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Philip Richardson 21,433 55.6 -15.4
Liberal Martin Bernard Browne 17,145 44.4 +15.4
Majority 4,288 11.2 -30.8
Turnout 63.5 +0.8
Unionist hold Swing -15.4

Elections in the 1930sEdit

General election 1931: Chertsey[22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Archibald Boyd-Carpenter 35,371 79.6
Liberal Ifor Bowen Lloyd 9,063 20.4
Majority 26,308 59.2
Turnout 68.7
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1935: Chertsey[23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Archibald Boyd-Carpenter 31,484 71.4 -8.2
Liberal Martin Bernard Browne 12,607 28.6 +8.2
Majority 18,877 42.8 -16.4
Turnout 44,091 60.2 -8.5
Conservative hold Swing -8.2
1937 Chertsey by-election[24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Arthur Marsden 19,767 64.8
Liberal 10,722 35.2
Majority 9,045 29.6
Turnout 39.2
Conservative hold Swing
  • Also described as a Liberal-Progressive

General Election 1939/40: Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the Autumn of 1939, the following candidates had been selected;

Election in the 1940sEdit

General election 1945: Chertsey[25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Arthur Marsden 37,456 52.32
Labour Brian Barker 25,194 35.19 n/a
Liberal William Ridgeway 8,940 12.49
Majority 12,262 17.13
Turnout 69.3
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1950sEdit

General election 1950: Chertsey[26]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Lionel Heald 19,326 51.69
Labour Co-op Dennis Gordon 14,090 37.69
Liberal Gerald Edward Owen 3,969 10.62
Majority 5,236 14.01
Turnout 82.74
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1951: Chertsey[27]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Lionel Heald 20,539 53.56
Labour Co-op Dennis Gordon 14,849 38.72
Liberal Gerald Edward Owen 2,961 7.72
Majority 5,690 14.84
Turnout 81.06
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1955: Chertsey
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Lionel Heald 23,021 61.10
Labour Richard H Edwards 14,656 38.90
Majority 8,365 22.20
Turnout 77.19
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1959: Chertsey
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Lionel Heald 24,836 56.28
Labour John Stuart Barr 14,150 32.06
Liberal Arthur Russell Mayne 5,146 11.66
Majority 10,686 24.21
Turnout 79.36
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1960sEdit

General election 1964: Chertsey
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Lionel Heald 22,497 49.06
Labour Anthony J Edwards 14,513 31.65
Liberal Frederick Michael John Lee 8,844 19.29
Majority 7,984 17.41
Turnout 77.77
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1966: Chertsey
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Lionel Heald 22,584 48.39
Labour Anthony J Edwards 16,231 34.78
Liberal Frederick Michael John Lee 7,852 16.83
Majority 6,353 13.61
Turnout 77.98
Conservative hold Swing

Election in the 1970sEdit

General election 1970: Chertsey
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Michael Grylls 27,239 56.59
Labour Christopher P Slater 15,653 32.52
Liberal R Alfred F Cook 5,239 10.88
Majority 11,586 25.07
Turnout 71.01
Conservative hold Swing

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ From the taken parts of which, approximately, the seat of Woking was formed in 1950
  2. ^ Youngs, Frederic A, Jr. (1979). Guide to the Local Administrative Units of England, Vol.I: Southern England. London: Royal Historical Society. ISBN 0-901050-67-9.(1979) pp. 764-766
  3. ^ "Bagshot U.D. - units covering this place" Vision of Britain - University of Portsmouth and others. Accessed 2017-06-04
  4. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  5. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  6. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  7. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  8. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  9. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  10. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  11. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  12. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  13. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  14. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  15. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  16. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  17. ^ F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949; Political Reference Publications, Glasgow 1949
  18. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  19. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  20. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  21. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  22. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  23. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  24. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  25. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  26. ^ The Times' Guide to the House of Commons. 1950.
  27. ^ The Times' Guide to the House of Commons. 1951.