Limpsfield is a village and civil parish in the east of the county of Surrey, England, by Oxted at the foot of the North Downs. The town of Oxted merges with the village's westernmost area, Oxted railway station being within 300m of the residential East Hill (on the A25) in the village and under a mile from Limpsfield's conservation area High Street. The English composer Frederick Delius and orchestral conductor Sir Thomas Beecham are both buried in the village churchyard and there are 89 listed buildings.
Cottages at the bottom of the High Street
|Area||18.54 km2 (7.16 sq mi)|
|Population||3,569 (Civil Parish 2011)|
|• Density||193/km2 (500/sq mi)|
|• London||18.0 mi (29.0 km)|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Ambulance||South East Coast|
Limpsfield appears in the Domesday Book of 1086 as Limenesfeld. It was held by the Abbot of Battle Abbey, Sussex. Its Domesday assets were: 1 church, 1 mill worth 2s, 19 ploughs, 1 fishery, 4 acres (1.6 ha) of meadow, woodland worth 150 hogs, 2 stone quarries, and 3 nests of hawks. It rendered £24 (of silver) per year to its feudal overlords.
Old Court Cottage in Titsey Road, formerly the manorial court of the Abbot of Battle, is grade I listed building and dates from c.1190-1200 (including aisle posts and arcade plates) with alterations in the late 14th century, and a 16th-century crosswing. Reginald Mason cited this in 1964 as an outstandingly important early example of a timber-framed building in the south of England.
The parish church of Saint Peter was constructed in the late 12th century and is a grade I listed building, extensively restored in the 19th century. The tower, with two-light plate-tracery windows of c.1260, is made of ironstone rubble with stone dressings and dressed stone to north aisle. In addition it has a wooden-shingled spire with a wooden cross surmounted. St Peter's church is also home to the last stained glass windows produced by John David Hayward, who lived for many years in nearby Edenbridge; the window depicts Saint Cecilia. Hayward was a leading artist in stained glass in the 20th century.
The village heart is in a conservation area and some of the surrounding area is National Trust land including Limpsfield Common. Staffhurst Wood is also within the parish boundaries and is notable for its bluebells in spring. Limpsfield Chart has a golf course and cricket club. Limpsfield itself has a football team and a tennis club and its current cricket club is a united team with Oxted, named Oxted & Limpsfield Cricket Club with two grounds.
The village is served by Oxted railway station.
The composer Frederick Delius is buried in St Peter's churchyard. Delius was an early proponent of post-impressionist modernism.
Delius's supporter and main performer of his music, Sir Thomas Beecham is buried close by in the same churchyard.
The civil and ecclesiastical parish area is grouped to the north and south of Hurst Green, Surrey. The built up section is north of Hurst Green and both east and north-east of Oxted. The lowest elevation is 62m at Staffhurst Wood on the south-western parish boundary on the River Eden, Kent and highest is just east of the town centre at Grubstreet Copse at 163m; (Titsey being a separate civil parish north of the village and higher on the North Downs).
The adjacent High Chart, south-east of Limpsfield, is a large area of woodland, owned by the National Trust, which has a network of footpaths. The remains of a Roman road, the London to Lewes Way, pass through the woods east of the village, where it makes an eastward diversion from its alignment to avoid steep slopes. It passes through Crockham Hill before returning to its line near Marlpit Hill.
In the village is the C of E church of St Andrew, which it is the place of worship of 'a Conventional District' in the ecclesiastical parish of Limpsfield and Titsey, built in 1895. There is a pub The Carpenters Arms in the centre.
There is also a parish council with ten members.
Demography and housingEdit
|Output area||Detached||Semi-detached||Terraced||Flats and apartments||Caravans/temporary/mobile homes||shared between households|
The average level of accommodation in the region composed of detached houses was 28%, the average that was apartments was 22.6%.
|Output area||Population||Households||% Owned outright||% Owned with a loan||hectares|
The proportion of households in the civil parish who owned their home outright compares to the regional average of 35.1%. The proportion who owned their home with a loan compares to the regional average of 32.5%. The remaining % is made up of rented dwellings (plus a negligible % of households living rent-free).
The English orchestra conductor, Sir Thomas Beecham, is also buried there, only a few yards from Delius, whose music he supported and promoted. Another nearby grave is occupied by the cellist Beatrice Harrison, who lived locally in Oxted, and who worked closely with both Delius and Beecham.
The ashes of Jack Brymer (1915 - 2003), a leading English clarinettist and principal clarinet of the Royal Philharmonic (1947 -1963), BBC Symphony (1963 - 1971) and London Symphony Orchestras (1971 - 1986) are interred in the churchyard near the grave of Beecham, who had recruited him to the RPO.
The German naval officer, maritime and naval writer, and committed Nazi Fritz-Otto Busch is discreetly buried in a corner of Limpsfield churchyard.
Over time, the parish has been home to a number of notable residents:
- Colin Cowdrey, former England cricket captain, resided in the village for many years.
- The book illustrator Arthur Rackham lived and died in Pains Hill (a small hamlet to the south of Limpsfield village).
- The television host, Davina McCall, spent much of her childhood in Limpsfield.
- Florence L. Barclay, the romance novelist and short story writer, whose novel The Rosary was a best-seller and was translated into eight languages, was the daughter of the local Anglican rector.
- David Garnett, the novelist and Bloomsbury figure, spent his childhood in a house called The Cearne on the outskirts of the village. His mother Constance Garnett was a revered translator of Russian literature.
- Key Statistics; Quick Statistics: Population Density United Kingdom Census 2011 Office for National Statistics Retrieved 21 November 2013
- Online map distance reference tool Retrieved 27 April 2012
- Surrey Domesday Book Archived 15 July 2007 at the Wayback Machine
- Historic England. "Old Court Cottage (1029729)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 28 April 2012.
- Brodie, Allan (1990). E. C. Fernie (ed.). Medieval Architecture and Its Intellectual Context. London: Hambledon. p. 101. ISBN 978-1-8528-5034-0.
- Mason, Reginald Thomas (1969). Buildings of the Weald. Coach Publishing House Ltd. p. 111.
- Historic England. "Church of St Peter, High Street (1188814)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 28 April 2012.
- "JOHN DAVID HAYWARD". www.churchtimes.co.uk. Retrieved 19 June 2018.
- National Heritage List, online. Accessed 27 April 2012. Archived 1 May 2012 at the Wayback Machine
- Local Cricket Club Website Archived 15 July 2012 at Archive.today
- List of Parish Councils. Accessed 27 April 2012
- Mills, Anthony D (2011). A Dictionary of British Place-names. Oxford, England: OUP. p. 107. ISBN 9780199609086.
- Margary, Ivan (1948). Roman Ways in the Weald (3 ed.). London: J. M. Dent. pp. 133–135.
- "List of Surrey CC Councillors". Surrey County Council. Archived from the original on 17 March 2011. Retrieved 28 April 2012.
- "Council Members". Tandridge District Council. Archived from the original on 9 September 2011. Retrieved 28 April 2012.
- "Parish Council Members". Limpsfield Parish Council. Retrieved 28 April 2012.
- Biographical Index of Former Fellows of the Royal Society of Edinburgh 1783–2002 (PDF). The Royal Society of Edinburgh. July 2006. ISBN 0 902 198 84 X.