St Catharine's College, Cambridge
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St Catharine's College is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge. Founded in 1473 as Katharine Hall, it adopted its current name in 1860. The college is nicknamed "Catz". The college is located in the historic city-centre of Cambridge, and lies just south of King's College and across the street from Corpus Christi College. The college is notable for its open court (rather than closed quadrangle) that faces towards Trumpington Street.
|St Catharine's College|
|University of Cambridge|
Main Court, St Catharine's College
Arms of St Catharine's College
|Location||Trumpington Street (map)|
|Full name||The College or Hall of St Catharine the Virgin in the University of Cambridge|
|Latin name||Aula sancte Katerine virginis infra Universitatem Cantabrigie|
|Motto in English||For the wheel! (unofficial)|
|Named for||Catherine of Alexandria|
|Previous names||Katharine Hall (1473-1860)|
|Sister college||Worcester College, Oxford|
|Endowment||£35.3m (as of 30 June 2017)|
St Catharine's is unique in being the only Oxbridge college founded by the serving head of another college. The college community is moderately sized, consisting of approximately 70 fellows, 150 graduate students, and 410 undergraduates.
Robert Woodlark, Provost of King’s College, had begun preparations for the founding of a new college as early as 1459 when he bought tenements on which the new college could be built. The preparation cost him a great deal of his private fortune (he was suspected of diverting King's College funds), and he was forced to scale down the foundation to only three fellows. He stipulated that they must study theology and philosophy only. The college was established as "Lady Katharine Hall" in 1473. The college received its royal charter of incorporation in 1475 from King Edward IV. Woodlark may have chosen the name in homage to the mother of King Henry VI who was called Catharine, although it is more likely that it was named as part of the Renaissance cult of St Catharine, who was a patron saint of learning. At any rate, the college was ready for habitation and formally founded on St Catharine’s day (November 25) 1473. There are six Saints Catharine, but the college was named for Saint Catharine of Alexandria.
The initial foundation was not well-provided for. Woodlark was principally interested in the welfare of fellows and the college had no undergraduates at all for many years. By 1550, however, there was an increasing number of junior students and the focus of the college changed to that of teaching undergraduates.
The Robinson VoteEdit
In 1861, the then master, Henry Philpott became Bishop of Worcester, in the ensuing election Charles Kirkby Robinson and Francis Jameson stood. Jameson naturally voted for Robinson, however Robinson voted for himself, Robinson won. The episode brought the college into some disrepute for a while.
Expansion and modern dayEdit
As the college entered the 17th century, it was still one of the smallest colleges in Cambridge. However, a series of prudent Masters and generous benefactors were to change the fortunes of the college and expand its size. Rapid growth in the fellowship and undergraduate population made it necessary to expand the college, and short-lived additions were made in 1622. By 1630 the college began to demolish its existing buildings which were decaying, and started work on a new court. In 1637 the college came into possession of the George Inn (later the Bull Inn) on Trumpington Street. Behind this Inn was a stables which was already famous for the practice of its manager, Thomas Hobson, not to allow a hirer to take any horse other than the one longest in the stable, leading to the expression “Hobson's choice”, meaning "take it or leave it".
The period of 1675 to 1757 saw the redevelopment of the college's site into a large three-sided court, one of only four at Oxbridge colleges; the others are at Jesus and Downing at Cambridge and Worcester, St Catharine’s sister college, at Oxford. Proposals for a range of buildings to complete the fourth side of the court have been made on many occasions.
The college was granted new statutes in 1860 and adopted its current name. In 1880, a movement to merge the college with King’s College began. The two colleges were adjacent and it seemed a solution to King’s need for more rooms and St Catharine’s need for a more substantial financial basis. However, the Master (Charles Kirkby Robinson) was opposed and St Catharine’s eventually refused.
In 1966 a major rebuilding project took place under the Mastership of Professor E. E. Rich. This saw the creation of a new larger hall, new kitchens and an accommodation block shared between St Catharine's and King's College. Pressure on accommodation continued to grow, and in 1981 further accommodation was built at St. Chad's on Grange Road, with further rooms added there in 1998. In 2013 the College completed the building of a new lecture theatre, college bar and JCR.
In 1979, the membership of the college was broadened to welcome female students, and in 2006 the first woman was appointed as Master of the college, Dame Jean Thomas.
A history of the college was written by W. H. S. Jones in 1936.
In 2015, St Catharine's became the first college in Cambridge to implement a gender-neutral dress code for formal hall.
St Catharine's provides a unique academic environment which is focused on research, sport, and arts, educating students with a diverse range of talents. In addition to its academic standards, the college encourages students to pursue theatre and music, with many former students going on to become professional actors and musicians. Historically, St Catharine's has generally placed in the top third of the Tompkins Table (the annual league table of Cambridge colleges), though its position tends to vary year on year. In 2014, its position slipped to 21st, but rose to 13th in 2015 with more than 25% of students gaining First-class honours, and it has further risen to 10th in 2018 with more than 30% gaining a First. The first time the college had been placed at the top of the Tompkins Table was in 2005. Between 1997 and 2010, the college averaged 9th of 29 colleges.
The college maintains a friendly rivalry with Queens’ College after the construction of the main court of St Catharine's College on Cambridge’s former High Street relegated one side of Queens' College into a back alley. A more modern rivalry with Robinson College resulted from the construction in the 1970s of a modern block of flats named St Chad’s (in which the rooms are octagonal to resemble the wheel on the college crest) by the University Library.
The college has a strong reputation in hockey and racquet sports, in part due to its facilities for these sports including grass tennis courts and an astroturf hockey pitch. St Catharine's College Boat Club, the college boat club, hosts the Cardinals Regatta each year, in which teams compete along a short course in fancy dress with an emphasis on bribery to secure victory. The college's Boat Club is moderately strong, with both Men's and Women's 1st boats generally residing in the middle of the 1st division of the May Bumps races.
The college hosts several other notable societies. The Shirley Society is the college literary society, the oldest in Cambridge, it regularly hosts significant figures from the arts world throughout the academic year. The college-based girls' choir is the first of its kind in a UK university and is composed of girls aged 8–14 from local schools.
Jeremy Paxman, journalist.
John Ray, naturalist.
Sir Ian McKellen, actor.
Richard Ayoade, comedian and actor.
Rebecca Hall, actress.
Ben Miller, comedian and actor.
Rona Fairhead, Chairwoman of the BBC Trust.
James Shirley, dramatist.
|John Addenbrooke||1680||1719||Founder of Addenbrooke's Hospital|
|David Armand||1977||Actor, comedian and writer|
|David Armitage||1965||Professor of History at Harvard University|
|Herbert Rowse Armstrong||1870||1922||Only English solicitor to be hanged for murder|
|Harivansh Rai Bachchan||1907||2003||20th century Indian poet|
|Nathaniel Bacon||1640||1676||Revolutionary in Virginia|
|Geoffrey Barnes||1932||2010||Secretary for Security for Hong Kong, Commissioner of Independent Commission Against Corruption|
|Jonathan Bate||1958||Shakespeare scholar and Provost of Worcester College, Oxford|
|Peter Boizot||1929||2018||Founder of Pizza Express|
|John Bond||1612||1676||Master of Trinity Hall, Cambridge|
|Gp. Cpt. Leslie Bonnet||1902||1985||RAF officer, writer and originator of the Welsh Harlequin Duck|
|Sir Arthur Bonsall||1917||2014||Head of GCHQ|
|John Bradford||1510||1555||Martyr of the English reformation|
|Anil Kumar Gain||1919||1978||Indian mathematician and statistician, FRS|
|Sir Kenneth Bradshaw||1922||2007||Clerk of the House of Commons|
|Adam Buddle||1662||1715||After whom the Buddleia is named|
|Henry William Bunbury||1750||1811||Caricaturist|
|Francis Cammaerts DSO||1916||2006||Leading member of the French Special Operations Executive|
|George Corrie||1793||1885||Master of Jesus College, Cambridge|
|Gervase Cowell||1927||2000||Intelligence Officer|
|John Cutts||1661||1707||MP and army commander|
|John Bacchus Dykes||1823||1876||Victorian hymn-writer|
|Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed||1905||1977||Fifth President of India|
|Richard Finn||1963||-||Regent of Blackfriars, Oxford|
|Reg Gadney||1941||2018||Painter and writer|
|Leo Genn||1905||1978||Actor, nominated for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor|
|Brian Gibson||1944||2004||Movie Director|
|Maurice Glasman||1961||Political scientist and Labour peer|
|Charles Wycliffe Goodwin||1817||1878||Egyptologist, bible scholar and judge of the British Supreme Court for China and Japan|
|Lilian Greenwood||1966||British Labour Party politician|
|Sir Peter Hall||1930||2017||Theatre and opera director, founder of the RSC|
|Sir Peter Hall||1932||2014||Urban planner and geographer|
|Rebecca Hall||1982||Film and stage actress|
|Leslie Halliwell||1929||1989||Film reviewer|
|David Harding||1961||-||Hedge fund manager and founder for Winton Capital Management|
|Roger Harrabin||1955||Journalist and reporter|
|Sir Peter Hirsch||1925||-||Materials scientist|
|Sir Robert Howe||1893||1981||Last British Governor-General of the Sudan|
|Rupert Jeffcoat||1970||Organist Coventry Cathedral|
|Emyr Jones Parry||1947||United Nations diplomat|
|Paul King||1978||-||Director, The Mighty Boosh, Bunny and the Bull|
|Malcolm Lowry||1909||1957||Writer - Author of Under the Volcano, number 11 on the Modern Library's 100 Best Novels of the 20th century).|
|Sir Ian McKellen||1939||Actor|
|Bevil Mabey||1935||2010||Businessman and inventor|
|Roy MacLaren||1934||Canadian diplomat, politician and author|
|Nevil Maskelyne||1732||1811||Astronomer Royal; developed the Lunar distance model for measuring latitude|
|Ian Meakins||1956||Chief Executive of Wolseley plc|
|Ben Miller||1966||Writer, Actor and Comedian|
|Morien Morgan||1912||1978||Master of Downing College, Cambridge, known as "the father of Concorde"|
|Michael Morris||1936||Former Deputy Speaker of the House of Commons|
|George Nash||1989||Rowing World Champion and Olympic Medalist|
|Sir Foley Newns||1909||1998||Colonial administrator|
|Robin Nicholson||1934||Chief Scientific Advisor to the UK Government|
|Geoffrey Pattie||1936||Former Minister of State for Information and Technology|
|Jeremy Paxman||1950||Television journalist|
|Nicholas Penny||1949||Director of the National Gallery|
|Sam Pickering||1941||Professor of English at the University of Connecticut|
|Tunku Abdul Rahman||1903||1990||First Prime Minister of Malaysia|
|Sir Thomas Roberts||1658||1706||MP|
|Christopher Sargent||1906||1943||Bishop in Fukien, China|
|James Shirley||1596||1666||Elizabethan poet and playwright|
|Arun Singh||1944||-||Former Defence Minister of India|
|Donald Soper||1903||1998||Methodist minister and campaigner|
|Noel Thompson||1957||-||Television journalist|
|Sir Tim Waterstone||1939||Founder of Waterstones|
|Hannah Yelland||1976||Film & stage actress|
|Terence Young||1915||1994||British film director - Dr. No, From Russia With Love, Thunderball|
- University of Cambridge (6 March 2019). "Notice by the Editor". Cambridge University Reporter. 149 (Special No 5): 1. Retrieved 20 March 2019.
- "Financial Statements for the year ended 30 June 2017" (PDF). St Catharine's College, Cambridge. Retrieved 3 August 2018.
- "St Catharine's College, University of Cambridge: Your Paintings". Art UK. Retrieved 28 August 2014.
- "St Catharine's College Cambridge - About St Catharine's College". cam.ac.uk.
- "St Catharine's College Cambridge - History of St Catharine's College". cam.ac.uk.
- http://www.caths.cam.ac.uk/assets/uploadedfiles/downloads/MainCourt.pdf[permanent dead link]
- W. H. S. Jones, 1936, A history of St Catharine's College, Cambridge University Press, 414 pp
- "Cambridge college changes formal dress rules after campaign by transgender student". Archived from the original on 2015-06-24. Retrieved 2015-08-09.
- Garner, Richard (22 July 2014). "Tompkins Table 2014: Trinity College Cambridge produces record number of firsts". www.independent.co.uk. Retrieved 5 October 2014.
- "Exclusive: Christ's and Pembroke victorious over Trinity in Tompkins Table". Retrieved 18 July 2019.
- Knightley, Phillip (16 May 2000). "Gervase Cowell". the Guardian.
- "Modern Library 100 Best Novels". Modern Library. Retrieved 13 March 2008.