Murray Edwards College, Cambridge
Murray Edwards College is a women-only constituent college of the University of Cambridge. It was founded as "New Hall" in 1954 but, unlike many other colleges, it was founded without a significant endowment and thus did not bear a benefactor's name. This situation changed in 2008 following a donation of £30 million by alumna Ros Edwards (née Smith) and her husband Steve Edwards to secure the future of the College as a college at the University of Cambridge in perpetuity. In recognition of this, New Hall was renamed Murray Edwards College, honouring the first President, Dame Rosemary Murray and the donors.
|Murray Edwards College|
|University of Cambridge|
Fountain Court in July 2019
Arms of Murray Edwards College
|Location||Huntingdon Road (map)|
|Full name||Murray Edwards College, founded as New Hall, in the University of Cambridge|
|Sister college||St Anne's College, Oxford|
|Endowment||£41.3m (as of 30 June 2017)|
New Hall was founded in 1954, housing sixteen students in Silver Street where Darwin College now stands. This was at a time when Cambridge had the lowest proportion of women undergraduates of any university in the United Kingdom, and when only two other colleges (Girton and Newnham) admitted female students.
In 1962, members of the Darwin family gave their home, "The Orchard", to the College. This new site was located on Huntingdon Road, about a mile from the centre of Cambridge. The architects chosen were Chamberlin, Powell and Bon, who are known for their design of the Barbican in London, and fundraising commenced. The building work began in 1964 and was completed by W. & C. French in 1965. The new college could house up to 300 students.
In 1967, one of the College's PhD students, Jocelyn Bell Burnell, a researcher in the university radio astronomy group, discovered the first four pulsars, leading to a Nobel Prize for her supervisor, and for Jocelyn Bell-Burnell herself, ultimately a position as a Research Professor at the University of Oxford.
In 1975, the College's President Dame Rosemary Murray became the first woman to hold the post of Vice-Chancellor of the University of Cambridge. Since then, two subsequent presidents, Anne Lonsdale and Jennifer Barnes, have become Pro-Vice-Chancellors of the University of Cambridge.
Men-only Cambridge colleges were converted into mixed-sex colleges in the 1970s and 1980s. Since the 2006 announcement that Oxford University's last remaining women-only college, St Hilda's, will admit men, Cambridge is the only university in the United Kingdom that partially maintains a female-only student admissions policy, represented by Newnham College, Murray Edwards College, and Lucy Cavendish College. The fellowship and staff at Murray Edwards College are nevertheless recruited from both sexes.
Arms and logoEdit
New Hall received its Royal Charter in 1972. The Arms of the college are emblazoned as follows:
- Sable a Dolphin palewise head downwards to the dexter in chief three Mullets fesswise a Bordure embattled Argent
In plain English, this means: on a black background, place the following features in silver. Vertically in the centre, place a dolphin with head downwards to the left. On top, place three stars horizontally across. Bordering the arms, place a square wave representing the battlements of a castle.
The black castellation round the arms marks the college's location on Castle Hill. The three stars are borrowed from the Murray coat of arms, while the heraldic dolphin symbolises a youthful spirit of exploration and discovery, and a kindly intelligence.
The college had designed a new logo to mark its transition from New Hall to Murray Edwards College. It was based on the design of the interior of the dining hall (the "Dome") and was called the 'spark'. However, on consultation with its alumnae, the college decided to continue to use its arms in official materials.
Like many of the other Cambridge colleges, Murray Edwards College was not built all at one time but expanded as the need arose, over several time periods. The College therefore has several accommodation blocks of differing styles. In order of construction:
- Orchard Court (also known as Old Block) recalls the original name of the grounds now occupied by the College, which was formerly known as The Orchard, a large house part-owned by Norah Barlow, granddaughter of Charles Darwin. It is divided into the Wolfson, Nuffield and Spooner Wings, named after donors to the College during its first few decades. Part of the original structure was designed in the 1960s and completed in 1965. In 2009, part of this block was refurbished to improve fire safety and living standards.
- Pearl House (formerly known as New Block), named after Dr Valerie Pearl, the second President of the College. The building was constructed with funding from the Kaetsu Foundation. All rooms are en suite. Wheelchair access is available to each floor via the central lift. Opened in 1994. First year undergraduates are usually accommodated in this block.
- Buckingham House. The current building was a replacement for another building of the same name that stood on this site, and was opened in 2001. All rooms are en suite. The building is wheelchair accessible and has a lift. Contains a 142-seat auditorium which is used for lectures, film festivals and concerts.
- Canning and Eliza Fok House is named after the Hong Kong entrepreneur Canning Fok and his wife Eliza Fok, who donated the funds for constructing this accommodation block. All rooms are en suite. The building is wheelchair accessible and has a lift. Opened in 2008. Canning and Eliza Fok House is specifically built to accommodate the growing population of graduate students at Murray Edwards, and has a large shared kitchen/living area between 8 bedrooms.
The first buildings of the College on Huntingdon Road were designed by the architects, Chamberlin, Powell and Bon, and are listed Grade II* (particularly important buildings of more than special interest). This includes:
- The Dome
- The Fountain Court
- The Library
- Orchard Court
The College gardens have an informal style, initially planned and planted by the first president, Dame Rosemary Murray. The gardens include a greenhouse originally belonging to the estate of the Darwin family, where banana plants are now grown during the winter months.
In 2007, Murray Edwards College (then New Hall) became the first Cambridge College to participate in the RHS Chelsea Flower Show. The theme of the presented garden was The Transit of Venus, and was awarded a Bronze Flora medal in the Chic Garden Category. After the show, this garden was recreated in a slightly larger form and is now displayed beside the library.
The gardens are maintained by professional staff, and recently also by fellows and students. Since 2012, gardening allotments are provided for fellows, undergraduates and postgraduates for growing herbs and vegetables, in addition to the flowers and herbs already planted by the gardeners.
Women's Art CollectionEdit
Murray Edwards is home to the New Hall Art Collection, the largest collection of women's art in Europe, and the second largest in the world (the largest being the National Museum of Women in the Arts in Washington, D.C.).
The New Hall Art Collection was started in the early 1990s, when the College had few pieces of art and most of them were portraits of old gentleman. The College wrote to 100 women artists and asked each to donate one piece of art, and more than 75% of the artists approached agreed to give a piece of work. Donations have continued since, and the Art Collection now contains work by many famous women artists, including:
Murray Edwards CollegeEdit
- Manel Abeysekera, diplomat
- Dame Jocelyn Bell Burnell, astrophysicist who discovered the first four pulsars
- Helen Cooper, literary scholar
- Sarah Coakley, theologian and philosopher
- Liv Garfield, chief executive of Severn Trent Water and youngest female CEO of a FTSE 100 company.
- Jane Heal, philosopher, Emeritus Professor
- Angela Hobbs, philosopher, and Professor of the Public Understanding of Philosophy at the University of Sheffield
- Mishal Husain, BBC World News anchor
- Julia King, engineer and former Vice-Chancellor, University of Aston
- Clare Lawrence, actress
- Helen Macdonald, prize-winning author of H is for Hawk
- Joanna MacGregor, concert pianist, conductor, and composer
- Philippa Marrack, immunologist known for herT cell research
- Hattie Morahan, actress
- Elizabeth Norton, writer and historian
- Sue Perkins, comedian
- Dame Jessica Rawson. art historian, former Warden of Merton College, Oxford
- Susan Sherratt, archaeologist
- Elizabeth Slater, Professor of Archaeology at University of Liverpool
- Dame Barbara Stocking, Director of Oxfam, current President of the College (elected in 2013)
- Tilda Swinton, Academy Award-winning actress
- Frances Vernon, novelist
- Nicola Walker, actress
- Claudia Winkleman, TV presenter and journalist
- "The Edwards' Endowment". Murray Edwards College website. Archived from the original on 13 August 2014. Retrieved 16 August 2014.
- University of Cambridge (6 March 2019). "Notice by the Editor". Cambridge University Reporter. 149 (Special No 5): 1. Retrieved 20 March 2019.
- "Dame Barbara Stocking DBE elected as fifth President". Murray Edwards College website. Archived from the original on 6 March 2016. Retrieved 16 August 2014.
- "Undergraduate Admissions: Murray Edwards College". University of Cambridge website. Retrieved 28 July 2009.
- "Key Facts and Figures: Board of Graduate Studies: Board of Graduate Studies". University of Cambridge website. Retrieved 24 January 2011.
- "Annual report and Financial Statements Year ended 30 June 2017" (PDF). Murray Edwards College, Cambridge. Retrieved 3 August 2018.
- Polly Curtis "After 50 years as plain old New Hall, Cambridge college gets a £30m donation - and a new name", The Guardian, 18 June 2008. Retrieved on 18 June 2008.
- "Official site FAQ". Murray Edwards College'. Archived from the original on 15 January 2014. Retrieved 14 September 2014.
- "Record £30 million gift provides a bright future for Cambridge College". University of Cambridge. Archived from the original on 6 June 2011. Retrieved 14 September 2014.
- "New Hall Archives". Janus. Retrieved 14 September 2015.
- Martin, Nicole (8 June 2006). "St Hilda's to end 113-year ban on male students". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 19 May 2010.
- "Single-sex colleges: a dying breed?". HERO. June 2007. Archived from the original on 2 January 2008. Retrieved 20 April 2009.CS1 maint: unfit url (link)
- "Can sisters still do it by themselves?". The Independent. London. 1 August 2002. Retrieved 19 May 2010.
- "Official site FAQ". Murray Edwards College'. Archived from the original on 15 January 2014. Retrieved 14 September 2014.
- "Official Logo Image".[permanent dead link]
- "Orchard Court". Murray Edwards College. Archived from the original on 3 November 2014. Retrieved 14 September 2014.
- "Pearl House". Murray Edwards College. Archived from the original on 2 November 2014. Retrieved 14 September 2014.
- "Building and Refurbishment Projects". Murray Edwards College. Archived from the original on 13 August 2014. Retrieved 14 September 2014.
- "Buckingham House". Murray Edwards College. Archived from the original on 13 August 2014. Retrieved 14 September 2014.
- "Canning and Eliza Fok House". Murray Edwards College. Archived from the original on 13 August 2014. Retrieved 14 September 2014.
- "The Buildings". Murray Edwards College. Archived from the original on 13 August 2014. Retrieved 14 September 2014.
- "New Hall to achieve Cambridge first at Chelsea Flower Show". University of Cambridge. 17 January 2007. Retrieved 14 September 2014.
- "Chelsea Flower Show 2007". Murray Edwards College. Archived from the original on 19 August 2014. Retrieved 14 September 2014.
- "The Transit of Venus". BBC. Retrieved 14 September 2014.
- ""New Hall over the moon at Chelsea Flower Show 2007."". University of Cambridge. 23 May 2007. Retrieved 14 September 2014.
- "Murray Edwards College - Graduate Funding". Murray Edwards College. Archived from the original on 7 September 2009. Retrieved 14 September 2014.
- "What's the point of a museum of art by women?" The Guardian (London). 28 July 2008. Retrieved 15 September 2013.
- Johnson, Jamie (10 May 2018). "Liv Garfield wins business woman of the year title". The Telegraph. ISSN 0307-1235. Retrieved 11 May 2018.