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A school is an educational institution designed to provide learning spaces and learning environments for the teaching of students (or "pupils") under the direction of teachers. Most countries have systems of formal education, which is commonly compulsory. In these systems, students progress through a series of schools. The names for these schools vary by country (discussed in the Regional section below) but generally include primary school for young children and secondary school for teenagers who have completed primary education. An institution where higher education is taught, is commonly called a university college or university, but these higher education institutions are usually not compulsory.
In addition to these core schools, students in a given country may also attend schools before and after primary (Elementary in the US) and secondary (Middle school in the US) education. Kindergarten or preschool provide some schooling to very young children (typically ages 3–5). University, vocational school, college or seminary may be available after secondary school. A school may be dedicated to one particular field, such as a school of economics or a school of dance. Alternative schools may provide nontraditional curriculum and methods.
Non-government schools, also known as private schools may be required when the government does not supply adequate, or specific educational needs. Other private schools can also be religious, such as Christian schools, Gurukula,Hindu School, madrasa, hawzas (Shi'a schools), yeshivas (Jewish schools), and others; or schools that have a higher standard of education or seek to foster other personal achievements. Schools for adults include institutions of corporate training, military education and training and business schools.
In home schooling and online schools, teaching and learning take place outside a traditional school building. Schools are commonly organized in several different organizational models, including departmental, small learning communities, academies, integrated, and schools-within-a-school. Read more...
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Students outside Adams Hall, 1930
The University of Wisconsin Experimental College was a two-year college designed and led by Alexander Meiklejohn inside the University of Wisconsin–Madison with a great books, liberal arts curriculum. It was established in 1927 and closed in 1932. Meiklejohn proposed the idea for an alternative college in a 1925 Century magazine article. The magazine's editor-in-chief, Glenn Frank, became the University of Wisconsin's president and invited Meiklejohn to begin the college within the university. Despite pushback from the faculty, the college opened in the fall of 1927 with a self-governing community of 119 students and less than a dozen faculty. Students followed a uniform curriculum: Periclean Athens for freshmen and modern America for sophomores. The program sought to teach democracy and to foster an intrinsic love of learning within its students.
The college's students became known as free spirited outsiders within the university for their different dress, apathetic demeanor, and greater interest in reading books. The college's demographics were unlike the rest of the university, with students largely not from Wisconsin and disproportionately of Jewish and East Coast
families. The college developed a reputation for radicalism and wanton anarchy, especially within Wisconsin. The students lived and worked with their teachers, called advisers, in Adams Hall, away from the heart of the university. They had no fixed schedule, no compulsory lessons, and no semesterly grades, though they read from a common syllabus. The advisers taught primarily through tutorial
instead of lectures. Extracurricular groups, including philosophy, law, and theater clubs, were entirely student-led. Read more...
In this month
- Filipino schools and theaters celebrate Filipino Language Month ("Buwan ng Wika") in August.
Selected biography -
Erasmus Smith (1611 – 1691) was an English merchant and a landowner with possessions in England and Ireland. Having acquired significant wealth through trade and land transactions, he became a philanthropist in the sphere of education, treading a path between idealism and self-interest during a period of political and religious turbulence. His true motivations remain unclear.
Smith's family owned manors
and held Protestant
beliefs. He became a merchant, supplying provisions to the armies of the Puritan Oliver Cromwell
– during Cromwell's suppression of rebellion in Ireland
— and an alderman
of the City of London
. His financial and landowning status was greatly enhanced by benefiting from his father's subscription to the Adventurers' Act
from which he gained extensive landholdings in Ireland as a reward, and from his own speculative practice of buying additional subscriptions from other investors. Read more...
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The following are images from various school-related articles on Wikipedia.
A school entrance building in Australia
György Dózsa Vocational Secondary School, Kalocsa, Hungary
Percentage of Students Taking Distance Courses (2012-2015)
Number of Students Taking Distance Courses by Level (2012-2015)
To curtail violence, some schools have added CCTV surveillance cameras. This is especially common in schools with gang activity or violence.
Primary school students with their teacher, Colombia, 2014
A school building in Kannur, India
Art work during the Renaissance
First primary school building in Badagry, Nigeria, built in 1845
Students in a carpentry trade school learning woodworking skills
Vrapice Vocational School, Czech Republic
Educational institution of this type in Canton, MI, United States
Based around the Notre Dame Cathedral, the Notre Dame School was an important centre of polyphonic music
Dongping County Vocational Secondary School, China
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