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School building and recreation area in England

A school is an institution designed to provide learning spaces and learning environments for the teaching of students (or "pupils") under the direction of teachers. Most countries have systems of formal education, which is commonly compulsory. In these systems, students progress through a series of schools. The names for these schools vary by country (discussed in the Regional section below) but generally include primary school for young children and secondary school for teenagers who have completed primary education. An institution where higher education is taught, is commonly called a university college or university (but these higher education institutions are usually not compulsory.

In addition to these core schools, students in a given country may also attend schools before and after primary and secondary education. Kindergarten or pre-school provide some schooling to very young children (typically ages 3–5). University, vocational school, college or seminary may be available after secondary school. A school may be dedicated to one particular field, such as a school of economics or a school of dance. Alternative schools may provide nontraditional curriculum and methods.

There are also non-government schools, called private schools. Private schools may be required when the government does not supply adequate, or special education. Other private schools can also be religious, such as Christian schools, madrasa, hawzas (Shi'a schools), yeshivas (Jewish schools), and others; or schools that have a higher standard of education or seek to foster other personal achievements. Schools for adults include institutions of corporate training, military education and training and business schools.

In home schooling and online schools, teaching and learning take place outside a traditional school building. Schools are commonly organized in several different organizational models, including departmental, small learning communities, academies, integrated, and schools-within-a-school.

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The modern red-brick building used by the school since 1987
The City of London School (CLS) is a boys' independent day school on the banks of the River Thames in the City of London, England. It is the brother school of the City of London School for Girls (a girls' school within the City) and of the co-educational City of London Freemen's School (a day and boarding school in Surrey). It is also a member of the Headmasters' and Headmistresses' Conference (HMC).

The School was founded by a private Act of Parliament in 1834, following events starting from a bequest of land by John Carpenter, Town Clerk of London in 1442, for four poor children in the City of London. The original school was established at Milk Street, with the school moving to the Victoria Embankment in 1879, and then to its present site on Queen Victoria Street in 1986. Today, the school provides day education to about 900 boys aged 10 to 18 and employs approximately 100 teaching staff and around another 100 non-teaching staff including contractors. The majority of its pupils enter at age 11 into the first form, with somewhat fewer at age 13 into the third form and some at age 16 into the Sixth form. There is a small intake at age 10 into Old Grammar, a year group consisting of only one class equivalent to primary school Year 6. Admissions are based on an entrance examination and an interview. Alumni, or "Old Citizens" of note include Liberal Prime Minister (1908-1916) Herbert Asquith, writer Kingsley Amis, lawyer Victor Mishcon, Baron Mishcon and physicist Peter Higgs.

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Lycée Louis-le-Grand at centre, on the right side of the rue St Jacques
Credit: David Monniaux

The Lycée Louis-le-Grand (sometimes nicknamed LLG) is a public high school located in Paris, widely regarded as one of the most demanding in France. Formerly known as the Collège de Clermont, it was named in king Louis XIV of France's honor after he visited the school and offered his patronage. Countless former pupils have become statesmen, diplomats, prelates, marshals of France, members of the Académie française, and men and women of letters.

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Selected biography

Frances Buss
Frances Mary Buss (16 August, 1827–24 December, 1894) was a headmistress and an English pioneer of women's education. At age sixteen, she was teaching and occasionally left in charge of her school in Hampstead, London. To help the family finances her mother set up a private school in Kentish Town in 1845, at which Frances assisted. The Buss's school was renamed the North London Collegiate School and moved to larger premises in 1850. Buss was its first Principal and remained so for the rest of her life. Under her headship, the school became a model for girls' education. Buss was at the forefront of campaigns for the endowment of girls' schools, and for girls to be allowed to sit public examinations and to enter universities.

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