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School building and recreation area in England

A school is an educational institution designed to provide learning spaces and learning environments for the teaching of students (or "pupils") under the direction of teachers. Most countries have systems of formal education, which is commonly compulsory. In these systems, students progress through a series of schools. The names for these schools vary by country (discussed in the Regional section below) but generally include primary school for young children and secondary school for teenagers who have completed primary education. An institution where higher education is taught, is commonly called a university college or university, but these higher education institutions are usually not compulsory.

In addition to these core schools, students in a given country may also attend schools before and after primary and secondary education. Kindergarten or pre-school provide some schooling to very young children (typically ages 3–5). University, vocational school, college or seminary may be available after secondary school. A school may be dedicated to one particular field, such as a school of economics or a school of dance. Alternative schools may provide nontraditional curriculum and methods.

There are also non-government schools, called private schools. Private schools may be required when the government does not supply adequate, or special education. Other private schools can also be religious, such as Christian schools, madrasa, hawzas (Shi'a schools), yeshivas (Jewish schools), and others; or schools that have a higher standard of education or seek to foster other personal achievements. Schools for adults include institutions of corporate training, military education and training and business schools.

In home schooling and online schools, teaching and learning take place outside a traditional school building. Schools are commonly organized in several different organizational models, including departmental, small learning communities, academies, integrated, and schools-within-a-school.

Selected article

A shot of Lane Tech's clock tower
Lane Technical College Preparatory High School (also known as Lane Tech), is a public, four-year, magnet high school located on the north side of Chicago. The school is named after Albert Grannis Lane, a former principal and superintendent. Lane was founded in 1908 and dedicated in 1909 as the Albert Grannis Lane Manual Training High School, and is one of the oldest schools in the city. Lane has an enrollment of over four thousand students and is a selective-enrollment-based school in which students must take a test and pass a certain benchmark in order to be offered admission. As a result of consistent victories in the fields of sports and academics, the school is known as the "School of Champions". Lane has also produced more Ph.D. holders than any other high school in the country.

Since Lane is one of several selective enrollment schools in Chicago, most students have to commute to Lane. As a result, Lane is a diverse school with many of its students coming from different ethnicities and economic backgrounds which helps enrich the school's student body. To celebrate the school's diversity, Lane hosts dozens of ethnic clubs which help students learn more about other cultures as well as prepare for the International Days festivities.

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Father's Building (Languages) and the Mackenzie Building (Admissions) at Lawrenceville School
Credit: User:Burntorange72

The Lawrenceville School is a coeducational, independent preparatory boarding school for grades 9-12 located in the historic community of Lawrenceville, in Lawrence Township, New Jersey, U.S. As of June 30, 2006, its endowment was roughly $229 million, or nearly $290,000 per student. Its alumni range from Nobel laureate George Akerlof to former Disney CEO Michael Eisner.

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  • 2003Beijing closes all schools for two weeks because of the SARS virus.



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Selected biography

John Dewey
John Dewey (October 20, 1859 – June 1, 1952) was an American philosopher, psychologist, and educational reformer, whose thoughts and ideas have been greatly influential in the United States and around the world. He, along with Charles Sanders Peirce and William James, is recognized as one of the founders of the philosophical school of Pragmatism. He is also known as the father of functional psychology and was a leading representative of the progressive movement in U.S. schooling during the first half of the 20th century. Dewey founded the University of Chicago Laboratory Schools where he was able to actualize his pedagogical beliefs which provided material for his first major work on education, The School and Society (1899).

Did you know...

Shardlow Hall in the early 1800s

  • ... that after 175 years in operation the Red Brick School, one of the oldest single room school houses in the U.S., closed in 2008?


Educational institutions by year of establishment


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