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School building and recreation area in England

A school is an institution designed to provide learning spaces and learning environments for the teaching of students (or "pupils") under the direction of teachers. Most countries have systems of formal education, which is commonly compulsory. In these systems, students progress through a series of schools. The names for these schools vary by country (discussed in the Regional section below) but generally include primary school for young children and secondary school for teenagers who have completed primary education. An institution where higher education is taught, is commonly called a university college or university (but these higher education institutions are usually not compulsory.

In addition to these core schools, students in a given country may also attend schools before and after primary and secondary education. Kindergarten or pre-school provide some schooling to very young children (typically ages 3–5). University, vocational school, college or seminary may be available after secondary school. A school may be dedicated to one particular field, such as a school of economics or a school of dance. Alternative schools may provide nontraditional curriculum and methods.

There are also non-government schools, called private schools. Private schools may be required when the government does not supply adequate, or special education. Other private schools can also be religious, such as Christian schools, madrasa, hawzas (Shi'a schools), yeshivas (Jewish schools), and others; or schools that have a higher standard of education or seek to foster other personal achievements. Schools for adults include institutions of corporate training, military education and training and business schools.

In home schooling and online schools, teaching and learning take place outside a traditional school building. Schools are commonly organized in several different organizational models, including departmental, small learning communities, academies, integrated, and schools-within-a-school.

Selected article

School campus with the Pleasanton Ridge in the background
Amador Valley High School is a public high school in Pleasanton, California, USA, a city east of San Francisco. Amador Valley is one of four high schools in the Pleasanton Unified School District, which includes Foothill High School, Village High School, and Horizon High School. The school was founded as Amador Valley Joint Union High School, from which its first class graduated in 1923. The school has been named a California Distinguished School, a National School of Character, and a National Blue Ribbon School.

As of 2009, Amador Valley offers its 2,500 students 23 varsity sports, 20 Advanced Placement courses, a program to study local aquatic wildlife, and vocational training. Amador's location allows it to be the launching point for parades and to host the site of the Amador Theater, Pleasanton's central performing arts facility for more than 60 years. In national competitions such as We the People: The Citizen and the Constitution, the Amador Valley team has ranked in the top four places from 2006 to 2009. Similarly, the Amador Valley Robotics Team is recognized nationally as the only high school team in the autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) competition hosted by Association for Unmanned Vehicle Systems International (AUVSI).

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Thomasschule zu Leipzig
Credit: User:Decius

The St. Thomas School of Leipzig (German: Thomasschule zu Leipzig) was founded by the Augustinians in 1212 and is one of the oldest schools in the world. St. Thomas School is well known for its art, language and music education. The Humanistic Gymnasium has a very long list of distinguished former students, including Richard Wagner (1813–1883) and many members of the Bach family.

In this month


  • Filipino schools and theaters celebrate Filipino Language Month ("Buwan ng Wika") in August.




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Selected biography

Percy Henn in 1926
Reverend Canon Percy Umfreville Henn (b. 21 January 1865 in Manchester, England; d. 25 February 1955 in Perth, Western Australia) was a clergyman and teacher in England and later Western Australia. He is best known for his time as Headmaster at Guildford Grammar School and later for the building of the Chapel of SS. Mary and George. Henn gained his BA in 1887 and MA in 1890 from Worcester College at Oxford University. He taught at various schools until 1900, when he became a missionary in Western Australia in country towns. After further religious work in regional WA, he moved to Guildford, Western Australia and became a leading force behind Guildford Grammar School's chapel and preparatory school. He died in 1955 at age 90.

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Rousse High School of Music


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