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Chilean schoolchildren in school uniform during a class photograph, 2002

A school is an educational institution designed to provide learning spaces and learning environments for the teaching of students (or "pupils") under the direction of teachers. Most countries have systems of formal education, which is commonly compulsory. In these systems, students progress through a series of schools. The names for these schools vary by country (discussed in the Regional section below) but generally include primary school for young children and secondary school for teenagers who have completed primary education. An institution where higher education is taught, is commonly called a university college or university, but these higher education institutions are usually not compulsory.

In addition to these core schools, students in a given country may also attend schools before and after primary and secondary education. Kindergarten or pre-school provide some schooling to very young children (typically ages 3–5). University, vocational school, college or seminary may be available after secondary school. A school may be dedicated to one particular field, such as a school of economics or a school of dance. Alternative schools may provide nontraditional curriculum and methods.

There are also non-government schools, called private schools. Private schools may be required when the government does not supply adequate, or special education. Other private schools can also be religious, such as Christian schools, madrasa, hawzas (Shi'a schools), yeshivas (Jewish schools), and others; or schools that have a higher standard of education or seek to foster other personal achievements. Schools for adults include institutions of corporate training, military education and training and business schools.

In home schooling and online schools, teaching and learning take place outside a traditional school building. Schools are commonly organized in several different organizational models, including departmental, small learning communities, academies, integrated, and schools-within-a-school.

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Roswell High School main entrance
Roswell High School (RHS) is a public high school in Roswell, Georgia, U.S.A. that opened in 1949. Like the city of Roswell, the school bears the name of Roswell King. King founded the cotton mill that would eventually be the economic backbone of Roswell for much of its early history. The school serves the entire city of Roswell west of Georgia 400 and the city of Mountain Park. It also serves small portions of Alpharetta and Milton. With a population of over of 2,436 students in the 2007–2008 school year, RHS is one of the largest schools in the Fulton County School System. It is the second oldest of Fulton County's schools in the northern portion of the county opening between Milton High School, (1921) and Chattahoochee High School (1991). Roswell is currently on its third campus which opened in 1990.

Roswell's standardized testing scores have exceeded the national and state averages and it has been named a national and Georgia school of excellence. For the 2005–2006 school year, Roswell's average SAT score was 1663 with the new SAT scoring system, which ranked Roswell third in the Fulton County School System and sixth in Metro Atlanta. The school offers students many extracurricular activities, including a variety of clubs. Students also have the option to compete in 16 different sports comprising 23 varsity level teams. Seven of the Roswell Hornet teams have won state championships, totaling 19 overall.

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Auckland Grammar School, main building
Credit: Public domain via User:Ingolfson

Auckland Grammar School is a boys-only state secondary school in Auckland, New Zealand. Established in 1850, it is one of the largest schools in New Zealand, with approximately 2,760 boys in 2008. Auckland Grammar School contains two Category I historic places, which are the school's main block and a war memorial. Alumni range from explorer Sir Edmund Hillary to actor Russell Crowe.

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Percy Henn in 1926
Reverend Canon Percy Umfreville Henn (b. 21 January 1865 in Manchester, England; d. 25 February 1955 in Perth, Western Australia) was a clergyman and teacher in England and later Western Australia. He is best known for his time as Headmaster at Guildford Grammar School and later for the building of the Chapel of SS. Mary and George. Henn gained his BA in 1887 and MA in 1890 from Worcester College at Oxford University. He taught at various schools until 1900, when he became a missionary in Western Australia in country towns. After further religious work in regional WA, he moved to Guildford, Western Australia and became a leading force behind Guildford Grammar School's chapel and preparatory school. He died in 1955 at age 90.

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