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Alexandria Governorate (Egyptian Arabic: محافظة الإسكندريةMuḥāfẓet El Eskenderiya) is one of the governorates of Egypt. The city of Alexandria was historically the capital of Egypt until the foundation of Fustat, which was later absorbed into Cairo. Today the Alexandria governorate is considered second in importance after the Cairo Governorate. It is located in the northern part of the country, directly on the Mediterranean Sea, making it one of the most important harbours in Egypt.

Alexandria Governorate
Flag of Alexandria Governorate
Flag
Official logo of Alexandria Governorate
Alexandria Governorate on the map of Egypt
Alexandria Governorate on the map of Egypt
Country Egypt
SeatAlexandria (capital)
Government
 • GovernorAbdul Aziz Qansua[1]
Area
 • Total2,818 km2 (1,088 sq mi)
Population
(January 2018[2])
 • Total5,226,000
 • Density1,900/km2 (4,800/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
HDI (2017)0.742[3]
high · 4th
Websitehttp://www.alexandria.gov.eg

Along with Cairo, Port Said and Suez, Alexandria is one of four governorates in the country that are also municipalities.[citation needed] The governorate capital is the city of Alexandria, the second largest city in Egypt. Alexandria governorate lies along the Mediterranean coast and stretch for about 70 km northwest of the Nile Delta. The governorate is bounded by the Mediterranean Sea in the north, El Behera governorate in the south and the east and Matrouh governorate in the west. The total area size of Alexandria governorate is almost 2818 km2. It has the most important harbour in Egypt and it is the second largest urban governorate in the country with population more than four and half million (4,799,740 in March 2015) and population density of 1700 square kilometres according to the Central Agency for Public Mobilization and Statistics (CAPMAS). Alexandria has a unique geographical location and a mild climate. It is also considered an industrial governorate where 40% of Egyptian industries are concentrated, especially chemicals, food, spinning and weaving as well as petrol industries and fertilizers.

Contents

Municipal divisionsEdit

The governorate is divided into municipal divisions with a total estimated population as of July 2017 of 5,179,034.[4][5]

Municipal Divisions
Anglicized name Native name Arabic transliteration Population
(July 2017 Est.)
Type
Port Alexandria Police Dept. اداره شرطه ميناء الأسكندريه Ādārh Shurṭah Mīnā' al-Iskandariyah Police-administrated Area
Dekhela قسم الدخيلة Ad-Dukhaylah 473,916 Kism (fully urban)
Amreya 1 قسم أول العامرية Al-'Āmriyah 1 476,271 Kism (fully urban)
Amreya 2 قسم ثان العامرية Al-'Āmriyah 2 278,968 Kism (fully urban)
Ataren قسم العطارين Al-'Aṭṭārīn 36,955 Kism (fully urban)
Gomrok قسم الجمرك Al-Jumruk 92,549 Kism (fully urban)
Labban قسم اللبان Al-Labān 41,126 Kism (fully urban)
Mansheya قسم المنشية Al-Manshiyah 23,501 Kism (fully urban)
Montaza 1 قسم أول المنتزة Al-Muntazah 1 1,046,785 Kism (fully urban)
Montaza 2 قسم ثان المنتزة Al-Muntazah 2 542,802 Kism (fully urban)
El Raml 1 قسم أول الرمل Ar-Raml 1 277,937 Kism (fully urban)
El Raml 2 قسم ثان الرمل Ar-Raml 2 631,658 Kism (fully urban)
North Coast الساحل الشمالىجزء As-Sāḥal ash-Shamāli 2,963 Area
Bab Sharqi قسم باب شرقى Bāb Sharqi 227,221 Kism (fully urban)
Borg El Arab قسم برج العرب Burj al-'Arab 92,175 Kism (urban and rural parts)
Karmouz قسم كرموز Karmūz 104,326 Kism (fully urban)
New Borg El Arab مدينه برج العرب الجديده Madīnat Burj al-'Arab al-Jadīdah 43,921 New City
Port al-Basal قسم مينا البصل Mīnā al-Baṣal 253,187 Kism (fully urban)
Moharam Bek قسم محرم بك Muḥarram Bik 280,609 Kism (fully urban)
Sidi Gaber قسم سيدى جابر Sīdi Jābir 252,164 Kism (fully urban)

Industrial zonesEdit

According to the Egyptian Governing Authority for Investment and Free Zones (GAFI), in affiliation with the Ministry of Investment (MOI), the following industrial zones are located in this governorate:[6]

  • New Manshia
  • Al Nasseria
  • Upper and Lower Mergham
  • The industrial zone in K 31, Desert Road
  • Seibco
  • Ajami
  • Al Nahda and its expansions
  • Ohm Zagheou
  • (New urban community industrial zone) Borg Al Arab

TourismEdit

Alexandria is known with its diverse history as it was occupied by several cultures throughout the years.Several monuments nowadays shape Alexandria's historic sites.

MonumentsEdit

GardensEdit

EducationEdit

SportsEdit

The governorate of Alexandria has several sports clubs that represents the governorate such as:

Alexandria governorate most common sport is football and holds three main stadiums which are:

Former governorsEdit

Alexandria Governorate has had several governors throughout the years, below is listed the former governors since 1952 up to 2017:[7]

  1. Counselor. Mohammed Mustafa Kamal Dib. ( From April 10, 1952 to January 5, 1957)
  2. Mr. Mahmoud Ismael Mehanna. ( From March 4, 1957 to September 10, 1960)
  3. Major. Sedeek Abdul Latif. ( From October 8, 1960 to November 12, 1961)
  4. Mr. Mohammed Hamdi Ashour. ( From November 12, 1961 to October 27, 1968)
  5. Major. General. Ahmed Kamel. ( From November 6, 1968 to November 17, 1970)
  6. Major. Mamdouh Salem. ( From November 18, 1970 to May 13, 1971)
  7. Dr. Ahmed Fouad Muhyiddin. ( From May 8, 1971 to September 7, 1972)
  8. Prof. Abdel Moneim Wehbe. ( From September 8, 1972 to May 28, 1974)
  9. Major General. Ahmed Abdel Tawab Hdaib. ( From May 29, 1974 to November 27, 1978)
  10. Prof. Mohamed Fouad Hilmi. ( From November 28, 1978 to May 14, 1980)
  11. Prof. Naim Mustafa Abu Talib. ( From May 15, 1980 to August 23, 1981)
  12. Mr. Mohammed Saeed Al-Mahi. ( From August 24, 1981 to May 17, 1982)
  13. Major General. Mohamed Fawzy Maaz. ( From May 18, 1982 to June 9, 1986)
  14. Counselor. Ismail El-Gawsaqi. ( From July 10, 1986 to July 8, 1997)
  15. Major General. Mohamed Abdel Salam Mahgoub. ( From July 9, 1997 to August 28, 2006)
  16. General. Adel Labib. ( From August 2006 to February 2011)
  17. Dr. Essam Salem. ( From April 3, 2011 to July 2011)
  18. Dr. Osama Foley. ( From August 4, 2011 to July 2012)
  19. Counselor. Mohamed Atta Abbas. ( From September 4, 2012 to June 1, 2013)
  20. Counselor. Maher Mohamed Zahir Baybars. ( From June 16, 2013 to August 12, 2013)
  21. General. Tarek Mahdy. ( From August 13, 2013 to February 6, 2015)
  22. Mr Hany El-Mesiry. ( From February 7, 2015 to October 25, 2015)
  23. Engineer Mohamed Ahmed Abd-El-Zaher. ( From December 26, 2015 to September 7, 2016)
  24. General Reda Mohamed Farahat. ( From September 9, 2016 to February 16, 2017)
  25. Dr. Mohamed Ali Sultan. ( From February 16, 2017 to August 30, 2018)
  26. Dr. Abdul Aziz Qansua. ( From August 30, 2018 to present)

TransportationEdit

PortsEdit

  • Alexandria Port
  • Al Dekheila Port. ( The second largest port in Alexandria Governorate after Alexandria Port).
  • Abu Qir Port
  • Eastern Port. ( One of the oldest ports as it was built in 2000 B.C in Racoda village to serve the coastal area in the 'Pharos Island').

RailroadsEdit

AirportsEdit

Alexandria Governorate has two international airports:

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "رسمياً.. المحافظون الجدد ونوابهم يؤدون اليمين الدستورية أمام الرئيس". Almasry Alyoum (in Arabic). 30 August 2018.
  2. ^ "الجهاز المركزي للتعبئة العامة والإحصاء". www.capmas.gov.eg. Retrieved 10 October 2018.
  3. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  4. ^ "New Valley Governorate Subdivisions". CityPopulation.de. Archived from the original on 2018-11-24. Retrieved 2018-11-23.
  5. ^ "Markazes of Egypt". statoids.com. Gwillim Law. Archived from the original on 2017-10-19. Retrieved 26 November 2018.
  6. ^ "Industrial Zones of Governorate". Ministry of Investment Egypt. Retrieved 23 November 2018.
  7. ^ "محافــظ الإسكندريـــة | المحافظون السابقون". www.alexandria.gov.eg. Retrieved 2017-05-31.

External linksEdit