Port Said Governorate

Coordinates: 31°16′N 32°18′E / 31.267°N 32.300°E / 31.267; 32.300

Port Said Governorate[4] (Arabic: محافظة بورسعيد, romanizedMuḩāfaz̧at Būr Sa'īd) is one of the Canal Zone governorates of Egypt. It is located in the northeastern part of the country, on the Mediterranean Sea at the northern gate of the Suez Canal, making it the second most important harbor in Egypt. Its capital is the city of Port Said, and it is the home of the Suez Canal Authority historical administrative building and the Lighthouse of Port Said.

Port Said Governorate
PortSaid SuezKanal.JPG
Flag of Port Said Governorate
Official logo of Port Said Governorate
Port Said Governorate on the map of Egypt
Port Said Governorate on the map of Egypt
Country Egypt
SeatPort Said (capital)
 • GovernorAdel Mohamed Ibrahim Yousef Al Ghadhban[1]
 • Total1,345 km2 (519 sq mi)
 (January 1, 2019)
 • Total764,499[2]
Time zoneUTC+2 (EGY)
HDI (2017)0.759[3]
high · 1st

Port Said Governorate is wholly urban, with 98.2% of the area populated.[2] Most of the districts of the Governorate lie on the African side of the Suez Canal, although Port Fuad lies on the Asian side.[5]


In 2015 a huge natural gas reserve was discovered off the coast of Port Said and was described as "the largest ever found in the Mediterranean Sea".[6] Egypt now has one of the largest areas of natural gas and Italian company, ENI has been contracted to work on the natural gas liquefaction for Egypt.[7][8] It was welcome news as Egypt has long suffered an energy crisis.[9][10]

The New Suez Canal project launched in 2015 included dredging of the East Port Said Canal.[11]

Port Said - the French Cathedral and Kitchner Street

Port Said EastEdit

Located on the Sinai side of the canal,[12] Port Said East is a development project that contains the Suez Canal Container Terminal, which opened in 2004.[13]

In November 2015, president Abdel Fattah el-Sisi publicly launched a new harbour development project at East Port Said.[14]

A side canal at Port Said East was opened in 2016.[15]

Municipal divisionsEdit

According to the Port Said Governorate website, it is divided into the following municipal divisions for administrative purposes.[16] El Sharq, El Arab, Port Fuad, El Manakh, El Dawahy, El Zohur, West (El Gharb), South (El Ganoub).[17]

Divisions of the governorate, at the 2006 census, included Mubarak East (the zone east of the new channel), Port Fuad 2 (the southern half of Fuad Island), Ganoub 2 (the southern part of South district), El Manasrah (now El Gharb), and a police department covering the docks.[16] The total estimated population as of July 2017 was 751,073.[18][19]

Municipal Divisions
Anglicized name Native name Arabic transliteration Population
(July 2017 Est.)
El Dawahy قسم شرطة الضواحي Aḍ-Ḍawāḥy 141,434 Kism (fully urban)
El Arab قسم العرب Al-'Arab 57,341 Kism (fully urban)
El Ganoub قسم الجنوب Al-Janūb 39,877 Kism (fully urban)
El Ganoub 2 قسم ثان الجنوب Al-Janūb 2 36,423 Kism (fully urban)
El Manakh قسم المناخ Al-Manākh 80,580 Kism (fully urban)
El Manasra قسم المناصرة Al-Manāṣrah 5,317 Kism (fully urban)
El Sharq قسم الشرق Ash-Sharq 33,002 Kism (fully urban)
El Zohur قسم شرطة الزهور Az-Zuhūr 253,501 Kism (fully urban)
Port Fuad قسم بورفؤاد Būr Fuād 85,208 Kism (fully urban)
Port Fuad 2 قسم ثان بورفؤاد Būr Fuād 2 11,443 Kism (fully urban)
Police Department Port Said إدارة شرطة ميناء بورسعيد Idārah Shurṭah Mīnā' Būr Sa'īd Police-administrated Area
Mubarak East قسم مبارك - شرق التفريعة Mubārak - Sharq at-Tafrī'tah 6,947 Kism (fully urban)


The total population was estimated at the end of 2016 to be 684,303.[16] With an urbanization rate of 100%, the Port Said Governorate is one of the most urbanized in the country, along with Cairo and Suez.[2] The governorate is treated as one urban agglomeration by the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs.[20]

Social unrestEdit

In February 2012, more than 70 people died in the Port Said Stadium Riot after a football match.[21] Social unrest in early 2013 continued for at least two weeks.[22] While protesting on March 5, 2013, protesters set fire to the governorate's headquarters and several people were injured.[23]

In October 2016, some Egyptians protested rent increases.[24][25]

Industrial zones in Port SaidEdit

According to the Egyptian Governing Authority for Investment and Free Zones (GAFI), in affiliation with the Ministry of Investment and International Cooperation, the following industrial zones are located in this governorate:[26]

  • The industrial zone C 1
  • The industrial zone C 6
  • The industrial zone C 11
  • The Northwest Bortex
  • The industrial zone south of Port Said (Al Reswah)

New urban community industrial zoneEdit

  • East Port Said


To promote trade, during his presidency, Anwar Sadat declared it a duty-free zone. Port Said Governorate is a major transit point for trade, importing and exporting millions of tons of goods each year. Tourism is also promoted for the region.[27]

Important sitesEdit

There are several museums in this area. For cultural tourism one may want to visit the Port Said National Museum of Antiquities which opened in 1987 and is located at the confluence of the Suez Canal waters and the Mediterranean Sea. It houses about 9,000 artifacts from all eras, ranging from the Pharaonic, Greek, Roman, and modern eras, as well as Coptic and Islamic eras.[28]The Military Museum of Port Said, established in 1964, commemorates the 1956 the tripartite aggression on the city. It features armory and military artifacts, equipment used in the wars fought between 1956 - 1967 and in 1973.[29] El Nasr Museum of Modern Art in Port Said opened on December 25, 1995 and includes artwork by Egyptian artists in various branches of Fine Art.[30][31]

The Statue de Lesseps, honoring Ferdinand de Lesseps, the developer of the Suez and Panama Canals, has its base at the entrance to the Suez Canal, along Palestine Street, where passing ships come from all over the world. This makes it a favorite with tourists.[32] Nearby, is the Suez Canal Authority building built on the banks of Port Said at the start of the project.[32]

The lighthouse and jetties at Port Said, located at the northern terminus of the Suez canal, and completed in 1869, were built of concrete of Teil lime and Port Said sand. The lighthouse is a monolith 180 feet high. In the construction 120,000 tons of Teil hydraulic lime were used. It was an important engineering feat involving 25,000 blocks, each weighing twenty-five tons.[33]

Tall al Faramah, also called Pelusium, is of Ecclesiastical and archeological importance.[34] It is an archeological, prehistoric site with ruins and a Byzantine church.[35]

In 2004, the marine sector of Egypt had 3,013 fishermen who were categorized in the recreational fishing sector, fishing in and around the Mediterranean Sea and Red Sea. "Recreational fishing is widely practised along the Mediterranean Coast", where Port Said is located.[36]Tel Tennis is an island (also called Tinnis or Thenessus) located 7 km (4.3 mi) southwest of Port Said on Lake Manzala and can be reached from Port Said by boat.[37]

One can find historic churches in Port Said Governorate. There is a Roman Church, established in 1926,[38] a Melkite Greek Catholic Church called Saint Elias Greek Catholic Church,[39] and an old French Cathedral.[40]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Egypt names six provincial governors, mostly ex-generals" رسمياً.. المحافظون الجدد ونوابهم يؤدون اليمين الدستورية أمام الرئيس. Almasry Alyoum (in Arabic). 30 August 2018.
  2. ^ a b c "Population Estimates By Governorate ( Urban /Rural ) 1/1/2018". www.capmas.gov.eg. Retrieved 10 October 2018.
  3. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  4. ^ "Muḩāfaz̧at Būr Sa'īd". Geonames. Archived from the original on 20 October 2016. Retrieved 20 October 2016.
  5. ^ "Campaign magnified in Port Fouad to remove encroachments". Port Said Governorate Official Website. September 22, 2016. Retrieved 20 October 2016.
  6. ^ "Vast Reserves of Natural Gas Found Off the Coast of Egypt". New York Times. August 30, 2015. Archived from the original on 5 September 2015. Retrieved 19 October 2016.
  7. ^ "ENI Granted Land to Build Gas Processing Plant". Egypt Oil & Gas Web Portal. Archived from the original on 20 October 2016. Retrieved 19 October 2016.
  8. ^ Reed, Stanley (March 6, 2015). "BP Signs $12 Billion Deal to Develop Natural Gas in Egypt". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 23 July 2016. Retrieved 18 October 2016.
  9. ^ Mills, Robin (June 14, 2015). "Tackling fiscal, gas and electricity challenges is central to resolving Egypt's energy crisis". The National Business. Archived from the original on 20 October 2016. Retrieved 19 October 2016.
  10. ^ Mills, Robin (September 6, 2015). "Gas find is a badly needed source of relief for Egypt". The National Business. Archived from the original on 20 October 2016. Retrieved 20 October 2016.
  11. ^ Mamish, Mohab (March 3, 2016). "In Response to News Alleging Vessels Change Routes To The Cape Of Good Hope". Suez Canal Authority. Retrieved 18 October 2016.[permanent dead link]
  12. ^ "Location". ep-egypt.com.
  13. ^ "Industrial Area Port Said East". SCCT. Retrieved 30 April 2018.
  14. ^ "Suez Canal Axis Development project becomes economic zone". www.tradearabia.com. 29 November 2015.
  15. ^ "East Port Said Canal Inauguarted". World Maritime News. 25 February 2016.
  16. ^ a b c "Vital Statistics of Port Said Governorate". www.portsaid.gov.eg (in Arabic). Egyptian Ministry of Planning. 7 November 2017.
  17. ^ "Maps of Governorate". portsaid.gov.eg. Port Said Gov. Retrieved 25 November 2018.
  18. ^ "Port Said Governorates Subdivisions". CityPopulation.de.
  19. ^ "Markazes of Egypt". statoids.com. Gwillim Law. Retrieved 26 November 2018.
  20. ^ "World Urbanization Prospects, The 2014 Revision" (PDF). United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs. 2015. p. 106. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2019-01-22. Retrieved 2018-05-10.
  21. ^ Fahmy, Mohamed Fadel; Wedeman, Ben (February 2, 2012). "Egyptian health ministry: 74 dead, hundreds injured in soccer riots". CNN. Archived from the original on 28 May 2016. Retrieved 18 October 2016.
  22. ^ "4 people, 400 injured in clashes in Egypt's Port Said". Xinhua. March 4, 2013. Archived from the original on 8 March 2013. Retrieved 18 October 2016.
  23. ^ "Protesters set governorate's headquarters on fire in Egypt 's Port Said". Xinhua. March 5, 2013. Archived from the original on 7 November 2015. Retrieved 18 October 2016.
  24. ^ "Port Said MPs defend protesters' right to oppose price hikes". Daily News Egypt. October 21, 2016. Archived from the original on 22 October 2016. Retrieved 21 October 2016.
  25. ^ El-Sheikh, Sarah (October 23, 2016). "Coordinator of Port Said housing protests arrested from his residence". Daily News Egypt. Archived from the original on 24 October 2016. Retrieved 23 October 2016.
  26. ^ "Industrial Zones of Governorate". Ministry of Investment Egypt. Retrieved 23 November 2018.
  27. ^ "Port Said Gobernorate". Ask-Aladdin. Archived from the original on 19 October 2016. Retrieved 18 October 2016.
  28. ^ "Port Said National Museum". Supreme Council of Antiquities. Archived from the original on 2 October 2016. Retrieved 18 October 2016.
  29. ^ "Military Museum of Port Said". Ask Aladdin. Archived from the original on 19 October 2016. Retrieved 18 October 2016.
  30. ^ "Al-Nasr Museum of Modern Art in Port Said". Fine Art Gov Egypt. Retrieved 18 October 2016.
  31. ^ "History of Al-Nasr Museum of Modern Art in Port Said". Fine Art Government of Egypt. Retrieved 20 October 2016.
  32. ^ a b "Port_Said". Ask Aladdin. Archived from the original on 20 October 2016. Retrieved 20 October 2016.
  33. ^ Frost, G.H. (June 27, 1885). Engineering News and American Contract Journal, Volumen 13. University of Iowa. p. 406. Retrieved 20 October 2016.
  34. ^ Grzymski, Krzysztof A. (1997). "Pelusium: Gateway to Egypt". Pelusium: Gateway to Egypt.
  35. ^ "Tall al Faramah". Geonames. Archived from the original on 20 October 2016. Retrieved 20 October 2016.
  36. ^ FAO Fishery Country Profile - The Arab Republic of Egypt. 2004. Archived from the original on 23 October 2016. Retrieved 20 October 2016.
  37. ^ Stanley, Jean-Daniel (2015). "Submergence and burial of ancient coastal sites on the subsiding Nile delta margin, Egypt". Journal of Mediterranean Geography (104): 65–73. doi:10.4000/mediterranee.2282. Archived from the original on 23 October 2016. Retrieved 18 October 2016.
  38. ^ "Apostolic Vicariate of Port Said". GC Catholic. Archived from the original on 29 January 2017. Retrieved 18 October 2016.
  39. ^ "Melkite Greek Catholic Church Information Center". Melkite Greek Catholic Churches. Archived from the original on 18 December 2016. Retrieved 18 October 2016.
  40. ^ "French Cathedral". Geonames. Archived from the original on 20 October 2016. Retrieved 20 October 2016.

External linksEdit