Cairo Governorate (Egyptian Arabic: محافظة القاهرة Muḥāfẓet El Qahira) is the most populated of the governorates of Egypt. Its capital, the city of Cairo, is the national capital of Egypt, and is part of the Greater Cairo metropolitan area. Because it is completely urbanized, the governorate is considered a city proper, and functions as a municipality. However, there are uninhabited desert areas.
Cairo Governorate on the map of Egypt
|• Governor||Galal Mostafa Saeed|
|• Total||3,085 km2 (1,191 sq mi)|
|• Density||3,000/km2 (7,600/sq mi)|
|Time zone||EET (UTC+2)|
Parts of the governorate were separated in April 2008 to form the Helwan Governorate (reincorporated into the Cairo Governorate in April 2011).
The Cairo Governorate is divided into 41 administrative divisions, called qism in Arabic.
- El Marg
- El Salam
- Ain Shams
- El Matareya
- Haddaiq El Qubbah
- El Nuzhah (Airport)
- El Waili
- El Zawiyah El Hamra
- El Sharabeya
- El Sahel
- Rud El Farag
- Manshiyat Naser (incl. Garbage City, Mokattam, and City of the Dead)
- Nasr City 1
- Nasr City 2
- Qasr El Nil
- El Muski
- Bab El Shariyah
- El Zahir
- El Gamaliyah
- El Darb El Ahmar
- El Sayidah Zaynab
- Masr El Qadimah (includes Old Cairo, El-Manial, and Garden City)
- El Khalifa
- El Basatin
- 15 Mayu
- El Tabin
- New Cairo 1 (includes Madinaty)
- New Cairo 2
- New Cairo 3
- El Shorouk City
- Badr City (includes New Heliopolis City)
According to the Egyptian Governing Authority for Investment and Free Zones (GAFI), in affiliation with the Ministry of Investment (MOI), the following industrial zones are located in this governorate:
- Torah and Shaq Al Tho’ban
- South Helwan
- Shaq Al Tho’ban
- Al Robeiky
- Al Maasara
- Division Maadi Company for Development and Reconstruction
- Egypt-Ismailia. Road - Al Nozha District
- El Salam City
- El Marg District
- El Sharabya District
- (New urban community industrial zone) Badr City
- (New urban community industrial zone) 15th of May
- (New urban community industrial zone) New Cairo
- (New urban community industrial zone) Al Shrouk
Due to its congestion and overcrowded streets Cairo is not attractive to investors. UN-Habitat is promoting alternative methods of transportation with the aim of relieving these issues.
In a program that began on August 28, 2012 (through 2018), the European Union invested 40 million Euros on upgrading the infrastructure of informal areas in Cairo Governorate.
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- "EGYPT Administrative Division". Citypopulation.de. 2012-01-08. Retrieved June 1, 2012.
- "New governors are mostly generals.". Mada Masr. Retrieved 15 August 2013.
- "Investment Regimes, Industrial Zones of Governorate". Ministry of Investment Egypt. Archived from the original on 30 October 2016. Retrieved 30 October 2016.
- "Egypt-Urban Issues". UN-Habitat Egypt. Retrieved 30 October 2016.
- "Upgrading Informal Areas in the Greater Cairo Region". European Union External Action.