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The Greater Cairo Area (GCA) (Arabic: القاهرة الكبرىEl Qāhira El Kobrā) is the largest metropolitan area in Egypt and the largest urban area in Africa and the Middle East.[2] It is the third largest urban area in the Muslim world after Jakarta and Karachi, and the world's 16th largest metropolitan area,[3] consisting of all cities in the Cairo Governorate as well as Giza, 6th of October, Sheikh Zayed City in the Giza Governorate and Shubra El Kheima and Obour in the Qalyubia Governorate, with a total population estimated at 20,500,000 (as of 2012); area: 1,709 km2; density: 10,400/km2.[1]

Greater Cairo Area

القاهرة الكبرى
Skyline of Greater Cairo Area
Coordinates: 30°03′N 31°22′E / 30.050°N 31.367°E / 30.050; 31.367Coordinates: 30°03′N 31°22′E / 30.050°N 31.367°E / 30.050; 31.367
Country Egypt
Consisting ofCairo Governorate
Giza
6th of October
Sheikh Zayed City
Shubra El Kheima
Obour
Population
(2012)
 • Total20,500,000
 [1]
Time zoneUTC+2
 • Summer (DST)(not observed)

Contents

ClimateEdit

The Greater Cairo Area and its surrounding region is classified as hot desert climate (BWh) in Köppen-Geiger classification, as all of Egypt. Cairo and its surrounding region have very similar day to day temperatures; however, the less populated parts at the east and the west do not have the urban heat, which makes them more prone to have soft hail.

Cairo
Climate chart (explanation)
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Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: Weather2Travel[4]

Urban issuesEdit

60% of all informal houses in Egypt are located in the Greater Cairo area.[5]

Main citiesEdit

Surrounding cities and suburbsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b The Evolving Urban Form: Cairo, New Geography, 13 June 2012, retrieved 9 October 2015
  2. ^ Demographia World Urban Areas & Population Projections (PDF), Demographia, April 2009, retrieved 9 July 2009
  3. ^ R.L. Forstall, R.P. Greene, and J.B. Pick, "Which are the largest? Why published populations for major world urban areas vary so greatly" Archived 31 May 2010 at the Wayback Machine, City Futures Conference, (University of Illinois at Chicago, July 2004) – Table 5 (p.34)
  4. ^ "Cairo Climate and Weather Averages, Egypt". Retrieved 21 February 2014.
  5. ^ "Urban Initiatives". UN-Habitat Egypt. Retrieved 30 October 2016.