Open main menu

The Greek educational system is mainly divided into three levels: primary, secondary and tertiary, with an additional post-secondary level providing adult vocational training. Primary education is divided into kindergarten preschool lasting one or two years, and primary school spanning six years (aged 6 to 12, first grade to sixth grade). Secondary education comprises two stages: the compulsory lower secondary education has a 3-year Gymnasio school (seventh grade to ninth grade, US equivalent approx: Middle school or Junior high school), after which students can attend upper secondary education has a 3-year Lykeion school (tenth grade to twelfth grade, US equivalent approx: High school). Higher Education (tertiary) is provided by Universities and specialist Academies which primarily cater for the military. Undergraduate university programs typically last 4 years (5 in polytechnics and some technical/art schools, and 6 in medical schools). The postgraduate (or graduate programs) last 1 to 2 years for Master's degree level and 3 to 6 years for Doctorate's degree level. All levels are overseen by the Ministry of Education, Research and Religious Affairs. The Ministry exercises centralized control over state schools, by prescribing the curriculum, appointing staff and controlling funding. Private schools also fall under the mandate of the Ministry, which exercises supervisory control over them. At a regional level, the supervisory role of the Ministry is exercised through Regional Directorates of Primary and Secondary Education, and Directorates of Primary and Secondary Education operate in every Prefecture. Tertiary institutions are nominally autonomous, but the Ministry is responsible for their funding, and the distribution of students to undergraduate courses. Currently the Greek government only recognises the degree programmes offered by the state-run universities although there are several private universities and colleges offering degree programmes that are validated and overseen by American, British and other European universities. The Greek government is pressured to recognise these overseas programmes.

Education in Greece
Greece education logo.png
MinisterNiki Kerameus
Budget12,08 billion (public)
4% of GDP1
Primary languagesGreek
Total98%
Male99%
Female97%
Total1,426,175
Primary786,025 2
Secondary360,248 3
Post secondary276,902 4

All levels of education are catered for by both private and public schools. State-run schools and universities do not charge tuition fees and textbooks are provided free to all students. There are also a number of private tutorial schools, colleges and universities operating alongside the state education and providing supplementary tuition. These parallel schools (Greek: φροντιστήριο, frontistirio (singular)) provide foreign language tuition, supplementary lessons for weak students as well as exam preparation courses for the competitive Panhellenic national examinations. Most of the students typically attend such classes (and examinations) at the tutors schools in the afternoon and evening in addition to their normal schooling.

Greece Framework
Year Ages Name Educational Stage
Pre-kindergarten 3–5 Pre-kindergarten Preschool
Compulsory Education
Kindergarten 1-year 5–6 Kindergarten Preschool
First grade Year 1 6–7 1st grade Primary School
Second grade Year 2 7–8 2nd grade
Third grade Year 3 8–9 3rd grade
Fourth grade Year 4 9–10 4th grade
Fifth grade Year 5 10–11 5th grade
Sixth grade Year 6 11–12 6th grade
Seventh grade Year 7 12–13 1st grade Lower Secondary School
(It is called Gymnasium School)
Eighth grade Year 8 13–14 2nd grade
Ninth grade Year 9 14–15 3rd grade
Upper Secondary Education
Tenth grade Year 10 15–16 1st grade Upper Secondary School
(It is called Lyceum School)
(US equivalent: High School)
Eleventh grade Year 11 16–17 2nd grade
Twelfth grade Year 12 17–18 3rd grade

Primary educationEdit

 
The public school of Astros, built in 1915.

Before the Elementary school, kids must attend the Kindergarten from age 5 to 6 before moving to the Elementary School. Elementary schools are called "Dimotiko" (demotic, meaning municipal), a carryover term from a time when such schools were run by local communities. The name remains although it has been obsolete for decades. In the first two years pupils are not officially graded, and parents obtain feedback about their performance via oral communications with teachers. Grading begins in Year 3, and written exams are introduced in Year 5. Graduating from one year to the next is automatic, and pupils with deficient performance are given remedial tutoring. Years are called "classes", from first to sixth:

  • 1st Year (Πρώτη δημοτικού): age 6 to 7
  • 2nd Year (Δευτέρα δημοτικού): age 7 to 8
  • 3rd Year (Τρίτη δημοτικού): age 8 to 9
  • 4th Year (Τετάρτη δημοτικού): age 9 to 10
  • 5th Year (Πέμπτη δημοτικού): age 10 to 11
  • 6th Year (Έκτη δημοτικού): age 11 to 12

A normal school-day starts at 8.15 and finishes in 13.15. The classes last between 45 and 90 minutes with 3 breaks. The school year always starts on September 11 and ends on June 15. The students have summer vacation (about 3 months), Christmas vacation (2 weeks) and Easter vacation (2 weeks). Furthermore, students take usually another four days off in order to celebrate their two national holidays (28/10 and 25/3). From December 2017 with a Presidential decree, the city of Aigio has and a third national holiday in 26/1 starting from January 2018. Only the schools of this city are closed in this day in the entire country. Also every 2 years the children will change the teacher who teaches them the most things shown below.

The subjects for: Πρώτη δημοτικού και Δευτέρα δημοτικού /1st Grade and 2nd Grade of Primary school (The curriculum is based on the 2016 curriculum, for the school season 2016-2017):

  • Modern Greek language (9 hours/week)
  • Mathematics (5 hours/week)
  • Environmental Studies (4 hours/week)
  • English language (1 hour/week)
  • Music (1 hour/week)
  • Theatrical Education (1 hour/week)
  • Art (2 hours/week)
  • Physical Education (3 hours/week)
  • Flexible Zone (3 hours/week)
  • Computer studies (1 hour/week)

Τρίτη δημοτικού και Τετάρτη δημοτικού/3rd Grade and 4th Grade of Primary school (The curriculum is based on the 2016 curriculum, for the school season 2016-2017):

  • Modern Greek language (8 hours/week)
  • Mathematics (4 hours/week)
  • Environmental Studies (2 hours/week)
  • English language (3 hours/week)
  • Music (1 hour/week)
  • Theatrical Education (1 hour/week)
  • Art (1 hour/week)
  • Physical Education (3 hours/week)
  • Flexible Zone (2 hours/week)
  • Computer studies (1 hour/week)
  • Religion (2 hours/week)
  • History (2 hours/week)

Πέμπτη δημοτικού και Έκτη δημοτικού/5th and 6th Grade of Primary School (The curriculum is based on the 2016 curriculum, for the school season 2016-2017):

  • Modern Greek language (7 hours/week)
  • Mathematics (4 hours/week)
  • Geography (2 hours/week)
  • English language (3 hours/week)
  • Music (1 hour/week)
  • Social & Political Studies (1 hour/week)
  • Art (1 hour/week)
  • Physical Education (2 hours/week)
  • Physics (3 hours/week)
  • Computer studies (1 hour/week)
  • Religion (1 hour/week)
  • History (2 hours/week)
  • 2nd Foreign Language (French or German) (2 hours/week)

(The classes a week for a subject vary from the teacher who teaches)

Grading System:

  • 1st Year: no grades
  • 2nd Year: no grades
  • 3rd Year: A-D
  • 4th Year: A-D
  • 5th Year: 1-10
  • 6th Year: 1-10

Enrollment to the next tier of compulsory education, the Gymnasium, is automatic.

Secondary educationEdit

 
View of the Jewish school, Thessaloniki

Γυμνάσιο (Gymnasium – Middle School) (compulsory education)

  • Πρώτη Γυμνασίου / 1st grade, age 12 to 13
  • Δευτέρα Γυμνασίου / 2nd grade, age 13 to 14
  • Τρίτη Γυμνασίου / 3rd grade, age 14 to 15

Starts on September 11 and ends on early June before the first day of the Panhellenic exams. The lessons end on 31 May so that the students will be able to study for their examinations in early June. The classes start at 8.15 and end from 13.55 to 14.15 according to the type of school. Classes last from 30 min. to 45 min. and there are breaks of 10 and 5 minutes between them.The students have summer vacation (about 3 months), Christmas vacation (2 weeks) and Easter vacation (2 weeks). Furthermore, students take usually another four days off in order to celebrate their two national holidays (28/10 and 25/3). From December 2017 with a Presidential decree, the city of Aigio has and a third national holiday in 26/1 starting from January 2018. Only the schools of this city are closed in this day in the entire country. There are 6 types of gymnasiums in Greece:

  1. Gymnasium (entering there from the primary school is automatic)
  2. Athletic Gymnasium (to enter this type of school students must pass certain exams on a sport like football, basketball, volleyball, gymnastics, polo, swimming etc.) Athletic Gymnasiums don't exist anymore.
  3. Musical Gymnasium (to enter this type of school students must pass certain exams on a musical instrument)
  4. Artistic Gymnasium (to enter this type of school students must pass certain exams on either arts, dance, or theater)
  5. Experimental Gymnasium (to enter this type of schools students must pass certain exams on Maths, Science, Reading Comprehension and Writing [the last two are written as one])
  6. Evening Gymnasium
  7. Ecclesiastical Gymnasium
  8. Unified Special Vocational Gymnasium
  9. Special Vocational Education and Training Gymnasium (Ε.Ε.Ε.Ε.Κ.)


The subjects for:

1. Πρώτη Γυμνασίου/1st Grade of Gymnasium (The curriculum is based on the 2016 curriculum, for the school season 2016-2017):

  • Modern Greek language (3 hours/week)
  • Modern Greek literature (2 hours/week)
  • Ancient Greek language (2 hours/week)
  • Ancient Greek Literature (2 hours/week)
  • Mathematics (4 classes/week) (Algebra 2 hours/week and Geometry 2 hours/week)
  • Physics (1 hour/week)
  • Biology (1 hour/week)
  • Geography (1 hour/week)
  • History (2 hours/week)
  • Religion (2 hours/week)
  • English language (2 hours/week)
  • 2nd foreign language (French or German) (2 hours/week)
  • Technology (1 hour/week)
  • Computer studies (1 hour/week)
  • Music (1 hour/week)
  • Art (1 hour/week)
  • Physical education (2 hours/week)
  • Home economics (2 hours/week)

2. Δευτέρα Γυμνασίου/2nd Grade of Gymnasium (The curriculum is based on the 2016 curriculum, for the school season 2016-2017):

  • Modern Greek Language (2 hours/week)
  • Modern Greek Literature (2 hours/week)
  • Ancient Greek Language (2 hours/week)
  • Ancient Greek Literature (2 hours/week)
  • Mathematics (4 hours/week) (Algebra 2 classes/week and Geometry 2 classes/week)
  • Physics (2 hours/week)
  • Chemistry (1 hour/week)
  • Biology (1 hour/week)
  • Geography (2 hours/week)
  • History (2 hours/week)
  • Religion (2 hours/week)
  • English Language (2 hours/week)
  • 2nd Foreign Language (French or German) (2 hours/week)
  • Technology (1 hour/week)
  • Computer Studies (1 hour/week)
  • Music (1 hour/week)
  • Art (1 hour/week)
  • Physical Education (2 hours/week)

3. Τρίτη Γυμνασίου/3rd Grade of Gymnasium (The curriculum is based on the 2016 curriculum, for the school season 2016-2017):

  • Religion (2 hours/week)
  • Ancient Greek Literature (2 hours/week)
  • Ancient Greek Language (2 hours/week)
  • Modern Greek Language (2 hours/week)
  • Modern Greek Literature (2 hours/week)
  • History (2 hours/week)
  • Social & Political Studies (2 hours/week)
  • English Language (2 hours/week)
  • 2nd Foreign Language (French or German) (2 hours/week)
  • Mathematics (4 hours/week)
  • Physics (2 hours/week)
  • Chemistry (1 hour/week)
  • Biology (1 hours/week)
  • Physical Education (2 hours/week)
  • Music (1 hour/week)
  • Art (1 hour/week)
  • Computer Studies (1 hour/week)
  • Technology (1 hour/week)

The lessons that the students will be examined in early June are Modern Greek Language/Modern Greek Literature, History, Mathematics and Physics.The duration for every exam is 2 hours except Modern Greek Language/Modern Greek Literature which is 3 hours.


Λύκειο (Lyceum – High School)

  • Πρώτη Λυκείου / 1st grade, age 15 to 16
  • Δευτέρα Λυκείου / 2nd grade, age 16 to 17
  • Τρίτη Λυκείου / 3rd grade, age 17 to 18

Starts on September 11 and ends on 15 June. The lessons end in late May so that the students will be able to study for their examinations in June. The classes start at 8.20 and end from 13.55 to 14.20 according to the type of school. Classes last from 35 min. to 45 min. and there are breaks of 10 and 5 minutes between them.The students have summer vacation (about 3 months), Christmas vacation (2 weeks) and Easter vacation (2 weeks). Furthermore, students take usually another four days off in order to celebrate their two national holidays (28/10 and 25/3). From December 2017 with a Presidential decree, the city of Aigio has and a third national holiday in 26/1 starting from January 2018. Only the schools of this city are closed in this day in the entire country. The Evening Lyceum (Εσπερινό) is at both for adult students and underage working students lasts 3 years (former 4 years) since 2020–2021 academic year, Ministerial Decree Decision B’2636, Φ2/107972/Δ4/28.06.2018. The Lyceum students are not referred to as fresh, sophomores, juniors, or seniors. They are officially called first grade, second grade, third grade students. The Lyceum school awarded Απολυτήριο, Apolytirion, (upper secondary leaving certificate, high school diploma).

There are 9 types of lyceums (Λύκειο) in Greece:

  1. Μουσικό Λύκειο – (3 years), Mousiko Lykeio, "Musical Lyceum" (1998–Present)
    (to enter this type of school students must pass certain exams on a musical instrument)
  2. Γενικό Λύκειο Διαπολιτισμικής Εκπαίδευσης – ΓΕΛΔΕ (3 years), Diapolitismiko Lykeio,
    "General Lyceum of Intercultural Education" (Comprehensive Lyceum) (2018–Present)
  3. Καλλιτεχνικό Λύκειο – (3 years), Kalitexniko Lykeio, "Artistic Lyceum" (2003–Present)
    (to enter this type of school students must pass certain exams on either arts, dance, or theater)
  4. Πειραματικό Λύκειο (3 years), Peiramtiko Lykeio, "Experimental Lyceum", (1995–Present)
    (to enter this type of schools students must pass certain exams on Mathematics, Science,
    Reading Comprehension and Writing [the last two are written as one])
  5. Γενικό Λύκειο – ΓΕΛ (3 years), Geniko Lykeio, "General Lyceum" (1976-1996, 2006–Present)
  6. Eπαγγελματικό Λύκειο – ΕΠΑΛ (3 years), Epagelmatiko Lykeio, "Vocational Lyceum" EPAL (2006–Present)
  7. Γενικό Εκκλησιαστικό Λύκειο – ΓΕΕΛ (3 years), Ekklisiastiko Lykeio, "Ecclesiastical General Lyceum" (2006–Present)
  8. Εσπερινό Γενικό Λύκειο (3 years, since 2020–2021 academic year), Esperino Geniko Lykeio, "Evening General Lyceum" (1976–Present)
  9. Εσπερινό Επαγγελματικό Λύκειο (3 years, since 2020–2021 academic year), Esperino Epagelmatiko Lykeio, "Evening Vocational Lyceum"


Γενικό Λύκειο (General Lyceum – General High School)[1]

General Lyceum Time Framework (Ωράριο Λειτουργιάς Ημερήσιων Γενικών Λυκείων)
Days Educational
Hours
Times
From - To
Educational
Duration
Time
Break
  • Monday
  • Tuesday
  • Wednesday
  • Thursday
  • Friday
  • 1st hour
  • 2nd hour
  • 3rd hour
  • 4th hour
  • 5th hour
  • 6th hour
  • 7th hour
  • 08.15 - 09.00
  • 09.05 - 09.50
  • 10.00 - 10.45
  • 10.55 - 11.40
  • 11.50 - 12.30
  • 12.35 - 13.15
  • 13.20 - 14.00
  • 45'
  • 45'
  • 45'
  • 45'
  • 40'
  • 40'
  • 40'
  • 5'
  • 10'
  • 10'
  • 10'
  • 5'
  • 5'
  • -
Evening General Lyceum Time Framework (Ωράριο Λειτουργιάς Εσπερινών Γενικών Λυκείων)[2]
Days Times:
From - To
Alternate
Times
From - To
Former Times,
until 2019-20
From - To
Former Alternate
Times, until 2019-20
From - To
Educational
Duration
Time
Break
  • Monday
  • Tuesday
  • Wednesday
  • Thursday
  • Friday
  • 18.00 - 18.40
  • 18.40 - 19.20
  • 19.35 - 20.15
  • 20.15 - 20.55
  • 21.10 - 21:50
  • 21.50 - 22:30
  • 18.30 - 19.10
  • 19.10 - 19.50
  • 20.05 - 20.45
  • 20.45 - 21.25
  • 21.40 - 22.20
  • 22.20 - 23.00
  • 18.00 - 18.40
  • 18.40 - 19.20
  • 19.35 - 20.15
  • 20.15 - 20.55
  • 21.10 - 21:50
  • -
  • 18.30 - 19.10
  • 19.10 - 19.50
  • 20.05 - 20.45
  • 20.45 - 21.25
  • 21.50 - 22:30
  • -
  • 40'
  • 40'
  • 40'
  • 40'
  • 40'
  • 40'
  • -
  • 15'
  • -
  • 15'
  • -
  • -

The subjects for:

1. Πρώτη Γενικού Λυκείου/1st Grade of General Lyceum (The curriculum is based on the 2013 curriculum, for the school season 2014–2015):

  • Subjects of General Education
  Ancient Greek  (5 hours/week)
  Modern Greek Language (2 hours/week)
  Modern Greek Literature (2 hours/week)
  Algebra (3 hours/week)
  Geometry (2 hours/week)
  Physics (2 hours/week)
  Chemistry (2 hours/week)
  Biology (2 hours/week)
  History (2 hours/week)
  Political Studies (3 hours/week)
  Religion (2 hours/week)
  Project (2 hours/week)
  Foreign Language (English or French or German) (2 hours/week)
  Physical Education (2 hours/week)
  • Subjects of selection (Every student can select 1 subject)
  Applications of Computer Science 
  Geology and Management of Natural Resources 
  Greek and European Culture 
  Art Education 
  (all 2 hours/week)

2. Δευτέρα Γενικού Λυκείου/2nd Grade of General Lyceum (The curriculum is based on the 2013 curriculum, for the school season 2014-2015):

  • Subjects of General Education
 Ancient Greek (2 hour/week)
 Modern Greek Language (2 hours/week)
 Modern Greek Literature (2 hours/week)
 Algebra (3 hours/week)
 Geometry (2 hours/week)
 Physics (2 hours/week)
 Chemistry (2 hours/week)
 Biology (2 hours/week)
 Introduction to the Principles of Science of Computers (1 hour/week)
 History (2 hours/week)
 Philosophy (2 hours/week)
 Political Education (2 hours/week)
 Religious studies (2 hours/week)
 Project (1 hour/week)
 Foreign Language (English or French or German) (2 hours/week)
 Physical Education (1 hour/week)

The students can choose 1 of the 2 Orientation Groups:

  • Subjects of the Humanities Orientation Group
  Ancient Greek Language and Literature (3 hours/week)
  Basic Principles of Social Science (2 hours/week)
  • Subjects of the Sciences Orientation Group
  Physics (3 hours/week)
  Mathematics (2 hours/week)

3. Τρίτη Γενικού Λυκείου/3rd Grade of General Lyceum (The curriculum is based on the 2015 curriculum, for the school season 2015-2016):

  • Subjects of General Education
  Religious studies (1 hour/week)
  Foreign Language (English or French or German) (2 hours/week)
  Physical Education (2 hours/week)
  History (2 hours/week)
  Greek Language (2 hours/week)
  Greek Literature (1 hour/week)
  Biology (2 hours/week)
  Mathematics and Statistics (2 hours/week)
  History of Social Sciences (1 hour/week)
  • Subjects for selection (Every student can select 1 subject)
  2nd Foreign Language 
  Drawing (Free or Linear)
  History of Art
  Business Management and Organization 
  (all 2 hours/week)  
 

The students can choose 1 of the 3 Orientation Groups:

  • Subjects of the Humanities Orientation Group:
  Ancient Greek Language (5 hours/week)
  Latin (3 hours/week)
  History (3 hours/week)
  Greek Literature(2 hours/week)
  Sociology (2 hours/week)
  • Subjects of the Economic and Computer Studies Orientation Group:
  Mathematics (5 hours/week)
  Economics (3 hours/week)
  Computer Science (2 hours/week)
  History (3 hours/week)
  Sociology (2 hours/week)

  • Subjects of the Science Studies Orientation Group:
  Mathematics (5 hours/week)
  Biology (2 hours/week)
  Physics (3 hours/week)
  Chemistry (3 hours/week)
  Computer Science (2 hours/week)

As mentioned above, the students must take the Panhellenic national Examinations in order to proceed to the Higher Tertiary education. These exams are held after the students have received their Apolytirion. The students pass into a specific Higher Educational Institute based on the Orientation and Group chosen.Starting from 2018, the students of the 3rd grade will give 4 subjects for the school exams because of the Panhellenic Exams. These subjects are Greek Language, History, Mathematics and Biology.The duration for every exam is 2 hours. Starting from 2019, the students of the 1st grade will give 8 subjects and these subjects are Ancient Greek Language, Modern Greek Language/literature together in one examination, Algebra, Geometry, History, Physics, Chemistry and Political Studies. The 2nd grade students will give 6 subjects and these are Modern Greek Language/literature together in one examination, History, Biology, Algebra for the students that have chosen the Humanities Orientation Group or Political Education, for the students that have chosen the Sciences Orientation Group Political Education is the only option for them. Also, the students are giving the subjects of the Orientation Group that they have chosen.

Επαγγελματικό Λύκειο (ΕΠΑ.Λ.) (Vocational Lyceum – Vocational High School)[1]

The subjects for:

1. Πρώτη Επαγγελματικού Λυκείου/1st Grade of Vocational Lyceum (The curriculum is based on the 2016 curriculum, for the school season 2016-2017):

  • Subjects of General Education
  Modern Greek Language (4 hours/week)
  Algebra (3 hours/week)
  Geometry (1 hours/week)
  Physics (2 hours/week)
  Chemistry (1 hour/week)
  Biology (1 hour/week)
  History (1 hour/week)
  Political Studies (2 hours/week)
  Religion (1 hour/week)
  English Language (2 hours/week)
  Physical Education (2 hours/week)
  Applications of Computer Science (2 hours/week)
  • Subjects of Orientation
  Project (2 hours/week)
  School Professional Orientation (2 hours/week)
  Creative Activities Zone (3 hours/week)
  • Subjects of selection (Every student can select 3 subjects):
  Health Education
  Principles of Linear and Architectural Design
  Principles of Electrical Engineering and Electronics
  Principles of Engineering 
  Principles of Economy
  Basic Principles of Composition
  Agriculture and Sustainable Development 
  Nautical Art 
  (all 2 hours/week)

2. Δευτέρα Επαγγελματικού Λυκείου/2nd Grade of Vocational Lyceum (The curriculum is based on the 2016 curriculum, for the school season 2016-2017):

  • Subjects of General Education
 Modern Greek Language (3 hours/week)
 Algebra (2 hours/week)
 Geometry (1 hours/week)
 Physics (1 hour/week)
 Chemistry (1 hour/week)
 Introduction to the Principles of Science of Computers (1 hour/week)
 Religion (1 hour/week)
 English Language (1 hour/week)
 Physical Education (1 hour/week)

The students can choose 1 of the 9 Sectors:

  • Sector of Αgriculture, Food and Environment
  Principles of Rural Development (2 hours Theory/week)
  Environment and Agriculture (1 hour Theory+2 hours Laboratory/week)
  Plant Production (2 hours Theory+3 hours Laboratory/week)
  Animal Production (2 hours Theory+1 hour Laboratory/week)
  Food Technology (2 hours Theory+2 hours Laboratory/week)
  Principles of Architectural Land Use (1 hour Theory+1 hour Laboratory/week)
  Agricultural Plant Components and Agricultural Machinery (2 hours Theory+1 hour Laboratory/week)
  English of Sector (1 hour Theory/week)
  • Sector of Administration and Economy
  Principles of Accounting (3 hours Theory+3 hours Laboratory/week)
  Introduction to Marketing (2 hours Theory/week)
  Tourism Theory and Applications (3 hours Laboratory/week)
  Introduction to Logistics (2 hours Theory/week)
  Financial Transactions-Spreadsheets (Microsoft Excel) (2 hours Laboratory/week)
  Legal Elements (Urban-Commercial-Labor-Tourist) (4 hours Theory/week)
  Economical Mathematics and Statistics (2 hours Theory/week)
  English of Sector (2 hours Theory/week)
  • Sector of Structural Works, Structural Environment and Architectural Design
  Building Plan (4 hours Design/week)
  Topography (2 hours Theory+3 hours Laboratory/week)
  Site Plan-Digital Cartography (3 hours Laboratory/week)
  Building Projects and Building Materials (2 hours Theory+2 hours Laboratory/week)
  Design of Building Projects using Computer (4 hours Laboratory/week)
  Structured Environment and Urban Planning Applications (2 hours Theory/week)
  English of Sector (1 hour Theory/week)
  • Sector of Applied Arts
  Free Drawing (4 hours Design/week)
  Linear Drawing (3 hours Design/week)
  History of Art (3 hours Theory/week)
  Principles of Composition (3 hours Laboratory/week)
  Applied Arts using Computer (5 hours Laboratory/week)

Special Laboratory Subject (Students can select 1 Laboratory Subject):

  Photo and Electronic Image Editing 
  Textile Technology
  Engraving-Plastic Laboratory
  (all 5 hours Laboratory/week)
  • Sector of Electrical Engineering, Electronics and Automation
  Electrotechnics (2 hours Theory+2 hours laboratory/week)
  Internal Electrical Installations (2 hours Theory+3 hours Laboratory/week)
  Electrical-Electronic Design (2 hours Laboratory [with computer] or Design/week)
  Introduction to Computer Systems and Communication Networks (3 hours Laboratory/week)
  Automation, Sensors and Basic Digital Electronics (1 hour Theory+3 hours Laboratory/week)
  Basic Electronics (1 hour Theory+3 hours Laboratory/week)
  English of Sector (1 hour Theory/week)
  • Sector of Engineering
  Technical Thermodynamic Data-Applications (3 hours Theory+3 hours Laboratory/week)
  Engineering-Strength of Materials (2 hours Theory/week)
  Design and Description of Engine Parts (3 hours Laboratory/week)
  Mechanical Engineering Technology-Applications (2 hours theory+5 hours Laboratory/week)
  Basic Electrical Engineering and Applications (2 hours Theory+2 hours Laboratory/week)
  English of Sector (1 hour Theory/week)
  • Sector of Information Technology
  Principles of Computer Programming (1 hour Theory+3 hours Laboratory/week)
  Hardware and Computer Networks (2 hours Theory+2 hours Laboratory/week)
  Basic IT Issues (2 hours Theory+2 hours Laboratory/week)
  Operating Systems and Security of Information Systems (1 hour Theory+2 hours Laboratory/week)
  Design and Development of Websites (4 hours Laboratory/week)
  Technical Issues of Sales and Specifications of Hardware and Software (1 hour Theory+2 hours Laboratory/week)
  English of Sector (1 hour Theory/week)
  • Sector of Health-Providence and Well-Being
  Anatomy-Physiology (3 hours Theory/week)
  First Aid (2 hours Laboratory/week)
  Hygiene (2 hours Th9eory/week)
  Interpersonal Relationships (2 hours Theory/week)
  Working Environment of Sector (2 hours Laboratory/week) 
  English of Sector (2 hours Theory/week)
  Special Subject A
  Special Subject B

Special Subjects (Students can Select 2 Subjects):

  Microbiology (1 hour Theory+4 hours Laboratory/week)
  Nursing (1 hour Theory+4 hours Laboratory/week)
  Creative Employment in Pre-School Age (1 hour Theory+4 hours Laboratory/week)
  Contemporary Aesthetic (1 hour Theory+4 hours Laboratory/week)
  Introduction to Physical Therapy (1 hour Theory+4 hours Laboratory/week)
  Basic Hairdressing Applications (5 hours Laboratory/week)
  Dental Technicians (1 hour Theory+4 hours Laboratory/week)
  Pharmaceutical Technology (1 hour Theory+4 hours Laboratory/week)
  Radiotelegraphy (1 hour Theory+4 hours Laboratory/week)
  • Sector of Shipping Professionals
  Navigation-Nautical Meteorology (3 hours Theory+3 hours Laboratory/week)
  Electric Machines (2 hours Theory/week)
  Shipbuilding Elements-Ship Stability-Principles of Propulsion (2 hours Theory/week)
  Navy English (2 hours Theory/week)
  Naval Engineering-Measurements-Constructions-Maintenance (3 hours Theory+3 hours Laboratory/week)
  Mechanical Components-Shipbuilding Plan (3 hours Laboratory/week)
  Bridge-Engine Room Control Systems (1 hour Theory/week)
  Human Relationships-Ship Management (1 hour Theory/week)

3. Τρίτη Επαγγελματικού Λυκείου/3rd Grade of Vocational Lyceum (The curriculum is based on the 2016 curriculum, for the school season 2016-2017):

  • Subjects of General Education
 Modern Greek Language (3 hours/week)
 Algebra (2 hours/week)
 Geometry (1 hours/week)
 Physics (2 hours/week)
 Chemistry (1 hour/week)
 Introduction to the Principles of Science of Computers (1 hour/week)
 English Language (1 hour/week)
 Physical Education (1 hour/week)
 

According to the Sector that the students selected in the 2nd grade, the students can choose 1 specialty accordingly with the number of the Sector that the students selected in the 2nd grade:

  • Sector of Αgriculture, Food and Environment
 * Plant Production Technician  
  Modern Agricultural Enterprises (3 hours Theory/week)
  Principles of Organic Agriculture (3 hours Theory/week)
  Arboriculture-Viticulture (2 hours Theory+3 hours Laboratory/week)
  Large Growing Plants-Horticultural Cultures (2 hours Theory+3 hours Laboratory/week)
  Crop Irrigation (1 hour Theory+2 hours Laboratory/week)
  Plant Protection (2 hours Theory+2 hours Laboratory/week)
 * Animal Production Technician
  Modern Agricultural Enterprises (3 hours Theory/week)
  Principles of Organic Agriculture (3 hours Theory/week) 
  Farm Animals Diet (2 hours Theory+2 hours Laboratory/week)
  Breeding of Farm Animals (3 hours Theory+3 hours Laboratory/week)
  Aquaculture (2 hours Theory+2 hours Laboratory/week)
  Beekeeping-Sericulture (1 hour Theory+2 hours Laboratory/week)
 * Food and Drink Technology Technician
  Modern Agricultural Enterprises (3 hours Theory/week)
  Principles of Organic Agriculture (3 hours Theory/week) 
  Principles of Food Processing (2 hours Theory+2 hours Laboratory/week)
  Processing of Plant Products (2 hours Theory+3 hours Laboratory/week)
  Processing of Animal Products (2 hours Theory+3 hours Laboratory/week) 
  Food Safety (2 hours Theory+1 hour Laboratory/week)
 * Floriculture and Landscape Architecture Technician 
  Modern Agricultural Enterprises (3 hours Theory/week)
  Principles of Organic Agriculture (3 hours Theory/week) 
  Flowering Plants (2 hours Theory+2 hours Laboratory/week) 
  Applications of Irrigation Networks in Gardening (1 hour Theory+2 hours Laboratory/week) 
  Planning of Plant Works (2 hours Theory+3 hours Laboratory/week)  
  Maintenance of Kinematic Applications (2 hours Theory+3 hours Laboratory/week)
  • Sector of Administration and Economy
 * Administrator and Financial Officer
  Principles of Economic Theory (3 hours Theory/week)
  Principles of Organization and Administration (3 hours Theory/week) 
  Modern Office Environment (2 hours Theory+2 hours Laboratory/week)
  Tax Practice (2 hours Theory+4 hours Laboratory/week)
  Logistical Applications (5 hours Laboratory/week)
  Communication and Public Relations (2 hours Theory/week)
 * Tourism Business Employee
  Principles of Economic Theory (3 hours Theory/week)
  Principles of Organization and Administration (3 hours Theory/week) 
  Organization and Operation of Tourist Enterprises (2 hours Theory+2 hours Laboratory/week)
  Organization and Operation of Hotel Businesses (2 hours Theory+2 hours Laboratory/week)
  Tourism Geography (2 hours Laboratory/week)
  Applications in Tourism (3 hours Laboratory/week)
  English of Specialty (2 hours Theory/week)
  French Language or German Language (2 hours Theory/week)
 * Marketing and Advertising Employee
  Principles of Economic Theory (3 hours Theory/week)
  Principles of Organization and Administration (3 hours Theory/week) 
  Modern Office Environment (2 hours Theory+2 hours Laboratory/week)
  Advertising (Introduction, Creation and Display) (2 hours Theory+4 hours Laboratory/week)
  Communication and Public Relations (2 hours Theory/week)
  Marketing Applications (3 hours Laboratory/week)
  Logistical Applications (2 hours Laboratory/week)
 * Warehouse and Supply System Employee
  Principles of Economic Theory (3 hours Theory/week)
  Principles of Organization and Administration (3 hours Theory/week)
  Warehouse Organization and Management (3 hours Theory+2 hours Laboratory/week)
  Organization and Management of Transport (2 hours Theory+2 hours Laboratory/week) 
  Logistics Applications (3 hours Theory+3 hours Laboratory/week)
  Logistical Applications (2 hours Laboratory/week)
  • Sector of Structural Works, Structural Environment and Architectural Design
 * Structural Engineer and Geoinformatics 
  Architectural Design (4 hours Design/week) 
  Building (3 hours Theory/week)
  Civil Engineering and Infrastructure Project (1 hour Theory+2 hours Laboratory/week)
  Applications of Geoinformatics in Technical Projects (5 Hours laboratory/week)
  Organization of Technical Works (2 hours Theory+2 hours Laboratory/week)
  Design of Building Projects using Computer (4 hours Laboratory/week)
  • Sector of Applied Arts
 * Graphic Arts
  History of Contemporary Art (3 hours Theory/week)
  Material Technology (2 hours Theory/week)
  Free Plan-Color (3 hours Laboratory/week)
  Graphic Applications (4 hours Laboratory/week)
  Printing Technology (1 hour Theory+3 hours Laboratory/week)
  Digital Design of Forms (4 hours Laboratory/week)
  Literature (2 hours Laboratory/week)
  English of Specialty (1 hour Theory/week)
 * Silverware
  History of Contemporary Art (3 hours Theory/week)
  Material Technology (2 hours Theory/week)
  Handmade Jewelry Workshop (9 hours Laboratory/week)
  Reproduction Jewelry Lab - Enamel (3 hours Laboratory/week)
  Jewelry Design (3 hours Design/week)
  Laboratory of Plastics - Metalloplasty (3 hours Laboratory/week)
 * Maintenance of Art - Rehabilitation Works
  History of Contemporary Art (3 hours Theory/week)
  Material Technology (2 hours Theory/week)
  Basic Techniques for the Maintenance of Art Works (7 hours Laboratory/week)
  Cultural Heritage Protection (2 hours Theory/week)
  Copy of Works of Art (5 hours Laboratory/week)
  Design Documentation of Art Works (3 hours Laboratory/week)
  English of Specialty (1 hour Theory/week)

 * Design and Production of Clothing
  History of Contemporary Art (3 hours Theory/week)
  Material Technology (2 hours Theory/week)
  Cutting Pattern Technology (Patron) (5 hours Laboratory/week)
  Electronic Design of Industrial Product (3 hours Laboratory/week)
  Textile Technology and Clothes Collection Organization (3 hours Theory/week)
  Quality Control of Fabric (1 hour Theory+2 hours Laboratory/week)
  Clothing Production Technology (4 hours Laboratory/week)

 * Design-Interior Decorations
  History of Contemporary Art (3 hours Theory/week)
  Material Technology (2 hours Theory/week)
  Free Plan-Color (3 hours Laboratory/week)
  Digital Design (3 hours Laboratory/week)
  Interior design (4 hours Laboratory/week)
  Decorative Composition-3D Model (6 hours Laboratory/week)
  English of Specialty (2 hours Theory/week)
 * Furnishings - Wood Sculpture
  History of Contemporary Art (3 hours Theory/week)
  Material Technology (2 hours Theory/week)
  Wooden Constructions (1 hour Theory+5 hours Laboratory/week)
  Furniture Connections-Wood Sculpture (1 hour Theory+5 hours Laboratory/week)
  Wood Technology-Measurements (2 hours Theory/week)
  Linear Drawing (2 hours Design/week)
  Free Drawing (2 hours Design/week)
  • Sector of Electrical Engineering, Electronics and Automation
 * Technician of Electronics and Computing Systems, Installations, Networks and Telecommunications
  Digital Systems (3 hours Theory/week)
  Computer Networks (3 hours Theory/week) 
  Applied Electronics-Construction (2 hours Laboratory/week)
  Network Installation and Management-Maintenance of Computing Systems (3 hours Laboratory/week)
  Control and Security Systems (2 hours Laboratory/week)
  Telecommunications-Telematics (3 hours Theory+2 hours Laboratory/week)
  Robotics (3 hours Laboratory/week) 
  Audio and Video Signal Processing (2 hours Laboratory/week)
 * Technician of Electrical Systems, Installations and Networks
  Electrotechnics (3 hours Theory/week)
  Electric Machines (3 hours Theory/week) 
  Electrical Installations (2 hours Laboratory/week) 
  Laboratory of Electrotechnics - Electrical Machines (2 hours Laboratory/week)  
  Programmable Logic Automation (2 hours Theory/week)
 * Automation Technician 
  Electrotechnics (3 hours Theory/week) 
  Digital Systems (3 hours Theory/week)
  Laboratory of Electronic Systems (6 hours Laboratory/week)
  Power Electronics (1 hour Theory+2 hours Laboratory/week)
  Automatic Control System-Programmable Auditors (1 hour Theory+4 hours Laboratory/week)
  Mechatronics (1 hour Theory+2 hours Laboratory/week)
  • Sector of Engineering
 * Mechanical Engineering and Construction Engineer
  Mechanical Elements (3 hours Theory/week)  
  Central Heating Design Elements (3 hours Theory/week)   
  Machining Technology-Machine Tools (2 hours Theory+6 hours Laboratory/week)
  Elevators-Lifting Machines (2 hours Theory/week)
  Cooling-Air Conditioning Elements (2 hours Theory+5 hours Laboratory/week)
 * Technician of Thermal and Hydraulic Installations and Technology of Oil and Natural Gas
  Mechanical Elements (3 hours Theory/week)  
  Central Heating Design Elements (3 hours Theory/week)   
  Maintenance and Repair of Combustion Plants for Liquid and Gaseous Fuels (2 hours Theory+3 hours Laboratory/week)
  Water Supply-Drainage (1 hour Theory+3 hours Laboratory/week)
  Construction and Operation of Central Heating (1 hour Theory+5 hours Laboratory/week)
  Specialty Plan (2 hours Laboratory/week)
 * Ventilation and Air Conditioning Cooling Technician
  Mechanical Elements (3 hours Theory/week)  
  Cooling-Air Conditioning Elements (3 hours Theory+5 hours Laboratory/week)
  Air Conditioning Facilities (3 hours Theory+4 hours Laboratory/week)
  Control Systems, Regulation and Automation of Cooling and Air Conditioning Installations (1 hour Theory+2 hours Laboratory/week)
  Mechanical Design of Cooling and Air Conditioning Installations (2 hours Laboratory/week)
 * Vehicle Technician
  Mechanical Elements (3 hours Theory/week) 
  Internal Combustion Engines (3 hours Theory+4 hours Laboratory/week)
  Car Systems (3 hours Theory+4 hours Laboratory/week)
  Control and Diagnostic Technology (2 hours Theory+4 hours Laboratory/week)
 * Technical Aircraft Component Engineer
  Mechanical Elements (3 hours Theory/week) 
  Aircraft Engines (3 hours Theory+4 hours Laboratory/week)
  Aircraft Structure and Systems (3 hours Theory+4 hours Laboratory/week) 
  Aircraft Maintenance Procedures (2 hours Theory)
  Aircraft Technology (2 hours Theory+2 hours Laboratory/week)
  • Sector of Information Technology
 * IT Application Technician
  Computer Programming (3 hours Theory+2 hours Laboratory/week)
  Computer Networks (3 hours Theory+2 hours Laboratory/week) 
  Information Systems in Enterprises and Organizations (2 hours Theory/week)
  Database Management Systems and their Internet Applications (4 hours Laboratory/week)
  Special Topics in Computer Programming (4 hours Laboratory/week) 
  Design and Development of Internet Applications (3 hours Laboratory/week)
 * Computer Engineer and Computer Networks Technician
  Computer Programming (3 hours Theory+2 hours Laboratory/week)
  Computer Networks (3 hours Theory+2 hours Laboratory/week) 
  Information Systems in Enterprises and Organizations (2 hours Theory/week)
  Installation, Management and Maintenance of Computing Systems (4 hours Laboratory/week) 
  Special Topics in Hardware and Computer Networks (4 hours Laboratory/week) 
  Technical Support for Computing Systems and Network Infrastructure (3 hours Laboratory/week)
  • Sector of Health-Providence and Well-Being
 * Nurse's Assistant
  Anatomy-Physiology (3 hours Theory/week)
  Hygiene (2 hours Theory/week)
  Nursing (2 hours Theory+10 hours Laboratory/week)
  Elements of Pathology (2 hours Theory/week)
  Surgery-Surgery Technique (1 hour Theory+1 hour Laboratory/week)
  Elements of Obstetrics and Gynecology (2 hours Theory/week)
 * Assistant of Medical-Biological Laboratories
  Anatomy-Physiology (3 hours Theory/week)
  Hygiene (2 hours Theory/week)
  Microbiology (2 hours Theory+3 hours Laboratory/week)
  Hematology (2 hours Theory+3 hours Laboratory/week)
  Clinical Biochemistry (1 hour Theory+4 hours Laboratory/week)
  Immunology (1 hour Theory+2 hours Laboratory/week)
 * Assistant Nursing Home 
  Anatomy-Physiology (3 hours Theory/week)
  Hygiene (2 hours Theory/week)
  Pedagogical Environment of Nursery Station (4 hours Laboratory/week)
  Infant Care (2 hours Theory+2 hours Laboratory/week)
  Elements of General and Evolutionary Psychology (2 hours Theory/week)
  Creative Employment in Preschool Age (4 hours Laboratory/week)
  Muscle-Kinetic Education (2 hours Laboratory/week)
  Preschool Age Literature (2 hours Theory/week)
 * Physiotherapist's Assistant
  Anatomy-Physiology (3 hours Theory/week)
  Hygiene (2 hours Theory/week)
  Kinesiology (3 hours Laboratory/week)
  Physical Therapy (2 hours Theory+3 hours Laboratory/week)
  Practical Physiotherapy (1 hour Theory+2 hours Laboratory/week)
  Malachi (2 hours Laboratory/week)
  Physical Media and Application (2 hours Theory+3 hours Laboratory/week)
 * Assistant Dental Technician
  Anatomy-Physiology (3 hours Theory/week)
  Hygiene (2 hours Theory/week)
  Organization-Equipment-Materials for Dental Laboratory (2 hours Theory/week) 
  Dentistry (1 hour Theory+2 hours Laboratory/week)
  Real Prostatetics (1 hour Theory+3 hours Laboratory/week) 
  Real Prosthetic and Porcelain (2 hours Theory+4 hours Laboratory/week)
  Elements of Orthodontics (1 hour Theory+2 hours Laboratory/week)
 * Assistant of Radiology Laboratories
  Anatomy-Physiology (3 hours Theory/week)
  Hygiene (2 hours Theory/week)
  Radiation Protection (2 hours Theory/week)
  New Imaging Methods (3 hours Theory/week)
  Radiotechnology (1 hour Theory+8 hours Laboratory/week)
  Radianthonic (1 hour Theory+2 hours Laboratory/week)
  Professional Ethics (1 hour Theory/week)
 * Pharmacy Assistant
  Anatomy-Physiology (3 hours Theory/week)
  Hygiene (2 hours Theory/week)
  Prescription-Legislation-Pharmacy Books (2 hours Theory/week)
  Pharmaceutical Technology (1 hour Theory+2 hours Laboratory/week)
  Cosmetology (1 hour Theory+2 hours Laboratory/week)
  Pharmacognostic Data (2 hour Theory+2 hours Laboratory/week)
  Pharmacology-Toxicology (6 hours Theory/week)
 * Aesthetic Art
  Anatomy-Physiology (3 hours Theory/week)
  Hygiene (2 hours Theory/week)
  Makeup (3 hours Laboratory/week)
  Spa and Bath Therapy (1 hour Theory+2 hours Laboratory/week)
  Modern Aesthetics (1 hour Theory+6 hours Laboratory/week)
  Aesthetic Edge-Onyxoplasty (3 hours Laboratory/week)
  Cosmetology-Technology of Materials (2 hours Theory/week)
 * Hairdressing Art
  Anatomy-Physiology (3 hours Theory/week)
  Hygiene (2 hours Theory/week)
  Hair Hygiene Hair Head-Toxicology-Dermatology (2 hours Theory/week)
  Laboratory of Technical Works (5 hours Laboratory/week)
  Artistic Hairstyles (4 hours Laboratory/week)
  Material Technology (2 hours Theory/week)
  Basic Hairdressing Applications (5 hours Laboratory/week)
  • Sector of Shipping Professionals
 * Captain of Merchant Navy
  Navigation (3 hours Theory/week)
  Maritime Law-International Regulations in Shipping (3 hours Theory/week)
  Stability-Carriage of Loads (2 hours Theory/week)
  Observance of Prison Bridge-International Conflict Avoidance Regulations (ICAR) (3 hours Theory/week)
  Nautical English (2 hours Theory/week)
  Naval Electronic Instruments-Naval Communications-ECDIS Electronic Chart Systems (2 hours Theory+3 hours Laboratory/week)
  Navigational Impressions (5 hours Laboratory/week)
 * Engineer of Merchant Navy
  Naval Engines (3 hours Theory/week)
  Maritime Law-International Regulations in Shipping (3 hours Theory/week)
  Auxiliary Machines-Networks-Ship Cooling and Air Conditioning Installations (4 hours Theory+2 hours Laboratory/week)
  Electrical Machines-Ship Electrical Installations (2 hours Theory/week)
  Nautical English (2 hours Theory/week)
  Mechanical Ship Constructions - Mechanical Design using Computer (5 hours Laboratory/week) 
  Keeping Prison Machine Room (2 hours Theory/week)

As mentioned above, the students must take the Panhellenic national Examinations in order to proceed to the Higher Tertiary education. These exams are held after the students have received their Apolytirion which is same with the General's Lyceum and their level 4 Certificate. The students pass into a specific Higher Educational Institute based on the Orientation and Group chosen.Starting from 2018, the students of the 3rd grade will give 2 subjects of general education (Modern Greek Langage and Algebra) and 4 theory subjects of their specialty (2 of them are in the Panhellenic exams) for the school exams because of the Panhellenic Exams. Starting from 2019, the students of the 1st grade will give 6 subjects and these are Modern Greek Language, Algebra, Geometry, Physics, Chemistry and History. The 2nd grade students will also give 6 lessons and these are Modern Greek Language, Algebra, Physics and 3 theory subjects of their sector. If some students don't want to continue into tertiary education, they can select the "apprenticeship" to upgrade their certificate to level 5. [3]

(VOCATIONAL UPPER SECONDARY SCHOOL AND APPRENTICESHIP CLASS “DEGREE”)

The specialties of the Apprenticeship Class of EPALs

  • VEHICLE TECHNICIAN
  • ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS, INSTALLATIONS AND NETWORKS TECHNICIAN
  • IT APPLICATIONS TECHNICIAN
  • NURSE'S ASSISTANT
  • ADMINISTRATION AND ECONOMIC SERVICE OFFICER
  • DESIGNER OF STRUCTURAL WORKS AND GEOINFORMATICS
  • PLANT PRODUCTION TECHNICIAN
  • AESTHETIC ART
  • NURSERY SCHOOL ASSISTANT
  • MEDICAL - BIOLOGICAL LABORATORIES ASSISTANT
  • PHYSIOTHERAPIST ASSISTANT
  • GRAPHIC ARTS
  • REFRIGERANT, AIR CONDITIONING AND AIR CONDITIONING TECHNICIAN
  • ELECTRONICS AND COMPUTER SYSTEMS, INSTALLATIONS, NETWORKS & TELECOMMUNICATIONS TECHNICIAN
  • FOOD AND DRINKS TECHNOLOGY TECHNICIAN
  • EMPLOYEE OF TOURISM ENTERPRISES
  • MODERN BUSINESS AGRICULTURE
  • ELECTRICAL INSTALLATIONS
  • ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS, INSTALLATIONS AND NETWORKS TECHNICIAN
  • HAIRDRESSING ART
  • PHARMACY ASSISTANT
  • CONSERVARTION OF ART - REHABILITATION WORKS
  • MECHANICAL INSTALLATIONS AND CONSTRUCTIONS TECHNICIAN
  • COMPUTER AND NETWORKS TECHNICIAN

Private schoolsEdit

 
Arsakeio School of Athens, 1867

There is a wide range of private schools in Greece. 6% of students who attend compulsory education (the highest percent in the European Union) study in Private Schools. Tuition fees start from €1,500 to €13,000 according to the school and the year.

School electionsEdit

From the fifth year of the primary school to the third year of Lyceum elections are held.

Elections in primary schools

They are held every October. All the students are obliged to elect 2 presidiums for each class who "rule" until January when the other one succeeds the first. The role of these presidiums is to primp the classrooms for the national holidays and for Christmas. Furthermore, they transfer the complaints of each student to the school authorities.

There are 4 positions:

  • The President
  • The Vice-President
  • The General Secretary
  • The Treasurer

Elections in Gymnasiums and Lyceums

They are held every October and are divided into 2 parts.

In the 1st part every student elects the Presidium of his/her class.

The Class Presidium has 5 members:

  • The President
  • The General Secretary
  • The Treasurer
  • The 1st Member
  • The 2nd Member

In the second part students elect a School Council which has 15 members and represents the students. Its role is extremely important in every school because the School Council takes significant decisions for all the students.

The School Council has 15 members:

  • The School President
  • The Vice-President
  • The Treasurer
  • Another 12 Members

Tertiary education in GreeceEdit

 
View of the Ionian Academy, Corfu
  • Ανώτατα Εκπαιδευτικά Ιδρύματα - Α.E.I. (Higher Educational Institutes)

Higher Educational Institutes (HEIs) consist of Universities and the specialist HEIs. All HEIs in Greece are public. In addition, colleges collaborating with foreign universities can offer undergraduate and postgraduate UK foreign programs of study in Greece, under the proper registration with the Greek Ministry of Education. Usually, these programmes are provided following franchise or validation agreements with universities established in other European Union countries, primarily in the UK, leading to degrees which are awarded directly by those universities. In some cases these institutions are wholly owned and operated branch campuses of foreign institutions, as in the case of the University of Indianapolis, Athens Campus.

According to the European University Association, austerity measures imposed after the 2010 bailout halved public funding for higher education in real terms between 2009 and 2014; Greece now spends an average of €545 per student.[4] Spending cuts were such that eight Greek universities, including the University of Athens, had to close down temporarily in fall 2013 because they lacked the staff to keep the university running.[5]

Private educationEdit

All levels are overseen by the Ministry of Culture, Education and Religious Affairs, which exercises centralised control over public schools, by prescribing the curriculum, appointing staff, and controlling funding. The ministry exercises a supervisory mandate over private schools. At a regional level, the supervisory role of the Ministry is exercised through Regional Directorates of Primary and Secondary Education, and Directorates of Primary and Secondary Education operate in every Prefecture. Tertiary institutions are nominally autonomous, but the Ministry is responsible for their funding, and the distribution of students to undergraduate courses. Currently the Greek government only recognises degree programmes offered by the state-run universities although there are several private universities and colleges offering degree programmes that are validated and overseen by American, British and other European universities. The Greek government is pressured to recognise these overseas programmes.

All levels of education are catered for by both private and public schools. State-run schools and universities do not charge tuition fees and textbooks are provided free to all students, although, from 2011 onwards, there has been noticed a shortage in new textbooks, forcing students to either buy stock books from bookshops, or participate in parent-teacher association-run book trades.

There are also a number of private tutors schools, colleges and universities operating alongside the state education and providing supplementary tuition. These parallel schools, called Frontistirio (Greek: φροντιστήριο) provide foreign-language tuition, supplementary lessons for weak students, as well as exam preparation for the competitive Panhellenic national examinations. Most of the students typically attend such classes (and examinations) at the tutors schools in the afternoon and evening in addition to their normal schooling.

In Greece the bodies of "non-typical education" term (φορείς μη τυπικής εκπαίδευσης) are the Private Colleges, IEK (Ι.Ε.Κ. - Ινστιτούτα Επαγγελματικής Κατάρτισης), KEDIVIM (Κ.Ε.ΔΙ.ΒΙ.Μ. - Κέντρο Επιμόρφωσης και Δια Βίου Μάθησης).

Vocational education and trainingEdit

  • Επαγγελματική Σχολή, ΕΠΑ.Σ (Epaggelmatiki Sxoli – Vocational Training School and Apprenticeship, EPAS). Also known as Επαγγελματική Σχολή Μαθητείας, 2 years, (Σύστημα Εναλλασσόμενης Επαγγελματικής Εκπαίδευσης – Μαθητείας). EPAS school admitted until 23-year-old students and operated by OAED – Workforce Employment Organisation of Greece (ΟΑΕΔ). Apprenticeship (Greek: Μαθητεία) is a two-track vocational training system (Dual VET) split between theory classroom and work practice experience. Student insurance and a three-part agreement between the student, EPAS school and apprenticeship company are applied.
  • Επαγγελματικό Λύκειο, ΕΠΑ.Λ (Epaggelmatiko Lykeio – Vocational Lyceum, Vocational High School, Vocational Upper Secondary School), 3 years (2006–Present).
    (formerly Tech or Technical High School). Awarded Lyceum Diploma (High School Diploma) with a Applied Subject, which is in both the Lyceum courses they would normally take to obtain a lyceum diploma in addition to an applied subject (chosen single vocational specialty having a series of courses during the 11th Grade and 12th Grade).
  • Εργαστηριακά Κέντρα - Ε.K (Ergastiriaka Kentra – Vocational Training Centres) (2013–Present)
    (formerly Σχολικά Εργαστηριακά Κέντρα - Σ.Ε.Κ - Sxolika Ergastiriaka Kentra, Schooled Vocational Training Centres, 1985–2013)
  • Ινστιτούτο Επαγγελματικής Κατάρτισης, I.E.K (Institouto Epagelmatikis Katartisis – Institute of Vocational Training), (1992–Present), 2 years program and a half of work placement CDD (internship). The IEK is the adult vocational education and training (VET) institute at the post-secondary education level (Greek: Μεταδευτεροβάθμια Εκπαίδευση), that’s not part of Higher Education (HE), that is not taken as part of an undergraduate or graduate degree. The EOPPEP[6] government agency – National Organization for the Certification of Qualifications and Vocational Guidance (Greek: Ε.Ο.Π.Π.Ε.Π. – Εθνικός Οργανισμός Πιστοποίησης Προσόντων και Επαγγελματικού Προσανατολισμού) by Ministry of Education – is the statutory body for the IEK administration. By clicking on the "show", a course offerings table is set out below: [7] [8] [9]
Institute of Vocational Training (IEK), Programs of Study (Courses) Departments Sectors
Forestry protection specialist ‒ Beekeeping ‒ Poultry farming ‒ Greenhouse specialist ‒ Organic and ecological farming ‒ Technological applications and installations for floriculture and landscape architecture ‒ Mechatronics specialist for agricultural machinery repair and maintenance Agriculture Agriculture,
Food Technology, Nutrition
Nutrition and dietetics ‒ Food and beverage technology Food Technology, Nutrition
Management secretary ‒ Distribution specialist ‒ Customer service specialist ‒ Secretary of legal professions ‒ Teiresias/Individuals with vision problems/call centre operators Business Administration Business Administration
and Economics
Sales specialist ‒ Logistics specialist ‒ Insurance specialist ‒ Bookstore specialist ‒ IT Accounting specialist ‒ Small business officer ‒ Bank operations specialist ‒ Accounting office specialist ‒ Publishing house specialist ‒ Real estate agent / manager ‒ Supplies & warehouse manager ‒ International commerce specialist ‒ Stock exchange operations specialist ‒ Industry - small business cost specialist ‒ Marketing and product promotion specialist ‒ Administrative and financial business executive ‒ Statistical market research and polling specialist Economics
Internet technician ‒ Web designer-developer ‒ I.Τ. applications technician ‒ Computer systems technician ‒ Computer networks technician ‒ Multimedia applications technician ‒ Medical Ι.Τ. applications technician ‒ Computer and office electronic machines technician ‒ System management and intranet / internet services technician ‒ Telecommunications & Information transmission systems technician Informatics
and Computing
Technology Applications
Material control technician ‒ Technician of medicines, cosmetics & similar products Chemical Applications
Clothing styling ‒ Clerical tailor ‒ Costume and fashion designer ‒ Technician of shoemaking, leatherwear & leather accessories Apparel and Footwear
Structural projects ‒ Plastering ‒ Dry lining ‒ Painter ‒ Welder ‒ Masory and bricklaying ‒ Geographical Information Systems (GIS) specialist ‒ Topographical applications Structural Projects
Gas Fuel technician ‒ Automobil technician ‒ Mechatronics technician ‒ Heating facilities technician ‒ Hvac installations technician ‒ Moped & motorcycle technician ‒ Work Machinery (WM) technician ‒ Thermal and hydraulic facilities technician ‒ Water supply and sewage facilities technician ‒ Automobile paint and body repair technician ‒ Marine engines and pleasure boats technician ‒ Computer numerical control (CNC) machine tool technician Mechanical
Elevator technician ‒ Automation technician ‒ Medical instruments technician ‒ Automobile electrical technician ‒ Household appliances electrician ‒ Power engines winding technician ‒ Technician of measuring instruments ‒ Technician of internal electrical facilities ‒ Assembly technician of small electronic devices ‒ Computer and office electronic machines technician ‒ Mobile telephony and telecommunications technician ‒ Electronic Engineering technician for industrial applications ‒ Radio-Television and electro-acoustic arrangements technician ‒ Telecommunications & Information transmission systems technician Electrical,
Electronics,
Automation
Merchant marine captain for leisure vessels Maritime Professions
Sports jurnalism ‒ Jurnalism editor and reporter ‒ Radio producer ‒ Film-camera operator/videographer Communication
and Mass Media
Commercial Bartending ‒ Commercial Cookery ‒ Commercial Cookery assistant (1 year studies) ‒ Commercial Bakery and confectionery ‒ Assistant of Commercial bakery and confectionary (1 year studies) ‒ Catering units services specialist ‒ Hospitality animator ‒ Hospitality event management ‒ Tourist units and hospitality business (front office, housekeeping, commodity education) Hospitality
and Tourism Enterprises
Pharmacist assistant ‒ Assistant midwifery ‒ Assistant ergotherapy ‒ Αssistant physiotherapy ‒ Nursing surgery assistant ‒ General nursing assistant ‒ Dental technician assistant ‒ Assistant medical laboratory ‒ Infant and child assistant carer ‒ Nursing traumatology assistant ‒ Assistant actinology and radiology ‒ Special diseases nursing assistant ‒ Oncology disease nusring assistant ‒ Intensive therapy units nusring assistant ‒ Rescuer of ambulance crew Health and Welfare
Mosaic and stained glass ‒ Ceramics and pottery ‒ Watchmaking ‒ Music & song ‒ Acting in theatre and cinematography ‒ Painting art ‒ Art of sketch, illustration, graphics ‒ Metalworking ‒ Photography ‒ Sound recording ‒ Music technology ‒ Dance applied arts ‒ Hagiography painting ‒ Jewellery design & handmade jewellery ‒ Conservation of antiquities and works of art ‒ Painting conservation ‒ Drama arts direction ‒ Woodcraft and furniture making ‒ 3D Animation and graphic electronic design ‒ Interior architectural decoration and objects design Applied Arts
and Artistic Studies
Aromatherapy ‒ Hairdressing & barbering ‒ Assistant of hairdressing & barbering (1 year studies) ‒ Cosmetologist, aesthetics & make-up ‒ Podologie, nail beuaty (manicure, pedicure) & art stamping ‒ Balneotherapy hydrotherapy & spa ‒ Balneotherapy thalassotherapy & spa ‒ Sport coach ‒ Oenology & winegrowing ‒ Mount tourist guide ‒ Carnival constructions ‒ Persons and sites security specialist ‒ Guard of museums and archaeological sites ‒ Trainer of candidade drivers of car and motocycle ‒ Air transoprt service executive (flight dispatcher) ‒ Technical operator for pc and call centers, customer information and service for blind and visually impaired Separate Sectors
and Schools

Former upper secondary education schoolsEdit

High Schools and Vocational High Schools (both are Lyceum of Ministry of Education):

  • Αθλητικό Λύκειο – (3 years), Athlitiko Lykeio, "Athletic Lyceum" (defunct)
  • Ενιαίο Λύκειο – (3 years), Eniaio Lykeio, "Unified Lyceum" (defunct, 1997–2006)
  • Τεχνικό Λύκειο – (3 years), Techniko Lykeio, "Technical Lyceum" (defunct, 1977–1985)
  • Ενιαίο Πολυκλαδικό Λύκειο - ΕΠΛ (3 years), Eniaio Polykladiko Lykeio, "Unified Multidisciplinary Lyceum" (defunct, 1985–1997)
  • Επαγγελματική Σχολή – ΕΠΑΣ (2 years), Epagelmatiki Scholi, Vocational Training School and Apprenticeship (defunct, 2006–2013)
  • Τεχνικό Επαγγελματικό Λύκειο – ΤΕΛ (3 years), Techniko Epagelmatiko Lykeio, "Technical Vocational Lyceum" (defunct, 1985–1998)
  • Τεχνικό Επαγγελματικό Εκπαιδευτήριο – ΤΕΕ (3 years), Techniko Epagelmatiko Ekpaideftirio, "Technical Vocational Training Centre" (defunct, 1998–2006)
  • Τεχνική Επαγγελματική Σχολή – ΤΕΣ (2 years), Techniki Epagelmatiki Scholi, Technical Vocational Training School and Apprenticeship (defunct, 1977–1998)

Current issuesEdit

The foremost topic of debate in recent years has been recognition of the private universities, which are forbidden by the 1975 constitution. Numerous private institutions, which are often franchises of European and American universities, such as State University of New York, but also non-profit accredited institutions or wholly owned and operated branch campuses of foreign universities, such as the University of Indianapolis - Athens Campus, are operating legally as EES schools (translatable as "Laboratories of Free Study").

Moreover, with few exceptions, the Greek government refuses to recognize three-year university degrees. Students who completed a bachelor's degree in a foreign country find it difficult to secure employment in the public sector, unless they next obtain a master's degree, in which case their academic qualifications are considered equivalent to a four-year undergraduate degree conferred by a Greek higher educational institute.

Following pressure from the EU member states, within the framework of the Bologna Process, Greece is revising its classification of degrees to bring it in line with the framework defined in the European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System/ECTS. (It is usually the goal to accomplish a bachelor's degree within 3 years and a master's degree within 2 years.)

See alsoEdit

  • Latin honors
  • Educational stage
  • Education in ancient Greece
  • Open access to scholarly communication in Greece
  • Education Research Centre - Ministry of Education and Religious Affairs, The Greek Education System. Facts and Figures (Supervision: Prof. V. Koulaidis. Compiled by C. Papakyriakopoulos, A. Patouna, A. Katsis & S. Georgiadou), Athens, 2003. (ISBN 960-541-106-7)
    • (in Greek) Κέντρο Εκπαιδευτικής Έρευνας, Το Ελληνικό Εκπαιδευτικό Σύστημα Συνοπτική εικόνα σε αριθμούς, Αθήνα, 2003. (ISBN 960-541-108-3) [1] (accessed June 1, 2006)
  • Greek Educational System: The Implementation of the ICT in the Greek Curriculum in Compulsory Education, IACM/FORTH, November 2003 [2]
  • National report of Greece 2009 - Bologna Process: http://www.ond.vlaanderen.be/hogeronderwijs/bologna/links/Greece.htm

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Law 4186/2013, Government Gazette 193Α'/13.09.2013" (PDF). Hellenic Parliament. (in Greek)
  2. ^ "Law 4547/2018, Government Gazette 102Α'/12.06.2018" (PDF). Hellenic Parliament. (in Greek)
  3. ^ "Vocational Upper Secondary School (High School) Qualifications". EOPPEP Organization.(in Greek)(in English)
  4. ^ Jack Grove (January 22, 2015). "Crowded Houses: Are EU Students Feeling the Squeeze?". Times Higher Education.
  5. ^ Helena Smith (September 25, 2013). "Austerity measures push Greek universities to point of collapse". The Guardian.
  6. ^ "ΕΟΠΠΕΠ - EOPPEP Ognanisation".
  7. ^ "IEK Course Offerings, Law 4186/2013, Article 23, Government Gazette 193Α'/13.09.2013" (PDF). Hellenic Parliament. (in Greek)
  8. ^ "IEKs Course Offerings". General Secretariat for Lifelong Learning.(in Greek)
  9. ^ "HQF ‒ IEKs Course Offerings". EOPPEP. Page 9 to 24 (in Greek)(in English)

External linksEdit