South Ostrobothnia

South Ostrobothnia[1] (Finnish: Etelä-Pohjanmaa; Swedish: Södra Österbotten) is one of the 19 regions of Finland. It borders the regions of Ostrobothnia, Central Ostrobothnia, Central Finland, Pirkanmaa, and Satakunta. Among the Finnish regions, South Ostrobothnia is the ninth largest in terms of population.[2] Seinäjoki is the regional centre[3] and by far the largest city in the area.[4]

South Ostrobothnia
Etelä-Pohjanmaa  (Finnish)
Södra Österbotten  (Swedish)
Region of South Ostrobothnia
Etelä-Pohjanmaan maakunta
Landskapet Södra Österbotten
Flag of South Ostrobothnia
Coat of arms of South Ostrobothnia
South Ostrobothnia on a map of Finland
South Ostrobothnia on a map of Finland
Coordinates: 62°45′N 22°30′E / 62.750°N 22.500°E / 62.750; 22.500Coordinates: 62°45′N 22°30′E / 62.750°N 22.500°E / 62.750; 22.500
CountryFinland
Historical provinceOstrobothnia, Satakunta
CapitalSeinäjoki
Area
 • Total13,999.63 km2 (5,405.29 sq mi)
Population
 (2019)
 • Total188,685
 • Density13/km2 (35/sq mi)
ISO 3166 codeFI-03
NUTS194
Regional birdEurasian curlew (Numenius arquata)
Regional flowerFireweed (Epilobium angustifolium)
Websiteetelapohjanmaa.fi

As a cultural area, South Ostrobothnia is larger than its current regional borders and includes the region of Ostrobothnia as well.[3]

Historical provincesEdit

MunicipalitiesEdit

The region of South Ostrobothnia is made up of 18 municipalities, of which eight have city status (marked in bold).

CultureEdit

Regional and historical sub-tribal identity is generally stronger in South Ostrobothnia than in most regions of Finland.[5]

The South Ostrobothnian dialect belongs to the western Finnish dialects.[6] However, in the most eastern part of the region people speak a Savonian dialect that has Ostrobothnian elements.[7]

One of the biggest rock festivals in Finland, Provinssirock, and the world's oldest tango festival Tangomarkkinat are both held in Seinäjoki.[3] The folk music festival Eteläpohjalaiset Spelit is held annually in different South Ostrobothnian locations[8] and the opera and music festival Ilmajoen Musiikkijuhlat is held in Ilmajoki.[9] Many of the cultural events in South Ostrobothnia are rooted in local folk festivals and communal work.[10]

There are several local folk costumes.[11] Jussipaita is a traditional sweater that has become a symbol for South Ostrobothnian identity.[12]

Notable architecture in South Ostrobothnia include the Lakeuden Risti Church and other buildings in the Aalto Centre in Seinäjoki designed by the South Ostrobothnian-born architect Alvar Aalto.[13] A traditional peasant house, ”pohjalaistalo” (Ostrobothnian house), is a part of the local folk culture.[14]

South Ostrobothnia is known for its agriculture and animal husbandry. Traditional local cuisine include leipäjuusto and kropsu, an Ostrobothnian pancake.[15]

PoliticsEdit

Results of the 2019 Finnish parliamentary election in South Ostrobothnia:

See alsoEdit

Ostrobothnians

South Ostrobothnian dialect

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Luokitus: Maakunnat 2022 | Tilastokeskus".
  2. ^ https://www.epliitto.fi/vakiluku (in Finnish)
  3. ^ a b c "Etelä-Pohjanmaata ja pohjalaisia | Elävä arkisto | yle.fi". yle.fi (in Finnish). Retrieved 2021-04-11.
  4. ^ "Väestö". Etelä-Pohjanmaan liitto (in Finnish). Retrieved 2022-03-25.
  5. ^ "Studies on Finnish attitudes and identities | The Finnish Cultural Foundation". skr.fi. Retrieved 2021-04-11.
  6. ^ "Suomen murteet". Kotimaisten kielten keskus (in Finnish). Retrieved 2022-03-22.
  7. ^ Tervonen, Riikka. "Järviseudun murre – itäinen kiila pohjalaismurteiden välissä". Katternö Digital (in Finnish). Retrieved 2022-03-22.
  8. ^ Pirkko, Kotirinta (1994-07-01). "Eteläpohjalaisia Spelejä soitetaan nyt Jalasjärvellä". Helsingin Sanomat (in Finnish). Retrieved 2022-03-23.
  9. ^ "Ilmajoen musiikkijuhlat - Visit Ilmajoki" (in Finnish). Retrieved 2022-03-22.
  10. ^ Etelä-Pohjanmaan liitto (2014): Etelä-Pohjanmaa − Jotakin parempaa – Etelä-Pohjanmaan kulttuuristrategia vuosille 2015–2020, pp. 5–9.
  11. ^ "Etelä-Pohjanmaan kansallispuvut – Etelä-Pohjanmaan Nuorisoseura" (in Finnish). Retrieved 2022-03-22.
  12. ^ Luutonen, Marketta (2008): Harrin Jussin muisto: Jussipaita suomalaismiehen rooliasuna Oppimista, opetusta, monitieteisyyttä - Kirjoituksia Kuninkaankartanonmäeltä. Joensuun yliopisto, Savonlinnan opettajankoulutuslaitos.
  13. ^ "Moni vieroksui Alvar Aaltoa, eikä "funkkislaatikko" ollut kelvata kirkoksi – pohjalaisesta uhosta syntyi kuitenkin Lakeuden risti". Yle Uutiset (in Finnish). 2020-12-29. Retrieved 2022-03-22.
  14. ^ Riukulehto, Sulevi; Mäkelä, Matti; Orhanen, Outi & Lehtimäki, Anni: Pohjalaistalot – yhteistä kulttuuriperintöämme. Helsingin yliopisto, Ruralia-instituutti, 2014.
  15. ^ "Maakuntien ruokaperinteitä". Ruokatieto Yhdistys. Retrieved 2022-03-23.

External linksEdit