Ostrobothnia (Swedish: Österbotten; Finnish: Pohjanmaa) is a region of Finland. It is located in Western Finland. It borders the regions of Central Ostrobothnia, South Ostrobothnia, and Satakunta and is one of the four modern regions making up the historical province of Ostrobothnia.
Ostrobothnia on a map of Finland
|• Total||7,932.36 km2 (3,062.70 sq mi)|
|• Density||23/km2 (59/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (EET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+3 (EEST)|
|ISO 3166 code||FI-12|
|Regional bird||Common swift (Apus apus)|
|Regional fish||Common whitefish (Coregonus lavaretus)|
|Regional flower||European meadowsweet (Filipendula ulmaria)|
Ostrobothnia is one of the two Finnish regions with a Swedish-speaking majority (the other being the constitutionally monolingual province of Åland); Swedish-speakers make up 51.2%. The region contains both bilingual municipalities and ones that are exclusively Finnish-speaking.
Geographically, Ostrobothnia has little topographical relief, because it is mostly former seafloor brought to surface by post-glacial rebound and the accumulation of alluvial sediment. Ostrobothnia has both vast expanses of cultivated fields (lakeus) as in Southern Ostrobothnia, and the archipelago of Kvarken (Finnish: Merenkurkku). Glacial transport has deposited large quantities of glacial erratics (rocks) in the area. Like elsewhere in Pohjanmaa, rivers are a prominent part of the landscape. The major rivers that discharge into the Gulf of Bothnia in Ostrobothnia are Kyrönjoki, Lapuanjoki and Ähtävänjoki.
The regional tree is the black alder (Alnus glutinosa), the regional mammal is the common elk (Alces alces alces), the regional stone is Vaasa granite and the regional song is "The march of Vaasa" (Swedish: Vasamarschen, Finnish: Vaasan marssi).
The region of Ostrobothnia is made up of 15 municipalities, of which six have city status (marked in bold), and the links are only in the majority language names.
- The current Vörå is the result of consolidation of Maxmo and Oravais.
- Nykarleby has been merged with Jeppo, Munsala and Nykarleby landskommun.
- Korsholm has been consolidated from the five municipalities of Korsholm, Solf, Replot, Björköby and Kvevlax.
- Vaasa has been merged with parts of Solf and Korsholm.
- Pedersöre has been merged with Esse and Purmo.
- Malax has been consolidated from the municipalities of Malax, Petalax, Bergö and the northern part of Pörtom.
- Närpes has been merged with Övermark and Pörtom.
- Kristinestad has been consolidated from Kristinestad, Tjöck, Lappfjärd and Sideby.
- Kronoby is consolidated from Kronoby, Nedervetil and Terjärv.
A street in Finland's smallest town Kaskinen with typical Jugendstil buildings in the foreground
- Väestö iän ja sukupuolen mukaan alueittain[permanent dead link] 31.12.2008. Tilastokeskus: demography.
- "Aika, kallioperä ja jääkaudet » Merenkurkun saaristo". www.merenkurkku.fi. Retrieved 15 April 2018.
- "Suomen virallinen tilasto (SVT): Väestön ennakkotilasto [verkkojulkaisu]. Tammikuu 2019" (in Finnish). Statistics Finland. Retrieved 15 March 2019.
- "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009.