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Finland comprises 19 regions, called maakunta in Finnish and landskap in Swedish.[a] The regions are governed by regional councils, which serve as forums of cooperation for the municipalities of a region. The main tasks of the regions are regional planning and development of enterprise and education. In addition, the public health services are usually organized on the basis of regions. Currently, the only region where a popular election is held for the council is Kainuu. Other regional councils are elected by municipal councils, each municipality sending representatives in proportion to its population.

Region
maakunta  (Finnish)
landskap  (Swedish)
Regions in Finland.svg
CategoryUnitary state
LocationFinland
Number19
GovernmentRegional council
SubdivisionsMunicipality

In addition to inter-municipal cooperation, which is the responsibility of regional councils, there are 15 Centres for Economic Development, Transport and the Environment (Finnish: elinkeino-, liikenne- ja ympäristökeskus, abbreviated ely-keskus), which is responsible for the local administration of labour, agriculture, fisheries, forestry and entrepreneurial affairs. They are each responsible for one or more of regions of Finland, and include offices of the Ministries of Employment and the Economy, Transport and Communications and Environment. The Finnish Defence Forces regional offices are responsible for the regional defence preparations and for the administration of conscription within the region.

Contents

RegionsEdit

 

Flag Coat of arms Name Official English name[2] Finnish name Swedish name Capital Area (km2) Population
(31 Dec 2017)[3]
1.     Lapland Lapland Lappi Lappland Rovaniemi 92,674 180,207
2.     North Ostrobothnia North Ostrobothnia Pohjois-⁠Pohjanmaa Norra Österbotten Oulu 36,815 411,150
3.     Kainuu Kainuu Kainuu Kajanaland Kajaani 20,197 74,803
4.     North Karelia North Karelia Pohjois-Karjala Norra Karelen Joensuu 17,761 164,085
5.     Northern Savonia Pohjois-Savo Pohjois-Savo Norra Savolax Kuopio 16,768 247,776
6.     Southern Savonia Etelä-Savo Etelä-Savo Södra Savolax Mikkeli 14,257 148,975
7.     South Karelia South Karelia Etelä-Karjala Södra Karelen Lappeenranta 5,327 130,506
8.     Central Finland Central Finland Keski-Suomi Mellersta Finland Jyväskylä 16,703 276,196
9.     South Ostrobothnia South Ostrobothnia Etelä-Pohjanmaa Södra Österbotten Seinäjoki 13,444 191,860
10.     Ostrobothnia Ostrobothnia Pohjanmaa Österbotten Vaasa 7,753 181,441
11.     Central Ostrobothnia Central Ostrobothnia Keski-Pohjanmaa Mellersta Österbotten Kokkola 5,020 69,027
12.     Pirkanmaa Pirkanmaa Pirkanmaa Birkaland Tampere 12,585 509,356
13.     Satakunta Satakunta Satakunta Satakunta Pori 7,820 221,740
14.     Päijänne Tavastia Päijät-Häme Päijät-Häme Päijänne-Tavastland Lahti 5,125 201,685
15.     Tavastia Proper Kanta-Häme Kanta-Häme Egentliga Tavastland Hämeenlinna 5,199 173,781
16.     Kymenlaakso Kymenlaakso Kymenlaakso Kymmenedalen Kotka, Kouvola 5,149 177,659
17.     Helsinki-Uusimaa Region Helsinki-Uusimaa Region[4] Uusimaa Nyland Helsinki 9,097 1,638,293
18.     Southwest Finland Varsinais-Suomi Varsinais-Suomi Egentliga Finland Turku 10,663 475,543
19.     Åland Islands[5] Åland Ahvenanmaa Åland Mariehamn 1,553 29,214

Former regionsEdit

 

Number Coat of Arms Name Official English name[6] Finnish name Swedish name Capital Dissolution (date)
20   Eastern Uusimaa Itä-Uusimaa Itä-Uusimaa[7] Östra Nyland Porvoo January 1, 2011

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ eanangoddi in Northern Sami, eennâmkodde in Inari Sami, and mäddkåʹdd in Skolt Sami.[1]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Sátnegirjjit, dictionaries of Finnish, Swedish, the Sami languages, English and Russian". dicts.uit.no. Retrieved 21 February 2019.
  2. ^ "Regions of Finland". Statistics Finland. Retrieved 21 February 2019.
  3. ^ Tilastokeskus. "Population". www.stat.fi.
  4. ^ [1]
  5. ^ The role that the regional councils serve on Mainland Finland are, in Åland, handled by the autonomous Government of Åland.
  6. ^ "Regions of Finland 2010". Statistics Finland. Retrieved 21 February 2019.
  7. ^ "Valtioneuvosto päätti Uudenmaan ja Itä-Uudenmaan maakuntien yhdistämisestä" (in Finnish). Ministry of Finance. October 22, 2009. Archived from the original on August 7, 2011. Retrieved December 30, 2010.

External linksEdit