Iitti (Finnish: [ˈiːtːi]; Swedish: Itis) is a municipality of Finland. It is located in the province of Southern Finland and is part of the Päijänne Tavastia region.[6] The municipality has a population of 6,590 (31 March 2021)[2] and covers an area of 687.09 square kilometres (265.29 sq mi) of which 97.27 km2 (37.56 sq mi) is water.[1] The population density is 11.17 inhabitants per square kilometre (28.9/sq mi). It seats is in Kausala.

Iitti
Itis
Municipality
Iitin kunta
Itis kommun
Church
Church
Coat of arms of Iitti
Location of Iitti in Finland
Location of Iitti in Finland
Coordinates: 60°53′N 026°20′E / 60.883°N 26.333°E / 60.883; 26.333Coordinates: 60°53′N 026°20′E / 60.883°N 26.333°E / 60.883; 26.333
Country Finland
RegionPäijänne Tavastia
Sub-regionLahti sub-region
Charter1865
SeatKausala
Government
 • Municipality managerRiku Rönnholm
Area
 (2018-01-01)[1]
 • Total687.09 km2 (265.29 sq mi)
 • Land589.81 km2 (227.73 sq mi)
 • Water97.27 km2 (37.56 sq mi)
Area rank142nd largest in Finland
Population
 (2021-03-31)[2]
 • Total6,590
 • Rank143rd largest in Finland
 • Density11.17/km2 (28.9/sq mi)
Population by native language
 • Finnish98.8% (official)
 • Swedish0.3%
 • Others0.8%
Population by age
 • 0 to 1414%
 • 15 to 6454.5%
 • 65 or older31.5%
Time zoneUTC+02:00 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+03:00 (EEST)
Municipal tax rate[5]21.25%
ClimateDfc
Websitewww.iitti.fi

Neighbour municipalities are Heinola, Kouvola, Lapinjärvi, Lahti and Orimattila. The municipality is unilingually Finnish.

In 1990, the center of Iitti, which surrounds the old parish church, was voted the most attractive kirkonkylä ("church village") in Finland.

The Kymi Ring motor sport center is located in Iitti, right next to the border of Kouvola.

HistoryEdit

 
Mankala hydropower plant

The surroundings of lakes Urajärvi and Pyhäjärvi have been known to be exploited as wilderness since the Stone Age, although no signs of permanent habitation from the era have been found, and the area is presumed to have been entirely uninhabitated in the interim between the Stone Age and the conversion of Finland to Christianity. By the end of paganism, Iitti had gained its first permanent inhabitants first from Hauho and Vanaja, as well as later on from Hollola.[7]

The oldest village in Iitti is presumed to be Kauramaa, though several others are mentioned in documents dating to the Middle Ages. Administratively, Iitti was a chapel subordinated to the parish of Hollola until 1539, after which it became an independent parish that also included Nastola, Jaala, Valkeala and parts of Mäntyharju, by proclamation from Gustav I. At this time, Iitti had 14 villages and 89 estates.[7]

Iitti suffered greatly over the Russo-Swedish War of 1788–1790, becoming a battleground as well as a headquarters for Swedish forces. The battle of Tillolankangas was one of the bloodiest over the entire war in Finland; the Swedes' victory cemented the liberation of the villages around river Kymi. Over the course of the war, 13 villages were destroyed in Iitti.[7]

GeographyEdit

VillagesEdit

In 1968, Iitti had the following villages:[7]

  • Haapakimola
  • Kauramaa
  • Kausala
  • Kimola
  • Iitti
  • Koliseva
  • Koskenniska
  • Lyöttilä
  • Kymentaka
  • Muikkula
  • Niinimäki
  • Perheniemi
  • Radansuu
  • Saaranen
  • Sitikkala
  • Säyhde
  • Sääskjärvi
  • Taasia
  • Tapola
  • Vuolenkoski

DemographicsEdit

In 2020, 14.0% of the population of Iitti was under the age of 15, 55.2% were aged 15 to 64, and 31.5% were over the age of 64. The average age was 48.8, above the national average of 43.4 and regional average of 46.4. Speakers of Finnish made up 97.9% of the population and speakers of Swedish made up 0.2%, while the share of speakers of foreign languages was 1.9%. Foreign nationals made up 1.4% of the total population.[8]

At the end of March 2021, the population of Iitti was 6,590. The chart below, describing the development of the total population of Iitti from 1975-2020, encompasses the municipality's area as of 2021.

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1975 7,995—    
1980 7,770−0.57%
1985 7,690−0.21%
1990 7,889+0.51%
1995 7,687−0.52%
YearPop.±% p.a.
2000 7,534−0.40%
2005 7,265−0.72%
2010 7,005−0.73%
2015 6,910−0.27%
2020 6,625−0.84%
Source: Statistics Finland[9]

Urban areasEdit

In 2019, out of the total population of 6,711, 3,946 people lived in urban areas and 2,705 in sparsely populated areas, while the coordinates of 60 people were unknown. This made Iitti's degree of urbanization 59.3%.[10] The urban population in the municipality was divided between two urban areas as follows:[11]

# Urban area Population
1 Kausala 3,702
2 Iitti parish village 244

EconomyEdit

In 2018, 10.2% of the workforce of Iitti worked in primary production (agriculture, forestry and fishing), 35.9% in secondary production (e.g. manufacturing, construction and infrastructure), and 50.8% in services. In 2019, the unemployment rate was 9.2%, and the share of pensioners in the population was 35.8%.[12]

The ten largest employers in Iitti in 2019 were as follows:[13]

  1. Halton Oy, 257 employees
  2. Municipality of Iitti, 199 employees
  3. Päijät-Häme Health Care Municipal Consortium, 149 employees
  4. Kiitokori Oy, 61 employees
  5. Kymen Seudun Osuuskauppa, 46 employees
  6. SharpCell Oy, 42 employees
  7. Dinair Clean Air Oy, 40 employees
  8. Iitin Ehtookotiyhdistys ry, 31 employees
  9. Kausalan Matkakeidas Oy, 29 employees
  10. Kaupe Oy, 21 employees

Notable residentsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Area of Finnish Municipalities 1.1.2018" (PDF). National Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
  2. ^ a b "Preliminary population structure by area, 2021M01*-2021M03*". StatFin (in Finnish). Statistics Finland. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
  3. ^ "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009.
  4. ^ "Population according to age (1-year) and sex by area and the regional division of each statistical reference year, 2003-2020". StatFin. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
  5. ^ "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2021" (PDF). Tax Administration of Finland. 1 December 2020. Retrieved 10 April 2021.
  6. ^ Päijät-Häme 2021 (in Finnish)
  7. ^ a b c d Soikkanen, Mauri; Erävuori, Jukka; Korpela, Kalevi; Penttilä, Antero; Mäkinen, Vesa (1968). "Iitti". Suomenmaa 2: maantieteellis-yhteiskunnallinen tieto- ja hakuteos. 2: Heinola–Kaavi. Helsinki: WSOY.
  8. ^ "Key figures on population by region, 1990-2020". StatFin. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 28 April 2021.
  9. ^ "Population according to age (1-year) and sex by area, 1972-2020". StatFin. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 27 April 2021.
  10. ^ "Degree of urbanisation by area, 2019". StatFin. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 26 April 2021.
  11. ^ "Population in urban settlements and sparsely populated areas by age, sex and municipality, 2019". StatFin. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 26 April 2021.
  12. ^ "Municipal key figures 1987-2020 (with the 2021 regional division)". StatFin. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 26 April 2021. (2018, 2019 and 2020)
  13. ^ "Kunnittainen toimipaikkatilasto" (in Finnish). Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 April 2021.

External linksEdit