Kouvola (Finnish pronunciation: [ˈkowvola]) is a city and municipality in southeastern Finland. It is located on the Kymijoki River in the region of Kymenlaakso and 134 kilometres (83 mi) northeast of the capital, Helsinki.
City of Kouvola
Pedestrian zone Manski in downtown Kouvola
|Motto(s): "Ihmeen hieno kaupunki." (A surprisingly fine town.)|
Location of Kouvola in Finland
|• City manager||Marita Toikka|
|• City||2,883.30 km2 (1,113.25 sq mi)|
|• Land||2,558.24 km2 (987.74 sq mi)|
|• Water||325.06 km2 (125.51 sq mi)|
|Area rank||22nd largest in Finland|
|• Rank||10th largest in Finland|
|• Density||33.05/km2 (85.6/sq mi)|
|• Metro density||267/km2 (690/sq mi)|
|Population by native language|
|• Finnish||97.2% (official)|
|Population by age|
|• 0 to 14||15.1%|
|• 15 to 64||65.1%|
|• 65 or older||19.8%|
|Time zone||EET (UTC+2)|
|• Summer (DST)||EEST (UTC+3)|
|Municipal tax rate||20%|
The city has a population of 84,548 (31 August 2017) and covers an area of 2,883.30 square kilometres (1,113.25 sq mi) of which 325.06 km2 (125.51 sq mi) is water. The population density is 33.05 inhabitants per square kilometre (85.6/sq mi).
The village of Kouvola has been inhabited since the Middle Ages, and it has belonged alternately to the churches of Hollola, Iitti and Valkeala. However, the actual development did not start until the 1870s when the Riihimäki-Saint Petersburg line was built and Kouvola became a railway junction. Kouvola railroad built Kymin mill founder Axel Wilhelm Wahren railway administration by on application, on the basis of the track engineers decided to recommend the creation of a fifth-end position in a half mile east of the variable alert Otava with acceptance on sandy soil on fabric. In the next decade, Savo was built from Kouvola to the north and Kotka line south of Kouvola, resulting in Kouvola becoming one of the busiest railway junctions in Finland.
In 1918, conflict between the Red and White factions raged heavily during the Finnish Civil War. More than 200 people were killed in the area during the fighting.
As a result of the railway, Kouvola was heavily built. In 1922 it was separated from the municipality of Valkeala and gained commercial rights immediately the following year. The city of Kouvola was established in 1960.
In January 2009, the six municipalities of Kouvola, Kuusankoski, Elimäki, Anjalankoski, Valkeala and Jaala were consolidated, forming the new municipality of Kouvola. Kouvola has also assumed the slogan Kymijoen kaupunki (the town of Kymijoki) previously used by Anjalankoski.
The name itself derives from Old Finnish kouvo, meaning bear. The arms are Sable, an escarbuncle Or, base wavy Argent.
Kouvola is the hometown of the Sudet sports club, which has become Finnish champions in bandy 6 consecutive times, and they have a football team which is playing in third highest level, Kolmonen, despite Sudet being one of the oldest football clubs in Finland. KooKoo (Liiga) is the most successful ice hockey team in Kymenlaakso. It plays in the Finnish top league, SM-liiga. Kouvolan Pallonlyöjät (KPL) is a baseball team based in Kouvola known for Pesäpallo. KPL was won 5 Finnish championships and it plays in the Finnish top league, Superpesis. Kouvot is a basketball team based in Kouvola. the team plays in the highest level Korisliiga and has won 4 Finnish championships.
MyPa is one the most successful football club in Finland and the 90's was the golden era. MyPa is played 23 seasons in the Finnish top football league Veikkausliiga. MyPa Based in the industrial village of Myllykoski, part of the city of Kouvola. The club became inactive in professional football after having ceased operations in 2015 due to financial difficulties. In 2017, MyPa returned but is currently playing in the fourth highest level, Kakkonen.
Twin towns and sister citiesEdit
|Mülheim an der Ruhr||North Rhine-Westphalia||Germany|
- "Area of Finnish Municipalities 1.1.2018" (PDF). National Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
- "Ennakkoväkiluku sukupuolen mukaan alueittain, elokuu 2017" (in Finnish). Statistics Finland. Retrieved 18 October 2017.
- "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009.
- "Population according to age and gender by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 28 April 2009.
- "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2011". Tax Administration of Finland. 29 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- "Kouvolan kaupunki". Website of Kouvola. Retrieved 20 June 2010.