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Pyhtää (Swedish: Pyttis) is a municipality of Finland.

Pyhtää
PyhtääPyttis
Municipality
Pyhtään kunta
Pyttis kommun
The medieval St. Henry's church
The medieval St. Henry's church
Coat of arms of Pyhtää
Coat of arms
Location of Pyhtää in Finland
Location of Pyhtää in Finland
Coordinates: 60°30′N 026°33′E / 60.500°N 26.550°E / 60.500; 26.550Coordinates: 60°30′N 026°33′E / 60.500°N 26.550°E / 60.500; 26.550
Country Finland
RegionKymenlaakso
Sub-regionKotka-Hamina sub-region
Foundedca. 1380
Government
 • Municipality managerOlli Ikonen
Area (2018-01-01)[1]
 • Total780.96 km2 (301.53 sq mi)
 • Land324.72 km2 (125.38 sq mi)
 • Water456.24 km2 (176.16 sq mi)
Area rank228th largest in Finland
Population (2018-08-31)[2]
 • Total5,243
 • Rank170th largest in Finland
 • Density16.15/km2 (41.8/sq mi)
Population by native language[3]
 • Finnish88.3% (official)
 • Swedish9.6% (official)
 • Others2.1%
Population by age[4]
 • 0 to 1417.3%
 • 15 to 6463.5%
 • 65 or older19.1%
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Municipal tax rate[5]19.75%
ClimateDfb
Websitewww.pyhtaa.fi

Contents

OverviewEdit

It is located in the Kymenlaakso region. The municipality has a population of 5,243 (31 August 2018)[2] and covers an area of 780.96 square kilometres (301.53 sq mi) of which 456.24 km2 (176.16 sq mi) is water.[1] The population density is 16.15 inhabitants per square kilometre (41.8/sq mi).

 
The medieval church of Pyhtää. Lithography by Johan Knutson, mid 19th century.

The medieval church (as opposed to the municipality) is situated in the village of Itäkirkonkylä ("East Church Village"). During the Reformation, the rather beautiful and moving pictures on the walls were whitewashed over. Some years ago, they were rediscovered and the whitewash removed. The village lies just to the East of the westernmost tributary of the Kymi River and was at one time on the border between Russia and Sweden established by the Treaty of Åbo in 1743. Indeed, on the Western side of the river is a municipality called Ruotsinpyhtää ("Swedish Pyhtää") known as Strömfors in Swedish.

The municipality is bilingual with 88.3% speaking Finnish, 9.6% Swedish and 2.1% other languages as their first language.[3]

VillagesEdit

TwinningsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Area of Finnish Municipalities 1.1.2018" (PDF). National Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
  2. ^ a b "Ennakkoväkiluku kuukausittain sukupuolen mukaan alueittain, elokuu 2018" (in Finnish). Statistics Finland. Retrieved 21 October 2018.
  3. ^ a b "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009.
  4. ^ "Population according to age and gender by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 28 April 2009.
  5. ^ "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2011". Tax Administration of Finland. 29 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
  6. ^ "Sõprusvallad" (in Estonian). Haljala vald. Retrieved 4 May 2012.

External linksEdit