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Introduction

County Flag of Cumbria.svg

Cumbria (/ˈkʌmbriə/ KUM-bree-ə) is a ceremonial and non-metropolitan county in North West England. The county and Cumbria County Council, its local government, came into existence in 1974 after the passage of the Local Government Act 1972. Cumbria's county town is Carlisle, in the north of the county, and the only other major urban area is Barrow-in-Furness on the southwestern tip of the county.

The county of Cumbria consists of six districts (Allerdale, Barrow-in-Furness, Carlisle, Copeland, Eden, and South Lakeland) and in 2008 had a population of just under 500,000 people. Cumbria is one of the most sparsely populated counties in the United Kingdom, with 73.4 people per km2 (190/sq mi).

Cumbria is the third largest county in England by area, and is bounded to the north by the Scottish council areas of Dumfries and Galloway and Scottish Borders, to the west by the Irish Sea, to the south by Lancashire, to the southeast by North Yorkshire, and to the east by County Durham and Northumberland.

Selected article

HMS Cardiff in Portsmouth, circa 2005
HMS Cardiff (D108) was a British Type 42 destroyer and the third ship of the Royal Navy to be named in honour of the Welsh capital city of Cardiff. Construction was started by Vickers Shipbuilding and Engineering in Barrow-in-Furness, Cumbria, and completed by Swan Hunter in Tyne and Wear. HMS Cardiff was launched on 22 February 1974.

During her career, Cardiff served in the Falklands War, where she shot down the last Argentine aircraft of the conflict and accepted the surrender of a 700-strong garrison in the settlement of Port Howard. During the 1991 Gulf War, her Lynx helicopter sank two Iraqi minesweepers. She later participated in the build-up to the 2003 invasion of Iraq as part of the Royal Navy's constant Armilla patrol; Cardiff thwarted attempts to smuggle oil out of the country, but was not involved in the actual invasion.

Cardiff was decommissioned in July 2005, having earned two battle honours for service in the Falklands and Gulf wars. She was sent to Turkey for scrapping despite calls by former servicemen for her to be preserved as a museum ship and local tourist attraction in Cardiff. (more...)

Selected mountain

Bowfell, as viewed from Lingcove
Bowfell (named Bow Fell on Ordnance Survey maps) is a pyramid-shaped mountain lying at the heart of the Lake District, in the Southern Fells area. It is the sixth highest mountain in the lakes and one of the most popular of the Lake District fells. There are several routes to the summit. (more...)

Selected lake

Windermere as viewed from Bowness
Windermere is the largest natural lake in England. It has been one of the country’s most popular places for holidays and summer homes since 1847, when the Kendal and Windermere Railway built a branch line to it. The lake is drained from its southernmost point by the River Leven. It is replenished by the rivers Brathay, Rothay, Trout Beck, Cunsey Beck and several other lesser streams. The lake is largely surrounded by foothills of the Lake District which provide pleasant low-level walks; to the north and north-east are the higher fells of central Lakeland. There are two towns on the lake, Ambleside and Bowness-on-Windermere, as the town of Windermere does not directly touch the lake. (more...)

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Brougham CastleHMS Cardiff (D108)Norman Birkett, 1st Baron Birkett

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File:Derwent Water, Keswick - June 2009.jpgFile:Helvellyn Striding Edge 360 Panorama, Lake District - June 09.jpgFile:Keswick, Cumbria Panorama 1 - June 2009.jpgFile:Keswick Panorama - Oct 2009.jpgFile:Catbells Northern Ascent, Lake District - June 2009.jpgFile:Glenridding, Cumbria, England - June 2009.jpg

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Andrew Johnston (singer)Askam and IrelethBrough CastleGrayrigg derailmentHerdwickLady in the Lake trialNethermost PikeThe Story of a Fierce Bad RabbitThe Story of Miss MoppetThe Tale of Benjamin BunnyThe Tale of Jemima Puddle-DuckThe Tale of Mr. Jeremy FisherThe Tale of Mr. TodThe Tale of Mrs. Tiggy-WinkleThe Tale of Mrs. TittlemouseThe Tale of The Flopsy BunniesThe Tale of Timmy Tiptoes

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