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Portal:Cumbria

Introduction

County Flag of Cumbria.svg

Cumbria (/ˈkʌmbriə/ KUM-bree-ə) is a ceremonial and non-metropolitan county in North West England. The county and Cumbria County Council, its local government, came into existence in 1974 after the passage of the Local Government Act 1972. Cumbria's county town is Carlisle, in the north of the county, and the only other major urban area is Barrow-in-Furness on the southwestern tip of the county.

The county of Cumbria consists of six districts (Allerdale, Barrow-in-Furness, Carlisle, Copeland, Eden and South Lakeland), and in 2008 had a population of just under half a million. Cumbria is one of the most sparsely populated counties in the United Kingdom, with 73.4 people per km2 (190/sq mi).

Cumbria is the third largest county in England by area, and is bounded to the north by the Scottish council areas of Dumfries and Galloway and Scottish Borders, to the west by the Irish Sea, to the south by Lancashire, to the southeast by North Yorkshire, and to the east by County Durham and Northumberland.

Selected article

Norman Birkett in 1945
William Norman Birkett, 1st Baron Birkett, PC, QC (6 September 1883 – 10 February 1962) was a British barrister, judge, politician and preacher who served as the alternate British judge during the Nuremberg Trials.

Birkett received his education at Barrow-in-Furness Grammar School. He was a Methodist preacher and a draper before attending Emmanuel College, Cambridge in 1907, to study theology, history and law. Upon graduating in 1910 he worked as a secretary and was called to the Bar in 1913.

Declared medically unfit for military service during World War I, Birkett used the time to make up for his late entry into the legal profession and was appointed a King's Counsel in 1924. He became a criminal defence lawyer and acted as counsel in a number of famous cases including the second of the Brighton trunk murders. A member of the Liberal Party, he sat in Parliament for Nottingham East twice, first in 1923 and again in 1929.

Despite refusing appointment to the High Court of Justice in 1928, he was offered the position again in 1941 and accepted, joining the King's Bench Division. In 1945 he served as the alternate British judge at the Nuremberg trials, and he was made a Privy Counsellor in 1947. He joined the Court of Appeal of England and Wales in 1950 but retired in 1956 when he had served for long enough to draw a pension. From 1958 he served in the House of Lords, and his speech against a private bill in 1962 saw it defeated by 70 votes to 36, two days before he died on 10 February 1962.

Described as "one of the most prominent Liberal barristers in the first half of the 20th century" and "the Lord Chancellor that never was", Birkett was noted for his skill as a speaker, which helped him defend clients with almost watertight cases against them. As an alternate judge, Birkett was not allowed a vote at the Nuremberg Trials, but his opinion helped shape the final judgment. During his tenure in the Court of Appeal he oversaw some of the most significant cases of the era, particularly in contract law, despite his avowed dislike of judicial work. (more...)

Selected mountain

The summit of Scafell Pike, seen from neighbouring Broad Crag
At 978 metres (3,209 ft), Scafell Pike is the highest mountain in England. It is located in the Lake District National Park. It is sometimes confused with the neighbouring Sca Fell, to which it is connected by the col of Mickledore. The name Pikes of Sca Fell was originally applied collectively to the peaks now known as Scafell Pike, Ill Crag and Broad Crag, which were considered subsidiary tops of Sca Fell (which looks higher from many angles).

The summit was donated to the National Trust in 1919 by Lord Leconfield in memory of the men of the Lake District "who fell for God and King, for freedom, peace and right in the Great War". Scafell Pike is one of three British mountains climbed as part of the (National) Three Peaks Challenge. (more...)

Selected lake

A view of Ullswater from the north, looking south
Ullswater is the second largest lake in the Lake District, being approximately nine miles (14.5 kilometres) long and 0.75 miles (1,200 m) wide with a maximum depth of slightly more than 60 metres (197 ft). It is a typical Lake District narrow "ribbon lake" formed after the last ice age when a glacier scooped out the valley floor and when the glacier retreated, the deepened section filled with meltwater which became a lake. The surrounding mountains give Ullswater the shape of an elongated 'Z' with three distinct segments (or 'reaches') that wend their way through the surrounding hills. For much of its length Ullswater forms the border between the ancient counties of Cumberland and Westmorland. (more...)

Recognised content

Featured articles Featured article

Brougham CastleHMS Cardiff (D108)Norman Birkett, 1st Baron Birkett

Featured pictures Featured picture

File:Derwent Water, Keswick - June 2009.jpgFile:Helvellyn Striding Edge 360 Panorama, Lake District - June 09.jpgFile:Keswick, Cumbria Panorama 1 - June 2009.jpgFile:Keswick Panorama - Oct 2009.jpgFile:Catbells Northern Ascent, Lake District - June 2009.jpgFile:Glenridding, Cumbria, England - June 2009.jpg

Good articles Good article

Andrew Johnston (singer)Askam and IrelethBrough CastleGrayrigg derailmentHerdwickLady in the Lake trialNethermost PikeThe Story of a Fierce Bad RabbitThe Story of Miss MoppetThe Tale of Benjamin BunnyThe Tale of Jemima Puddle-DuckThe Tale of Mr. Jeremy FisherThe Tale of Mr. TodThe Tale of Mrs. Tiggy-WinkleThe Tale of Mrs. TittlemouseThe Tale of The Flopsy BunniesThe Tale of Timmy Tiptoes

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Selected picture

A 360 degree view from the summit of Catbells near Keswick on Derwent Water in the Lake District.
Credit: Diliff
A 360 degree view from the summit of Catbells near Keswick on Derwent Water in the Lake District.

Topics

CumbriaList of Cumbria-related topicsLake District

Towns (list of places in Cumbria)

Barrow-in-FurnessCarlisleCleator MoorCockermouthDalton-in-FurnessEgremontKendalKeswickMaryportMillomPenrithUlverstonWhitehavenWindermereWigtonWindermereWorkington

Lakes (list of lakes in the Lake District)

Bassenthwaite LakeBrotherswaterButtermereConiston WaterCrummock WaterDerwent WaterDevoke WaterElter WaterEnnerdale WaterEsthwaite WaterGrasmereHaweswater ReservoirHayeswaterLoweswaterRydal WaterThirlmereUllswaterWast WaterWindermere

Mountains (list of fells in the Lake District, list of hills in the Lake District)

Scafell PikeScafellHelvellynSkiddawGreat EndBowfellGreat GablePillarNethermost PikeCatstycamEsk PikeRaise (Lake District)FairfieldBlencathraSkiddaw Little ManWhite SideCrinkle CragsDollywaggon PikeGreat DoddGrasmoorStybarrow DoddSt Sunday CragScoat FellCrag HillHigh Street

Farming, food and wildlife

Cumberland sausageHerdwickJennings BrewerySchellyVendaceYan Tan Tethera

History

Carlisle CathedralCarvetiiCastlerigg stone circleCastlesClifton Moor SkirmishCumberlandDialectHistoric housesRhegedShootings (2010)Westmorland

People (Demography of Cumbria)

Donald CampbellSamuel Taylor ColeridgeMargaret FellEmlyn HughesStan LaurelCatherine ParrArthur RansomeStella RimingtonGeorge RomneyJohn RuskinBeatrix PotterAlfred WainwrightWilliam Wordsworth

Sport

Cricket (Cumberland County Cricket Club, North Lancashire and Cumbria League) • Cumberland and Westmorland wrestlingFell running • Football • (Barrow A.F.C., Carlisle United F.C., Workington A.F.C.) • Rugby League (Barrow Raiders, Barrow & District League, Carlisle Centurions, Carlisle RLFC, Cumberland League, Whitehaven RLFC, Workington Town) • Uppies and Downies

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