Eden was a local government district in Cumbria, England, based at Penrith Town Hall in Penrith. It was named after the River Eden, which flowed north through the district toward Carlisle. Its population of 49,777 at the 2001 census,[1] increased to 52,564 at the 2011 Census.[2] A 2019 estimate was 53,253.[3] In July 2021 it was announced that, in April 2023, Cumbria would be divided into two unitary authorities.[4] On 1 April 2023, Eden District Council was abolished and its functions transferred to the new authority Westmorland and Furness, which also covers the former districts of Barrow-in-Furness and South Lakeland.[5]

Eden District
Official logo of Eden District
Shown within Cumbria
Shown within Cumbria
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Constituent countryEngland
RegionNorth West England
Ceremonial countyCumbria
Historic countyCumberland (part)
Westmorland (part)
Founded1 April 1974 (1974-04-01)
Abolished31 March 2023 (2023-03-31)
Admin. HQPenrith
 • TypeEden District Council
 • Leadership:Alternative - Sec.31
 • Total827 sq mi (2,142 km2)
 • Total54,955
 • Density66/sq mi (26/km2)
Time zoneUTC+0 (Greenwich Mean Time)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+1 (British Summer Time)
ONS code16UF (ONS)
E07000030 (GSS)
Ethnicity99.6% White

Extent edit

The Eden District area of 2,156 sq. km (832 square miles) made it, after 2009, the eighth largest in England and the largest non-unitary district. It also had the lowest population density of any district in England and Wales, with a mean of 25 persons per square kilometre.[6]

In 2011, the population was 5 per cent above its 2001 level.[6]

The district council was created on 1 April 1974 under the Local Government Act 1972, from Penrith Urban District, Alston with Garrigill Rural District and Penrith Rural District, all in Cumberland, and Appleby Municipal Borough, part of Lakes urban district and North Westmorland Rural District, all in Westmorland. The district included parts of the Lake District and Yorkshire Dales national parks.

Green space edit

It was shown in a national detailed Land Use Survey by the Office for National Statistics in 2005 that Eden District had the second lowest proportion of land taken up by roads of any district in England: 0.8 per cent, fractionally greater than Craven in North Yorkshire, which also adjoins the Pennines. This compares with a maximum of over 20 per cent in four London boroughs and the City of London.[7]

In that detailed survey (to the nearest square metre) it was shown that Eden District had the greatest proportion of green space (which excludes domestic gardens) of any district, 97.9 per cent, as shown by the following extract:

District % Green space (June 2005)[7]
Copeland 96.0%
Scarborough 96.1%
Ryedale 96.3%
West Somerset 96.6%
Northumberland 96.7%
West Devon 97.2%
Richmondshire 97.5%
Eden 97.9%

Wards edit

Below is a list of the wards that formed Eden (with numbers of councillors):

Map edit

Amenities edit

Eden included King George's Fields, named after King George V, at Appleby and Patterdale.

The council owned the Penrith Leisure Centre, which is run by a private company under contract. The council also owned a number of playing fields and recreation grounds elsewhere in the district, notably the sports grounds at Frenchfield near Carleton on the outskirts of Penrith. It also owned and ran Penrith and Eden Museum and the Penrith Tourist Information Centre.

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ UK Census (2001). "Local Area Report – Eden Local Authority (E07000030)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 27 March 2021.
  2. ^ UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Eden Local Authority (E07000030)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 27 March 2021.
  3. ^ City Population. Retrieved 28 March 2021.
  4. ^ "Next steps for new unitary councils in Cumbria, North Yorkshire and Somerset". GOV.UK. Retrieved 1 January 2022.
  5. ^ "Local Government Reorganisation. Delivering Two New Councils for Cumbria". Archived from the original on 1 April 2023. Retrieved 1 January 2022.
  6. ^ a b Lucy Townsend and Kathryn Westcott (17 July 2012). "Census 2011: Five lesser-spotted things in the data". BBC News Magazine. Retrieved 17 July 2012.
  7. ^ a b Key Statistics: Dwellings; Quick Statistics: Population Density; Physical Environment: Land Use Survey 2005 Archived 11 February 2003 at the Wayback Machine 2011 census

54°40′00″N 2°45′16″W / 54.6667°N 2.7544°W / 54.6667; -2.7544