Humberside Police is the territorial police force responsible for policing an area covering the East Riding of Yorkshire, the city of Kingston upon Hull, North East Lincolnshire and North Lincolnshire. The current Chief Constable is Lee Freeman who was the Assistant Chief Constable Lincolnshire from 2013 - 2015 before transferring to Humberside in May 2015.
|Motto||Proudly Working to Build Safer and Stronger Communities|
|Annual budget||£164.9 million|
|Operations jurisdiction||Humberside, England|
|Map of Humberside Police's jurisdiction.|
|Legal jurisdiction||England & Wales|
|Headquarters||Kingston upon Hull|
|Constables||2,081 (of which 181 are special constables)|
|Police Community Support Officers||318|
|Police and Crime Commissioner responsible|
Following the sudden departure of Justine Curran, he took over as the Deputy Chief Constable in February 2017 before being appointed into the role as a Chief Constable In June 2017.
Humberside Police was created in 1974 following a merger of previous forces under the Local Government Act 1972, along with the non-metropolitan county of Humberside. It was a successor to the Hull City Police, and part of the areas of the York and North East Yorkshire Police, the old Lincolnshire Constabulary and the West Yorkshire Constabulary.
Proposals made by the Home Secretary on 21 March 2006 would have seen the force merge with North Yorkshire Police, South Yorkshire Police and West Yorkshire Police to form a strategic police force for the entire region. These proposals have since been 'put on hold' by the government.
Humberside Police AuthorityEdit
Following the abolition of Humberside in 1996, the local council members of the Police Authority were appointed by a joint committee of the councils of the East Riding of Yorkshire, Kingston upon Hull, North Lincolnshire, and North East Lincolnshire. On 21 November 2012 the Police Authority was made redundant by the introduction of the Police and Crime Commissioner.
The Humberside Police Authority, at the time it ceased to exist, had 17 members in total; nine Local Authority Elected members from the area's four unitary authorities and eight independent members.
- 1974–1976 : Robert Walton
- 1976–1991 : David Hall
- 1991–1999 : D. Anthony Leonard
- 1999–2005 : David Westwood
- 2005–2013 : Timothy Stancliffe Hollis
- 2013–2017 : Justine Curran
- 2017– : Lee Freeman
Resignation of Justine CurranEdit
From March 2013 to February 2017 the Chief Constable of Humberside Police was Justine Curran, previously Chief Constable of Tayside Police in Scotland before the introduction of the national Police Scotland service on 1 April 2013. Her appointment was unanimously approved by the Humberside Police and Crime panel after Humberside Police and Crime Commissioner, Matthew Grove, proposed her for the post. Curran took over the position from Tim Hollis CBE QPM who retired from the service in March 2013.
On 11 November 2015, it was revealed that Curran had claimed for more than £39,000 in expenses for her relocation from Tayside to Humberside in March 2013.
After Keith Hunter was elected as Police and Crime Commissioner in May 2016, Curran was given six months to improve the force after it was rated inadequate by Her Majesty's Inspectorate of Constabulary (HMIC). Nine months later, after a further HMIC inspection which identified further "significant failings", Hunter asked Curran to consider her position, and she announced her retirement. She left on 20 February 2017, 18 months before she had been due to retire.
In August 2017, it was revealed that Hunter had "lost confidence" in Curran and was "completely undermined" by her when it was decided to withhold the findings of an HMIC investigation which revealed further inadequacies within the force. Hunter sought legal advice, and Curran was allowed to retire before the statutory procedure to remove a Chief Constable was started.
Lee Freeman, a former Assistant Chief Constable in Lincolnshire from August 2013 who had joined Humberside in May 2015, took over as Deputy Chief Constable on Curran's departure. He was appointed temporary Chief Constable in May 2017 and the position was made permanent on 26 June 2017.
Humberside uses a wide variety of vehicles, marked and unmarked. ProViDa is the standard in-car video unit used; the new 1997 Jai/ProViDa is also used. All of the vehicles within the force have now changed to the instantly recognisable Battenberg livery as opposed to the traditional livery. All vehicles within the force now also use LED lightbar technology, as opposed to the older halogen rotating light bars. The LED lightbars are much clearer to see, and provide a lot more illumination, along with front spots and rear reds. The main vehicles used are:
• Peugeot Cars – A recent addition to the fleet in late 2016, multiple Peugeot 308 vehicles have been introduced across the force for general patrol and (Incident Response Teams) purposes, gradually replacing the aging Proton Impian, not being converted to run on LPG to save money.
• Vauxhall Cars – There are several Vauxhall Astra vehicles within the force which are primarily used for general patrol and by IRT (Incident Response Teams). All Vauxhall vehicles are fully marked with the Battenberg livery and have LED lights. There are also several Vauxhall Vivaro vans which are used primarily for patrol and prisoner transport. These are also fully marked with the Battenberg livery and LED lights. Vauxhall vehicles are also used for the dog section, however these are usually Vauxhall Zafira models. Some community teams have a Vauxhall Corsa as a marked up patrol vehicle.
• Proton Cars – These are used for general patrol and by IRT (Incident Response Teams), however, these are nearly all phased out as of January 2018. The majority are Impians, with the Proton Persona phased out some years ago. Proton vehicles are being gradually replaced across the force by Vauxhall and now Peugeot vehicles and much of the Proton fleet are now vehicles bought in 2010. All Proton vehicles have the Battenberg livery and LED lights. Humberside Police won the top award in the National Energy Efficiency Awards by running the vast majority of its fleet on Liquified Petroleum Gas. Most Protons are dual fuel, running both LPG and unleaded petrol.
• Mercedes Benz Sprinter – These vans are used for Public Order and crowd situations as well as for transporting prisoners. The latest shape vans are now coming onto divisions to replace the oldest Sprinters on the fleet. These newer vans are marked with Battenberg livery alongside LED lights.
• Volvos – The Roads Policing (Traffic) Section use Volvo vehicles for patrol and response. These are top of the range Volvo V70 T5 models. Many are fitted with ANPR (Automatic number-plate recognition) systems. All of the Volvo vehicles in the fleet have been marked with new style Battenburg graphics in yellow and blue alongside LED lights. These vehicles are however being gradually replaced.
• Mitsubishi Evolution X – The Roads Crime Section (RCS) had 2 Mitsubishi Evolution X vehicles, which replaced the Subaru Impreza STi's. They were specially adapted models to enable Humberside Police's elite Rote Crime Section to pursue even the fastest vehicles. The force no longer has them. These vehicles are marked with LED lights.
• Lexus – The Roads Crime Section (RCS) also used to operate this high-performance vehicle as its command and control unit. These vehicles are also fully marked and have LED lights.
• BMW X3 – The Road Crime Section (RCS) also operates a few BMW 3 series cars used to quickly ferry dog handlers and their dogs while accompanying the Mitsubishi Evolution X's. These are fully marked and have LED lights. These vehicles are also used by the RCS for response vehicles and the force has approximately 5 of these for this purpose.
• BMW X5 – The force also operates BMW X5’s which are used to ferry specialist firearms officers.
The Roads Crime Section (RCS) or now known as the Operational Support Unit (OSU) is now based at Melton on the North Bank of the Humber as opposed to being based in various locations around the force. This has enabled the section to respond to incidents more quickly and efficiently.
The fleet also consists of many specialist vehicles which are used for specific purposes. These include an Underwater Search vehicle, a bullet-proof Land Rover Defender, a Leyland Prison Bus, plus marked Police recovery vehicles.
- MD Helicopters MD Explorer 902 aircraft – An aerial support section operates a helicopter equipped with video and infra-red surveillance, and the late 20th century NOTAR technology to replace the tail rotor, making the aircraft more quiet than helicopters with tail rotors.
The force underperformed for a number of years. In October 2006 it was named as the worst-performing police force in the country (jointly with Northamptonshire Police), based on data released from the Home Office
In 2007 the force moved off the bottom of the unofficial league table thanks to "major improvements" in performance, according to the Home Office.
Performance continued to improve, with a 20% reduction in total recorded crime as at March 2009. Recorded vehicle crime was down 39%, domestic burglary was down 12%, and robbery was down 36%. Home Office figures published in July 2009 showed that from 2007/08 to 2008/09, Humberside Police had the second highest increase of all forces in England and Wales in the percentage of British Crime Survey respondents who said that their local police do an excellent or good job.
After inspections by Her Majesty's Inspectorate of Constabulary (HMIC) between April and August 2009, their report identified Humberside Police as one of the top eight forces in the country.
In April 2009 the force was cited as the poorest performing force for completing Criminal Record Bureau (CRB) checks. The Home Office requirement is for 95% of requests to be completed within 14 days; Humberside Police completed just 15%. As such checks are often a condition of employment, this failure caused delays for those waiting to start work.
Graham Stuart, MP for Beverley and Holderness, said he was disgusted with this failure. He said, "The delay in processing them stops people taking up work and has a crippling impact on voluntary groups who have to get their volunteers approved. The Humberside Police are seriously lagging behind virtually every other constabulary in the country and local people are being let down."
In October 2015, it was revealed that officer morale in the force was the lowest in the country, with 84.5% of officers saying that their morale was currently low, compared to 70.2% nationally.
On 19 October 2015, in a report published by HMIC, Humberside Police was the only force in the country classed as inadequate. The report suggested that the force had a "limited understanding" of demand for its services, and raised "serious concerns" over the way it was organised. HM Inspector of Constabulary Mike Cunningham said: "Humberside Police has a limited understanding of the current and future demand for its services and, as it is unable to fully match resources to demand in some important areas, this affects its ability to provide a good service to the public." Chief Constable Justine Curran said the force had "moved on" since then.
Similarly, the Independent Police Complaints Commission (IPCC) released its annual statistics of police complaints from forces throughout the country: Humberside Police performed better than average in many areas; e.g. the number of complaints ahd decreased by 4% compared to an increase of 6% nationally. But the number of appeals by dissatisfied complainants had increased by 24%: three times the national average.
On 19 November 2015 the East Riding of Yorkshire Council agreed to reconvene a panel to review the force after October's HMIC inspection. The panel ended up criticising both police and crime commissioner Matthew Grove and chief constable Justine Curran for refusing to attend one of its meetings. This had led the council to write a critical letter to the parliamentary committee for standards in public life, highlighting concerns over a lack of proper consultation over the reorganisation[what reorganisation?]. Speaking at the full council meeting, Cllr. Owen said the panel's concerns had been vindicated by the HMIC report. He said "all public sector bodies are facing huge financial pressures and I fully appreciate the pressures we all face, and Humberside Police are no different, recovering from a number of years of having to improve performance in a climate of low funding and other pressures.
In June 2018, 12 months after Curran's departure, Humberside Police were formally disengaged[clarification needed] by HMICFRS[clarification needed] and assessed as sufficiently improved and stable to be removed from what were in effect "special meaures"
In August 2018, in the annual Police Federation Pay and Morale Survey, Humberside were officially recorded as the most improved police force in the country in terms of police officers' reported levels of personal morale. The survey placed the force 3rd out of 43 forces across England and Wales; the previous year the results were reported locally as Humberside having the lowest morale in the country.
Humberside Police has three Custody Suites which operate 24/7 and hold prisoners which have been arrested by officers in the force. The three Custody Suites are located at Clough Road, Hull, Grimsby and Scunthorpe In 2013, Clough Road Police Stationopened and introduced a new Custody Suite with 40 cells. This led to the closure of Queens Gardens Police Station in the city centre of Hull. The amount of cells that each Custody Suite has is shown in the table below.
|Police Station||Number of Cells|
|Hull Clough Road||40|
In October 2015, an article was published in the Scunthorpe Telegraph stating that the Ministry of Justice are reviewing the future of Scunthorpe Custody Suite 'after proposals to shut down the 61-year-old court centre in the town's Laneham Street. The result of the possible closure would be that prisoners would have to be transferred to Grimsby Police Station and be processed there. It is thought that this would not be practical because of the distance, however the article confirms that 'at this stage no decisions have been made'. It is thought that it will be after the new year before any decisions are made.
The 1998 death of Christopher Alder, a black man who was unlawfully killed while in the custody of Humberside Police, led to an investigation by the Independent Police Complaints Commission and a subsequent apology by the government in the European Court of Human Rights, admitting that it had failed to meet its obligations regarding preservation of life and ensuring no person is subjected to "inhuman or degrading treatment". Five Humberside Police officers were charged with manslaughter and misconduct in public office but the trial collapsed and the judge ordered the jury to find the officers not guilty on all charges.
Humberside Police shot to the national headlines in mid-2004 when it refused to dismiss Chief Constable David Westwood despite instructions from the then Home Secretary, David Blunkett. The Home Secretary eventually obtained a court order suspending Westwood. The force had come under pressure to dismiss Westwood when the Soham Inquiry apportioned part of the blame to Humberside Police for not properly informing the authorities of Grimsby-born Ian Huntley, who was known to Humberside Police and local social services, after reports of nine sexual offences of which Huntley had been suspected, and also an alleged burglary. In only one of the sex offence investigations was Huntley charged (with rape) and remanded in custody, but the case was dropped due to insufficient evidence, and his burglary case was left on file. Huntley was not convicted of any crime (his only actual conviction was for a minor motoring offence in 1993), and Humberside Police did not adequately inform the authorities in Cambridgeshire about Huntley when he moved to Soham to work as a school caretaker. He was found guilty of murdering two 10-year-old girls (Holly Wells and Jessica Chapman) in 2003.
It returned to the headlines in 2005 when Colin Inglis, its chairman at the time of the crisis, appeared in court charged with indecent assaults against children dating back to the 1980s. Inglis was cleared of all charges in July 2006.
In January 2015, former Detective Chief Superintendent Colin Andrews was convicted of common assault, harassment, stalking, and witness intimidation. Court testimony revealed that other senior officers in Humberside Police questioned whether an investigation into Andrews' conduct should have gone ahead, concerned by "the 'dirt' he might throw" and the damage caused to the force's reputation. One victim, a police inspector, expressed fear of a Goole-based "mafia" of senior officers that included Andrews.
In November 2015, a sergeant with 27 years service was dismissed after kicking a 16-year-old boy in the head following a chase. Sergeant John Stevenson was involved in one of the most high-profile cases in Humberside Police's recent history when he arrested his own boss, Colin Andrews, who was found guilty of stalking, harassment and assault in January. Many speculated that the sergeant was used as a scapegoat.
A man who has no connection with Humberside, was questioned over the telephone by Humberside Police for 34 minutes because he liked a Twitter posting that questioned transgender ideology.
Police and Crime Commissioner (PCC)Edit
On Thursday 15 November 2012 the people of Humberside went to the polling stations to vote for a candidate for the Humberside Police and Crime Commissioner for the Humberside Police, as did the rest of the people of England and Wales, except the Metropolitan Police area, to vote for a PCC in their respective police services. Following the poll Matthew Grove was elected as the new Police and Crime Commissioner for the Humberside Police area. When the commissioner took up office the existing Police Authority was abolished.
Humberside Police have taken part in the BBC One documentary series of Traffic Cops, the programme shows the day-to-day aspects of a Police Officer within the Traffic Department of the Service and the incidents and emergencies that they deal with which often, but not always, relate to roads policing issues.
The Humberside Police Traffic Department has also taken part in the separate spin-off series billed as Traffic Cops Specials, entitled Motorway Cops on occasions, which often shows the Central Motorway Police Group, however often includes Humberside and numerous other forces Motorway Cops as they each deal with Incidents and Emergencies that occur on the motorways.
The Lock UpEdit
Humberside Police recently participated in a documentary serious named The Lock Up, where cameras followed Police and Custody officers in their work at the Custody Suite at Humberside Police Headquarters on Priory Road, Cottingham, East Riding of Yorkshire.
The documentary has had 2 series, the first aired on BBC Three which started showing on 4 February 2011 consisting of 8 episodes where cameras rolled 24/7; the second series was aired primarily on the main BBC Channel, BBC One.
Humberside Police have also participated in the second series of Neighbourhood Blues, that covered the work of the forces Neighbourhood Policing Teams. This was aired on weekday mornings for two weeks starting on 12 December 2012, on BBC One.
Officers killed in the line of dutyEdit
The Police Memorial Trust lists and commemorates all British police officers killed in the line of duty, and since its establishment in 1984 has erected over 38 memorials to some of those officers.
- September 1979 – Police Constable, Linton Andee Le Blanc, 19, Killed when his patrol car crashed when responding to a burglar alarm call
- January 1998 – Police Constable Steven Stimpson, 33, Accidentally killed when his traffic patrol car left the road and crashed
- August 1998 – Police Constable James Heaton, 30, Fatally injured when his traffic car crashed when responding to an accident
- September 1998 – Police Constable Jonathan Templeton, 37, Collapsed and died of heart failure whilst on duty at Hedon Police Station.
- July 2003 – Police Constable Robert Douglas, 44, Killed in a road traffic accident returning from his duties at the airport
- April 2015 – Police Constable Russell Wylie, 28, During the morning of Monday 13 April 2015 he was on routine motorcycle patrol when he was involved in a collision with a car on the B1362, Burstwick, East Riding of Yorkshire. He was airlifted to Hull Royal Infirmary, however his injuries proved to be fatal. He was a Traffic Officer based at Melton.
Notable incidents and investigationsEdit
Notable major incidents and investigations in which Humberside Police have been involved in include:
- August 2011: 2011 England Riots: Specially trained officers were sent to assist the Metropolitan Police as riots broke out across the London area, which later spread across the country. under the command of ACC Stuart Donald, who was the senior force Chief officer, responsible for the deployment and co-ordination of operations in relation to the riots. Over 50 officers travelled to London to assist the Met Police.
- July 2010: Northumbria Police Manhunt: Humberside Police was involved in the Major Police manhunt for Raoul Moat who, upon release from prison, shot his ex-girlfriend's new partner, his ex-girlfriend and the then serving Traffic Police Officer, PC David Rathband. Humberside Police, along with other police forces, provided mutual aid to Northumbria Police by providing armed police officer to assist in the armed police coverage and search for Raoul Moat.
- February 2019: Disappearance of Libby Squire: On 1 February 2019 Humberside police launched a major search for missing Hull University student Libby Squire. Appeals were made on social media and a large police presence was focused around the Beverley Road area of Hull. Humberside Police arrested a man on suspicion of abduction a few days later and charged him with several unrelated offences. He was released under investigation in connection to Libby Squire. 7 weeks later, the body of Libby Squire was discovered in the Humber Estuary, over 30 miles from her last known location in Hull. On 24 October 2019, police charged 25 year old Pawel Relowicz for the rape and murder of Libby Squire.
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- Keane, Duncan (25 January 2019). "Humberside Police quiz man after he likes 'offensive transgender limerick'". Grimsby Telegraph. Retrieved 12 January 2020.
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- "Libby Squire: Pawel Relowicz charged with murder and rape". BBC News. BBC. 24 October 2019. Retrieved 30 October 2019.
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